Chancellor v. State Farm Mutual Automobile Insurance Company
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER denying 18 Motion to Dismiss filed by State Farm Mutual Automobile Insurance Company. Signed by Honorable Robert T. Dawson on September 22, 2008. (dmc)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT WESTERN DISTRICT OF ARKANSAS HOT SPRINGS DIVISION NATHAN CHANCELLOR v. Case No. 08-6065 DEFENDANT PLAINTIFF
STATE FARM MUTUAL AUTOMOBILE INSURANCE COMPANY MEMORANDUM OPINION & ORDER
On August 14, 2008, Defendant filed a Motion to Dismiss. (Doc. 18). Defendant asserted that Plaintiff failed to state
claims for breach of insurance contract, violation of the Arkansas Deceptive Trade Practices Act, and bad faith. Support of Motion to Dismiss, Defendant did In its Brief in not attack the
allegations in Plaintiff's Complaint directly. (Doc. 19).
it asserted that the terms of the insurance policy under which Plaintiff sought benefits precluded Plaintiff's claims. The policy cited by Defendant was attached as an exhibit to its Amended Answer. under (Doc. 16). Rule It is well-settled that a Motion to Dismiss of Civil Procedure 12(b)(6) will not be
considered after the defendant has filed an answer. City of Omaha, 901 F.2d 1486, 1488 (8th Cir. 1990).
In its Reply to Response to the Motion to Dismiss, Defendant asked the Court to convert its motion to dismiss to one for judgment on the pleadings under Rule 12(c). (Doc. 23). Under the
precedent of this Circuit, the Court can treat a motion to dismiss as one for judgment on the pleadings. Westcott, 901 F.2d at 1488.
However, for reasons recited herein, Defendant's motion is DENIED.
Background In considering a motion for judgment on the pleadings, the
court must "accept as true all facts pleaded by the non-moving party and grant all reasonable inferences from the pleadings in favor of the non-moving party." U.S. v. Any & all Radio Station Plaintiff
Transmission Equip., 207 F.3d 458, 462 (8th Cir. 2000). alleges: 1.
State Farm Mutual Automobile Insurance Company ("State Farm") issued insurance policy no. 1418597041 to H.R. Chancellor, grandfather of Plaintiff Nathan Chancellor.
On October 23, 2007, Plaintiff----while operating an automobile owned by his grandfather----was involved in a head-on collision.
As a result of the accident, Plaintiff suffered severe, permanent injuries. These included a left femur fracture as
well as injuries to the shoulder, neck, and chest. 4. At the time of the accident, Plaintiff was the beneficiary of first-party personal injury protection coverage("PIP") under policy no. 1418597041. 5. The PIP provided no fault medical payments coverage in the amount of $10,000. 6. On or about December 19, 2007, Plaintiff informed State Farm that he would assert a personal injury protection claim under the policy and submitted medical bills. 7. Plaintiff made a request for payment on January 21, 2008.
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Because payment had not been received as of March 17, 2008, Plaintiff sent an additional request for payment and submitted medical bills in the amount of $27,273.31. 8. Because the amount payable under the PIP was substantially less than Plaintiff's medical expenses, Plaintiff requested that the payment of benefits be made directly to him. This
would allow Plaintiff to pay his medical expenses as needed and attempt to conclude some outstanding bills for lesser amounts. 9. On March 31, 2008, State Farm issued three checks. The first
was payable to Plaintiff, his attorney, and Hot Spring County Medical Center in the amount of $208.49. The second was also
payable to Plaintiff, his attorney, and Hot Spring County Medical Center and in the amount of $208.49. Finally, the
third was payable to Plaintiff, his attorney, and Saline Memorial Hospital in the amount of $9,583.02. 10. Plaintiff voided these checks and returned them to State Farm with correspondence----dated April 9, 2008----reiterating his request that State Farm issue payment directly to him. 11. State Farm informed Plaintiff that it would not issue
additional checks until Plaintiff agreed to accept payment as issued. 12. State Farm maintained----without providing documentation----that its payments were in conformity with company guidelines and
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policy no. 1418597041. 13. State Farm has not responded to Plaintiff's attempts to determine the guideline/policy basis which authorizes State Farm to issue payment to third-party medical care providers. 14. State Farm has attempted to further deter Plaintiff's attempt to collect no-fault medical benefits/PIP coverage by: a. demanding detailed information not required by the policy of insurance before payment would be tendered; b. refusing to issue payment in amounts less than the full amount charged by a provider when directed by an insured; and c. 15. unreasonably delaying payment.
State Farm continues to refuse to issue payment in conformity with Plaintiff's request.
Standard The court analyzes the factual allegations of a Rule 12(c)
motion under the same standard as that applied under Rule 12(b)(6). Westcott, 901 F.2d at 1488. Thus, the court must "accept as true
all facts pleaded by the non-moving party and grant all reasonable inferences from the pleadings in favor of the non-moving party." Any & all Radio, 207 F.3d at 462. not properly granted unless the "Judgment on the pleadings is moving party has clearly
established that no material issue of fact remains to be resolved and the party is entitled to judgment as a matter of law." Id.
