Bradshaw v. Social Security Administration Commissioner
JUDGMENT granting 12 Motion for Attorney Fees for Amber Bradshaw against Social Security Administration Commissioner in the amount of $2,833.65. This amount should be paid in addition to, and not out of, any past due benefits which plaintiff may be awarded in the future. Further, any EAJA award by this Court should be made payable to plaintiff and not counsel. Signed by Honorable Erin L. Setser on March 14, 2013. (tg)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
WESTERN DISTRICT OF ARKANSAS
CIVIL NO. 11-5196
MICHAEL J. ASTRUE1, Commissioner
Social Security Administration
Plaintiff, Amber Bradshaw, appealed the Commissioner's denial of benefits to this Court.
On July 13, 2012, judgment was entered remanding Plaintiff's case to the Commissioner pursuant
to sentence four of 42 U.S.C. § 405(g). (Doc. 11). Plaintiff now moves for an award of
$3181.20 in attorney’s fees and costs under 28 U.S.C. § 2412, the Equal Access to Justice Act
(hereinafter “EAJA”), requesting compensation for 16.30 attorney hours of work before the
Court at an hourly rate of $174.00 for work performed 2011 and 2012, and 4.60 paralegal hours
of work before the Court at an hourly rate of $75.00. (Docs. 12). Defendant filed a response to
Plaintiff’s application, objecting to certain hours claimed. (Doc. 15).
Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2412(d)(1)(A), the Court must award attorney’s fees to a
prevailing social security claimant unless the Commissioner’s position in denying benefits was
substantially justified. The burden is on the Commissioner to show substantial justification for
the government’s denial of benefits. Jackson v. Bowen, 807 F.2d 127, 128 (8th Cir. 1986).
Under Shalala v. Schaefer, 509 U.S. 292, 302 (1993), a social security claimant who obtains a
sentence-four judgment reversing the Commissioner’s denial of benefits and remanding the case
Carolyn Colvin became the Acting Social Security Commissioner on February 14, 2013. Pursuant to Rule
25(d)(1) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, Carolyn Colvin has been substituted for Commissioner Michael
J. Astrue as the Defendant in this suit.
for further proceedings is a prevailing party. After reviewing the file, the Court finds that
Plaintiff is a prevailing party in this matter.
In determining a reasonable attorney’s fee, the Court will in each case consider the
following factors: time and labor required; the novelty and difficulty of questions involved; the
skill required to handle the problems presented; the preclusion of employment by the attorney
due to acceptance of the case; the customary fee; whether the fee is fixed or contingent; time
limitations imposed by the client or the circumstances; the amount involved and the results
obtained; the attorney’s experience, reputation and ability; the “undesirability” of the case; the
nature and length of the professional relationship with the client; and awards in similar cases.
Hensley v. Eckerhart, 461 U.S. 424, 430 (1983).
However, the EAJA is not designed to reimburse without limit. Pierce v. Underwood,
487 U.S. 552, 573 (1988). The Court can determine the reasonableness and accuracy of a fee
request, even in the absence of an objection by the Commissioner. Clements v. Astrue, 2009 WL
4508480 (W.D. Ark. Dec. 1, 2009); see also Decker v. Sullivan, 976 F.2d 456, 459 (8th Cir.
1992) (“Although the issue was not raised on appeal, fairness to the parties requires an accurately
calculated attorney’s fee award.”).
The EAJA further requires an attorney seeking fees to submit “an itemized
statement...stating the actual time expended and the rate at which fees and other expenses were
computed.” 28 U.S.C. § 2412(d)(1)(B). Attorneys seeking fees under federal fee-shifting
statutes such as the EAJA are required to present fee applications with “contemporaneous time
records of hours worked and rates claimed, plus a detailed description of the subject matter of
Where documentation is inadequate, the Court may reduce the award
accordingly. Hensley, 461 U.S. at 433 (1983).
Plaintiff’s attorney requests an award under the EAJA at an hourly rate of $174.00 for
16.30 hours of work performed in 2011 and 2012, which he asserts was devoted to the
representation of Plaintiff in this Court. The party seeking attorney fees bears the burden of
proving that the claimed fees are reasonable. Id., 461 U.S. at 437. Attorney’s fees may not be
awarded in excess of $125.00 per hour-the maximum statutory rate under § 2412(d)(2)(A) unless the Court finds that an increase in the cost of living or a special factor such as the limited
availability of qualified attorneys justifies a higher fee. 28 U.S.C. §2412(d)(2)(A). The decision
to increase the hourly rate is not automatic and remains at the discretion of the district court.
