Rearden v. Social Security Administration Commissioner
MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by Honorable Erin L. Setser on December 18, 2013. (tg)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
WESTERN DISTRICT OF ARKANSAS
CAROLYN W. COLVIN,
Acting Commissioner of the Social Security Administration
Plaintiff, Debra Rearden, brings this action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 405(g), seeking
judicial review of a decision of the Commissioner of the Social Security Administration
(Commissioner) denying her claims for a period of disability and disability insurance benefits
(DIB) and supplemental security income (SSI) benefits under the provisions of Titles II and XVI
of the Social Security Act (Act). In this judicial review, the Court must determine whether there
is substantial evidence in the administrative record to support the Commissioner’s decision. See
42 U.S.C. § 405(g).
Plaintiff protectively filed her application for DIB on November 9, 2009, and her
application for SSI on May 27, 2010, alleging an inability to work since April 11, 2008, due to
lower back problems and migraine headaches. (Tr. 90, 541). An administrative hearing was held
on May 12, 2011, at which Plaintiff appeared with counsel and she and her ex-husband testified.
By written decision dated May 27, 2011, the ALJ found that Plaintiff had an impairment
or combination of impairments that were severe - degenerative disk disease of the lumbar spine,
depression, and panic attacks. (Tr. 14). However, after reviewing all of the evidence presented,
the ALJ determined that Plaintiff’s impairments did not meet or equal the level of severity of any
impairment listed in the Listing of Impairments found in Appendix I, Subpart P, Regulation No.
4. (Tr. 15). The ALJ found Plaintiff retained the residual functional capacity (RFC) to:
lift/carry 20 pounds occasionally or 10 pounds frequently. In an 8-hour
workday, she can stand and/or walk for about 6 hours or sit for about 6
hours, all with normal breaks. There are no postural or manipulative
limitations. Mentally, the claimant has moderate limitations on her
abilities to understand, remember, and carry out detailed instructions,
maintain attention and concentration for extended periods, make simple
work-related decisions, and to accept instructions and respond
appropriately to criticism from supervisors.
(Tr. 16). With the help of a vocational expert (VE), the ALJ determined Plaintiff was not
capable of performing her past relevant work, but that there were other jobs Plaintiff would be
able to perform, such as courier deliverer, hand packager, and mail clerk. (Tr. 19). Plaintiff then
requested a review of the hearing decision by the Appeals Council, which denied the request on
September 7, 2012. (Tr. 4-6). Subsequently, Plaintiff filed this action. (Doc. 1). This case is
before the undersigned pursuant to the consent of the parties. (Doc. 7). Both parties have filed
appeal briefs, and the case is now ready for decision. (Docs. 15, 16).
The Court has reviewed the entire transcript. The complete set of facts and arguments are
presented in the parties’ briefs, and are repeated here only to the extent necessary.
This Court’s role is to determine whether the Commissioner’s findings are supported by
substantial evidence on the record as a whole. Ramirez v. Barnhart, 292 F. 3d 576, 583 (8th Cir.
2002). Substantial evidence is less than a preponderance but it is enough that a reasonable mind
would find it adequate to support the Commissioner’s decision. The ALJ’s decision must be
affirmed if the record contains substantial evidence to support it. Edwards v. Barnhart, 314 F.
3d 964, 966 (8th Cir. 2003). As long as there is substantial evidence in the record that supports
the Commissioner’s decision, the Court may not reverse it simply because substantial evidence
exists in the record that would have supported a contrary outcome, or because the Court would
have decided the case differently. Haley v. Massanari, 258 F.3d 742, 747 (8th Cir. 2001). In
other words, if after reviewing the record, it is possible to draw two inconsistent positions from
the evidence and one of those positions represents the findings of the ALJ, the decision of the
ALJ must be affirmed. Young v. Apfel, 221 F. 3d 1065, 1068 (8th Cir. 2000).
It is well established that a claimant for Social Security disability benefits has the burden
of proving her disability by establishing a physical or mental disability that has lasted at least one
year and that prevents her from engaging in any substantial gainful activity. Pearsall v.
Massanari, 274 F. 3d 1211, 1217 (8th Cir. 2001); see also 42 U.S.C. §§423(d)(1)(A),
1382c(a)(3)(A). The Act defines “physical or mental impairment” as “an impairment that results
from anatomical, physiological, or psychological abnormalities which are demonstrable by
medically acceptable clinical and laboratory diagnostic techniques.” 42 U.S.C. §§423(d)(3),
1382(3)(D). A Plaintiff must show that her disability, not simply her impairment, has lasted for
at least twelve consecutive months.
The Commissioner’s regulations require him to apply a five-step sequential evaluation
process to each claim for disability benefits: (1) whether the claimant had engaged in substantial
gainful activity since filing her claim; (2) whether the claimant had a severe physical and/or
mental impairment or combination of impairments; (3) whether the impairment(s) met or equaled
an impairment in the listings; (4) whether the impairment(s) prevented the claimant from doing
past relevant work; and (5) whether the claimant was able to perform other work in the national
economy given her age, education, and experience. See 20 C.F.R. §416.920. Only if the final
stage is reached does the fact finder consider the Plaintiff’s age, education, and work experience
in light of her residual functional capacity (RFC). See McCoy v. Schweiker, 683 F.2d 1138,
1141-42 (8th Cir. 1982); 20 C.F.R. §416.920.
