Mojica v. Securus Technologies, Inc.
OPINION AND ORDER regarding depositions. See order for specifics. Signed by Honorable Timothy L. Brooks on March 17, 2017. (src)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
WESTERN DISTRICT OF ARKANSAS
SUSAN MOJICA and THOMAS MOJICA
CASE NO. 5:14-CV-5258
SECURUS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
OPINION AND ORDER
On February 10, 2017, Plaintiffs noticed the deposition of Securus CEO Richard
Smith , to be held on March 30 at 9:30am ; the notice was served by email . . On February
17, 2017, Plaintiffs noticed the deposition of Securus President Robert Pickens, to be
held on March 29 at 9:30am; this notice was also served by email. On March 7, 2017 ,
Securus emailed Plaintiffs with objections to these notices, including objections premised
on the so-called "apex doctrine ." The parties have been unable to resolve this dispute,
so the Court held a telephone conference on the matter on March 17, 2017 , at 1 :15pm.
Notice , without a subpoena , is sufficient to compel the deposition of "a party or a
party's officer, director, or managing agent. " See Rule 37(d)(1 )(A)(i); Gowan Mid Century
Ins. Co. , 309 F.R.D. 503 , 513 (D.S.D. 2015). The Federal Rules of Civil Procedure state
that "[o]n timely motion ," a court must quash or modify a subpoena that "subjects a person
to undue burden ," Rule 45(d)(3)(A)(iv) . The Rule does not define "timely" here , but in the
context of subpoenas duces tecum (which these are not) , the Rule requires objections to
be "served before the earlier of the time specified for compliance or 14 days after the
subpoena is served ." Here , the objections were made 18 and 25 days after service . The
Court believes that, at least in the context of this particular case , given the tight discovery
schedule that all parties and counsel realize we are on , 14 days is a reasonable deadline
for timeliness, and accordingly, these objections were not timely.
But nevertheless proceeding to the merits of the objections: it appears there are
no Eighth Circuit cases applying , rejecting , or even discussing the "apex doctrine" as
such . See Bank of the Ozarks v. Capital Mortg. Corp. , 2012 WL 2930479 , at *1 (E .D.
Ark. Jul. 18, 2012) ("[T]here is no controlling authority that directs this Court to apply the
There is an unpublished opinion from 2007 in the Western District of
Arkansas , authored by Magistrate Judge Marschewski , which discusses the apex
doctrine and declines to apply it under the facts of that case . "The 'apex doctrine' protects
high-level corporate officials from deposition unless (1) the executive has unique or
special knowledge of the facts at issue and (2) other less burdensome avenues for
obtaining the information sought have been exhausted. This doctrine is normally aimed
at high level decision makers who have no particular direct knowledge of the facts
pertaining to the particular lawsuit. " Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. v. Vidalakis , 2007 WL 4591569 ,
at *1 (W.D. Ark. Dec. 28 , 2007) (internal citation omitted). Sometimes courts will take "a
wait-and-see approach in fashioning an order resolving these types of discovery
disputes ," by postponing the challenged depositions until after other discovery avenues
have been exhausted and shown to be inadequate.
Bank of the Ozarks, 2012 WL
2930479 , at *2.
Here, the Court believes Messrs. Smith and Pickens possess unique or special
knowledge of the facts at issue , numerous examples of which were recited by Plaintiffs'
counsel during the hearing. "This is not a case where a personal injury plaintiff is seeking
to depose the CEO of Chrysler Corporation , or where a policy holder was suing for
improper denial of a claim and sought to depose a high level executive. " Vidalakis , 2007
WL 4591569 , at *2. Rather, this is a case involving a challenge to a core , nationwide
business practice of Securus's. Furthermore , the Court does not believe a "wait-and-see"
approach is practical here, given that it has imposed a very tight schedule on the parties
for merits discovery; these depositions are set to occur on March 29 and 30 , and the factdiscovery cutoff date is April 14, 2017. (Doc. 189, p. 2).
IT IS THEREFORE ORDERED that Messrs. Smith and Pickens are required to
give their depositions as noticed by Plaintiffs, provided that Plaintiffs must reasonably
accommodate the schedules of Messrs. Smith and Pickens, and provided further that
each deposition shall last no longer than four hours and shall be held no later than April
IT IS SO ORDERED on this
day of March
S DISTRICT JUDGE
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