Rupa Marya v. Warner Chappell Music Inc

Filing 187

AMENDED JOINT EVIDENTIARY APPENDIX IN SUPPORT OF NOTICE CROSS-MOTIONS AND CROSS-MOTIONS FOR SUMMARY JUDGMENT FILED PURSUANT TO THE COURT'S DEC. 5, 2014 ORDER [Dkt. 185] (VOLUME 1, EXS. 1-10, PAGES 1-220 re Cross MOTION for Summary Judgment as to Declaratory Judgment 179 filed by Plaintiffs Good Morning to You Productions Corp, Majar Productions LLC, Rupa Marya, Robert Siegel. (Attachments: # 1 Appendix Volume 1 Exs. 5-7 cont, # 2 Appendix Volume 1, Ex. 7 cont., # 3 Appendix Volume 1, Ex. 7 cont., # 4 Appendix Volume 1, Ex. 7 cont.)(Manifold, Betsy)

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BETSY C. MANIFOLD (182450) 1 manifold@whafh.com WOLF HALDENSTEIN ADLER 2 FREEMAN & HERZ LLP 750 B Street, Suite 2770 3 San Diego, CA 92101 619/239-4599 4 Telephone: 619/234-4599 Facsimile: 5 Interim Lead Counsel for Plaintiffs and the 6 [Proposed] Class 7 GLENN D. POMERANTZ (State Bar No. 112503) glenn.pomerantz@mto.com 8 KELLY M. KLAUS (State Bar No. 161091) kelly.klaus@mto.com 9 MELINDA E. LeMOINE (State Bar No. 235670) melinda.lemoine@mto.com 10 ADAM I. KAPLAN (State Bar No. 268182) adam.kaplan@mto.com 11 MUNGER, TOLLES & OLSON LLP 355 South Grand Avenue 12 Thirty-Fifth Floor Los Angeles, California 90071-1560 13 Telephone: (213) 683-9100 Facsimile: (213) 687-3702 14 15 Attorneys for Defendants Warner/Chappell Music, Inc. and Summy-Birchard, Inc. 16 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 17 CENTRAL DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 WESTERN DIVISION ) Lead Case No. CV 13-04460-GHK (MRWx) GOOD MORNING TO YOU PRODUCTIONS CORP., et al., ) ) AMENDED JOINT EVIDENTIARY APPENDIX IN SUPPORT OF NOTICE OF Plaintiffs, ) CROSS-MOTIONS AND CROSS) MOTIONS FOR SUMMARY JUDGMENT v. ) FILED PURSUANT TO COURT’S DEC. 5, ) 2014 ORDER [Dkt. 185] WARNER/CHAPPELL MUSIC, ) (VOLUME 1, EXS. 1-10, PAGES 1-220) INC., et al., ) January 26, 2015 ) Date: Time: 9:30 a.m. Defendants. ) Room: 650 ) Judge: Hon. George H. King, ) Chief Judge ) Exhibit 1 Exhibit 2 Exhibit 3 Exhibit 4 Exhibit 5 Exhibit 6 Exhibit 7 Exhibit 8 Exhibit 9 Exhibit 10 Exhibit 11 Exhibit 12 TABLE OF CONTENTS PLAINTIFFS’ EXHIBITS VOLUME 1 Plaintiffs’ Fourth Amended Consolidated Complaint (“FAC”) filed on April 29, 2014 (Dkt. 95) Defendants’ Answer to Plaintiffs’ FAC filed on May 6, 2014 (Dkt. 99) Declaration of Mark C. Rifkin in Support of Notice of Motion and Cross-Motion and Motion and Cross-Motion for Summary Judgment Declaration of Beth A. Landes in Support of Notice of Motion and Cross-Motion and Motion and Cross-Motion for Summary Judgment Excerpts from Song Stories for the Kindergarten published in 1893 by Clayton F. Summy Co. (WC0000406-412) Articles of Incorporation for the Clayton F. Summy Company filed with the State of Illinois on or about January 14, 1895 (P003572-3586) Digital copy of Song Stories for the Kindergarten, published in 1896 by Clayton F. Summy Co. (P0020572156) Article entitled “First Grade Opening Exercises” printed in the January 1901 edition of Inland Educator and Indiana School Journal (P003608-3609) Excerpt from the book Tell Me a True Story, published by Fleming H. Revell Co., arranged by Mary Stewart, in 1909 (P003729-3732) Excerpt from 1909 Catalog of Copyright Entries for Books, Entry for Reg. No. A239690 (Tell Me a True Story) (P006323) VOLUME 2 Digital copy of The Elementary Worker and His Work published by the Board of Sunday Schools of the Methodist Episcopal Church, written by Alice Jacobs and Ermina Chester Lincoln, (P002299-2563) VOLUME 3 Certified Copy of Additional Certificate of Registration to Claim of Copyright for The Elementary Worker and His Work (P006331-6333) -1- 1 PAGES 44 45 76 77 80 81 85 86 93 94 109 110 210 211 213 214 218 219 220 221 486 487 490 Exhibit 13 Exhibit 14 Exhibit 15 Exhibit 16 Exhibit 17 Exhibit 18 Exhibit 19 Exhibit 20 Exhibit 21 Exhibit 22 Exhibit 23 VOLUME 3 (Continued) Excerpt of sheet music from the Beginners’ Book of Songs with Instructions published by the Cable Company Chicago in 1912 (P003423-3424) Excerpt of the sheet music published in The Golden Book of Favorite Songs, A Treasury of the Best Songs of our People (P003425-3427) CD containing a of video compiled performances of the song Happy Birthday from the animated short Bosko’s Party (Ex. 25) and from the motion pictures Girls About Town (Ex. 35), Strange Interlude (Ex. 26), Baby Take A Bow (Ex. 30), Way Down East (Ex. 41), and The Old Homestead (Ex. 39) [manually lodged & filed pursuant to L.R. 11-5.1] Photograph of the “Application for the RENEWAL of a Copyright Subsisting in Any Work” submitted by Jessica Hill, as next of kin for Mildred J. Hill, Song Stories for the Kindergarten (Reg. No. 45997) on September 3, 1921 (Renewal Reg. No. 19043) (P003297-3298) Certificate of Incorporation for Educational Music Bureau (“EMB”) filed with the Illinois Secretary of State on or about August 11, 1923, (WC0002034-2038) Excerpt of sheet music published in Harvest Hymns in 1924 (P003590-3593) Certified Copy of Additional Certificate of Registration to Claim of Copyright for Harvest Hymns (Reg. No. A777856) (P006325-6327) Articles of Incorporation of Clayton F. Summy Co. filed with the Illinois Secretary of State on or about April 15, 1925 (P003537-3542) Excerpt of sheet music from Children’s Praise and Worship published in 1928 (P003431-3434) Certified Copy of Additional Certificate of Registration to Claim of Copyright for Children’s Praise and Worship (A1068883) (P006328-6330) Declaration of Randall S. Newman in Support of Plaintiffs’ Motion for Summary Judgment -2- 491 493 494 497 498 499 501 502 507 508 512 513 516 517 523 524 528 529 532 533 544 Exhibit 24 Exhibit 25 Exhibit 26 Exhibit 27 Exhibit 28 Exhibit 29 Exhibit 30 Exhibit 31 Exhibit 32 Exhibit 33 Exhibit 34 Exhibit 35 VOLUME 3 (Continued) Excerpt from the Catalog of Copyright Entries (Cumulative Series) for Motion Pictures from 1912 to 1939 (P006351, P006353, P006357-6359) CD containing the animated short entitled Bosko’s Party [manually lodged & filed pursuant to L.R. 11-5.1] DVD containing the motion picture Strange Interlude [manually lodged & filed pursuant to L.R. 11-5.1] Warner/Chappell Music, Inc.’s “New Song Information Sheet,” printed from its electronic database (WC00019831984) C.F.S. Musical Co. was dissolved by a decree entered by the Superior Court of Cook County, Illinois on or about May 17, 1933 (P003547-3548) Copy of Sam H. Harris Theatrical Enterprises, Inc.’s Interrogatory Responses dated March 25, 1935, filed in the captioned action Jessica M. Hill v. Sam H. Harris, et al. Eq. No. 78-350 (P003116-3131) DVD containing the motion picture Baby Take A Bow [manually lodged & filed pursuant to L.R. 11-5.1] Photograph of Application for Copyright for Republished Musical Composition (Reg. No. E51988) dated December 6, 1935 (P003290-3291) “Complaint” filed August 14, 1934, in the United States District Court, Southern District of New York, captioned Jessica M. Hill v. Sam H. Harris, Eq. No. 78-350 (P002800-2807) Excerpt from 1934 Catalog of Copyright Entries for Musical Compositions, Vols. 1 to 12 (P113096) New York Times article entitled “Shy Women Teachers Who Wrote Child’s Ditty Figure in Plagarism Suit Over Broadway Hit” appearing in August 15, 1934, edition (P003598) Parts 1, 5, and 6 of Motion Picture “Girls About Town” as retrieved from YouTube available at http://www.youtube.com /watch?v=zbeni6pmJHk&feature&share&list=PL8DEBB5 72FF5195FB&index=4 [manually lodged & filed pursuant to L.R. 11-5.1] -3- 545 550 551 552 553 555 556 557 558 574 575 576 578 579 587 588 598 590 591 592 Exhibit 36 Exhibit 37 Exhibit 38 Exhibit 39 Exhibit 40 Exhibit 41 Exhibit 42 Exhibit 43 Exhibit 44 Exhibit 45 Exhibit 46 Exhibit 47 Exhibit 48 VOLUME 3 (Continued) “Amended Complaint” filed January 28, 1935, in the United States District Court, Southern District of New York, captioned Jessica M. Hill v. Sam H. Harris, et al., Eq. No. 78-350 (P002825-2832) New York Herald article entitled “Sam H. Harris is Sued Over Melody of Song” appearing in the August 15, 1934, edition (P006322) Excerpts from 1935 Catalog of Copyright Entries for Musical Compositions, Vols. 1 to 12 (P114300, P114523, P114524, P114589, P114980, P114903, P114966, P115008) DVD containing the motion picture The Old Homestead [manually lodged & filed pursuant to L.R. 11-5.1] Photograph of Application for Copyright for Republished Musical Composition with New Copyright Material submitted December 6, 1935 and Registered as E51990 (P003295-3296) CD containing the motion picture Way Down East [manually lodged & filed pursuant to L.R. 11-5.1] Assignment of Copyrights, Patty S. Hill & Jessica M. Hill, Assignors, and The Hill Foundation, Inc., Assignors dated June 2, 1942, recorded with the U.S. Copyright Registrar’s Office on June 8, 1942 (WC00001453-1455) Copy of the sheet music deposited and registered as Reg. No. E51988 (WC0000413-414) Certified Copy of Additional Certificate of Registration to Claim of Copyright for Reg. No. E51988 (P006334-6335) Letter from Adam Kaplan, Munger Tolles, to Betsy C. Manifold, Wolf Haldenstein dated November 6, 2014 Letter from the Copyright Office dated January 23, 1961 (WC000405) Excerpts of Deposition Transcript of Defendant Warner/Chappell Music, Inc., Pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 30(b)(6) deponent Thomas Marcotullio, taken June 3, 2014 Certified Copy of Additional Certificate of Registration to Claim of Copyright for Reg. No. E51990 (P006336-6337) -4- 593 601 602 603 604 612 613 614 616 617 618 621 622 624 625 627 628 631 632 633 634 651 652 654 Exhibit 49 Exhibit 50 Exhibit 51 Exhibit 52 Exhibit 53 Exhibit 54 Exhibit 55 Exhibit 56 VOLUME 3 (Continued) “Assignment of Copyrights,” Patty S. Hill & Jessica M. Hill, Assignors, and Summy Co. III, Assignee, dated September 2, 1939, recorded with the U.S. Copyright Registrar’s Office on September 21, 1939 (WC00014461449) “Amended Complaint” filed December 16, 