Patrick v. Social Security Administration Commissioner
MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by Honorable Erin L. Setser on July 11, 2012. (tg)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
WESTERN DISTRICT OF ARKANSAS
AUSTIN LEON PATRICK
MICHAEL J. ASTRUE,
Commissioner of the Social Security Administration
Plaintiff, Austin Leon Patrick, brings this action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 405(g), seeking
judicial review of a decision of the Commissioner of the Social Security Administration
(Commissioner) denying his claim for disability insurance benefits (DIB) under Title II of the
Social Security Act (Act).1 In this judicial review, the Court must determine whether there is
substantial evidence in the administrative record to support the Commissioner’s decision. See
42 U.S.C. § 405(g).
Plaintiff filed his application for DIB on January 16, 2009, alleging an inability to work
since September 30, 2002, due to his inability to read, write, count money; learning disabilities,
joint pain, back pain, and nervousness around a lot of people. (Tr. 8, 123). An administrative
hearing was held on March 15, 2010, at which Plaintiff appeared with counsel and testified. (Tr.
Plaintiff also applied for supplemental security income (SSI) benefits, and it is not disputed that on April 29,
2009, Plaintiff’s claim for SSI was approved.
By written decision dated April 16, 2010, the ALJ found that during the relevant time
period, Plaintiff had an impairment or combination of impairments that were severe - mild
mental retardation. (Tr. 10). However, after reviewing all of the evidence presented, the ALJ
determined that Plaintiff’s impairment did not meet or equal the level of severity of any
impairment listed in the Listing of Impairments found in Appendix I, Subpart P, Regulation No.
4. (Tr. 11). The ALJ found Plaintiff retained the residual functional capacity (RFC) to:
perform a full range of work at all exertional levels but had nonexertional
limitations. He could only read simple words. He could work where
interpersonal contact was incidental to the work performed, where
complexity of tasks was learned and performed by rote with few variables
and where little judgment was required. The supervision required was
simple, direct and concrete.
(Tr. 14). With the help of a vocational expert (VE), the ALJ determined Plaintiff could perform
work as an assembler, poultry laborer, and conveyor/feeder offbearer. (Tr. 16).
requested a review of the hearing decision by the Appeals Council, which denied that request on
April 4, 2011. (Tr. 1-3). Subsequently, Plaintiff filed this action. (Doc. 1). This case is before
the undersigned pursuant to the consent of the parties. (Doc. 6). Both parties have filed appeal
briefs, and the case is now ready for decision. (Docs. 11, 12).
The Court has reviewed the entire transcript. The complete set of facts and arguments
are presented in the parties’ briefs, and are repeated here only to the extent necessary.
This Court’s role is to determine whether the Commissioner’s findings are supported by
substantial evidence on the record as a whole. Ramirez v. Barnhart, 292 F. 3d 576, 583 (8th Cir.
2002). Substantial evidence is less than a preponderance but it is enough that a reasonable mind
would find it adequate to support the Commissioner’s decision. The ALJ’s decision must be
affirmed if the record contains substantial evidence to support it. Edwards v. Barnhart, 314 F.
3d 964, 966 (8th Cir. 2003). As long as there is substantial evidence in the record that supports
the Commissioner’s decision, the Court may not reverse it simply because substantial evidence
exists in the record that would have supported a contrary outcome, or because the Court would
have decided the case differently. Haley v. Massanari, 258 F.3d 742, 747 (8th Cir. 2001). In
other words, if after reviewing the record, it is possible to draw two inconsistent positions from
the evidence and one of those positions represents the findings of the ALJ, the decision of the
ALJ must be affirmed. Young v. Apfel, 221 F. 3d 1065, 1068 (8th Cir. 2000).
It is well established that a claimant for Social Security disability benefits has the burden
of proving his disability by establishing a physical or mental disability that has lasted at least one
year and that prevents him from engaging in any substantial gainful activity. Pearsall v.