Plaintiff raises the following issue on appeal: The ALJ discredited Plaintiff’s allegations
of disabling pain because he wrongfully concluded that there was a lack of objective medical
evidence. (Doc. 15).
Plaintiff, in essence, is challenging the ALJ’s credibility findings. The ALJ was required
to consider all the evidence relating to Plaintiff’s subjective complaints including evidence
presented by third parties that relates to: (1) Plaintiff’s daily activities; (2) the duration,
frequency, and intensity of her pain; (3) precipitating and aggravating factors; (4) dosage,
effectiveness, and side effects of her medication; and (5) functional restrictions. See Polaski v.
Heckler, 739 F.2d 1320, 1322 (8th Cir. 1984). While an ALJ may not discount a claimant’s
subjective complaints solely because the medical evidence fails to support them, an ALJ may
discount those complaints where inconsistencies appear in the record as a whole. Id. As the
Eighth Circuit has observed, “Our touchstone is that [a claimant’s] credibility is primarily a
matter for the ALJ to decide.” Edwards v. Barnhart, 314 F.3d 964, 966 (8th Cir. 2003).
In this case, the ALJ found that Plaintiff’s medically determinable impairments could
reasonably be expected to cause the alleged symptoms, but that Plaintiff’s statements concerning
the intensity, persistence and limiting effects of the symptoms were not credible to the extent
they were inconsistent with the RFC assessment. (Tr. 17-18). The ALJ discussed Plaintiff’s
daily activities, noting that she drove, shopped for groceries, and did household chores. (Tr. 15).
In fact, Plaintiff’s pain management specialist, Dr. Cathy C. Luo, reported on September 29,
2010, that the medications Plaintiff was taking enabled her to take on more household chores.
(Tr. 18, 509). The ALJ also noted that regarding Plaintiff’s depression, anxiety, and panic
attacks, in his Mental Diagnostic Evaluation and Evaluation of Adaptive Functioning, Dr. Gene
Chambers gave Plaintiff a Global Assessment of Functioning score of 65-76. (Tr. 18).
It is also noteworthy that upon examination by Dr. Rayetta Eaton on March 15, 2010,
Plaintiff was able to do all limb functions except walk on her heels and toes or squat/arise from
a squatting position, and had normal grip in both hands. (Tr. 399). Dr. Eaton opined that Plaintiff
had minimal limitation in her ability to sit, walk, lift, and carry. (Tr. 400).
Plaintiff began seeing Dr. Luo for pain management on May 7, 2010, when Plaintiff’s
chief complaints were neck and leg pain and upper extremity pain. (Tr. 469). The records reveal
that Plaintiff received steroid injections from Dr. Luo, and that her visits to Dr. Luo continued
up until March 28, 2011. (Tr. 485-487, 495-501, 503-505, 507, 509-515 ). On January 28, 2011,
Plaintiff reported that the last injection worked well with pain relief for 8 or 9 days, and that the
pain medications were working well. (Tr. 498).
Plaintiff argues that the ALJ was in error when he discredited her allegations of disabling
pain regarding her migraines. As Defendant points out, the ALJ noted that on March 9, 2009,
Plaintiff told neurologist, Dr. Michael W. Morse, of Neurological Associates, PLC, that she
experienced a single migraine about every three months and smoked a pack of cigarettes a day.
(Tr. 321). She also told him that Treximet helped with her migraines. (Tr. 321). The ALJ further
stated that migraines did not have a prominent appearance in Plaintiff’s 2010-2011 appointments
with Dr. Luo, and the absence of discussion about migraines with Dr. Luo was in marked
contrast to the emphasis Plaintiff gave to her migraines in the court of her hearing testimony. (Tr.
The Court recognizes the Treating Physician’s Migraine Headache dated May 21, 2010,
completed by one of Plaintiff’s treating physicians, Dr. C.R. Magness. (Tr. 484). However,
Plaintiff thereafter saw Dr. Cathy Luo for one year, and Dr. Luo never diagnosed Plaintiff with
migraines. Furthermore, the Plaintiff mentioned having a migraine on only one visit to Dr. Luo,
on January 28, 2011. (Tr. 498).
Based upon the foregoing, and for those reasons given in Defendant’s well stated brief,
the Court finds there is sufficient evidence to support the ALJ’s credibility findings.
Accordingly, having carefully reviewed the record, the undersigned finds substantial
evidence supporting the ALJ’s decision denying the Plaintiff benefits, and thus the decision
should be affirmed. The undersigned further finds that the Plaintiff’s complaint should be
dismissed with prejudice.
DATED this 18th day of December, 2013.
/s/ Erin L. B Setser
HON. ERIN L. SETSER
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
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