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Discussion Defendant's primary basis for attacking Plaintiff's Complaint
arises not from the allegations in the Complaint itself but from the provisions of insurance policy no. 1418597041, which Defendant attached to its Amended Answer. In ruling on a motion for judgment
on the pleadings, the court may consider the pleadings and exhibits attached thereto. Fed. R. Civ. P. 10. "A copy of a written
instrument that is an exhibit to a pleading is a part of the pleading for all purposes." Fed. R. Civ. P. 10(c). Accordingly,
in the present case, the Court will consider the insurance policy attached to Defendant's Amended Answer in ruling on Defendant's motion. Meehan v. United Consumers Club Franchising Corp., 312 Sinclair Refining Co. v. Stevens,
F.3d 909, 913 (8th Cir. 2002);
123 F.2d 186, 189 (8th Cir. 1941). The insurance policy in question states: Our Payment Options We may, at our option, make payment to one or more of the following: 1. 2. 3. The insured; The insured's surviving spouse; A parent or guardian of the insured, if the insured is a minor or an incompetent person; A person authorized by law to receive such payment; or Any person or organization that provides Page 5 of 9
the medical services or funeral services. Policy Form 9804A, p.14 (emphasis original). states: 9. Assignment No Assignment of benefits or other transfer of rights is binding upon us unless approved by us. Policy Form 9804A, p.33 (emphasis original). "[D]ifferent clauses in a contract must be read together and construed so that all of its parts harmonize, if that is at all possible." Ison v. Southern Farm Bureau Cas. Co., 93 Ark. Ct. App. Defendant asserts that the The policy further
502, 509, 221 S.W.3d 373, 379 (2006).
policy provision styled "Our Payment Options" stands alone and provides clear authorization for its decision to issue joint payment to Plaintiff, his attorney, and his medical care providers. Meanwhile, Plaintiff----attempting to respond to Defendant's improper motion to dismiss as one for summary judgment----contends that the "Our Payment Options" provision must be read in conjunction with the policy's "Assignment" provision. (Doc. 22). Under Plaintiff's construction, Defendant can make payment to a medical service provider where it has approved an assignment of benefits by its insured, but it cannot act in contravention of its insured's express payment direction. Defendant originally filed its motion as one for dismissal under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(b)(6). Plaintiff
attempted to respond to the motion as such and alternatively
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insurance policy attached to its Amended Answer----based on the premise that Defendant was making a motion for summary judgment. Finally, in its Reply to Response to the Motion to Dismiss, Defendant sought judgment on the pleadings under Rule 12(c). As a
result, the issues and standards applicable to this case have not been squarely addressed. The proper construction and
interpretation of the insurance contract in question----while a matter of law----has not been fully evaluated by the parties. Elam
v. First Unum Life Ins. Co., 346 Ark. 291, 297, 57 S.W.3d 165, 170 (2001). Accordingly, the Court declines to resolve the
interpretive conflict at this time. The Court also notes that a statute governing insurance coverage becomes part of a policy affected by it. First Sec. Bank of Searcy v. Doe, 297 Ark. 254, 257, 760 S.W.2d 863, 865 (1988); Tate v. Paul Revere Fire Ins. Co., 214 Ark. 397, 398, 216 S.W.2d 385, 386 (1949). in relevant part: Payment provision (a) Payment under the coverages enumerated in § 23-89-202(1) and (2) shall be made on a monthly basis as benefits accrue. (b) Benefits for any period are overdue if not paid within thirty (30) days after the insurer received reasonable proof of the amount of all benefits accruing during that period. Arkansas Code Annotated Section 23-89-208 states
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(c) If reasonable proof is not supplied as to all benefits accrued, the portion supported by reasonable proof is overdue if not paid within thirty (30) days after the proof is received by the insurer. Construing the facts in the light most favorably to Plaintiff, he first demanded the payment of benefits and provided adequate proof thereof on December 19, 2007. Defendant first attempted payment on March 31, 2008. Thus, Defendant's compliance with Section 23-89-
208 is in question. It is well-settled that "contracts of insurance should receive a practical, reasonable, and fair interpretation, consonant with the apparent object and intent of the parties in light of their general object and purpose." Multi-Craft Contractors Inc. v.
Perico Ltd., 96 Ark. Ct. App. 133, 144, 239 S.W.3d 33, 41 (2006). Proper interpretation of the insurance contract in question is frustrated by the procedural course of Defendant's motion. To
prevail on a motion for judgment on the pleadings, the moving party must clearly demonstrate that is it entitled to judgement as a matter of law. Any & all Radio, 207 F.3d at 462. At present, the
Court cannot adequately resolve the breach of contract issue on the pleadings. Finally, because Defendant asserts that Plaintiff's
Deceptive Trade Practices Act and bad faith claims are integrally connected with his breach of contract claim, judgment on the pleadings must be denied with respect to those claims as well.
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Conclusion For the above stated reasons, Defendant's Motion to Dismiss
(Doc. 18) is DENIED. IT IS SO ORDERED this 22nd day of September, 2008. /s/ Robert T. Dawson Honorable Robert T. Dawson United States District Judge
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