Thomas v. Social Security Administration Commissioner
MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by Honorable Erin L. Setser on August 5, 2011. (src)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
WESTERN DISTRICT OF ARKANSAS
Commissioner of the Social Security Administration
Plaintiff, Stacey Thomas, brings this action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 405(g), seeking
judicial review of a decision of the Commissioner of the Social Security Administration
(Commissioner) denying his claim for supplemental security income (SSI) benefits under the
provisions of Title XVI of the Social Security Act (Act). In this judicial review, the Court must
determine whether there is substantial evidence in the administrative record to support the
Commissioner’s decision See 42 U.S.C. § 405(g).
Plaintiff protectively filed his application for SSI on October 22, 2007, alleging an
inability to work due to seizures since he was 16 years old, speech problems including stuttering,
severe anxiety, poor memory, post traumatic stress disorder, and possible schizophrenia. (Tr.
114, 140). An administrative hearing was held on May 13, 2009, at which Plaintiff appeared
with counsel, and he and his mother and a vocational expert (VE) testified. (Tr. 21-59).
By written decision dated November 10, 2009, the ALJ found that Plaintiff had an
impairment or combination of impairments that were severe - seizure disorder and depression.
(Tr. 67). However, after reviewing all of the evidence presented, he determined that Plaintiff’s
impairments did not meet or equal the level of severity of any impairment listed in the Listing
of Impairments found in Appendix 1, Subpart P, Regulation No. 4. (Tr. 67). The ALJ found
Plaintiff retained the residual functional capacity (RFC) to:
perform a full range of work at all exertional levels but with the following nonexertional
limitations: the claimant can have exposure to hazards, such as unprotected heights and
heavy machinery. The claimant cannot drive. The claimant can perform unskilled work
where interpersonal contact is incidental to the job performed, but can have no contact
with the general public. The claimant can perform low stress work (defined as
occasional decision making and occasional changes in work place settings).
(Tr. 69). With the help of a VE, the ALJ determined that Plaintiff was capable of performing
past relevant work as a poultry vaccinator. (Tr. 72).
Plaintiff then requested a review of the hearing decision by the Appeals Council, which
denied that request on June 4, 2010. (Tr. 103). Subsequently, Plaintiff filed this action. (Doc.
1). This case is before the undersigned pursuant to the consent of the parties. (Doc. 5). Both
parties have filed appeal briefs, and the case is now ready for decision. (Docs. 8, 9).
This Court’s role is to determine whether the Commissioner’s findings are supported by
substantial evidence on the record as a whole. Ramirez v. Barnhart, 292 F. 3d 576, 583 (8th Cir.
2002). Substantial evidence is less than a preponderance but it is enough that a reasonable mind
would find it adequate to support the Commissioner’s decision. The ALJ’s decision must be
affirmed if the record contains substantial evidence to support it. Edwards v. Barnhart, 314 F.
3d 964, 966 (8th Cir. 2003). As long as there is substantial evidence in the record that supports
the Commissioner’s decision, the Court may not reverse it simply because substantial evidence
exists in the record that would have supported a contrary outcome, or because the Court would
have decided the case differently. Haley v. Massanari, 258 F.3d 742, 747 (8th Cir. 2001). In
other words, if after reviewing the record, it is possible to draw two inconsistent positions from
the evidence and one of those positions represents the findings of the ALJ, the decision of the
ALJ must be affirmed. Young v. Apfel, 221 F. 3d 1065, 1068 (8th Cir. 2000).
It is well established that a claimant for Social Security disability benefits has the burden
of proving his disability by establishing a physical or mental disability that has lasted at least one
year and that prevents him from engaging in any substantial gainful activity. Pearsall v.
Massanari, 274 F. 3d 1211, 1217 (8th Cir. 2001); see also 42 U.S.C. §§423(d)(1)(A),
1382c(a)(3)(A). The Act defines “physical or mental impairment” as “an impairment that results
from anatomical, physiological, or psychological abnormalities which are demonstrable by
medically acceptable clinical and laboratory diagnostic techniques.” 42 U.S.C. §§423(d)(3),
1382(3)(D). A Plaintiff must show that his disability, not simply his impairment, has lasted for
at least twelve consecutive months.
