Glasscock v. Social Security Administration Commissioner
MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by Honorable Erin L. Setser on March 20, 2012. (src)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
WESTERN DISTRICT OF ARKANSAS
CIVIL NO. 10-5230
MICHAEL J. ASTRUE, Commissioner
Social Security Administration
Plaintiff, Beverly Glasscock, brings this action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 405(g), seeking
judicial review of a decision of the Commissioner of the Social Security Administration
(Commissioner) denying her claims for a period of disability and disability insurance benefits
(DIB) and supplemental security income (SSI) benefits under the provisions of Titles II and XVI
of the Social Security Act (Act). In this judicial review, the Court must determine whether there
is substantial evidence in the administrative record to support the Commissioner's decision. See
42 U.S.C. § 405(g).
Plaintiff protectively filed her current applications for DIB and SSI on February 18, 2004,
alleging an inability to work since December 31, 2001,1 due to neck, back, hip and leg pain,
The Court notes that in the July 30, 2010, unfavorable decision, the ALJ found Plaintiff’s alleged onset date to be
February 23, 2004. (Tr. 418). There is no indication in the record that Plaintiff amended her onset date from
December 31, 2001.
migraine headaches, hypertension and asthma/possible chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
(COPD). (Tr. 50-52, 353-355). For DIB purposes, Plaintiff maintained insured status through
December 31, 2006. (Tr. 418). An administrative hearing was held on March 14, 2006, at which
Plaintiff appeared with counsel and testified. (Tr. 372-414).
In a written decision dated September 13, 2006, the ALJ determined Plaintiff retained the
residual functional capacity (RFC) to perform light work with limitations. (Tr. 10-17). The
Appeals Council declined review of the ALJ’s decision on May 5, 2008. (Tr. 3-6).
Plaintiff appealed the ALJ’s September 13, 2006 decision to this Court. In a decision
dated August 13, 2009, this Court remanded the case back to the Commissioner to further develop
the record, and to re-evaluate Plaintiff’s impairments. (Tr. 436-443). The Appeals Council
vacated the ALJ's decision, and remanded Plaintiff's case back to the ALJ on August 23, 2009. (Tr.
446). A supplemental administrative hearing was held on May 17, 2010. (Tr. 511-533). Plaintiff
appeared with counsel and testified.
By written decision dated July 30, 2010, the ALJ found that during the relevant time
period, Plaintiff had an impairment or combination of impairments that were severe. (Tr. 420).
Specifically, the ALJ found Plaintiff had the following severe impairments: a disorder of the
back and asthma. However, after reviewing all of the evidence presented, he determined that
Plaintiff’s impairments did not meet or equal the level of severity of any impairment listed in the
Listing of Impairments found in Appendix I, Subpart P, Regulation No. 4. (Tr. 421). The ALJ
found Plaintiff retained the residual functional capacity (RFC) to:
occasionally lift and/or carry 10 pounds and frequently less than 10 pounds. She
can sit for 6 hours and can stand and/or walk for 2 hours. She can occasionally
climb, balance, kneel, crouch, and stoop. She must avoid concentrated exposure
to fumes, odors, dusts, gases, and poor ventilation. She must avoid hazards
including no driving, unprotected heights, and moving machinery.
(Tr. 421). With the help of a vocational expert, the ALJ determined Plaintiff could perform the
requirements of a representative of occupations in production work, such as bench final assembly
and a bench hand. (Tr. 425).
Plaintiff now seeks judicial review of that decision. (Doc. 1). Both parties filed appeal
briefs, and this case is before the undersigned pursuant to the consent of the parties. (Docs.
This Court's role is to determine whether the Commissioner's findings are supported by
substantial evidence on the record as a whole. Ramirez v. Barnhart, 292 F.3d 576, 583 (8th Cir.
2002). Substantial evidence is less than a preponderance but it is enough that a reasonable mind
would find it adequate to support the Commissioner's decision. The ALJ's decision must be
affirmed if the record contains substantial evidence to support it. Edwards v. Barnhart, 314 F.3d
964, 966 (8th Cir. 2003). As long as there is substantial evidence in the record that supports the
Commissioner's decision, the Court may not reverse it simply because substantial evidence exists
in the record that would have supported a contrary outcome, or because the Court would have
decided the case differently. Haley v. Massanari, 258 F.3d 742, 747 (8th Cir. 2001). In other
words, if after reviewing the record it is possible to draw two inconsistent positions from the
evidence and one of those positions represents the findings of the ALJ, the decision of the ALJ
must be affirmed. Young v. Apfel, 221 F.3d 1065, 1068 (8th Cir. 2000).
It is well-established that a claimant for Social Security disability benefits has the burden
of proving her disability by establishing a physical or mental disability that has lasted at least one
year and that prevents her from engaging in any substantial gainful activity. Pearsall v.
Massanari, 274 F.3d 1211, 1217 (8th Cir.2001); see also 42 U.S.C. § § 423(d)(1)(A),
1382c(a)(3)(A). The Act defines “physical or mental impairment” as “an impairment that results
from anatomical, physiological, or psychological abnormalities which are demonstrable by
medically acceptable clinical and laboratory diagnostic techniques.” 42 U.S.C. § § 423(d)(3),
1382(3)(c). A Plaintiff must show that her disability, not simply her impairment, has lasted for
at least twelve consecutive months.
