Lowe v. Social Security Administration Commissioner
ORDER awarding attorney fees to Plaintiff in the amount of $6,803.00 pursuant to the EAJA, 28 U.S.C. § 2412. Signed by Honorable P. K. Holmes, III on December 6, 2017. (lw)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
WESTERN DISTRICT OF ARKANSAS
FORT SMITH DIVISION
JUSTIN R. LOWE
Civil No. 2:16-cv-02211
NANCY A. BERRYHILL
Commissioner, Social Security Administration
Pending now before this Court is Plaintiff’s Application for Attorney Fees Under the Equal
Access to Justice Act (“EAJA”). ECF No. 17.1 With this Motion, Plaintiff requests an EAJA award
of $6,803.00. Id. On December 5, 2017, Defendant responded to this Motion. ECF No. 19.
Justin R. Lowe (“Plaintiff”) appealed to this Court from the Secretary of the Social Security
Administration’s (“SSA”) denial of his request for disability benefits. ECF No. 1. On October 18,
2017, Plaintiff’s case was remanded pursuant to sentence four of 42 U.S.C. § 405(g). ECF No. 16.
On November 17, 2017, Plaintiff filed the present Motion requesting an award of attorney’s
fees under the EAJA. ECF No 17. With this Motion, Plaintiff requests an award of attorney’s fees
and costs of $6,803.00. Id. This amount represents 5.65 attorney hours at an hourly rate of $188.00
for work performed in 2016, 29.90 attorney hours at an hourly rate of $192.00 for work performed in
2017. Id. Defendant responded to this Motion on December 5, 2017 and only objects to Plaintiff’s
attorney’s request that the EAJA payment be made directly to him, instead of to Plaintiff. ECF No.
The docket numbers for this case are referenced by the designation “ECF. No.”
2. Applicable Law:
Pursuant to the EAJA, 28 U.S.C. § 2412(d)(1)(A), a court must award attorney's fees to a
prevailing social security claimant unless the Secretary’s position in denying benefits was substantially
justified. The Secretary has the burden of proving that the denial of benefits was substantially
justified. See Jackson v. Bowen, 807 F.2d 127, 128 (8th Cir.1986) (“The Secretary bears the burden
of proving that its position in the administrative and judicial proceedings below was substantially
justified”). An EAJA application also must be made within thirty days of a final judgment in an
action, See 28 U.S.C. § 2412(d)(1)(B), or within thirty days after the sixty day time for appeal has
expired. See Shalala v. Schaefer, 509 U.S. 292, 298 (1993).
An award of attorney’s fees under the EAJA is appropriate even though, at the conclusion of
the case, the plaintiff’s attorney may be authorized to charge and to collect a fee pursuant to 42 U.S.C.
§ 406(b)(1). Recovery of attorney’s fees under both the EAJA and 42 U.S.C. § 406(b)(1) was
specifically allowed when Congress amended the EAJA in 1985. See Gisbrecht v. Barnhart, 535 U.S.
789, 796 (2002) (citing Pub. L. No. 99-80, 99 Stat. 186 (1985)). The United States Supreme Court
stated that Congress harmonized an award of attorney’s fees under the EAJA and under 42 U.S.C. §
406(b)(1) as follows:
Fee awards may be made under both prescriptions [EAJA and 42 U.S.C. § 406(b)(1)],
but the claimant’s attorney must “refun[d] to the claimant the amount of the smaller
fee.”. . .“Thus, an EAJA award offsets an award under Section 406(b), so that the
[amount of total past-due benefits the claimant actually receives] will be increased by
the . . . EAJA award up to the point the claimant receives 100 percent of the past-due
Id. Furthermore, awarding fees under both acts facilitates the purposes of the EAJA, which is to shift
to the United States the prevailing party’s litigation expenses incurred while contesting unreasonable
government action. See id.; Cornella v. Schweiker, 728 F.2d 978, 986 (8th Cir. 1984).
The statutory ceiling for an EAJA fee award is $125.00 per hour. See 28 U.S.C. §
2412(d)(2)(A). A court is only authorized to exceed this statutory rate if “the court determines that
an increase in the cost of living or a special factor, such as the limited availability of qualified attorneys
for the proceedings involved, justifies a higher fee.” Id. A court may determine that there has been an
increase in the cost of living, and may thereby increase the attorney’s rate per hour, based upon the
United States Department of Labor’s Consumer Price Index (“CPI”). See Johnson v. Sullivan, 919
F.2d 503, 504 (8th Cir. 1990).
In the present action, Plaintiff’s case was remanded to the SSA. ECF No. 16. Defendant does
not contest Plaintiff’s claim that he is the prevailing party, does not oppose his application for fees
under the EAJA, does not object to the hourly rate he requested, and does not dispute the number of
hours expended by counsel. ECF No. 19. The Court construes this lack of opposition to this
application as an admission that the government’s decision to deny benefits was not “substantially
justified” and that Plaintiff is the prevailing party.
Plaintiff requests a total award of $6,803.00 under the EAJA. ECF No. 17. Plaintiff requests
these attorney fees at a rate of $188.00 per hour for work performed in 2016 and $192.00 per hour for
work performed in 2017. Id. An enhanced hourly rate is authorized by the EAJA as long as a
Consumer Price Index (“CPI”) justifies such the enhanced hourly rate. See 28 U.S.C. § 2412(d)(2)(A).
See also Johnson, 919 F.2d at 504. Further, Defendant does not object to this hourly rate. ECF No.
19. Based upon the CPI-South Index, the hourly rate of $188.00 is authorized for work performed in
2016 and $192.00 is authorized for work performed in 2017. Accordingly, the Court awards these
Further, I have reviewed counsel’s itemization of time appended to Plaintiff’s application. ECF
No. 17-1. This Court notes that Defendant has not objected to the number of hours for which counsel
seeks a fee award, and this Court finds the time asserted to be spent in the representation of Plaintiff
before the district court is reasonable. Thus, this Court finds that Plaintiff is entitled to an attorney’s
fee award under EAJA in the amount of $6,803.00 representing 5.65 attorney hours at an hourly rate
of $188.00 for work performed in 2016, 29.90 attorney hours at an hourly rate of $192.00 for work
performed in 2017.
Finally, Defendant claims the fees awarded should be paid directly to Plaintiff pursuant to
Astrue v. Ratliff, 130 S.Ct. 2521, 2528 (2010). ECF No. 19. Ratliff requires that attorney’s fees be
awarded to the “prevailing party” or the litigant. See id, 130 S.Ct. 2521, 2528 (2010). Thus, these fees
must be awarded to Plaintiff, not to Plaintiff’s attorney. However, if Plaintiff has executed a valid
assignment to Plaintiff’s attorney of all rights in an attorney’s fee award and Plaintiff owes no
outstanding debt to the federal government, the attorney’s fee may be awarded to Plaintiff’s attorney.
Based upon the foregoing, the Court awards Plaintiff $6,803.00 pursuant to the EAJA, 28
U.S.C. § 2412.
ENTERED this 6th day of December 2017.
P. K. HOLMES, III
CHIEF U.S. DISTRICT JUDGE
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