Fowler v. Social Security Administration Commissioner
ORDER on Attorney Fees in favor of Delores D. Fowler in the amount of $1,796.25, plus $60.85 in costs. This amount should be paid in addition to, and not out of, any past due benefits which plaintiff may be awarded in the future. Further, any EAJA award by this Court should be made payable to plaintiff and not counsel. Signed by Honorable Erin L. Setser on December 2, 2011. (rw)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
WESTERN DISTRICT OF ARKANSAS
DELORES D. FOWLER
MICHAEL J. ASTRUE,
Commissioner of the Social Security Administration
Plaintiff, Delores D. Fowler, appealed the Commissioner’s denial of benefits to the Court.
On May 27, 2011, a Judgment was entered remanding Plaintiff’s case to the Commissioner,
pursuant to sentence four of 42 U.S.C. § 405(g). (Doc.13). Plaintiff now moves for an award
of $1,898.35 in attorney’s fees, and $60.85 in costs, under 28 U.S.C. §2412, the Equal Access
to Justice Act (hereinafter “EAJA”). Defendant has filed a response to Plaintiff’s application,
stating that he does not object to Plaintiff’s application for attorney fees. (Doc. 16).
Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2412(d)(1)(A), the Court must award attorney’s fees to a
prevailing social security claimant unless the Commissioner’s position in denying benefits was
substantially justified. The burden is on the Commissioner to show substantial justification for
the government’s denial of benefits. Jackson v. Bowen, 807 F.2d 127, 128 (8th Cir. 1986).
Under Shalala v. Schaefer, 509 U.S. 292, 302 (1993), a social security claimant who obtains a
sentence-four judgment reversing the Commissioner’s denial of benefits and remanding the case
for further proceedings is a prevailing party. After reviewing the file, the Court finds that
Plaintiff is a prevailing party in this matter.
In determining a reasonable attorney’s fee, the Court will in each case consider the
following factors: time and labor required; the novelty and difficulty of questions involved; the
skill required to handle the problems presented; the preclusion of employment by the attorney
due to acceptance of the case; the customary fee; whether the fee is fixed or contingent; time
limitations imposed by the client or the circumstances; the amount involved and the results
obtained; the attorney’s experience, reputation and ability; the “undesirability” of the case; the
nature and length of the professional relationship with the client; and awards in similar cases.
Hensley v. Eckerhart, 461 U.S. 424, 430 (1983).
However, the EAJA is not designed to reimburse without limit. Pierce v. Underwood,
487 U.S. 552, 573 (1988). The Court can determine the reasonableness and accuracy of a fee
request, even in the absence of an objection by the Commissioner. Clements v. Astrue, 2009 WL
4508480 (W.D. Ark. Dec. 1, 2009); see also Decker v. Sullivan, 976 F.2d 456, 459 (8th Cir.
1992) (“Although the issue was not raised on appeal, fairness to the parties requires an accurately
calculated attorney’s fee award.”).
The EAJA further requires an attorney seeking fees to submit “an itemized
statement...stating the actual time expended and the rate at which fees and other expenses were
computed.” 28 U.S.C. § 2412(d)(1)(B). Attorneys seeking fees under federal fee-shifting
statutes such as the EAJA are required to present fee applications with “contemporaneous time
records of hours worked and rates claimed, plus a detailed description of the subject matter of
Where documentation is inadequate, the Court may reduce the award
accordingly. Hensley, 461 U.S. at 433 (1983).
Plaintiff’s counsel requests an award under the EAJA at an hourly rate of $155.00 for
8.25 hours of work performed by the attorney and an hourly rate of $75.00 for 7.45 hours of
work performed by the paralegal in 2010 and 2011, which he asserts was devoted to the
representation of Plaintiff in this Court. The party seeking attorney fees bears the burden of
proving that the claimed fees are reasonable. Id., 461 U.S. at 437. Attorney’s fees may not be
awarded in excess of $125.00 per hour-the maximum statutory rate under § 2412(d)(2)(A) unless the Court finds that an increase in the cost of living or a special factor such as the limited
availability of qualified attorneys justifies a higher fee. 28 U.S.C. §2412(d)(2)(A). The decision
to increase the hourly rate is not automatic and remains at the discretion of the district court.
McNulty v. Sullivan, 886 F.2d 1074 (8th Cir. 1989). In Johnson v. Sullivan, 919 F.2d 503 (8th
Cir. 1990), the Court stated that the hourly rate may be increased when there is “uncontested
proof of an increase in the cost of living sufficient to justify hourly attorney’s fees of more than
[the maximum statutory hourly rate],” such as a copy of the Consumer Price Index (CPI).
Plaintiff’s counsel submitted a copy of the CPI with his request for fees. In addition, the
Defendant does not object to the $155.00 hourly rate. The Court will therefore award Plaintiff’s
counsel an hourly rate of $155.00.
Plaintiff’s counsel seeks .55 hours for paralegal time associated with preparing and filing
a “Motion for Extension of Time to file Brief.” Plaintiff’s counsel was given ample time to file
a brief on behalf of his client and should not be allowed compensation for work performed as
a result of his inability to meet the deadlines set by this Court. Accordingly, .55 hours will be
deducted from the paralegal time sought by counsel.
Based upon the foregoing, the Court finds that Plaintiff should be awarded attorney’s fees
under the EAJA for: 8.25 attorney hours at a rate of $155.00 per hour, and for 6.9 paralegal
hours (7.45 hours - .55 hours) at a rate of $75.00 per hour, for a total attorney’s fee award of
$1,796.25, plus $60.85 in costs. This amount should be paid in addition to, and not out of, any
past due benefits which Plaintiff may be awarded in the future.
The parties are reminded that the award herein under the EAJA will be taken into account
at such time as a reasonable fee is determined pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 406, in order to prevent
double recovery by counsel for the Plaintiff.
IT IS SO ORDERED AND ADJUDGED this 2nd day of December, 2011.
/s/ Erin L. Setser
HONORABLE ERIN L. SETSER
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
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