1943, in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York, captioned The Hill Foundation, Inc. v. Clayton F. Summy Co., Civil No. 19-377 (P002647-2661) “Answer to Amended Complaint” filed December 29, 1942 in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York, captioned The Hill Foundation, Inc. v. Clayton F. Summy Co., Civil No. 19-377 (P0029352947) “Complaint” filed March 2, 1943 in the United States District Court, Southern District of New York, The Hill Foundation, Inc. v. Postal Telegraph-Cable Co., Civil No. 20-439 (P002590-2595) “Assignment,” Patty S Hill and Jessica M. Hill, as Assignees, The Hill Foundation, Inc., as Assignors, dated October 16, 1944, recorded November 10, 1944 in the U.S. Copyright Registrar’s Office (WC00000106-107) “Assignment,” The Hill Foundation, Inc., as Assignee, Clayton F. Summy Co., a Delaware corporation, Assignor, dated October 16, 1944, recorded November 10, 1944, in the U.S. Copyright Registrar’s Office (WC0000957-962) VOLUME 4 National Archives and Records Administration Certified Copy of “Complaint” filed March 28, 1945, in the United States District Court, Southern District of New York, captioned Clayton F. Summy Co. v. McLoughlin Brothers, Inc., Civil No. 30-284 (P006051-6058) National Archives and Records Administration Certified Copy of “Complaint” filed March 28, 1945, in the United States District Court, Southern District of New York, captioned Clayton F. Summy Co. v. Louis Marx & Company, Inc., Civil No. 30-285 (P006042-6050) -5- 655 659 660 675 676 689 690 696 697 699 700 706 707 718 719 730 Exhibit 57 Exhibit 58 Exhibit 59 Exhibit 60 Exhibit 61 Exhibit 62 Exhibit 63 Exhibit 64 Exhibit 65 Exhibit 66 Exhibit 67 VOLUME 4 (Continued) National Archives and Records Administration Certified Copy of “Complaint” filed January 11, 1946, in the United States District Court, Southern District of New York, captioned Clayton F. Summy Co. v. Paul Feigay and Oliver Smith, Civil No. 34-481 (P006034-6041) Article appearing in the New York Herald entitled “Happy Birthday Trouble” on December 16, 1947 (P004319) Articles of Amendment to EMB filed with the Illinois Secretary of State on or about June 2, 1948 (WC00020392043) Article appearing in the The American Family entitled “The Birthday Song” in January 1950 (P004319) Certified Copy of Additional Certificate to Claim of Copyright for renewal of Harvest Hymns (Renewal Reg. No. R90447) (P006344-6345) Certificate of Amendment and Certificate of Incorporation changing name of Clayton F. Summy Co., a Delaware corp., to Summy Publishing Company, filed January 23, 1956, with the Delaware Secretary of State (WC0002000-2002) Excerpt from Twice 55 Community Songs, The Brown Book, Revised Ed., published 1957 by C.C. Birchard Co., of Happy Birthday sheet music (P005997-5998) Excerpts of Deposition Transcript of Plaintiffs’ Expert Witness, Joel Sachs, Ph.D., taken on September 9, 2014 Certificate of Amendment and Certificate of Incorporation changing name of Summy Publishing Company, a Delaware corp., to Summy-Birchard Publishing Company, filed September 27, 1957 with the Delaware Secretary of State (WC0002003-2005) Certificate of Amendment and Certificate of Incorporation changing name of Summy-Birchard Publishing Company, a Delaware corp., to Summy-Birchard Company, filed December 22, 1961, with the Delaware Secretary of State (WC0002006-2008) Certified Copy of Additional Certificate of Registration of a Claim to Copyright for Renewal Reg. No. R306185 (Original Reg. No. E51988) (P006338-6340) -6- 731 740 741 742 743 748 749 755 756 758 759 762 763 765 766 798 799 802 803 806 807 810 Exhibit 68 Exhibit 69 Exhibit 70 Exhibit 71 Exhibit 72 Exhibit 73 Exhibit 74 Exhibit 75 Exhibit 76 Exhibit 77 Exhibit 78 Exhibit 79 VOLUME 4 (Continued) Certified Copy of Additional Certificate of Registration of a Claim to Copyright for Renewal Reg. No. R306186 (Original Reg. No. E51990) (P006341-6343) New York Times obituary article for John Sengstack, appearing on October 13, 1970 (P006354) Articles of Amendment to Articles of Incorporation for Educational Music Bureau dated July 31, 1973 (WC0002044-2048) Articles of Merger of Domestic and Foreign Corporation for EMB and Summy-Birchard Company filed with the Illinois Secretary of State on or about December 28, 1973 (WC0002064-2068) Plan and Agreement of Merger entered into on or about December 21, 1973 between Summy-Birchard Company (Delaware) and EMB (WC002069-2075) National Archives and Records Administration Certified Copy of “Answer” filed March 28, 1945, in the United States District Court, Southern District of New York, captioned Clayton F. Summy Co. v. Louis Marx & Company, Inc., Civil No. 30-285 (P006360-6367) Articles of Merger filed with the Wyoming Secretary of State on or about January 8, 2010 (WC0002076-2080) Articles of Merger filed with the Wyoming Secretary of State on or about March 19, 1976 (WC0002019, 2018, 2032, 2031) Agreement and Plan of Merger between Summy-Birchard Company, an Illinois corporation, and New SummyBirchard Company, a Wyoming corporation (WC0002029, 2028, 2027, 2026, 2025, 2024, 2030) Articles of Amendment filed with the Wyoming Secretary of State on or about November 9, 1978 (WC00020152017) Articles of Amendment dated May 1, 1979 that were filed with the Wyoming Secretary of State, (WC0002013-2014) Articles of Amendment filed with the Wyoming Secretary of State on or about August 3, 1979 (WC0002011-2012) -7- 811 814 815 816 817 822 823 828 829 836 837 846 847 852 853 857 858 865 866 869 870 872 873 875 Exhibit 80 Exhibit 81 Exhibit 82 Exhibit 83 Exhibit 84 Exhibit 85 Exhibit 86 Exhibit 87 VOLUME 4 (Continued) Articles of Amendment filed with the Wyoming Secretary of State on or about October 12, 1979 (WC0002009-2010) Stock Purchase Agreement between Warner/Chappell Music, Inc. and David K. Sengstack dated December 1, 1988 (WC000760-827) VOLUME 5 Articles of Amendment of Birch Tree Group Limited filed with the Wyoming Secretary of State on or about December 27, 1988 (WC0001995-1997) Stock Certificate for Birch Tree Group Limited dated February 12, 1986 (WC0000574) Stock Power Assignment from Sengstack to Warner/Chappell Music, Inc., dated January 3, 1989 (WC0000573) Articles of Merger of Summy-Birchard, Inc., a Wyoming corp., and Summy-Birchard, Inc., a Wyoming corp. (WC0002076-2080) Affidavit of Joel Sachs in Support of Cross-Motions for Summary Judgment & Exhibits of Sheet Music for Happy Birthday Exhibit A – Happy Birthday to You! (WC0000977-978) Exhibit B – Happy Birthday to You! (Deposit Copy for E51988-WC0000413-414) Exhibit C – Happy Birthday (WC0000119-121) Exhibit D – Happy Birthday (WC0000984-989) Exhibit E – Happy Birthday (WC0000990-995) Exhibit F – Happy Birthday (WC0000996-1001) Deposition Transcripts de benne esse of Patty S. Hill and Jessica Hill taken July 1, 1935, filed in the Hill v. Harris, Eq. No. 78-350 (P002756-2797) -8- 876 878 879 947 948 951 952 953 954 955 956 961 962 967 968 970 971 973 974 977 978 984 985 991 992 998 999 1043 Exhibit 89 Exhibit 90 Exhibit 91 Exhibit 92 Exhibit 93 Exhibit 94 Exhibit 95 Exhibit 96 Exhibit 97 Exhibit 98 Exhibit 99 VOLUME 5 (Continued) Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer’s Notice of Intent to use Musical Compositions in Connection with the “Photoplay” Entitled “Strange Interlude” dated July 14, 1932 (production #608) identifying Happy Birthday as being in the public domain (WB042) TIME Magazine article: “Music: Good Morning” appearing in the August 27, 1934, edition of TIME (P004318) “Answer” filed April 12, 1943, in the United States District Court, Southern District of New York, The Hill Foundation, Inc. v. Postal Telegraph-Cable Co., Civil No. 20-439 (P002869-2877) Confidential Purchase Agreement between Clayton F. Summy and John Sengstack dated August 7, 1931 (WC0002081-2090) State of Illinois Death Index for Clayton F. Summy (P006368) Plaintiffs’ Requests for Production of Documents to Defendants – Set No. One dated February 12, 2014 Excerpts from Defendants’ Objections and Responses to Plaintiffs’ First Set of Requests for Production of Documents dated March 21, 2014 Excerpts from Plaintiff Good Morning To You Corp.’s Interrogatories to Defendants – Set No. One dated February 12, 2014 Excerpts from Defendants’ Objections and Responses to Plaintiffs’ First Set of Interrogatories dated April 11, 2014 Plaintiffs’ Receipt for Additional Certificates of Registration of a Claim to Copyright for E 51988 & 7 Others from the Records Research and Certification Section, Office of Public Records and Repositories, U.S. Copyright Office dated June 12, 2014 (P006370) Excerpts from Compendium of Copyright Office Practices II, Ch. 1900, Records, Indexes, And Deposits Of The Copyright Office; Inspection, Copying, Additional Certificates, And Other Certifications (1984) (P006371-6392) -9- 1044 1045 1046 1047 1048 1057 1058 1068 1069 1070 1071 1082 1083 1094 1095 1102 1103 1116 1117 1118 1119 Exhibit 100 Exhibit 101 Exhibit 102 Exhibit 103 Exhibit 104 Exhibit 105 Exhibit 106 Exhibit 107 Exhibit 108 Exhibit 109 Exhibit 110 Exhibit 111 Exhibit 112 Exhibit 113 DEFENDANTS’ EXHIBITS VOLUME 6 Declaration of Adam I. Kaplan in Support of Notice of Motion and Cross-Motion and Motion and Cross-Motion for Summary Judgment Copy of Registration E51990 (WC0000388-90, marked as Marcotullio Dep. Ex. 9) Certificate of Registration of a Claim to Renewal Copyright R306186 (WC0000103-104) Copy of Registration E51988 (WC0000385-87, marked as Marcotullio Dep. Ex. 4) Certificate of Registration of a Claim to Renewal Copyright R306185(WC0000953-54) Record of the Filing of Copyright Deposits under the Act of March 4, 1909 (P003299) Copy of sheet music for Happy Birthday to You!, published in 1935 by Clayton F. Summy Co. as publication number 3075 (WC0000977-979) Excerpts of Deposition Transcript of Defendant Warner/Chappell Music, Inc., Pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 30(b)(6) deponent Thomas Marcotullio, taken