Miller v. Meyers
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER: For reasons herewith, Defendant's 3 Motion to Dismiss is DENIED, Defendant's 3 Alternative Motion for More Definite Statement is GRANTED, and Plaintiff is directed to file an Amended Complaint within fourteen (14) days. Signed by Honorable Robert T. Dawson on March 4, 2010. (dmc) Modified on 3/5/2010 to edit text (cap).
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT WESTERN DISTRICT OF ARKANSAS HOT SPRINGS DIVISION ANNA MILLER v. DARIN MEYERS Case No.: 09-6103 DEFENDANT PLAINTIFF
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER Before the Court are Defendant's Motion to Dismiss and supporting brief (Docs. 3-4) and Plaintiff's Response (Doc. 5). Defendant contends Plaintiff's Complaint should be dismissed
pursuant to Rule 12(b)(6) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure as such action is precluded by a Property Settlement Agreement and Decree of Divorce between the parties. Alternatively, Defendant
contends the Court should order Plaintiff to provide a more definite statement pursuant to Rule 12(e) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. Plaintiff's Complaint alleges private causes of action for violations of certain federal criminal statutes, specifically: 18 U.S.C. § 1030, et seq. for Fraud in Connection with Computers; 18 U.S.C. § 2701, et seq. for Unlawful Access to Stored
Communications; and 18 U.S.C. § 2511, et seq. for Interception and Disclosure of Electronic Communications. Plaintiff also asserts
claims for Unlawful Use or Access to Computers, Computer Trespass, Unlawful Act Regarding a Computer, Breach of Contract and
Intentional Infliction of Emotional Distress under Arkansas law.
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Motion to Dismiss Standard In ruling on a motion to dismiss, the district court must accept the allegations contained in the complaint as true, and all reasonable inferences from the complaint must be drawn in favor of the non-moving party. Cir. 1996). Hafley v. Lohman, 90 F.3d 264, 266 (8th
Complaints should be liberally construed in the
plaintiff's favor and "`should not be dismissed for failure to state a claim unless it appears beyond doubt that the plaintiff can prove no set of facts in support of his claim which would entitle [her] to relief.'" Rucci v. City of Pacific, 327 F.3d
651, 652 (8th Cir. 2003) (quoting Conley v. Gibson, 355 U.S. 41, 45-46, 78 S.Ct. 99, 2 L.Ed.2d 80 (1957)). Defendant contends that their divorce decree prevents Plaintiff from bringing these claims and cites to a provision that states: "[t]he parties have entered into Agreement which forever settles and claims of each party in and matters, which agreement is filed of this decree by reference." (doc. 3, ex. C). a Property Settlement the respective rights to property and other herein and made a part
Further, Defendant cites to paragraph eleven of
the Property Settlement Agreement which states: "[i]t is the purpose of the parties to this agreement that it fully and finally settle, resolve and terminate any and all claims, demands and rights whatever kind or nature between the parties." (doc. 3, ex. B). Plaintiff contends that the divorce decree and settlement agreement do not extend to bar any and all types of claims, only -2AO72A (Rev. 8/82)
those heard in the divorce proceeding.
Further, she contends she
was unaware of these claims at the time the divorce and settlement agreement were finalized. The domestic relations exception divests the federal courts of jurisdiction over any action for which the subject is a divorce, allowance of alimony, or child custody. Richards, 504 U.S. 689 (1992). Ankenbrandt v.
Additionally, when a cause of
action closely relates to but does not precisely fit into the contours of an action for divorce, alimony or child custody, federal courts generally will abstain from exercising
See Lannan v. Maul, 979 F.2d 627, 631 (8th Cir.
Plaintiff's Complaint states an independent basis for federal jurisdiction, i.e., the alleged violations of certain federal statutes. While the alleged conduct may have taken place during
the pendency of the divorce proceedings, the Court does not find Plaintiff's claims to be so inextricably intertwined with the prior property settlement and divorce decree to divest this court of jurisdiction. Further, as previously stated, Plaintiff's
Complaint alleges federal question jurisdiction pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1331, as opposed to diversity jurisdiction pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1332. DENIED. Defendant further moves, in the alternative, for a more definite statement (doc. 3) pursuant to Rule 12(e) of the Federal Accordingly, Defendant's Motion to Dismiss is
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Rules of Civil Procedure. Defendant contends the Complaint is not supported by well-pleaded facts as it does not state a time period for when these illegal activities were allegedly conducted; how or to whom the information was allegedly disclosed, etc. (doc. 3, ¶ 10). The Court has reviewed Plaintiff's Complaint in detail and Plaintiff is
finds Defendant's 12(e) motion should be GRANTED.
permitted leave to amend her complaint and should include a time frame of when the alleged activities took place. Plaintiff's
Amended Complaint should be filed within fourteen (14) days of the date of this order. Conclusion For the foregoing reasons, Defendant's Motion to Dismiss (Doc. 3) is DENIED. Defendant's Alternative Motion for More
Definite Statement (doc. 3) is GRANTED, and Plaintiff is directed to file an Amended Complaint within fourteen (14) days. IT IS SO ORDERED this 4th day of March, 2010.
/s/ Robert T. Dawson Honorable Robert T. Dawson United States District Judge
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