Barbee v. Murphy et al
ORDER ADOPTING 86 REPORT AND RECOMMENDATIONS; granting 68 Motion for Summary Judgment; further granting 71 Motion for Summary Judgment. All remaining claims are DISMISSED WITH PREJUDICE. Signed by Honorable Susan O. Hickey on August 23, 2016. (hnc)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
WESTERN DISTRICT OF ARKANSAS
HOT SPRINGS DIVISION
SYLVESTER O. BARBEE
Case No. 6:14-cv-6082
DR. LISBETH ANN MURPHY,
MARIE LANE, and WENDY KELLEY
Before the Court is the Report and Recommendation filed July 27, 2016, by the
Honorable Mark E. Ford, United States Magistrate Judge for the Western District of Arkansas.
ECF No. 86. Judge Ford recommends that Defendants’ Motions for Summary Judgment (ECF
Nos. 68, 71) be granted. Plaintiff has responded with objections. ECF No. 87. The Court finds
the matter ripe for consideration.
Plaintiff, an inmate of the Arkansas Department of Correction, filed this civil rights
action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983.
Plaintiff alleges that Defendants were deliberately
indifferent to his medical needs when they failed to limit his work duties because of his allergies,
asthma, and right hand issues while he was incarcerated at the Ouachita River Unit.
As to Separate Defendant Wendy Kelley, Plaintiff alleges that Kelley fabricated
information about Plaintiff’s medical work restrictions in a grievance response by failing to note
his allergies. 1 Judge Ford concluded that Plaintiff did not exhaust his administrative remedies
against Kelley. In his objections, Plaintiff simply restates his argument that Kelley deliberately
failed to note his allergies in a grievance response. Judge Ford, however, noted that Plaintiff did
not exhaust any administrative grievances against Kelley during the time period relevant to this
During the time period relevant to this lawsuit, Wendy Kelley was Arkansas Department of Correction Deputy
Director. Plaintiff’s official capacity claim against Kelly has already been dismissed. ECF No. 46.
case. Plaintiff’s objections do not address the exhaustion issue. Accordingly, the Court agrees
with Judge Ford that the individual claim against Defendant Kelley should be dismissed for
failing to exhaust administrative remedies.
The Court turns now to the claims against Separate Defendants Marie Lane, an advanced
practice nurse, and Dr. Lisbeth Ann Murphy. Plaintiff alleges that Lane and Murphy were
medically indifferent to his serious medical needs in failing to provide work limitation scripts so
that Plaintiff could avoid his exposure to allergens and avoid working with his right hand.
Plaintiff claims that, as a result of Lane and Murphy failing to provide the work limitation
scripts, he suffered physical injury in the form of an asthma attack, swollen right hand, and
respiratory allergy symptoms.
Judge Ford concluded that Plaintiff failed to provide any objectively verifiable evidence
that he suffered an asthma attack on July 19, 2013. Judge Ford further concluded that Plaintiff’s
allegations of a swollen hand and respiratory allergy symptoms are, at most, de minimus injuries.
Claims under the Eighth Amendment require a compensable injury to be greater than de
minimus. Irving v. Dormire, 519 F.3d 441, 448 (8th Cir. 2008). In his objections, Plaintiff
outlines the medical evidence in the record and conclusively states that the evidence shows that
his injuries were not de minimus. The Court, however, agrees with Judge Ford’s characterization
of Plaintiffs’ injuries, which is supported by the medical evidence. The Court further agrees with
Judge Ford’s conclusion that Plaintiff received work limitation scripts when his medical
conditions warranted it.
This conclusion is also supported by the medical evidence.
Accordingly, the Court finds that the claims against Separate Defendants Lane and Murphy
should be dismissed.
For the reasons stated above, based on its own de novo review, the Court overrules
Plaintiff’s objections and adopts the Report and Recommendation in toto.
ECF No. 86.
Defendants’ Motions for Summary Judgment (ECF Nos. 68, 71) are GRANTED, and all
remaining claims are DISMISSED WITH PREJUDICE.
IT IS SO ORDERED, this 23rd day of August, 2016.
/s/ Susan O. Hickey
Susan O. Hickey
United States District Judge
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