Birmingham v. AIG Life Insurance Company et al
ORDER granting in part and denying in part 35 Motion for Reconsideration. The Court will reconsider its previous Order (Doc. 34) and issue an amended order. Signed by Honorable Harry F. Barnes on April 9, 2009. (cap)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT WESTERN DISTRICT OF ARKANSAS TEXARKANA DIVISION
CASE NO. 06-CV-4019
AIG LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY and THE DOW CHEMICAL COMPANY ORDER
Before the Court is Plaintiff Yolanda Birmingham's Motion to Reconsider and Incorporating a Motion for an Evidentiary Hearing and Motion for Discovery. (Doc. 35). Defendants responded. (Doc. 37). The Court finds the matter ripe for consideration. Because the Court's February 11, 2009 Order (Doc. 34) dismissed Plaintiff's claims against Defendants with prejudice, the Court will treat the pending Motion to Reconsider as a Motion to Alter or Amend Judgment under Fed. R. Civ. P. 59(e). "Rule 59(e) motions serve the limited function of correcting manifest errors of law or fact or to present newly discovered evidence." Lowry ex rel. Crow v. Watson Chapel Sch. Dist., 540 F.3d 752, 761 (8th Cir. 2008). More specifically, Rule 59(e) was adopted to clarify a district court's power to correct its own mistakes in the time period immediately following entry of judgment. Norman v. Dep't. of Educ., 79 F.3d 748, 750 (8th Cir. 1996). However, "a Rule 59(e) motion `does not allow arguments or evidence to be presented after judgment when the argument or evidence could have been presented earlier.'" Anjulo-Lopez v. United States, 541 F.3d 814, 818, n. 3 (8th Cir. 2008) (quoting McAllister v. Transamerica Occidental Life Ins. Co., 325 F.3d 997, 1003, n. 4 (8th Cir. 2003)). "District courts enjoy broad discretion in ruling on [Rule 59(e)] motions." Capitol Indemnity Corp. v. Russellville Steel Co., Inc.,
367 F.3d 831, 834 (8th Cir. 2004). Plaintiff asserts that the Court erred in applying the sliding scale standard of review utilized by the Eighth Circuit in Woo v. Deluxe Corp., 144 F.3d 1157 (8th Cir. 1998) and instead should have applied a de novo standard of review pursuant to Firestone Tire & Rubber Co. v. Bruch, 489 U.S. 101, 109 S.Ct. 948 (1989) and Armstrong v. Aetna Life Ins. Co., 128 F.3d 1263 (8th Cir. 1997). The Court acknowledges that it erred in applying Woo, but the Court maintains that a de novo standard is not warranted. Plaintiff first argued for a less deferential standard of review in her Motion for a Less Deferential Standard of Review. (Doc. 20). The Court granted Plaintiff's Motion by Order dated October 13, 2006. (Doc. 30). In that Order, the Court applied Woo v. Deluxe Corp. The Court found that Plaintiff had demonstrated a conflict of interest or serious procedural irregularity and that this conflict or irregularity caused a serious breach of the plan administrator's fiduciary duty. (Order Doc. 30). The Court, in applying Woo, concluded that the Eighth Circuit's "sliding scale" approach in ERISA cases requires the Court to continue to apply an abuse of discretion standard, "taking into account the conflict or procedural irregularity," highlighting the "inherently flexible" nature of the abuse of discretion standard. (Order Doc. 30) (quoting Woo, 144 F.3d at 1161). The Court then, in compliance with its October 2006 Order (Doc. 30), applied the Woo sliding scale approach in its Order dated February 11, 2009, in which it dismissed Plaintiff's claims with prejudice. (Doc. 34). In light of the recent Supreme Court and Eighth Circuit authority, the Court acknowledges that it erred in applying the Woo sliding scale standard of review in its Order. (Doc. 34). See Metropolitan Life Insurance Co., v. Glenn, __ U.S. __, 128 S.Ct. 2343 (2008); see
also Hackett v. Standard Insurance Co., 2009 WL 703235, *4 (8th Cir. March 19, 2009).1 In Glenn, the Supreme Court explained that a conflict of interest does not change the standard of review a district court should apply. 128 S.Ct. at 2350. Instead, "a conflict should `be weighed as a factor in determining whether there is an abuse of discretion.'" Id. (quoting Firestone, 489 U.S. at 115). The Glenn Court went on to explain that this statement by the Firestone Court did not imply a change in the standard of review from deferential to de novo. Id. In Hackett v. Standard Insurance Co., the Eighth Circuit reversed and remanded because the district court, in its application of Woo, had not considered the plan administrator's conflict of interest as a factor in determining whether the plan administrator abused his discretion. 2009 WL 703235 at * 5. While the Court here did consider AIG's conflict of interest in its Order, it did so under the Woo sliding scale approach. Therefore, the Court will amend its Order (Doc. 34) and apply the Glenn "combination-of-factors method" as the appropriate standard of review in considering whether AIG abused its discretion. Hackett, 2009 WL 703235 at *5. The Court also acknowledges its failure to note Dr. Bowman's response on a physician questionnaire in which he listed zinc toxicity as one of the conditions Plaintiff suffers.2 The Court will include a reference to this document in its amended order. Additionally, the Court reviewed all of Plaintiff's other arguments made in her Motion for Reconsideration. The Court does not believe that any of these other arguments point to a manifest error of law or fact that would justify amending
Plaintiff did not direct the Court to Glenn in her Motion to Reconsider (Doc. 35), nor did Defendants in their Response. (Doc. 37). The Court recognizes that the parties filed their ERISA Briefs in 2006 well before the Glenn decision was issued in 2008. However, the Court did not rule on these Briefs until February 2009. Thus, the Court should have applied Glenn in its Order.
its prior ruling. After reviewing Plaintiff's Motion to Reconsider, the Court finds that its application of the Woo sliding scale approach to an abuse of discretion standard of review was a manifest error and thus requires a reconsideration of its original Order. (Doc. 34). However, because the appropriate standard of review is still an abuse of discretion standard and not a de novo standard, the Court maintains that an evidentiary hearing and discovery are not necessary. Plaintiff's Motion for Reconsideration Incorporating a Motion for an Evidentiary Hearing and Motion for Discovery (Doc. 35) is GRANTED in part and DENIED in part. The Court will reconsider its previous Order (Doc. 34) and issue an amended order. IT IS SO ORDERED, on this 9th day of April, 2009.
/s/ Harry F. Barnes Hon. Harry F. Barnes United States District Judge
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