June 3, 2014 VOLUME 7 Declaration of Thomas B. Marcotullio in Support of Defendants’ Motion for Summary Judgment Excerpts of Deposition Transcript of Jeremy Blietz, taken on July 10, 2014 Excerpts of Deposition Transcript of Plaintiffs’ Expert Witness, Joel Sachs, Ph.D., taken on September 9, 2014 Excerpts of Exhibit 47 to the Deposition of Joel Sachs, Ph.D (Expert Report of Joel Sachs, Ph.D. and Exs. J and L thereto) Recorded Assignment of Copyright from Patty S. Hill and Jessica S. Hill to The Hill Foundation, Inc., dated October 16, 1944 (WC0001450-52) (illegible copy) Recorded Assignment of Copyright from Patty S. Hill and Jessica S. Hill to The Hill Foundation, Inc., dated October 16, 1944 (WC0000844-45) (legible copy) - 10 - 1200 1203 1204 1207 1208 1210 1211 1214 1215 1217 1218 1219 1220 1223 1224 1540 1541 1545 1546 1565 1566 1622 1623 1646 1647 1650 1651 1653 Exhibit 114 Exhibit 115 Exhibit 116 Exhibit 117 Exhibit 118 Exhibit 119 Exhibit 120 Exhibit 121 Exhibit 122 Exhibit 123 Exhibit 124 Exhibit 125 Exhibit 126 VOLUME 7 (Continued) Recorded Assignment of Copyright from The Hill Foundation, Inc., to Clayton F. Summy Co., dated October 16, 1944 (WC0001456-62) (illegible copy) Recorded Assignment of Copyright from The Hill Foundation, Inc., to Clayton F. Summy Co., dated October 16, 1944 (WC0000838-45) (legible copy) Declaration of David K. Sengstack, dated January 20, 1981, recorded in the Copyright Office on February 2, 1981 (WC0001998-2075) Exhibit 116 A Exhibit 116 B VOLUME 8 Minutes of a September 29, 1931, Meeting of the Board of Directors of C.F.S. Musical Co. (WC WC0002091-93) Stock Certificate for Birch Tree Group Ltd. and Stock Power (WC0002094-2097) Excerpt of October 1988 “Confidential Information Memorandum” regarding Birch Tree Group Ltd. (WC0001137, WC0001142-43) Plaintiffs’ Complaint, filed on June 20, 2013 (Dkt. 9) Plaintiffs’ Consolidated First Amended Complaint, filed on July 26, 2013 (Dkt. 29) Plaintiffs’ Second Amended Consolidated Complaint, filed on September 4, 2013 (Dkt. 59) Plaintiffs’ Third Amended Consolidated Complaint, filed on November 5, 2013 (Dkt. 72) Joint Report on Parties’ Planning Meeting, filed February 10, 2014 (Dkt. No. 89) Letter from United States Copyright Office to Lisa Minnerly (Warner/Chappell Music, Inc.) dated December 9, 2013 (WC0002098) Agreement between The Hill Foundation, Inc., and Clayton F. Summy Co., dated October 16, 1944 (WC0000963-973) - 11 - 1654 1661 1662 1670 1671 1718 1717 1750 1751 1754 1755 1759 1760 1763 1764 1799 1798 1833 1834 1874 1875 1916 1917 1935 1936 1937 1938 1947 Respectfully Submitted, Dated: December 17, 2014 WOLF HALDENSTEIN ADLER FREEMAN & HERZ LLP By: /s/Betsy C. Manifold BETSY C. MANIFOLD FRANCIS M. GREGOREK gregorek@whafh.com BETSY C. MANIFOLD manifold@whafh.com RACHELE R. RICKERT rickert@whafh.com MARISA C. LIVESAY livesay@whafh.com 750 B Street, Suite 2770 San Diego, CA 92101 Telephone: 619/239-4599 Facsimile: 619/234-4599 WOLF HALDENSTEIN ADLER FREEMAN & HERZ LLP MARK C. RIFKIN (pro hac vice) rifkin@whafh.com JANINE POLLACK (pro hac vice) pollack@whafh.com BETH A. LANDES (pro hac vice) landes@whafh.com 270 Madison Avenue New York, NY 10016 Telephone: 212/545-4600 Facsimile: 212-545-4753 Interim Lead Counsel for Plaintiffs - 12 - RANDALL S. NEWMAN PC RANDALL S. NEWMAN (190547) rsn@randallnewman.net 37 Wall Street, Penthouse D New York, NY 10005 Telephone: 212/797-3737 HUNT ORTMANN PALFFY NIEVES DARLING & MAH, INC. ALISON C. GIBBS (257526) gibbs@huntortmann.com OMEL A. NIEVES (134444) nieves@huntortmann.com KATHLYNN E. SMITH (234541) smith@ huntortmann.com 301 North Lake Avenue, 7th Floor Pasadena, CA 91101 Telephone 626/440-5200 Facsimile 626/796-0107 Facsimile: 212/797-3172 DONAHUE FITZGERALD LLP WILLIAM R. HILL (114954) rock@donahue.com ANDREW S. MACKAY (197074) andrew@donahue.com DANIEL J. SCHACHT (259717) daniel@donahue.com 1999 Harrison Street, 25th Floor Oakland, CA 94612-3520 Telephone: 510/451-0544 Facsimile: 510/832-1486 - 13 - GLANCY BINKOW & GOLDBERG LLP LIONEL Z. GLANCY (134180) lglancy@glancylaw.com MARC L. GODINO (188669) mgodino@glancylaw.com 1925 Century Park East, Suite 2100 Los Angeles, CA 90067 Telephone: 310/201-9150 Facsimile: 310/201-9160 Attorneys for Plaintiffs MUNGER TOLLES & OLSON LLP Dated: December 17, 2014 By: /s/Kelly M. Klaus KELLY M. KLAUS KELLY M. KLAUS (161091) kelly.klaus@mto.com ADAM I. KAPLAN (268182) adam.kaplan@mto.com 560 Mission St., 27th Floor San Francisco, CA 94105 Telephone: 415/512-4000 MUNGER TOLLES & OLSON LLP GLENN D. POMERANTZ (112503) glenn.pomerantz@mto.com MELINDA E. LEMOINE melinda.lemoine@mto.com 355 South Grand Ave., 35th Floor Los Angeles, CA 90071 Telephone: 213/683-9100 Attorneys for Defendants - 14 - DECLARATION REGARDING CONCURRENCE I, Betsy C. Manifold, am the ECF User whose identification and password are being used to file this AMENDED JOINT EVIDENTIARY APPENDIX IN SUPPORT OF NOTICE OF CROSS-MOTIONS AND CROSS-MOTIONS FOR SUMMARY JUDGMENT FILED PURSUANT TO COURT’S DEC. 5, 2014 ORDER [Dkt. 185] (VOLUME 1, EXS. 1-10, PAGES 1-220). In compliance with Civil Local Rule 5-4.3.4(a)(2), I hereby attest that Kelly M. Klaus has concurred in this filing. Executed this 17th day of December 2014, in the City of San Diego, State of California. By: WARNER/CHAPPELL:21406v2.VOL.1 - 15 - /s/Betsy C. Manifold BETSY C. MANIFOLD EXHIBIT 1 Ex. 1 1 Case 2:13-cv-04460-GHK-MRW Document 95 Filed 04/21/14 Page 1 of 43 Page ID #:795        %(76< & 0$1,)2/'  PDQLIROG#ZKDIKFRP WOLF HALDENSTEIN ADLER FREEMAN & HERZ LLP  % 6WUHHW 6XLWH  6DQ 'LHJR &$  7HOHSKRQH  )DFVLPLOH  Interim Lead Class Counsel for Plaintiffs >$GGLWLRQDO &RXQVHO RQ 6LJQDWXUH 3DJH@  UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT  CENTRAL DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA-WESTERN DIVISION       *22' 0251,1* 72 <28 352'8&7,216 &253 52%(57 6,(*(/ 583$ 0$5<$ DQG 0$-$5 352'8&7,216 //& 2Q %HKDOI RI 7KHPVHOYHV DQG $OO 2WKHUV 6LPLODUO\ 6LWXDWHG  3ODLQWLIIV     Y :$51(5&+$33(// 086,& ,1& DQG 6800<%,5&+$5' ,1&      'HIHQGDQWV /HDG &DVH 1R &9 *+. 05:[ FOURTH AMENDED CONSOLIDATED COMPLAINT FOR: (1) DECLARATORY JUDGMENT (28 U.S.C. § 2201); (2) DECLARATORY AND INJUNCTIVE RELIEF AND DAMAGES (28 U.S.C. § 2202); (3) VIOLATIONS OF CALIFORNIA’S UNFAIR COMPETITION LAWS (Bus. & Prof. Code §§ 17200 et seq.); (4) BREACH OF CONTRACT; (5) COMMON LAW MONEY HAD AND RECEIVED; (6) RESCISSION FOR FAILURE OF CONSIDERATION; and (7) VIOLATIONS OF CALIFORNIA’S FALSE ADVERTISING LAWS (Bus. & Prof. Code §§ 17500 et seq.) 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(On Behalf of Plaintiffs and the Class)  (Against All Defendants)    3ODLQWLIIV UHSHDW DQG UHDOOHJH SDUDJUDSKV  WKURXJK  VHW IRUWK DERYH DV WKRXJK WKH\ ZHUH IXOO\ VHW IRUWK KHUHLQ   2Q LQIRUPDWLRQ DQG EHOLHI 'HIHQGDQWV :DUQHU&KDSSHOO DQG 6%,  LQWHQGHG WR LQGXFH WKH SXEOLF WR HQWHU LQWR DQ REOLJDWLRQ UHODWHG WR LWV DOOHJHG  SURSHUW\ QDPHO\ WKH FRPSRVLWLRQ Happy Birthday to You   'HIHQGDQWV :DUQHU&KDSSHOO DQGRU 6%, SXEOLFO\ GLVVHPLQDWHG  DGYHUWLVLQJ ZKLFK FRQWDLQHG VWDWHPHQWV ZKLFK ZHUH XQWUXH DQG PLVOHDGLQJ DQG  ZKLFK FRQFHUQHG WKH FRPSRVLWLRQ  LPSURSHUO\ VRXJKW DQG UHFHLYHG OLFHQVLQJ IHHV 'HIHQGDQWV NQHZ RU LQ WKH H[HUFLVH  RI UHDVRQDEOH FDUH VKRXOG KDYH NQRZQ WKDW WKHVH VWDWHPHQWV ZHUH XQWUXH DQG  PLVOHDGLQJ   Happy Birthday to You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appy Birthday to You Happy Birthday to You LV QRW SURWHFWHG SHUPDQHQWO\ HQMRLQLQJ 'HIHQGDQWV :DUQHU&KDSSHOO DQG 6%, Ex. 1    39 Case 2:13-cv-04460-GHK-MRW Document 95 Filed 04/21/14 Page 39 of 43 Page ID #:833  ' SHUPDQHQWO\ HQMRLQLQJ 'HIHQGDQWV :DUQHU&KDSSHOO DQG 6%,  IURP FKDUJLQJ RU FROOHFWLQJ DQ\ OLFHQVLQJ RU RWKHU IHHV IRU XVH RI WKH  VRQJ Happy Birthday to You  (  :DUQHU&KDSSHOO DQG 6%, XQODZIXOO\ FROOHFWHG IURP 3ODLQWLIIV WKH  RWKHU PHPEHUV RI WKH &ODVV DQG $6&$3 IRU XVH RI WKH VRQJ  Birthday to You  )  3ODLQWLIIV DQG WKH RWKHU PHPEHUV RI WKH &ODVV DOO WKH OLFHQVLQJ RU RWKHU  IHHV WKH\ KDYH FROOHFWHG IURP WKHP GLUHFWO\ RU LQGLUHFWO\ WKURXJK LWV  DJHQWV IRU XVH RI WKH VRQJ  LQWHUHVW WKHUHRQ  *  UHVWLWXWLRQ IRU GHIHQGDQW :DUQHU&KDSSHOO DQG 6%,¶V SULRU DFWV DQG  SUDFWLFHV  +  FRVWV DQG  ,  SURSHU LPSRVLQJ D FRQVWUXFWLYH WUXVW XSRQ WKH PRQH\ 'HIHQGDQWV Happy RUGHULQJ 'HIHQGDQWV :DUQHU&KDSSHOO DQG 6%, WR UHWXUQ WR Happy Birthday to You WRJHWKHU ZLWK DZDUGLQJ 3ODLQWLIIV DQG WKH RWKHU PHPEHUV RI WKH &ODVV DZDUGLQJ 3ODLQWLIIV DQG WKH &ODVV UHDVRQDEOH DWWRUQH\V¶ IHHV DQG JUDQWLQJ VXFK RWKHU DQG IXUWKHU UHOLHI DV WKH &RXUW GHHPV MXVW DQG   'DWHG $SULO   WOLF HALDENSTEIN ADLER FREEMAN & HERZ LLP   %\ VBetsy C. Manifold %(76< & 0$1,)2/'      Ex. 1    40 Case 2:13-cv-04460-GHK-MRW Document 95 Filed 04/21/14 Page 40 of 43 Page ID #:834                 )5$1&,6 0 *5(*25(.  JUHJRUHN#ZKDIKFRP %(76< & 0$1,)2/'  PDQLIROG#ZKDIKFRP 5$&+(/( 5 5,&.(57  ULFNHUW#ZKDIKFRP 0$5,6$ & /,9(6$<  OLYHVD\#ZKDIKFRP  % 6WUHHW 6XLWH  6DQ 'LHJR &$  7HOHSKRQH  )DFVLPLOH  WOLF HALDENSTEIN ADLER FREEMAN & HERZ LLP 0$5. & 5,).,1 pro hac vice ULINLQ#ZKDIKFRP -$1,1( 32//$&. pro hac vice SROODFN#ZKDIKFRP %(7+ $ /$1'(6 pro hac vice ODQGHV#ZKDIKFRP *,7, %$*+%$1  EDJKEDQ#ZKDIKFRP  0DGLVRQ $YHQXH 1HZ <RUN 1<  7HOHSKRQH  )DFVLPLOH         Interim Lead Class Counsel for Plaintiffs RANDALL S. NEWMAN PC 5$1'$// 6 1(:0$1  UVQ#UDQGDOOQHZPDQQHW  :DOO 6WUHHW 3HQWKRXVH ' 1HZ <RUN 1<  7HOHSKRQH  )DFVLPLOH       Ex. 1    41 Case 2:13-cv-04460-GHK-MRW Document 95 Filed 04/21/14 Page 41 of 43 Page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ounsel for Plaintiffs            Ex. 1    42 Case 2:13-cv-04460-GHK-MRW Document 95 Filed 04/21/14 Page 42 of 43 Page ID #:836  DEMAND FOR JURY TRIAL  3ODLQWLIIV *RRG 0RUQLQJ 7R <RX 3URGXFWLRQV &RUS 5REHUW 6LHJHO 5XSD  0DU\D DQG 0DMDU 3URGXFWLRQV //& KHUHE\ GHPDQG D WULDO E\ MXU\ WR WKH H[WHQW WKDW  WKH DOOHJDWLRQV FRQWDLQHG KHUHLQ DUH WULDEOH E\ MXU\ XQGHU 5XOHV  RI WKH )HGHUDO  5XOHV RI &LYLO 3URFHGXUH  DQG &LYLO /5                         'DWHG $SULO   WOLF HALDENSTEIN ADLER FREEMAN & HERZ LLP %\ VBetsy C. Manifold %(76< & 0$1,)2/' )5$1&,6 0 *5(*25(.  