Crabb v. Social Security Administration Commissioner
ORDER on Attorney Fees in the amount of $921.25, plus $21.85 in expenses. This amount should be paid in addition to, and not out of, any past due benefits which plaintiff may be awarded in the future. Signed by Honorable Erin L. Setser on March 20, 2013. (lw)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
WESTERN DISTRICT OF ARKANSAS
CIVIL NO. 12-3048
MICHAEL J. ASTRUE1, Commissioner
Social Security Administration
Plaintiff, Apparadee Crabb, appealed the Commissioner's denial of benefits to this Court.
On November 13, 2012, judgment was entered remanding Plaintiff's case to the Commissioner
pursuant to sentence four of 42 U.S.C. § 405(g). (Doc. 12). Plaintiff now moves for an award
of $1,010.60 in attorney’s fees and expenses under 28 U.S.C. § 2412, the Equal Access to Justice
Act (hereinafter “EAJA”), requesting compensation for 4.25 attorney hours of work before the
Court at an hourly rate of $155.00 for work performed in 2012, 4.40 paralegal hours of work
before the Court at an hourly rate of $75.00, and $21.85 in expenses.2 (Docs. 13-14). Defendant
filed a response to Plaintiff’s application, stating that she does not oppose an award to Plaintiff
in the amount requested. (Doc. 15).
Carolyn Colvin became the Acting Social Security Commissioner on February 14, 2013. Pursuant to Rule
25(d)(1) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, Carolyn Colvin has been substituted for Commissioner Michael
J. Astrue as the Defendant in this suit.
Plaintiff’s counsel listed the postage as $7.03, $7.03, and $8.03, which he indicated totaled $21.85. The Court
notes that the postage total is $22.09; however, the Court will give Plaintiff’s counsel the amount he requested.
Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2412(d)(1)(A), the Court must award attorney’s fees to a
prevailing social security claimant unless the Commissioner’s position in denying benefits was
substantially justified. The burden is on the Commissioner to show substantial justification for
the government’s denial of benefits. Jackson v. Bowen, 807 F.2d 127, 128 (8th Cir. 1986).
Under Shalala v. Schaefer, 509 U.S. 292, 302 (1993), a social security claimant who obtains a
sentence-four judgment reversing the Commissioner’s denial of benefits and remanding the case
for further proceedings is a prevailing party. After reviewing the file, the Court finds that
Plaintiff is a prevailing party in this matter.
In determining a reasonable attorney’s fee, the Court will in each case consider the
following factors: time and labor required; the novelty and difficulty of questions involved; the
skill required to handle the problems presented; the preclusion of employment by the attorney
due to acceptance of the case; the customary fee; whether the fee is fixed or contingent; time
limitations imposed by the client or the circumstances; the amount involved and the results
obtained; the attorney’s experience, reputation and ability; the “undesirability” of the case; the
nature and length of the professional relationship with the client; and awards in similar cases.
Hensley v. Eckerhart, 461 U.S. 424, 430 (1983).
However, the EAJA is not designed to reimburse without limit. Pierce v. Underwood,
487 U.S. 552, 573 (1988). The Court can determine the reasonableness and accuracy of a fee
request, even in the absence of an objection by the Commissioner. Clements v. Astrue, 2009 WL
4508480 (W.D. Ark. Dec. 1, 2009); see also Decker v. Sullivan, 976 F.2d 456, 459 (8th Cir.
1992) (“Although the issue was not raised on appeal, fairness to the parties requires an accurately
calculated attorney’s fee award.”).
The EAJA further requires an attorney seeking fees to submit “an itemized
statement...stating the actual time expended and the rate at which fees and other expenses were
computed.” 28 U.S.C. § 2412(d)(1)(B). Attorneys seeking fees under federal fee-shifting
statutes such as the EAJA are required to present fee applications with “contemporaneous time
records of hours worked and rates claimed, plus a detailed description of the subject matter of
Where documentation is inadequate, the Court may reduce the award
accordingly. Hensley, 461 U.S. at 433 (1983).
