Andrews v. Cradduck et al
OPINION AND ORDER granting 13 Motion to Dismiss for Failure to State a Claim. The official capacity claims against the medical Defendants are dismissed without prejudice. The individual capacity claims against medical Defendants remain for later consideration. Signed by Honorable P. K. Holmes, III on September 28, 2016. (tg)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
WESTERN DISTRICT OF ARKANSAS
Case No. 5:16-CV-05014
NURSE TYRANNY RAY; DR. ROBERTO
SAEZ; DEPUTY WILKINS (or deWilkins);
DEPUTY FLORES; DEPUTY HOBBLEMAN;
DEPUTY HALE; DEPUTY TRIMBLE;
DEPUTY POWELL; LIEUTENANT DARNER;
LIEUTENANT MARTINEZ; NURSE PATRICIA DAVIS;
NURSE PATRICIA STAYTON; LIEUTENANT HOLT;
and OFFICER FALKSNER
OPINION AND ORDER
This is a civil rights action filed by the Plaintiff Donald Andrews pursuant to 42 U.S.C. §
1983. Plaintiff proceeds pro se and in forma pauperis. At the times relevant to this complaint, he
was incarcerated in the Benton County Detention Center (BCDC).
Currently before the Court is the partial motion to dismiss (Doc. 13) filed by Medical
Defendants, Nurse Tyranny Ray, Nurse Patricia Davis, Nurse Patricia Stayton, and Dr. Roberto
Saez, all employees of Southern Health Partners, Inc. (SHP). Plaintiff has not responded to the
According to the allegations of the complaint, prior to his incarceration, Plaintiff had a
history of having broken his back in four places, had spinal stenosis, bulging, ruptured, and
herniated discs, a compromised immune system due to the loss of his spleen and appendix,
pulmonary embolisms, deep vein thrombosis, broken shoulder, broken and surgically repaired
collar bone, and had been on pain management since 2005. Plaintiff also indicated that all his
teeth were broken out except one top tooth and he had a difficult time eating. Within the last two
and one half years, Plaintiff alleges he had pneumonia, septic pneumonia, and was hospitalized
four times for lung disorders.
Plaintiff requested a medical mattress because the cold metal bunk caused him pain. He
also indicates that because of his medical problems, he should have been assigned to a downstairs
cell and a bottom bunk so he would not hurt himself jumping up and down. He also requested a
visit to the dentist and a vegetarian soft diet. These requests were refused. He asked to be housed
in the medical pod due to his history of pulmonary embolisms and deep vein thrombosis. Plaintiff
alleges he was told that medical mattresses were only issued to those inmates who had spinal
surgery within three weeks of their incarceration.
He was moved out of the medical pod and into E pod, which Plaintiff alleges is the sex
offender pod. According to Plaintiff, there are inmates in E pod who have HIV, AIDS, and
Hepatitis C. Plaintiff alleges they all use the same showers, clippers, water fountains, toilets, and
sink. Because of his compromised immune system, Plaintiff states this puts him in danger.
Plaintiff further alleges that his dressing was taken off and not replaced. 1 Plaintiff alleges
this left him with open wounds that he could only cover with a filthy blanket. Plaintiff was
assigned to a bottom bunk. However, he alleges it was later taken away in retaliation.
Plaintiff maintains the medical defendants failed to provide him adequate medical care.
With respect to Lieutenant Holt, Plaintiff maintains Holt had thrown away Plaintiff’s
grievances and shut off his access to the kiosk. Plaintiff also alleges Holt had told several officers
not to allow Plaintiff to file any more grievances.
With respect to Lieutenant Martinez, Plaintiff alleges he responded to Plaintiff’s request
It is not clear from the complaint what injury Plaintiff had that required dressings.
for a grievance form by stating that they did not have forms and it was all on the kiosk. Martinez
called Plaintiff out of the pod and told Plaintiff to stop filing grievances or he would regret his stay
in the the jail.
Plaintiff maintains that Officer Trimble sprayed Plaintiff’s food, cups, and fork with a
cleaner with bleach in it. Plaintiff asserts that Trimble said he was doing this pursuant to jail
With respect to Officer Wilkins, Plaintiff alleges that immediately after he informed
Wilkins that he practiced Islam, Wilkins began to discriminate against him. Specifically, Plaintiff
alleges Wilkins called him names, said to “screw Allah,” and said he would like to kill all Muslims
and anyone who is not Christian.