JUHJRUHN#ZKDIKFRP %(76< & 0$1,)2/'  PDQLIROG#ZKDIKFRP 5$&+(/( 5 5,&.(57  ULFNHUW#ZKDIKFRP 0$5,6$ & /,9(6$<  OLYHVD\#ZKDIKFRP  % 6WUHHW 6XLWH  6DQ 'LHJR &$  7HOHSKRQH  )DFVLPLOH  WOLF HALDENSTEIN ADLER FREEMAN & HERZ LLP 0$5. & 5,).,1 pro hac vice ULINLQ#ZKDIKFRP -$1,1( 32//$&. pro hac vice SROODFN#ZKDIKFRP %(7+ $ /$1'(6 pro hac vice ODQGHV#ZKDIKFRP *,7, %$*+%$1  EDJKEDQ#ZKDIKFRP  0DGLVRQ $YHQXH 1HZ <RUN 1<  7HOHSKRQH  )DFVLPLOH  Interim Lead Class Counsel for Plaintiffs Ex. 1    43 Case 2:13-cv-04460-GHK-MRW Document 95 Filed 04/21/14 Page 43 of 43 Page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ounsel for Plaintiffs Ex. 1    44 EXHIBIT 2 Ex. 2 45 Case 2:13-cv-04460-GHK-MRW Document 99 Filed 05/06/14 Page 1 of 31 Page ID #:863 1 GLENN D. POMERANTZ (State Bar No. 112503) glenn.pomerantz@mto.com 2 KELLY M. KLAUS (State Bar No. 161091) kelly.klaus@mto.com 3 ADAM I. KAPLAN (State Bar No. 268182) adam.kaplan@mto.com 4 MUNGER, TOLLES & OLSON LLP 355 South Grand Avenue 5 Thirty-Fifth Floor Los Angeles, California 90071-1560 6 Telephone: (213) 683-9100 Facsimile: (213) 687-3702 7 Attorneys for Defendants 8 Warner/Chappell Music, Inc. and Summy-Birchard, Inc. 9 10 11 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT CENTRAL DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA WESTERN DIVISION 12 13 GOOD MORNING TO YOU PRODUCTIONS CORP.; ROBERT 14 SIEGEL; RUPA MARYA; and MAJAR PRODUCTIONS, LLC; On 15 Behalf of Themselves and All Others Similarly Situated, 16 Plaintiffs, 17 v. 18 WARNER/CHAPPELL MUSIC, INC., 19 and SUMMY-BIRCHARD, INC., 20 Lead Case No. CV 13-04460-GHK (MRWx) DEFENDANTS’ ANSWER TO CLAIM ONE OF PLAINTIFFS’ FOURTH AMENDED CONSOLIDATED COMPLAINT Defendants. 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 Ex. 2 DEFENDANTS’ ANSWER TO CLAIM ONE OF PLAINTIFFS’ FAC 46 Case 2:13-cv-04460-GHK-MRW Document 99 Filed 05/06/14 Page 2 of 31 Page ID #:864 In accordance with this Court’s Order of April 29, 2014 (Dkt. 96), 1 2 Defendants Warner/Chappell Music, Inc. and Summy-Birchard, Inc. (collectively, 3 “Warner/Chappell”), through undersigned counsel, hereby answer Claim One of 4 Plaintiffs’ Fourth Amended Consolidated Complaint (“FAC”) as follows.1 1. 5 The allegations in Paragraph 1 are conclusions of law to which no 6 responsive pleading is required. To the extent that a response is required, 7 Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in Paragraph 1 of the FAC. 2. 8 Warner/Chappell admits that the principal place of business of both 9 Defendants is in this District and that both Defendants regularly conduct business in 10 this District. The remaining allegations in Paragraph 2 are conclusions of law to 11 which no responsive pleading is required. To the extent that a response is required, 12 Warner/Chappell denies such allegations. 3. 13 Answering Paragraph 3, Warner/Chappell avers that the written 14 agreement referenced in Paragraph 3 is the best evidence of the contents of that 15 agreement. Except as specifically averred herein, Warner/Chappell denies the 16 allegations in Paragraph 3. 4. 17 Paragraph 4 characterizes Plaintiffs’ claims in the FAC and no 18 responsive pleading is required. To the extent that a response is required, 19 Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in Paragraph 4. 5. 20 Answering Paragraph 5, Warner/Chappell avers that the written 21 Copyright Office circular referenced in Paragraph 5 is the best evidence of the 22 contents of that document. Except as specifically averred herein, Warner/Chappell 23 denies the allegations in Paragraph 5. 6. 24 Warner/Chappell admits that on or about June 18, 2013, the “About 25 Us” page of Warner/Chappell’s website stated that “Warner/Chappell Music is 26 WMG’s award-winning global music publishing company. The Warner/Chappell 27 1 Warner/Chappell denies all allegations in Claim One of the FAC (including Ex. 2 headings and captions) not specifically admitted in this Answer. 28 -1- DEFENDANTS’ ANSWER TO 47 CLAIM ONE OF PLAINTIFFS’ FAC Case 2:13-cv-04460-GHK-MRW Document 99 Filed 05/06/14 Page 3 of 31 Page ID #:865 1 Music catalog includes standards such as ‘Happy Birthday to You’, ‘Rhapsody in 2 Blue’, ‘Winter Wonderland’, the songs of Cole Porter and George and Ira Gershwin, 3 as well as the music of Eric Clapton, Green Day, Katy Perry, Led Zeppelin, Lil 4 Wayne, Madonna, Nickelback, Paramore, Red Hot Chili Peppers, T. I.[,] 5 Timbaland, and others.” The remaining allegations in Paragraph 6 state conclusions 6 of law to which no responsive pleading is required. To the extent that a response is 7 required, Warner/Chappell denies such allegations. 8 7. The allegations in Paragraph 7 are conclusions of law to which no 9 responsive pleading is required. To the extent that a response is required, 10 Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in Paragraph 7. 11 8. Warner/Chappell is without knowledge or information sufficient to 12 form a belief as to the truth of the allegations in the first sentence of Paragraph 8 and 13 on that basis denies such allegations. Warner/Chappell admits that Robert Brauneis 14 published an article regarding the copyright in Happy Birthday to You, and avers 15 that the article, while irrelevant and inadmissible in support of Plaintiffs’ claims, is 16 the best evidence of its contents. The remaining allegations in Paragraph 8 are legal 17 conclusions to which no responsive pleading is required. To the extent that a 18 response is required, Warner/Chappell denies such allegations. 19 9. Paragraph 9 characterizes Plaintiffs’ claims in the FAC and no 20 responsive pleading is required. To the extent that a response is required, 21 Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in Paragraph 9. 22 10. Warner/Chappell is without knowledge or information sufficient to 23 form a belief as to the truth of the allegations in the first sentence of Paragraph 10 24 and on that basis denies such allegations. Warner/Chappell admits that on or about 25 March 26, 2013, Plaintiff GMTY paid Warner/Chappell $1,500 for a 26 synchronization license to use Happy Birthday to You, and that on or about April 24, 27 2013, Plaintiff GMTY mailed Warner/Chappell an executed synchronization license 28 agreement for the use Happy Birthday to You, which was “dated” September 26,Ex. 2 -2- DEFENDANTS’ ANSWER TO 48 CLAIM ONE OF PLAINTIFFS’ FAC Case 2:13-cv-04460-GHK-MRW Document 99 Filed 05/06/14 Page 4 of 31 Page ID #:866 1 2012 “as of” April 1, 2013. Except as specifically admitted herein, 2 Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in Paragraph 10. 3 11. Warner/Chappell is without knowledge or information sufficient to 4 form a belief as to the truth of the allegations in the first sentence of Paragraph 11 5 and on that basis denies such allegations. Warner/Chappell admits that on or about 6 July 20, 2009, BIG FAN, entered into a synchronization license with 7 Warner/Chappell for the use of Happy Birthday to You and that BIG FAN paid 8 Warner/Chappell $3,000 pursuant to that license. Warner/Chappell is without 9 knowledge or information sufficient to form a belief as to the truth of the allegations 10 in the third sentence of Paragraph 11 and on that basis denies such allegations. 11 Except as specifically admitted herein, Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in 12 Paragraph 11. 13 12. Warner/Chappell is without knowledge or information sufficient to 14 form a belief as to the truth of the allegations in the first, second and third sentences 15 of Paragraph 12 and on that basis denies such allegations. Warner/Chappell admits 16 that on or about June 17, 2013, Plaintiff Rupa paid Warner/Chappell $455 for a 17 compulsory license to use Happy Birthday to You. Except as specifically admitted 18 herein, Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in Paragraph 12. 19 13. Warner/Chappell is without knowledge or information sufficient to 20 form a belief as to the truth of the allegations in Paragraph 13 and on that basis 21 denies the allegations in Paragraph 13. 22 14. Warner/Chappell admits the allegations in Paragraph 14. 23 15. Warner/Chappell admits the allegations in Paragraph 15, except that 24 Warner/Chappell denies that Defendant Summy-Birchard, Inc. was acquired by 25 Defendant Warner/Chappell Music, Inc. in or around 1998. 26 16. On information and belief, Warner/Chappell admits that some time 27 prior to 1893, Mildred J. Hill and her sister Patty Smith Hill authored a written Ex. 28 manuscript containing sheet music for numerous songs composed and written by 2 -3- DEFENDANTS’ ANSWER TO 49 CLAIM ONE OF PLAINTIFFS’ FAC Case 2:13-cv-04460-GHK-MRW Document 99 Filed 05/06/14 Page 5 of 31 Page ID #:867 1 these sisters. Warner/Chappell is without knowledge or information sufficient to 2 form a belief as to the truth of the remaining allegations in Paragraph 16 and on that 3 basis denies such allegations. Except as specifically admitted herein, 4 Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in Paragraph 16. 5 17. On information and belief, Warner/Chappell admits the allegations in 6 Paragraph 17. 7 18. Answering Paragraph 18, Warner/Chappell avers that the written 8 agreement referenced in Paragraph 18 is the best evidence of the contents of this 9 agreement. Except as specifically averred herein, Warner/Chappell denies the 10 allegations in Paragraph 18. 11 19. On information and belief, Warner/Chappell admits the allegations in 12 Paragraph 19. 13 20. Warner/Chappell admits that on or about October 13, 1893, Clayton F. 14 Summy filed a copyright application (Reg. No. 45997) with the Copyright Office for 15 Song Stories for the Kindergarten. Except as specifically admitted herein, 16 Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in Paragraph 20. 17 21. Answering Paragraph 21, Warner/Chappell avers that the written 18 Copyright Application referenced in Paragraph 20 above is the best evidence of the 19 contents of this document. Except as specifically averred herein, Warner/Chappell 20 denies the allegations in Paragraph 21. 