Simon v. Cradduck et al
OPINION AND ORDER granting 11 Partial Motion to Dismiss for Failure to State a Claim. The official capacity claims against Nurse Ray are Dismissed Without Prejudice. Signed by Honorable Timothy L. Brooks on January 25, 2017. (src) Modified on 1/25/2017 (src).
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
WESTERN DISTRICT OF ARKANSAS
JEREMY HERRICK SIMON
CASE NO. 5:16-CV-5185
FORMER SHERIFF KELLY CRADDUCK;
TRANSPORT DEPUTY GARRET; and
NURSE TYRANNY RAY
OPINION AND ORDER
This is a civil rights action filed by the Plaintiff Jeremy Herrick Simon pursuant to 42
U.S.C . § 1983.
Plaintiff proceeds pro se and in forma pauperis.
He is currently
incarcerated in the Varner Unit of the Arkansas Department of Correction (ADC) .
The case is currently before me on the partial motion to dismiss (Doc. 11) filed by
Nurse Tyranny Ray. Specifically, Nurse Ray seeks dismissal of the official capacity claim
against her. Plaintiff has not responded to the motion.
According to the allegations of the complaint (Doc. 1), on March 11 , 2016, Plaintiff
suddenly lost vision in his left eye . Five hours later, he was taken to the emergency room.
The emergency room doctor consulted with the on call ophthalmologist and instructions
were given to the transporting deputy, Deputy Garrett, that Plaintiff should be taken to Vold
Vision the following Monday.
Plaintiff alleges Defendants did not take him to Vold Vision for ten days. He
indicates he is still blind in his left eye .
Plaintiff sued the Defendants in both their individual and official capacities. He
seeks compensatory and punitive damages.
II. LEGAL STANDARD
Rule 8(a) contains the general pleading rules and requires a complaint to present
"a short and plain statement of the claim showing that the pleader is entitled to relief." Fed.
R. Civ. P. 8(a)(2) . "In order to meet this standard , and survive a motion to dismiss under
Rule 12(b)(6), 'a complaint must contain sufficientfactual matter, accepted as true , to state
a claim for relief that is plausible on its face ."' Braden v. Wal-Mart Stores, Inc., 588 F.3d
585 , 594 (8th Cir. 2009)(quoting Ashcroft v. lqbal,556 U.S. 662 , 678 (2009)) .
"The plausibility standard requires a plaintiff to show at the pleading stage that
success on the merits is more than a 'sheer possibility."' Id., at 594. The standard does
"not impose a probability requirement at the pleading stage; it simply calls for enough fact
to ra ise a reasonable expectation ," (Be// Atlantic Corp. V. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544 , 556
(2007)) or reasonable inference, that the "defendant is liable for the misconduct alleged ."
Iqbal, 556 U.S. at 678 ; see also Stone v. Harry, 364 F.3d 912, 914 (8th Cir. 2004)(While
pro se complaints are liberally construed , they must allege sufficient facts to support the
Nurse Ray maintains that she is entitled to the dismissal of the official capacity
claims because Plaintiff has not alleged facts sufficient to assert a plausible claim that an
official institutional policy or custom reflected deliberate indifference to his serious medical
needs. Nurse Ray is employed by Southern Health Partners, Inc., the contract medical
care provider for Benton County.
Official capacity claims are "functionally equivalent to a suit against the employing
governmental [or institutional] entity." Veatch v. Bartels Lutheran Home , 627 F.3d 1254,
1257 (8th Cir. 2010) . A Plaintiff "seeking to impose liability on a municipality [or institution]
under§ 1983 [must] identify [an unconstitutional] policy or custom that caused the plaintiff's
injury." Board of County Commissioners of Bryan County, Oklahoma v. Brown, 520 U.S.
397 , 403 (1997) .
"There are two basic circumstances under which municipal [or
institutional] liability will attach : (1) where a particular [institutional] policy or custom itself
violates federal law, or directs an employee to do so ; and (2) where a facially lawful
[institutional] policy or custom was adopted with 'deliberate indifference' to its known or
obvious consequences." Moyle v. Anderson, 571F .3d814 , 817-18 (8th Cir. 2009) (citation
Plaintiff has not alleged a plausible "policy" claim . He has not pointed to "any
officially accepted guiding principle or procedure that was constitutionally inadequate. "
Jenkins v. County of Hennepin , 557 F.3d 628 , 633 (8th Cir. 2009)(quoting Mettler v.
Whitledge , 165 F.3d 1197, 1204 (8 1h Cir. 1999)). He has not pointed to a "'deliberate choice
of a guiding principle or procedure made by the [institutional] official who has final authority
regarding such matters.'" Id.
Further, "a custom can be shown only by adducing evidence of a continuing,
widespread , persistent pattern of unconstitutional misconduct. "
Id. at 634 (internal
quotation marks and citation omitted) . Plaintiff has simply not asserted facts sufficient to
state a plausible claim that there was any widespread , persistent pattern of unconstitutional
The partial motion to dismiss (Doc. 11) filed by Defendant Nurse Ray is GRANTED.
The official capacity claims against Nurse Ray are DISMISSED WITHOUT PREJUDICE
under Rule 12(b)(6).
IT IS SO ORDERED on
th~ day of Janu
S DISTRICT JUDGE
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