Plaintiff’s attorney requests an award under the EAJA at an hourly rate of $155.00 for
4.25 hours of work performed in 2012, which he asserts was devoted to the representation of
Plaintiff in this Court. The party seeking attorney fees bears the burden of proving that the
claimed fees are reasonable. Id., 461 U.S. at 437. Attorney’s fees may not be awarded in excess
of $125.00 per hour-the maximum statutory rate under § 2412(d)(2)(A) - unless the Court finds
that an increase in the cost of living or a special factor such as the limited availability of qualified
attorneys justifies a higher fee. 28 U.S.C. §2412(d)(2)(A). The decision to increase the hourly
rate is not automatic and remains at the discretion of the district court. McNulty v. Sullivan, 886
F.2d 1074 (8th Cir. 1989). In Johnson v. Sullivan, 919 F.2d 503 (8th Cir. 1990), the Court stated
that the hourly rate may be increased when there is “uncontested proof of an increase in the cost
of living sufficient to justify hourly attorney’s fees of more than [the maximum statutory hourly
rate],” such as a copy of the Consumer Price Index (CPI). Plaintiff’s counsel submitted a CPI
in support of his requested hourly rate. The Court will therefore award Plaintiff’s counsel an
hourly rate of $155.00.
Plaintiff’s counsel has also requested 4.40 paralegal hours of work at the rate of $75.00
per hour. The Court finds $75.00 per hour for paralegal work to be reasonable.
The Court next addresses the number of hours Plaintiff's counsel claims he spent working
on this case. The Court has reviewed the itemized statement, and finds the amount of 4.25
attorney hours is reasonable.
With regard to the paralegal hours, the Court finds the 0.40 paralegal hour submitted on
April 3, 2012 (receipt and review of file-marked copy of the complaint with summons. Tickled
for perfecting service), and the 0.50 paralegal hour submitted on June 29, 2012 (letters to all the
parties perfecting service of the summons with attached complaint. Review of file), are not
compensable as this time is clerical in nature. See Missouri v. Jenkins by Agyei, 491 U.S. 274,
288 (1989)(Paralegal work is work that might otherwise be performed by a lawyer, such as
factual investigation, including locating and interviewing witnesses; assistance with depositions,
interrogatories, and document production; compilation of statistical and financial data; checking
legal citations; and drafting correspondence. Purely clerical or secretarial tasks should not be
billed at a paralegal rate); Miller v. Alamo, 983 F.2d 856, 862 (8th Cir. 1993)(Work done by
paralegals is compensable if it is work that would have been done by an attorney, such as going
to the library to locate cases and preparing materials used by an attorney at oral argument).
Accordingly, the Court deducts 0.90 paralegal hour from the total number of compensable hours
Plaintiff’s counsel seeks reimbursement for $21.85 in expenses incurred with regard to
postage. Such expenses are recoverable under the EAJA and we find $21.85 to be a reasonable
award. See Kelly v. Bowen, 862 F.2d 1333, 1335 (8th Cir. 1988).
In her response, Defendant asks the Court to designate Plaintiff as payee of the EAJA
award, and not Plaintiff’s counsel. Based upon the holding in Astrue v. Ratliff, 130 S. Ct. 2521
(2010), the EAJA award should be paid directly to Plaintiff.
Based upon the foregoing, the Court finds that Plaintiff’s counsel should be awarded an
attorney’s fee under the EAJA for: 4.25 attorney hours at a rate of $155.00 per hour for work
performed in 2012, and 3.50 (4.40-0.90) paralegal hours at a rate of $75.00 per hour, for a total
attorney’s fee award of $921.25, plus $21.85 in expenses. This amount should be paid in
addition to, and not out of, any past due benefits which Plaintiff may be awarded in the future.
The parties are reminded that the award herein under the EAJA will be taken into account
at such time as a reasonable fee is determined pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 406, in order to prevent
double recovery by counsel for the Plaintiff.
IT IS SO ORDERED this 20th day of March, 2013.
/s/ Erin L. Setser
HONORABLE ERIN L. SETSER
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
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