21 22. Warner/Chappell admits the allegations in Paragraph 22. 22 23. The allegations in Paragraph 23 are conclusions of law to which no 23 responsive pleading is required. To the extent that a response is required, 24 Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in Paragraph 23. 25 24. Warner/Chappell admits the allegations in Paragraph 24. 26 25. Warner/Chappell admits the lyrics to Happy Birthday to You are as 27 alleged and that the lyrics frequently are performed in conjunction with the melody Ex. 2 28 -4- DEFENDANTS’ ANSWER TO 50 CLAIM ONE OF PLAINTIFFS’ FAC Case 2:13-cv-04460-GHK-MRW Document 99 Filed 05/06/14 Page 6 of 31 Page ID #:868 1 to Good Morning to All. Except as specifically admitted herein, Warner/Chappell 2 denies the allegations in Paragraph 25. 3 26. On information and belief, Warner/Chappell admits the allegations in 4 Paragraph 26. 5 27. Warner/Chappell admits that in or about 1895, Clayton F. Summy 6 incorporated the Clayton F. Summy Company under the laws of the State of Illinois. 7 On information and belief, Warner/Chappell further admits that in or about 1895, 8 Clayton F. Summy assigned all his right, title, and interest in Song Stories for the 9 Kindergarten to Clayton F. Summy Company. Warner/Chappell is without 10 knowledge or information sufficient to form a belief as to the truth of the remaining 11 allegations in Paragraph 27 and on that basis denies such allegations. Except as 12 specifically admitted herein, Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in Paragraph 13 27. 14 28. Warner/Chappell admits that in or about 1896, Clayton F. Summy Co. 15 published a new, revised, illustrated, and enlarged version of Song Stories for the 16 Kindergarten, which contained illustrations by Margaret Byers. Warner/Chappell is 17 without knowledge or information sufficient to form a belief as to the truth of the 18 remaining allegations in Paragraph 28 and on that basis denies such allegations. 19 Except as specifically admitted herein, Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in 20 Paragraph 28. 21 29. On information and belief, Warner/Chappell admits that on or about 22 June 8, 1896, Clayton F. Summy filed a copyright application (Reg. No. 34260) 23 with the Copyright Office for the 1896 publication of Song Stories for the 24 Kindergarten. Except as specifically admitted herein, Warner/Chappell denies the 25 allegations in Paragraph 29. 26 30. Answering Paragraph 30, Warner/Chappell avers that the written 27 Copyright Application referenced in Paragraph 30 is the best evidence of the Ex. 2 28 -5- DEFENDANTS’ ANSWER TO 51 CLAIM ONE OF PLAINTIFFS’ FAC Case 2:13-cv-04460-GHK-MRW Document 99 Filed 05/06/14 Page 7 of 31 Page ID #:869 1 contents of this document. Except as specifically averred herein, Warner/Chappell 2 denies the allegations in Paragraph 30. 3 31. Warner/Chappell admits the allegations in Paragraph 31. 4 32. The allegations in Paragraph 32 are conclusions of law to which no 5 responsive pleading is required. To the extent that a response is required, 6 Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in Paragraph 32. 7 33. On information and belief, Warner/Chappell admits the allegations in 8 Paragraph 33. 9 34. On information and belief, Warner/Chappell admits that in or about 10 1899, Clayton F. Summy Company published Song Stories for the Sunday School, 11 which included the song Good Morning to All and did not include the song Happy 12 Birthday to You or the lyrics to Happy Birthday to You. Warner/Chappell is without 13 knowledge or information sufficient to form a belief as to the truth of the remaining 14 allegations in Paragraph 34 and on that basis denies such allegations. 15 35. On information and belief, Warner/Chappell admits that on or about 16 March 20, 1899, Clayton F. Summy Company filed a copyright application (Reg. 17 No. 20441) with the Copyright Office for Song Stories for the Sunday School. 18 Except as specifically admitted herein, Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in 19 Paragraph 35. 20 36. Answering Paragraph 36, Warner/Chappell avers that the written 21 Copyright Application referenced in Paragraph 36 is the best evidence of the 22 contents of this document. Except as specifically averred herein, Warner/Chappell 23 denies the allegations in Paragraph 36. 24 37. Warner/Chappell is without knowledge or information sufficient to 25 form a belief as to the truth of the allegations in Paragraph 37 and on that basis 26 denies the allegations in Paragraph 37. 27 38. On information and belief, Warner/Chappell admits the allegations in Ex. 2 28 Paragraph 38. -6- DEFENDANTS’ ANSWER TO 52 CLAIM ONE OF PLAINTIFFS’ FAC Case 2:13-cv-04460-GHK-MRW Document 99 Filed 05/06/14 Page 8 of 31 Page ID #:870 1 39. The allegations in Paragraph 39 are conclusions of law to which no 2 responsive pleading is required. To the extent that a response is required, 3 Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in Paragraph 39. 4 40. On information and belief, Warner/Chappell admits the allegations in 5 Paragraph 40. 6 41. Warner/Chappell is without knowledge or information sufficient to 7 form a belief as to the truth of the allegations in Paragraph 41 and on that basis 8 denies the allegations in Paragraph 41. 9 42. Warner/Chappell is without knowledge or information sufficient to 10 form a belief as to the truth of the allegations in Paragraph 42 and on that basis 11 denies the allegations in Paragraph 42. 12 43. Warner/Chappell admits that in or about February, 1907, Clayton F. 13 Summy Company released Good Morning to All as an individual musical 14 composition. Except as specifically admitted herein, Warner/Chappell denies the 15 allegations in Paragraph 43. 16 44. Warner/Chappell admits that on or about February 7, 1907, Clayton F. 17 Summy Company filed a copyright application (Reg. No. 142468) with the 18 Copyright Office for Good Morning to All. Except as specifically admitted herein, 19 Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in Paragraph 44. 20 45. On information and belief, Warner/Chappell admits the allegations in 21 Paragraph 45. 22 46. Warner/Chappell is without knowledge or information sufficient to 23 form a belief as to the truth of the allegations in Paragraph 46 and on that basis 24 denies the allegations in Paragraph 46. 25 47. Warner/Chappell is without knowledge or information sufficient to 26 form a belief as to the truth of the allegations in Paragraph 47 and on that basis 27 denies the allegations in Paragraph 47. Ex. 2 28 -7- DEFENDANTS’ ANSWER TO 53 CLAIM ONE OF PLAINTIFFS’ FAC Case 2:13-cv-04460-GHK-MRW Document 99 Filed 05/06/14 Page 9 of 31 Page ID #:871 1 48. Warner/Chappell is without knowledge or information sufficient to 2 form a belief as to the truth of the allegations in Paragraph 48 and on that basis 3 denies the allegations in Paragraph 48. 4 49. Warner/Chappell is without knowledge or information sufficient to 5 form a belief as to the truth of the allegations in Paragraph 49 and on that basis 6 denies the allegations in Paragraph 49. 7 50. Warner/Chappell is without knowledge or information sufficient to 8 form a belief as to the truth of the allegations in Paragraph 50 and on that basis 9 denies the allegations in Paragraph 50. 10 51. Warner/Chappell is without knowledge or information sufficient to 11 form a belief as to the truth of the allegations in Paragraph 51 and on that basis 12 denies the allegations in Paragraph 51. 13 52. Warner/Chappell is without knowledge or information sufficient to 14 form a belief as to the truth of the allegations in the first sentence of Paragraph 52 15 and on that basis denies such allegations. The allegations in the second sentence of 16 Paragraph 52 are conclusions of law to which no responsive pleading is required. 17 To the extent that a response is required, Warner/Chappell denies such allegations. 18 53. Warner/Chappell is without knowledge or information sufficient to 19 form a belief as to the truth of the allegations in Paragraph 53 and on that basis 20 denies the allegations in Paragraph 53. 21 54. The allegations in Paragraph 54 are conclusions of law to which no 22 responsive pleading is required. To the extent that a response is required, 23 Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in Paragraph 54. 24 55. The allegations in Paragraph 55 are conclusions of law to which no 25 responsive pleading is required. To the extent that a response is required, 26 Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in Paragraph 55. 27 Ex. 2 28 -8- DEFENDANTS’ ANSWER TO 54 CLAIM ONE OF PLAINTIFFS’ FAC Case 2:13-cv-04460-GHK-MRW Document 99 Filed 05/06/14 Page 10 of 31 Page ID #:872 1 56. The allegations in Paragraph 56 are conclusions of law to which no 2 responsive pleading is required. To the extent that a response is required, 3 Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in Paragraph 56. 4 57. The allegations in Paragraph 57 are conclusions of law to which no 5 responsive pleading is required. To the extent that a response is required, 6 Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in Paragraph 57. 7 58. Warner/Chappell is without knowledge or information sufficient to 8 form a belief as to the truth of the allegations in Paragraph 58 and on that basis 9 denies the allegations in Paragraph 58. 10 59. Warner/Chappell is without knowledge or information sufficient to 11 form a belief as to the truth of the allegations in Paragraph 59 and on that basis 12 denies the allegations in Paragraph 59. 13 60. Warner/Chappell is without knowledge or information sufficient to 14 form a belief as to the truth of the allegations in Paragraph 60 and on that basis 15 denies the allegations in Paragraph 60. 16 61. Warner/Chappell is without knowledge or information sufficient to 17 form a belief as to the truth of the allegations in Paragraph 61 and on that basis 18 denies the allegations in Paragraph 61. 