McMannis v. Benton County Detention Center et al

Filing 7

REPORT AND RECOMMENDATIONS re 1 Complaint Referred (42:1983) filed by David Aurther McMannis. Objections to R&R due by 11/24/2008. Signed by Honorable James R. Marschewski on November 5, 2008. (tg)

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IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT W E S T E R N DISTRICT OF ARKANSAS FA Y E T T E V ILLE DIVISION D A V ID ARTHUR McMANNIS v. C iv il No. 08-5224 PLAINTIFF BENTON COUNTY DETENTION CENTER; JE R R E M E REECE, Inmate, Benton County D e ten tio n Center; CAPTAIN HUNTER P E T R A Y , Commander of the Jail, Benton County D e ten tio n Center; and GUARD MONROE, B e nto n County Detention Center DEFENDANTS R E P O R T AND RECOMMENDATION OF THE MAGISTRATE JUDGE D a v id Arthur McMannis, an inmate in the Benton County Detention Center (BCDC), brings this pro se civil rights action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. 1983. His complaint was filed in for m a pauperis (IFP) and it is now determined whether it should be served upon the defendants. I. Background M cM ann is alleges that on around August 1, 2008, Jerreme Reece, McMannis' cell-mate, stated to the guards that he was going to beat McMannis up at dinner time. According to M cM ann is, despite Reece's threats the guards refused to remove him from the cell. An hour later at medication call, McMannis states he got out of the cell and begged to be moved. McMannis was p laced back in the cell. A short time later, McMannis states Reece beat him knocking out two of h is front teeth, shattering his nose, injuring his eye, and causing multiple other injuries. One of the guards who was warned according to McMannis was Guard Monroe. -1- AO72A (Rev. 8/82) M c M a n n is also maintains that on multiple occasions he has not received his prescribed m edication . Although he has written grievances about the situation, he states Captain Petray has d o n e nothing to correct the problems with medication distribution. II. Discussion T w o of McMannis' claims are subject to dismissal. First, McMannis' claims against the B enton County Detention Center are subject to dismissal. The detention center is a building and not a person or a legal entity subject to suit under 1983. See e.g., Dean v. Barber, 951 F.2d 1210, 1214 (11th Cir. 1992)("[s]heriff's departments and police departments are not usually considered legal entities subject to suit"); Powell v. Cook County Jail, 814 F. Supp. 757 (N.D. Ill. 1993)(jail not subject to suit); Marsden v. Fed. Bureau of Prisons, 856 F. Supp. 832, 836 (S.D.N.Y. 1994)("jail is not an entity that is amenable to suit"); In re Scott County Master Docket, 672 F. Supp. 1152, 1163 n. 1 (D. Minn. 1987)(sheriff's department is not a legal entity subject to suit), aff'd, Myers v. Scott County, 863 F.2d 1017 (8th Cir. 1989). Second, McMannis' claims against Jerreme Reece, the inmate who beat him up, are subject to dismissal. A 1983 complaint must allege that each defendant, acting under color of state law, d ep riv ed plaintiff of "rights, privileges or immunities secured by the Constitution and laws" of the U n ited States. 42 U.S.C. 1983. "Section 1983 secures most constitutional rights from infr ing em en t by governments [or individuals employed by governmental entities], not private parties." Crumpley-Patterson v. Trinity Lutheran Hosp., 388 F.3d 588 (8th Cir. 2004). A private ind ividu al does not act under color of law. Johnson v. Outboard Marine Corp., 172 F.3d 531, 536 (8th Cir. 1999). -2- AO72A (Rev. 8/82) III. Conclusion I therefore recommend that McMannis' claims against the Benton County Detention Center an d Jerreme Reece be dismissed on the grounds that the claims are frivolous and fail to state claim s. See 28 U.S.C. 1915(e)(2)(B)(i)-(iii)(IFP action, or any portion thereof, may be dismissed on such grounds at any time). However, we note that service of the complaint on Captain Hunter P etray and Guard Monroe will be directed by separate order. McMannis has ten days from receipt of the report and recommendation in which to f ile written objections pursuant to 28 U.S.C. 636(b)(1). The failure to file timely objections m a y result in waiver of the right to appeal questions of fact. McMannis is reminded that o b j ec tio n s must be both timely and specific to trigger de novo review by the district court. D A T E D this 5th day of November 2008. /s/ J. Marschewski HON. JAMES R. MARSCHEWSKI UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE -3- AO72A (Rev. 8/82)

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