The Commissioner’s regulations require him to apply a five-step sequential evaluation
process to each claim for disability benefits: (1) whether the claimant had engaged in substantial
gainful activity since filing his claim; (2) whether the claimant had a severe physical and/or
mental impairment or combination of impairments; (3) whether the impairment(s) met or equaled
an impairment in the listings; (4) whether the impairment(s) prevented the claimant from doing
past relevant work; and (5) whether the claimant was able to perform other work in the national
economy given his age, education, and experience. See 20 C.F.R. §416.920. Only if the final
stage is reached does the fact finder consider the Plaintiff’s age, education, and work experience
in light of his residual functional capacity (RFC). See McCoy v. Schweiker, 683 F.2d 1138,
1141-42 (8th Cir. 1982); 20 C.F.R. §416.920.
Of particular concern to the undersigned is the ALJ’s RFC determination. RFC is the
most a person can do despite that person’s limitations. 20 C.F.R. § 404.1545(a)(1). It is
assessed using all relevant evidence in the record. Id. This includes medical records,
observations of treating physicians and others, and the claimant’s own descriptions of his
limitations. Guilliams v. Barnhart, 393 F.3d 798, 801 (8th Cir. 2005); Eichelberger v. Barnhart,
390 F.3d 584, 591 (8th Cir. 2004). Limitations resulting from symptoms such as pain are also
factored into the assessment. 20 C.F.R. § 404.1545(a)(3). The Eighth Circuit has held that a
“claimant’s residual functional capacity is a medical question.” Lauer v. Apfel, 245 F.3d 700,
704 (8th Cir. 2001). Therefore, an ALJ’s determination concerning a claimant’s RFC must be
supported by medical evidence that addresses the claimant’s ability to function in the
workplace.” Lewis v. Barnhart, 353 F.3d 642, 646 (8th Cir. 2003). “T]he ALJ is [also] required
to set forth specifically a claimant’s limitations and to determine how those limitations affect his
In the present case, individuals at Ozark Guidance, Inc. gave Plaintiff GAF scores of 40
on July 10, 2007; 35 on February 6, 2009; 33 on April 17, 2009 and 33 on April 27, 2009. Two
of these scores (the April 2009 GAF scores of 33) were given by Theresa Farrow, M.D., who,
unlike Donna Copeland, EdS, LPC/LMFT, and Nan Yarnelle, M.ED., LPC, is an acceptable
medical source. 20 C.F.R. § 416.913(a). The ALJ may have been justified in giving little
weight to the scores given by Donna Copeland and Nan Yarnelle, who are not acceptable
medical sources, but he failed to discuss the GAF scores of 33 given by Dr. Farrow.1 Defendant
argues that given the absence of “longitudinal treatment over time, these April 2009 records,
even if accepted at face value, do not establish impairment-related functional limitations lasting
or expected to last a duration of twelve months.” (Doc. 9 at p. 7). The Court is not persuaded
by Defendant’s argument. Dr. Efird, the only individual who gave Plaintiff a GAF score of over
40, only saw Plaintiff one time on December 10, 2007. On the other hand, Plaintiff visited with
individuals at Ozark Guidance, Inc. on numerous occasions, most recently in 2009, and gave
Plaintiff a GAF score of 33 when he was reportedly in Early Full Remission. (Tr. 694, 696).
Based upon the foregoing, the Court believes this matter should be remanded to the ALJ
in order for him to more fully address the GAF scores given by Dr. Farrow, and re-evaluate his
Accordingly, the Court concludes that the ALJ’s decision is not supported by substantial
evidence, and therefore, the denial of benefits to the Plaintiff, should be reversed and this matter
should be remanded to the Commissioner for further consideration pursuant to sentence four of
42 U.S.C. § 405(g).
DATED this 5th day of August, 2011.
/s/ Erin L. Setser
HON. ERIN L. SETSER
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
A GAF score of 33 indicates that an individual suffers from “Some impairment in reality testing or
communication (e.g., speech is at times illogical, obscure, or irrelevant) OR major impairment in several areas,
such as work or school, family relations, judgment, thinking, or mood (e.g., depressed man avoids friends,
neglects family, and is unable to work; child frequently beats up younger children, is defiant at home, and is
failing at school).” Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 34 (4th ed. 2000).
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?