19 62. Warner/Chappell is without knowledge or information sufficient to 20 form a belief as to the truth of the allegations in Paragraph 62 and on that basis 21 denies the allegations in Paragraph 62. 22 63. Warner/Chappell is without knowledge or information sufficient to 23 form a belief as to the truth of the allegations in Paragraph 63 and on that basis 24 denies the allegations in Paragraph 63. 25 64. Warner/Chappell is without knowledge or information sufficient to 26 form a belief as to the truth of the allegations in Paragraph 64 and on that basis 27 denies the allegations in Paragraph 64. Ex. 2 28 -9- DEFENDANTS’ ANSWER TO 55 CLAIM ONE OF PLAINTIFFS’ FAC Case 2:13-cv-04460-GHK-MRW Document 99 Filed 05/06/14 Page 11 of 31 Page ID #:873 1 65. Warner/Chappell is without knowledge or information sufficient to 2 form a belief as to the truth of the allegations in Paragraph 65 and on that basis 3 denies the allegations in Paragraph 65. 4 66. Warner/Chappell is without knowledge or information sufficient to 5 form a belief as to the truth of the allegations in Paragraph 66 and on that basis 6 denies the allegations in Paragraph 66. 7 67. Upon information and belief, Warner/Chappell admits that Clayton F. 8 Summy sold Clayton F. Summy Company to John F. Sengstack in or around 1930. 9 Except as specifically admitted herein, Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in 10 Paragraph 67. 11 68. Upon information and belief, Warner/Chappell admits that in or about 12 1931, John F. Sengstack incorporated Clayton F. Summy Company under the laws 13 of the State of Delaware. Warner/Chappell is without knowledge or information 14 sufficient to form a belief as to the truth of the remaining allegations in Paragraph 15 68 and on that basis denies such allegations. Except as specifically admitted herein, 16 Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in Paragraph 68. 17 69. Warner/Chappell is without knowledge or information sufficient to 18 form a belief as to the truth of the allegations in Paragraph 69 and on that basis 19 denies the allegations in Paragraph 69. 20 70. Warner/Chappell is without knowledge or information sufficient to 21 form a belief as to the truth of the allegations in Paragraph 70 and on that basis 22 denies the allegations in Paragraph 70. 23 71. Warner/Chappell is without knowledge or information sufficient to 24 form a belief as to the truth of the allegations in Paragraph 71 and on that basis 25 denies the allegations in Paragraph 71. 26 72. On information and belief, Warner/Chappell admits that “[o]n August 27 14, 1934, Jessica Hill, a sister of Mildred Hill and Patty Hill, commenced an action Ex. 28 against Sam Harris in the Southern District of New York, captioned Hill v. Harris, 2 -10- DEFENDANTS’ ANSWER TO 56 CLAIM ONE OF PLAINTIFFS’ FAC Case 2:13-cv-04460-GHK-MRW Document 99 Filed 05/06/14 Page 12 of 31 Page ID #:874 1 Eq. No. 78-350.” Answering the remaining allegations in Paragraph 72, 2 Warner/Chappell avers that the complaint/s referenced in Paragraph 72 is/are the 3 best evidence of the claims asserted in the lawsuit referenced in Paragraph 72. 4 Except as specifically admitted or averred herein, Warner/Chappell denies the 5 allegations in Paragraph 72. 6 73. On information and belief, Warner/Chappell admits that “[o]n January 7 21, 1935, Jessica Hill commenced an action against the Federal Broadcasting Corp. 8 in the Southern District of New York, captioned Hill v. Federal Broadcasting Corp., 9 Eq. No. 79-312.” Answering the remaining allegations in Paragraph 73, 10 Warner/Chappell avers that the complaint/s referenced in Paragraph 73 is/are the 11 best evidence of the claims asserted in the lawsuit referenced in Paragraph 73. 12 Except as specifically admitted or averred herein, Warner/Chappell denies the 13 allegations in Paragraph 73. 14 74. Answering Paragraph 74, Warner/Chappell avers that the written 15 agreement referenced in Paragraph 74 is the best evidence of the contents of this 16 agreement. Except as specifically averred herein, Warner/Chappell denies the 17 allegations in Paragraph 74. 18 75. Warner/Chappell admits that on or about December 27, 1934, Clayton 19 F. Summy Co. submitted an Application for Copyright, which application is the best 20 evidence of its contents. Except as specifically admitted herein, Warner/Chappell 21 denies the allegations in Paragraph 75. 22 76. Answering Paragraph 76, Warner/Chappell avers that the written 23 Application for Copyright referenced in Paragraph 75 above is the best evidence of 24 the contents of this document. Except as specifically averred herein, 25 Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in Paragraph 76. 26 77. Warner/Chappell admits the allegations in the first sentence of 27 Paragraph 77. Answering the second sentence of Paragraph 77, Warner/Chappell Ex. 2 28 avers that the written Application for Copyright referenced in Paragraph 75 above is -11- DEFENDANTS’ ANSWER TO 57 CLAIM ONE OF PLAINTIFFS’ FAC Case 2:13-cv-04460-GHK-MRW Document 99 Filed 05/06/14 Page 13 of 31 Page ID #:875 1 the best evidence of the contents of this document, and that the allegation regarding 2 the scope of the copyright claimed by this Application is a conclusion of law to 3 which no response is required. To the extent that a response is required to this 4 allegation regarding the scope of the copyright claimed, Warner/Chappell denies 5 this allegation. Except as specifically admitted or averred herein, Warner/Chappell 6 denies the allegations in Paragraph 77. 7 78. The allegations in Paragraph 78 are conclusions of law to which no 8 responsive pleading is required. To the extent that a response is required, 9 Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in Paragraph 78. 10 79. Warner/Chappell admits that on or about February 15, 1935, Clayton F. 11 Summy Co. submitted an Application for Copyright, which application is the best 12 evidence of its contents. Except as specifically admitted herein, Warner/Chappell 13 denies the allegations in Paragraph 79. 14 80. Answering Paragraph 80, Warner/Chappell avers that the written 15 Application for Copyright referenced in Paragraph 79 above is the best evidence of 16 the contents of this document. Except as specifically averred herein, 17 Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in Paragraph 80. 18 81. Warner/Chappell admits the allegations in the first sentence of 19 Paragraph 81. Answering the second sentence of Paragraph 81, Warner/Chappell 20 avers that the written Application for Copyright referenced in Paragraph 79 above is 21 the best evidence of the contents of this document, and that the allegation regarding 22 the scope of the copyright claimed by this Application is a conclusion of law to 23 which no response is required. To the extent that a response is required to this 24 allegation regarding the scope of the copyright claimed, Warner/Chappell denies 25 this allegation. Except as specifically admitted or averred herein, Warner/Chappell 26 denies the allegations in Paragraph 81. 27 Ex. 2 28 -12- DEFENDANTS’ ANSWER TO 58 CLAIM ONE OF PLAINTIFFS’ FAC Case 2:13-cv-04460-GHK-MRW Document 99 Filed 05/06/14 Page 14 of 31 Page ID #:876 1 82. The allegations in Paragraph 82 are conclusions of law to which no 2 responsive pleading is required. To the extent that a response is required, 3 Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in Paragraph 82. 4 83. Warner/Chappell admits that on or about April 3, 1935, Clayton F. 5 Summy Co. submitted an Application for Copyright, which application is the best 6 evidence of its contents. Except as specifically admitted herein, Warner/Chappell 7 denies the allegations in Paragraph 83. 8 84. Answering Paragraph 84, Warner/Chappell avers that the written 9 Application for Copyright referenced in Paragraph 83 above is the best evidence of 10 the contents of this document. Except as specifically averred herein, 11 Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in Paragraph 84. 12 85. Warner/Chappell admits the allegations in the first sentence of 13 Paragraph 85. Answering the second sentence of Paragraph 85, Warner/Chappell 14 avers that the written Application for Copyright referenced Paragraph 83 above is 15 the best evidence of the contents of this document, and that the allegation regarding 16 the scope of the copyright claimed by this Application is a conclusion of law to 17 which no response is required. To the extent that a response is required to this 18 allegation regarding the scope of the copyright claimed, Warner/Chappell denies 19 this allegation. Except as specifically admitted or averred herein, Warner/Chappell 20 denies the allegations in Paragraph 85. 21 86. The allegations in Paragraph 86 are conclusions of law to which no 22 responsive pleading is required. To the extent that a response is required, 23 Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in Paragraph 86. 24 87. Warner/Chappell admits that on or about April 3, 1935, Clayton F. 25 Summy Co. submitted an Application for Copyright, which application is the best 26 evidence of its contents. Except as specifically admitted herein, Warner/Chappell 27 denies the allegations in Paragraph 87. Ex. 2 28 -13- DEFENDANTS’ ANSWER TO 59 CLAIM ONE OF PLAINTIFFS’ FAC Case 2:13-cv-04460-GHK-MRW Document 99 Filed 05/06/14 Page 15 of 31 Page ID #:877 1 88. Answering Paragraph 88, Warner/Chappell avers that the written 2 Application for Copyright referenced in Paragraph 87 above is the best evidence of 3 the contents of this document. Except as specifically averred herein, 4 Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in Paragraph 88. 