The Commissioner’s regulations require him to apply a five-step sequential evaluation
process to each claim for disability benefits: (1) whether the claimant has engaged in substantial
gainful activity since filing her claim; (2) whether the claimant has a severe physical and/or
mental impairment or combination of impairments; (3) whether the impairment(s) meet or equal
an impairment in the listings; (4) whether the impairment(s) prevent the claimant from doing past
relevant work; and, (5) whether the claimant is able to perform other work in the national
economy given her age, education, and experience. See 20 C.F.R. §§ 404.1520, 416.920. Only
if the final stage is reached does the fact finder consider the Plaintiff’s age, education, and work
experience in light of her residual functional capacity. See McCoy v. Schweiker, 683 F.2d 1138,
1141-42 (8th Cir. 1982); 20 C.F.R. §§ 404.1520, 416.920.
What causes the Court concern is the fact that it does not appear that the ALJ complied
with the remand orders issued by Magistrate Judge James Marschewski.
A. Remand Order:
In Judge Marschewski’s Memorandum Opinion, dated August 13, 2009, he remanded
the matter in order for the record to be more fully developed regarding Plaintiff’s physical RFC.
Judge Marschewski noted the following:
The record reflects after complaining a [sic] chronic back pain plaintiff was
scheduled for an MRI on March 9, 2005, that revealed a prior anterior fusion at
L5-S1 with widely patent central and lateral canals; a shallow left foraminal disk
displacement at L3-4; and no high-grade focal disk protrusions or critical canal
stenosis in the lumbar or visualized lower thoracic or upper sacral segments. (Tr.
260-265). The radiologist also included supplements on retrospinal soft tissue
edema and piriformis syndrome2 to be considered by plaintiff’s treating doctor
when reviewing plaintiff’s MRI results. There is no indication that plaintiff’s
treating physician reviewed the MRI in conjunction with the supplements or
opined as to what limitations may be imposed on plaintiff due to the MRI results.
In June of 2005, the emergency room physician noted plaintiff had undergone a
MRI and that she was to see a specialist for a review of the results. (Tr. 256).
There is no evidence reflecting that a specialist reviewed these findings. As this
MRI was performed after the non-examining medical consultants completed their
RFC assessments it appears no physician reviewed the MRI results in conjunction
with the supplements and opined as to what limitations plaintiff might have
regarding her back.
(Tr. 441-442). Judge Marschewski then directed:
On remand, the ALJ is directed to address interrogatories to the physicians who have
evaluated and/or treated plaintiff - - including, Dr. Cyril A. Raben and Dr. Kevin Richter
- - asking the physicians to review plaintiff's medical records; to complete a RFC
assessment regarding plaintiff's capabilities during the time period in question, and to
give the objective basis for their opinions so that an informed decision can be made
regarding plaintiff's ability to perform basic work activities on a sustained basis during
the relevant time period.
(Tr. 442). The record reveals that interrogatories were sent to both Dr. Raben and Dr. Richter,
and that each physician indicated that he did not complete medical source statements. (Tr. 422,
Piriformis syndrome is a rare cause of lower back pain and sciatica secondary to sciatic nerve entrapment at the
greater sciatic notch. It is usually caused by an abnormal condition of the piriformis muscle, such as hypertrophy,
inflammation, or anatomic variations. (Tr. 262).
487-504). Plaintiff also underwent a consultative general physical examination on December
28, 2009 wherein, Dr. Tad Michael Morgan diagnosed Plaintiff with chronic back pain, post
surgical fusion; chronic neck pain, post trauma; and trigeminal neuralgia of the right side by
history. (Tr. 509). Dr. Morgan opined that Plaintiff had moderate limitations in walking,
standing, sitting, lifting, carrying and seeing.
What is troubling to the undersigned is that the record fails to show that a treating or
examining physician reviewed the March of 2005 Lumbar Spine MRI results, in conjunction
with examining Plaintiff, prior to opining as to Plaintiff’s ability to function in the workplace.
In fact, the only assessment of Plaintiff’s capabilities dated after this MRI is Dr. Morgan’s
examination notes wherein he opined that Plaintiff had moderate limitations in walking,
standing, sitting, lifting, carrying and seeing. There is no indication that Dr. Morgan reviewed
the March of 2005 Lumbar Spine MRI results. Furthermore, Dr. Morgan did not complete a
RFC assessment opining as to Plaintiff’s abilities to function in the workplace during the relevant
time period. The Court believes this matter should be remanded in order for the ALJ to obtain
a completed RFC assessment, for the relevant time period, from an examining medical
professional who has also reviewed Plaintiff’s medical records, specifically Plaintiff’s March of
2005 Lumbar Spine MRI.
In light of the foregoing, the undersigned concludes that the ALJ’s decision is not
supported by substantial evidence, and that this matter should be remanded in order for the ALJ
to: obtain a completed RFC assessment, for the relevant time period, from an examining
medical professional who has also reviewed Plaintiff’s medical records, specifically Plaintiff’s
March of 2005 Lumbar Spine MRI. Accordingly, the Court concludes that the ALJ’s decision
is not supported by substantial evidence, and therefore, the denial of benefits to the Plaintiff
should be reversed and this matter should be remanded to the Commissioner for further
consideration pursuant to sentence four of 42 U.S.C. § 405(g).
DATED this 20th day of March 2012.
/s/ Erin L. Setser
HON. ERIN L. SETSER
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
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