With respect to Officer Falksner, Plaintiff alleges he moved Plaintiff to the floor in B-pod
which had blood, fecal matter, saliva, and general filth on it. Plaintiff indicates Falksner put his
life in grave danger and exposed Plaintiff to various diseases and infections. Plaintiff indicates he
remained in B pod for a single day.
With respect to Officer Hale, Plaintiff contends Hale used other inmates to intimidate him,
verbally and physically to attack him, and spit on his clothes, food, and belongings.
As relief, Plaintiff asks that his medications be checked and his blood tested for clots, HIV,
AIDS, and Hepatitis. He also wants monetary damages for pain and suffering.
Rule 8(a) contains the general pleading rules and requires a complaint to present “a short
and plain statement of the claim showing that the pleader is entitled to relief.” Fed. R. Civ. P.
8(a)(2). “In order to meet this standard, and survive a motion to dismiss under Rule 12(b)(6), ‘a
complaint must contain sufficient factual matter, accepted as true, to state a claim for relief that is
plausible on its face.’” Braden v. Wal-Mart Stores, Inc., 588 F.3d 585, 594 (8th Cir. 2009) (quoting
Ashcroft v. Iqbal,556 U.S. 662, 678 (2009)).
“The plausibility standard requires a plaintiff to show at the pleading stage that success on
the merits is more than a ‘sheer possibility.’” Braden, 588 F.3d at 594 (quoting Iqbal, 556 U.S. at
678). The standard does “not impose a probability requirement at the pleading stage; it simply
calls for enough fact to raise a reasonable expectation,” or reasonable inference, that the “defendant
is liable for the misconduct alleged.” Iqbal, 556 U.S. at 678; see also Stone v. Harry, 364 F.3d
912, 914 (8th Cir. 2004) (While pro se complaints are liberally construed, they must allege
sufficient facts to support the claims.).
The medical Defendants maintain they are entitled to the dismissal of the official capacity
claims because Plaintiff has not alleged facts sufficient to assert a plausible claim that an official
institutional policy or custom reflected deliberate indifference to his serious medical needs.
Official capacity claims are “functionally equivalent to a suit against the employing
governmental [or institutional] entity.” Veatch v. Bartels Lutheran Home, 627 F.3d 1254, 1257
(8th Cir. 2010). In this case, Benton County has contracted with SHP to provide healthcare to
County prisoners. For this reason, the official capacity claims are treated as claims against SHP.
See Murray v. Lene, 595 F.3d 868, 873 (8th Cir. 2010).
A Plaintiff “seeking to impose liability on a municipality [or institution] under § 1983
[must] identify [an unconstitutional] policy or custom that caused the plaintiff’s injury.” Board of
County Commissioners of Bryan County, Oklahoma v. Brown, 520 U.S. 397, 403 (1997). “There
are two basic circumstances under which municipal [or institutional] liability will attach: (1) where
a particular [institutional] policy or custom itself violates federal law, or directs an employee to do
so; and (2) where a facially lawful [institutional] policy or custom was adopted with ‘deliberate
indifference’ to its known or obvious consequences.” Moyle v. Anderson, 571 F.3d 814, 817-18
(8th Cir. 2009) (citation omitted).
Plaintiff has not alleged a plausible “policy” claim. In short, he has not pointed to “any
officially accepted guiding principle or procedure that was constitutionally inadequate.” Jenkins
v. County of Hennepin, 557 F.3d 628, 633 (8th Cir. 2009). Merely alleging a denial of adequate
medical treatment is insufficient. Plaintiff has not pointed to a “deliberate choice of a guiding
principle or procedure made by the institution’s official who has final authority in such matters.”
“[A] custom can be shown only by adducing evidence of a continuing, widespread,
persistent pattern of unconstitutional misconduct.” Id. at 634 (internal quotation marks and citation
omitted). Plaintiff has not asserted facts sufficient to state a plausible claim that there was any
widespread, persistent pattern of unconstitutional conduct. The official capacity claims should be
IT IS THEREFORE ORDERED that the medical Defendants' partial motion to dismiss
(Doc. 13) is GRANTED and the official capacity claims against the medical Defendants are hereby
DISMISSED WITHOUT PREJUDICE.
The individual capacity claims against medical
Defendants remain for later consideration.
IT IS SO ORDERED this 28th day of September, 2016.
/s/P. K. Holmes, III
P.K. HOLMES, III
CHIEF U.S. DISTRICT JUDGE
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