5 89. Warner/Chappell admits the allegations in the first sentence of 6 Paragraph 89. Answering the second sentence of Paragraph 89, Warner/Chappell 7 avers that the written Application for Copyright referenced in Paragraph 87 above is 8 the best evidence of the contents of this document, and that the allegation regarding 9 the scope of the copyright claimed by this Application is a conclusion of law to 10 which no response is required. To the extent that a response is required to this 11 allegation regarding the scope of the copyright claimed, Warner/Chappell denies 12 this allegation. Except as specifically admitted or averred herein, Warner/Chappell 13 denies the allegations in Paragraph 89. 14 90. The allegations in Paragraph 90 are conclusions of law to which no 15 responsive pleading is required. To the extent that a response is required, 16 Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in Paragraph 90. 17 91. Warner/Chappell admits that on or about December 6, 1935, Clayton F. 18 Summy Co. submitted an Application for Copyright as alleged in Paragraph 91. 19 Except as specifically admitted herein, Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in 20 Paragraph 91. 21 92. Answering the first sentence of Paragraph 92, Warner/Chappell avers 22 that the written Application for Copyright referenced in Paragraph 91 above is the 23 best evidence of the contents of this document. Warner/Chappell admits the 24 allegations in the second sentence of Paragraph 92. Except as specifically averred 25 or admitted herein, Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in Paragraph 92. 26 93. Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in Paragraph 93. 27 Ex. 2 28 -14- DEFENDANTS’ ANSWER TO 60 CLAIM ONE OF PLAINTIFFS’ FAC Case 2:13-cv-04460-GHK-MRW Document 99 Filed 05/06/14 Page 16 of 31 Page ID #:878 1 94. The allegations in Paragraph 94 are conclusions of law to which no 2 responsive pleading is required. To the extent that a response is required, 3 Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in Paragraph 94. 4 95. The allegations in Paragraph 95 are conclusions of law to which no 5 responsive pleading is required. To the extent that a response is required, 6 Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in Paragraph 95. 7 96. Warner/Chappell admits that on or about December 6, 1935, Clayton F. 8 Summy Co. submitted an Application for Copyright as alleged in Paragraph 96. 9 Except as specifically admitted herein, Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in 10 Paragraph 96. 11 97. Answering the first sentence of Paragraph 97, Warner/Chappell avers 12 that the written Application for Copyright referenced in Paragraph 96 above is the 13 best evidence of the contents of this document. Warner/Chappell admits the 14 allegations in the second sentence of Paragraph 97. Except as specifically averred 15 or admitted herein, Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in Paragraph 97. 16 98. Warner/Chappell admits that the copy of the work deposited with the 17 application that resulted in registration E51990 contained the lyrics “Happy 18 Birthday to you, Happy Birthday to you, Happy Birthday dear ______, Happy 19 Birthday to you!” Except as specifically admitted herein, Warner/Chappell denies 20 the allegations in Paragraph 98. 21 99. The allegations in Paragraph 99 are conclusions of law to which no 22 responsive pleading is required. To the extent that a response is required, 23 Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in Paragraph 99. 24 100. The allegations in Paragraph 100 are conclusions of law to which no 25 responsive pleading is required. To the extent that a response is required, 26 Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in Paragraph 100. 27 101. Answering Paragraph 101, Warner/Chappell avers that the written Ex. 28 agreement referenced in Paragraph 101 is the best evidence of the contents of this 2 -15- DEFENDANTS’ ANSWER TO 61 CLAIM ONE OF PLAINTIFFS’ FAC Case 2:13-cv-04460-GHK-MRW Document 99 Filed 05/06/14 Page 17 of 31 Page ID #:879 1 agreement. Except as specifically averred herein, Warner/Chappell denies the 2 allegations in Paragraph 101. 3 102. Answering Paragraph 102, Warner/Chappell avers that the written 4 agreement referenced in Paragraph 102 is the best evidence of the contents of this 5 agreement. Except as specifically averred herein, Warner/Chappell denies the 6 allegations in Paragraph 102. 7 103. On information and belief, Warner/Chappell admits that “[o]n October 8 15, 1942, The Hill Foundation commenced an action against [Clayton F. Summy 9 Co.] in the Southern District of New York, captioned The Hill Foundation, Inc. v. 10 Clayton F. Summy Co., Case No. 19-377.” Answering the remaining allegations in 11 Paragraph 103, Warner/Chappell avers that the complaint/s referenced in Paragraph 12 103 is/are the best evidence of the claims asserted in the lawsuit referenced in 13 Paragraph 103. Except as specifically admitted or averred herein, Warner/Chappell 14 denies the allegations in Paragraph 103. 15 104. On information and belief, Warner/Chappell admits that “[o]n March 2, 16 1943, The Hill Foundation commenced an action against the Postal Telegraph Cable 17 Company in the Southern District of New York, captioned The Hill Foundation, Inc. 18 v. Postal Telegraph-Cable Co., Case No. 20- 439.” Answering the remaining 19 allegations in Paragraph 104, Warner/Chappell avers that the complaint/s referenced 20 in Paragraph 104 is/are the best evidence of the claims asserted in the lawsuit 21 referenced in Paragraph 104. Except as specifically admitted or averred herein, 22 Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in Paragraph 104. 23 105. Warner/Chappell is not aware of any judicial determination of the 24 validity or scope of any copyright related to Good Morning to All. Except as 25 specifically admitted herein, Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in Paragraph 26 105. 27 106. Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in Paragraph 106. Ex. 2 28 -16- DEFENDANTS’ ANSWER TO 62 CLAIM ONE OF PLAINTIFFS’ FAC Case 2:13-cv-04460-GHK-MRW Document 99 Filed 05/06/14 Page 18 of 31 Page ID #:880 1 107. Warner/Chappell admits that in or about 1962, Summy-Birchard 2 Company filed renewals for Reg. Nos. E45655, E46661, E47439, E47440, E51988, 3 and E51990. Except as specifically admitted herein, Warner/Chappell denies the 4 allegations in Paragraph 107. 5 108. Warner/Chappell admits that on or about December 6, 1962, Summy- 6 Birchard Company filed a renewal application for Reg. No. E51988, and avers that 7 the written copyright renewal referenced in Paragraph 108 is the best evidence of 8 the contents of this document. Except as specifically admitted or averred, 9 Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in Paragraph 108. 10 109. Warner/Chappell admits that on or about December 6, 1962, Summy- 11 Birchard Company filed a renewal application for Reg. No. E51990, and avers that 12 the written copyright renewal referenced in Paragraph 109 is the best evidence of 13 the contents of this document. Except as specifically admitted or averred, 14 Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in Paragraph 109. 15 110. Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in the first sentence of 16 Paragraph 110. Warner/Chappell admits that Summy-Birchard, Inc., is a subsidiary 17 of Warner/Chappell and a co-defendant in this action. Except as specifically 18 admitted herein, Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in Paragraph 110. 19 111. Warner/Chappell is without knowledge or information sufficient to 20 form a belief as to the truth of the allegations in Paragraph 111 and on that basis 21 denies the allegations in Paragraph 111. 22 112. Warner/Chappell is without knowledge or information sufficient to 23 form a belief as to the truth of the allegations in Paragraph 112 and on that basis 24 denies the allegations in Paragraph 112. 25 113. Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in Paragraph 113. 26 114. Warner/Chappell is without knowledge or information sufficient to 27 form a belief as to the truth of the allegations in Paragraph 114 and on that basis Ex. 2 28 denies the allegations in Paragraph 114. -17- DEFENDANTS’ ANSWER TO 63 CLAIM ONE OF PLAINTIFFS’ FAC Case 2:13-cv-04460-GHK-MRW Document 99 Filed 05/06/14 Page 19 of 31 Page ID #:881 1 115. Warner/Chappell is without knowledge or information sufficient to 2 form a belief as to the truth of the allegations in Paragraph 115 and on that basis 3 denies the allegations in Paragraph 115. 4 116. Warner/Chappell is without knowledge or information sufficient to 5 form a belief as to the truth of the allegations in Paragraph 116 and on that basis 6 denies the allegations in Paragraph 116. 7 117. Warner/Chappell is without knowledge or information sufficient to 8 form a belief as to the truth of the allegations in Paragraph 117 and on that basis 9 denies the allegations in Paragraph 117. 10 118. Warner/Chappell admits that in September 2012, Plaintiff GMTY 11 requested a quote from Warner/Chappell for a synchronization license to use Happy 12 Birthday to You. Warner/Chappell is without knowledge or information sufficient to 13 form a belief as to the truth of the allegation that this request was made through 14 Warner/Chappell’s website and on that basis denies this allegation. Except as 15 specifically admitted herein, Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in Paragraph 16 118. 17 119. Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in Paragraph 119. 18 120. Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in Paragraph 120. 19 121. The allegations in Paragraph 121 are conclusions of law to which no 20 responsive pleading is required. To the extent that a response is required, 21 Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in Paragraph 121. 22 122. Warner/Chappell admits that on or about March 26, 2013, Plaintiff 23 GMTY paid Warner/Chappell $1,500 for a synchronization license to use Happy 24 Birthday to You, and that on or about April 24, 2013, Plaintiff GMTY mailed 25 Warner/Chappell an executed synchronization license agreement for the use Happy 26 Birthday to You, which was “dated” September 26, 2012 “as of” April 1, 2013. 