McNulty v. Sullivan, 886 F.2d 1074 (8th Cir. 1989). In Johnson v. Sullivan, 919 F.2d 503 (8th
Cir. 1990), the Court stated that the hourly rate may be increased when there is “uncontested
proof of an increase in the cost of living sufficient to justify hourly attorney’s fees of more than
[the maximum statutory hourly rate],” such as a copy of the Consumer Price Index (CPI).
Plaintiff’s counsel submitted a CPI in support of his requested hourly rate. The Court will
therefore award Plaintiff’s counsel an hourly rate of $174.00.
Plaintiff’s counsel has also requested 4.60 paralegal hours of work at the rate of $75.00
per hour. The Court finds $75.00 per hour for paralegal work to be reasonable.
We next address the number of hours Plaintiff's counsel claims he spent working on this
case. Defendant argues that some of the paralegal time submitted should be deducted because
it is clerical in nature. Defendant objects to the following submissions which total 2.50 paralegal
8/17/11 Paralegal prepared and filed Petition for Judicial Review of
Administrative Law Judge decision, Affidavit of Financial Status, Plaintiff’s
Motion to Proceed In Forma Pauperis, summons, and cover sheet, 1.00 hour,
8/22/11 Paralegal verified that valid service of summons had been Made upon
Defendant, then executed and filed Return of Service, 0.50 hour,
9/9/11 Paralegal prepared and scanned Affidavit of Service to Clerk, Office of
General Counsel, Attorney General of U.S., U.S. Attorney, 0.40 hour,
11/22/11 Paralegal submitted brief by CM/ECF, 0.20 hour,
11/22/11 Paralegal mailed copy of brief to Plaintiff, 0.10 hour,
04/03/2012 Paralegal received call from Plaintiff re: status of case, 0.20 hour, and
7/13/12 Paralegal mailed copy of Memorandum Opinion and Judgment to
Plaintiff, 0.10 hour.
The Court finds that filing of the Complaint and preparation of the summons and cover sheet
on August 17, 2011, are clerical in nature, therefore the Court will deduct 0.25 paralegal hour
from this submission. With regard to the remaining time submissions listed above, the Court
finds this work is clerical in nature and will therefore be deducted. See Missouri v. Jenkins by
Agyei, 491 U.S. 274, 288 (1989)(Paralegal work is work that might otherwise be performed by
a lawyer, such as factual investigation, including locating and interviewing witnesses; assistance
with depositions, interrogatories, and document production; compilation of statistical and
financial data; checking legal citations; and drafting correspondence. Purely clerical or secretarial
tasks should not be billed at a paralegal rate); Miller v. Alamo, 983 F.2d 856, 862 (8th Cir.
1993)(Work done by paralegals is compensable if it is work that would have been done by an
attorney, such as going to the library to locate cases and preparing materials used by an attorney
at oral argument). The Court further finds that the 0.10 paralegal hour submitted on August 18,
2011, to mail a letter to Plaintiff is also clerical in nature. Accordingly, the Court deducts 1.85
paralegal hours from the total number of compensable hours sought.
Plaintiff’s counsel seeks a total of 13.20 hours for reviewing the 225 page transcript, and
preparing the brief. There were no unique or complex issues to be developed in this particular
case. Plaintiff’s counsel frequently represents social security Plaintiff’s before this Court and
should be well versed in social security law and the Court finds the time submitted for preparing
this brief to be excessive. Therefore, the Court is reducing the number of hours submitted for
the preparation of Plaintiff’s brief to 12.00 hours.
In her response, Defendant asks the Court to designate Plaintiff as payee of the EAJA
award, and not Plaintiff’s counsel. Based upon the holding in Astrue v. Ratliff, 130 S. Ct. 2521
(2010), the EAJA award should be paid directly to Plaintiff.
Based upon the foregoing, the Court finds that Plaintiff’s counsel should be awarded an
attorney’s fee under the EAJA for: 15.10 (16.30-1.20) attorney hours at a rate of $174.00 per
hour for work performed in 2011 and 2012, and 2.75 (4.60-1.85) paralegal hours at a rate of
$75.00 per hour, for a total attorney’s fee award of $2,833.65. This amount should be paid in
addition to, and not out of, any past due benefits which Plaintiff may be awarded in the future.
The parties are reminded that the award herein under the EAJA will be taken into account
at such time as a reasonable fee is determined pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 406, in order to prevent
double recovery by counsel for the Plaintiff.
IT IS SO ORDERED this 14th day of March, 2013.
/s/ Erin L. Setser
HONORABLE ERIN L. SETSER
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
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