Massanari, 274 F. 3d 1211, 1217 (8th Cir. 2001); see also 42 U.S.C. §§423(d)(1)(A),
1382c(a)(3)(A). The Act defines “physical or mental impairment” as “an impairment that results
from anatomical, physiological, or psychological abnormalities which are demonstrable by
medically acceptable clinical and laboratory diagnostic techniques.” 42 U.S.C. §§423(d)(3),
1382(3)(D). A Plaintiff must show that his disability, not simply his impairment, has lasted for
at least twelve consecutive months.
The Commissioner’s regulations require him to apply a five-step sequential evaluation
process to each claim for disability benefits: (1) whether the claimant had engaged in substantial
gainful activity since filing his claim; (2) whether the claimant had a severe physical and/or
mental impairment or combination of impairments; (3) whether the impairment(s) met or equaled
an impairment in the listings; (4) whether the impairment(s) prevented the claimant from doing
past relevant work; and (5) whether the claimant was able to perform other work in the national
economy given his age, education, and experience. See 20 C.F.R. §416.920. Only if the final
stage is reached does the fact finder consider the Plaintiff’s age, education, and work experience
in light of his residual functional capacity (RFC). See McCoy v. Schneider, 683 F.2d 1138,
1141-42 (8th Cir. 1982); 20 C.F.R. §416.920.
Plaintiff essentially contends that based upon the fact that the ALJ found that Plaintiff
suffered from a mental disability in 2009, Plaintiff also met the listing in 2002. Defendant set
forth and discussed at length the relevant listing, 12.05, and the Court rejects Plaintiff’s
arguments, based upon the well-stated reasons outlined in Defendant’s brief.
The burden of proof is on the Plaintiff to establish that his impairment meets or equals
a listing. See Sullivan v. Zebley, 493 U.S. 521, 530-31, 110 S.Ct. 885, 107 L.Ed.2d 967 (1990).
To meet a listing, an impairment must meet all of the listing's specified criteria. Id. at 530, 110
S.Ct. 885 (“An impairment that manifests only some of these criteria, no matter how severely,
does not qualify.”); Johnson v. Barnhart, 390 F.3d 1067, 1070 (8th Cir. 2004). “Medical
equivalence must be based on medical findings.” 20 C.F.R. § 416.926(b) (2003); Sullivan, 493
U.S. at 531, 110 S.Ct. 885 (“a claimant ... must present medical findings equal in severity to all
the criteria for the one most similar listed impairment”). A review of the ALJ’s decision reveals
the ALJ explicitly addressed Listing 12.05 and determined Plaintiff did not meet the specified
criteria. (Tr. 319-320).
The issue before the ALJ was Plaintiff’s entitlement to a period of disability and DIB, and
therefore, the focus was upon the evidence prior to September 30, 2002, Plaintiff’s date last
insured. There is no medical evidence dated prior to the expiration of Plaintiff’s date last
insured. The Defendant discussed listing 12.05 at length, and analyzed the requirements that
must be met in order to meet the listing. As found by the ALJ,, Plaintiff’s mental impairment,
as of September 30, 2002, did not meet the requirements set out in 12.05(A),(B),(C),or (D), for
the reasons set forth in Defendant’s brief. The only Mental RFC Assessment for the date last
insured - September 30, 2002, is from Dan Donahue, who found that although Plaintiff had an
IQ in the lower 60's, there was no evidence of a secondary impairment, and that Plaintiff would
be able to perform unskilled work on or before the date last insured. (Tr. 224). The ALJ’s RFC
finding included this limitation.
It is clear, as urged by Defendant, that the record does not support a finding that Plaintiff
met the requirements set forth in Listing 12.05. Based on the foregoing, the Court finds there
is substantial evidence of record to support the ALJ’s finding that Plaintiff did not meet Listing
Accordingly, having carefully reviewed the record, the undersigned finds substantial
evidence supporting the ALJ's decision denying the Plaintiff benefits, and thus the decision
should be affirmed. The undersigned further finds that the Plaintiff’s Complaint should be
dismissed with prejudice.
DATED this 11th day of July, 2012.
HON. ERIN L. SETSER
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
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