Brooks v. Berryville, City of et al
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER declining to adopt 10 Report and Recommendations. This matter is recommitted to the U.S. Magistrate Judge for further analysis. Signed by Honorable P. K. Holmes, III on April 24, 2013. (jas)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
WESTERN DISTRICT OF ARKANSAS
GEORGE MICHAEL BROOKS
Case No. 3:13-CV-03028
CITY OF BERRYVILLE; CITY OF BERRYVILLE
POLICE DEPARTMENT; and DETECTIVE
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER
Currently before the Court is the Report and Recommendations (“R&R”) (Doc. 10) filed in
this case on April 11, 2013 by the Honorable James R. Marschewski, Chief United States Magistrate
Judge for the Western District of Arkansas. Also before the Court are Plaintiff’s Objections (Docs.
The Magistrate recommends that the instant matter be dismissed as frivolous or for failure
to state a claim upon which relief may be granted, pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2). The
magistrate reasons that Plaintiff mainly wants his freedom, but that Plaintiff is barred from
collaterally attacking his state court judgment of acquittal in this Court; no due process or equal
protection claim was alleged, asserting that Plaintiff did not have recourse to attack his commitment
through state court proceedings; and the Younger abstention doctrine restricts the Court from
interfering in state court criminal proceedings.
While the Court does not disagree with the points made by the Magistrate, the Court
nonetheless declines to adopt the Report and Recommendation, finding that the entire matter is not
necessarily subject to dismissal at this pre-screening stage of litigation.
While Plaintiff cannot collaterally attack his judgment of acquittal and commitment in this
proceeding, he may validly bring claims that are unrelated to, and would not affect, the state court
proceeding. See, e.g., Coley v. Clinton, 635 F.2d 1364, 1372 (8th Cir. 1980) (“The Younger
restriction on federal court interference with ongoing state court proceedings closely related to the
criminal law . . . does not apply to actions against state officials which are not part of such ongoing
state court criminal proceedings.”). Construing Plaintiff’s pro se pleadings liberally, it appears that
Plaintiff may have alleged facts sufficient to state claims unrelated to a collateral attack on his
judgment and commitment, including a claim for excessive use of force.
Therefore, because any unrelated claims were not addressed by the Magistrate in the Report
and Recommendation, the Court declines to adopt the Report and Recommendation and recommits
this matter to the Magistrate for further analysis.
IT IS SO ORDERED this 24th day of April, 2013.
/s/P. K. Holmes, III
P.K. HOLMES, III
CHIEF U.S. DISTRICT JUDGE
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