27 Except as specifically admitted herein, Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in Ex. 2 28 Paragraph 122. -18- DEFENDANTS’ ANSWER TO 64 CLAIM ONE OF PLAINTIFFS’ FAC Case 2:13-cv-04460-GHK-MRW Document 99 Filed 05/06/14 Page 20 of 31 Page ID #:882 1 123. Warner/Chappell is without knowledge or information sufficient to 2 form a belief as to the truth of the allegations in Paragraph 123 and on that basis 3 denies the allegations in Paragraph 123. 4 124. Warner/Chappell is without knowledge or information sufficient to 5 form a belief as to the truth of the allegations in Paragraph 124 and on that basis 6 denies the allegations in Paragraph 124. 7 125. Warner/Chappell is without knowledge or information sufficient to 8 form a belief as to the truth of the allegations in Paragraph 125(a) and (b) and on 9 that basis denies the allegations in Paragraph 125(a) and (b). The allegations in 10 Paragraph 125(c) are conclusions of law to which no responsive pleading is 11 required. To the extent that a response is required, Warner/Chappell denies the 12 allegations in Paragraph 125(c). 13 126. Warner/Chappell is without knowledge or information sufficient to 14 form a belief as to the truth of the allegations in Paragraph 126 and on that basis 15 denies the allegations in Paragraph 126. 16 127. Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in Paragraph 127. 17 128. The allegations in Paragraph 128 are conclusions of law to which no 18 responsive pleading is required. To the extent that a response is required, 19 Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in Paragraph 128. 20 129. Warner/Chappell admits the allegations in Paragraph 129. 21 130. Paragraph 130(a): 22 Warner/Chappell admits that BIG FAN paid Warner/Chappell $3,000 23 pursuant to its synchronization license. Except as specifically admitted herein, 24 Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in Paragraph 130(a). 25 Paragraph 130(b): 26 Warner/Chappell is without knowledge or information sufficient to form a 27 belief as to what BIG FAN, the music producer it allegedly hired, or Plaintiff Siegel 28 knew or had reason to know and on that basis denies such allegations. The -19- Ex. 2 DEFENDANTS’ ANSWER TO 65 CLAIM ONE OF PLAINTIFFS’ FAC Case 2:13-cv-04460-GHK-MRW Document 99 Filed 05/06/14 Page 21 of 31 Page ID #:883 1 remaining allegations in paragraph 130(b) are conclusions of law to which no 2 responsive pleading is required. To the extent that a response is required, 3 Warner/Chappell denies such allegations. 4 Paragraph 130(c): 5 Warner/Chappell is without knowledge or information sufficient to form a 6 belief as to what BIG FAN, the music producer it allegedly hired, or Plaintiff Siegel 7 had reason to know and on that basis denies such allegations. The remaining 8 allegations in paragraph 130(c) are conclusions of law to which no responsive 9 pleading is required. To the extent that a response is required, Warner/Chappell 10 denies such allegations. 11 Paragraph 130(d): 12 Warner/Chappell admits that, in accordance with custom and practice in the 13 industry, it did not specify the numbers of the copyright registrations or renewals 14 pursuant to which it owns copyright rights in Happy Birthday to You when it 15 negotiated with BIG FAN regarding BIG FAN’s synchronization license. Except as 16 specifically admitted herein, Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in Paragraph 17 130(d). 18 Paragraph 130(e): 19 Warner/Chappell admits that there were stories in the press regarding this 20 action. Warner/Chappell is without knowledge or information sufficient to form a 21 belief as to the truth of the allegations in the second sentence of Paragraph 130(e) 22 regarding when one in the position of BIG FAN, the music producer it hired, or 23 Plaintiff Siegel allegedly would know the alleged facts supporting this action and on 24 that basis denies such allegations. The allegations in the second sentence of 25 Paragraph 130(e) regarding when BIG FAN, the music producer it hired, or Plaintiff 26 Siegel allegedly had reason to know the alleged facts supporting this action are 27 conclusions of law to which no responsive pleading is required. To the extent that a 28 response is required, Warner/Chappell denies such allegations. Except as -20- Ex. 2 DEFENDANTS’ ANSWER TO 66 CLAIM ONE OF PLAINTIFFS’ FAC Case 2:13-cv-04460-GHK-MRW Document 99 Filed 05/06/14 Page 22 of 31 Page ID #:884 1 specifically admitted herein, Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in Paragraph 2 130(e). 3 Paragraph 130(f): 4 Warner/Chappell is without knowledge or information sufficient to form a 5 belief as to the truth of the allegations in the first sentence of Paragraph 130(f) and 6 on that basis denies such allegations. Warner/Chappell is without knowledge or 7 information sufficient to form a belief as to what BIG FAN, the music producer it 8 allegedly hired, or Plaintiff Siegel knew or had reason to know and on that basis 9 denies such allegations. The remaining allegations in paragraph 130(f) are 10 conclusions of law to which no responsive pleading is required. To the extent that a 11 response is required, Warner/Chappell denies such allegations. 12 Paragraph 130(g): 13 Warner/Chappell admits that Plaintiff Siegel commenced a putative class 14 action against Warner/Chappell on or about June 19, 2013. Warner/Chappell is 15 without knowledge or information sufficient to form a belief as to the truth of the 16 allegations in Paragraph 130(g) regarding when Plaintiff Siegel allegedly knew the 17 alleged facts supporting this action and on that basis denies such allegations. The 18 allegations in Paragraph 130(g) regarding when Plaintiff Siegel allegedly reasonably 19 could or should have known the alleged facts supporting this action are conclusions 20 of law to which no responsive pleading is required. To the extent that a response is 21 required, Warner/Chappell denies such allegations. Except as specifically admitted 22 herein, Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in Paragraph 130(g). 23 131. Warner/Chappell is without knowledge or information sufficient to 24 form a belief as to the truth of the allegations in Paragraph 131 and on that basis 25 denies the allegations in Paragraph 131. 26 132. The allegations in Paragraph 132 are conclusions of law to which no 27 responsive pleading is required. To the extent that a response is required, 28 Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in Paragraph 132. -21- Ex. 2 DEFENDANTS’ ANSWER TO 67 CLAIM ONE OF PLAINTIFFS’ FAC Case 2:13-cv-04460-GHK-MRW Document 99 Filed 05/06/14 Page 23 of 31 Page ID #:885 1 133. Warner/Chappell admits the allegations in Paragraph 133. 2 134. Paragraph 134(a): 3 Warner/Chappell is without knowledge or information sufficient to form a 4 belief as to the truth of the allegations in Paragraph 134(a) and on that basis denies 5 the allegations in Paragraph 134(a). 6 Paragraph 134(b): 7 Warner/Chappell is without knowledge or information sufficient to form a 8 belief as to the truth of the allegations in Paragraph 134(b) and on that basis denies 9 the allegations in Paragraph 134(b). 10 Paragraph 134(c): 11 Warner/Chappell is without knowledge or information sufficient to form a 12 belief as to the truth of the allegations in Paragraph 134(c) and on that basis denies 13 the allegations in Paragraph 134(c). 14 Paragraph 134(d): 15 Warner/Chappell admits that on or about October 29, 2009, Plaintiff Majar 16 paid Warner/Chappell $5,000 for a synchronization license to use Happy Birthday to 17 You in the Film “No Subtitles Necessary: László & Vilmos” and that, in accordance 18 with custom and practice in the industry, Warner/Chappell did not specify the 19 numbers of the copyright registrations or renewals pursuant to which it owns 20 copyright rights in Happy Birthday to You when it negotiated with Plaintiff Majar 21 regarding this license. Warner/Chappell is without knowledge or information 22 sufficient to form a belief as to the truth of the allegations in Paragraph 134(d) 23 regarding when Plaintiff Majar allegedly knew the alleged facts supporting this 24 action and on that basis denies such allegations. The allegations in Paragraph 25 134(d) regarding when Plaintiff Majar allegedly had reason to know the alleged 26 facts supporting this action are conclusions of law to which no responsive pleading 27 is required. To the extent that a response is required, Warner/Chappell denies such 28 allegations. Warner/Chappell admits that it is the exclusive copyright owner of Ex. 2 -22- DEFENDANTS’ ANSWER TO 68 CLAIM ONE OF PLAINTIFFS’ FAC Case 2:13-cv-04460-GHK-MRW Document 99 Filed 05/06/14 Page 24 of 31 Page ID #:886 1 Happy Birthday to You and has held itself out as such since October 29, 2009. 2 Except as specifically admitted herein, Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in 3 Paragraph 134(d). 4 Paragraph 134(e): 5 The allegations in Paragraph 134(e) are conclusions of law to which no 6 responsive pleading is required. To the extent that a response is required, 7 Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in Paragraph 134(e). 8 Paragraph 134(f): 9 Warner/Chappell is without knowledge or information sufficient to form a 10 belief as to what Plaintiff Majar thought or had reason to think and on that basis 11 denies such allegations. The remaining allegations in paragraph 134(f) are 12 conclusions of law to which no responsive pleading is required. To the extent that a 13 response is required, Warner/Chappell denies such allegations. 14 Paragraph 134(g): 15 Warner/Chappell is without knowledge or information sufficient to form a 16 belief as to the truth of the allegations in the Paragraph 134(g) and on that basis 17 denies the allegations in Paragraph 134(g). 18 135. Paragraph 135 characterizes Plaintiffs’ claims in the FAC and no 19 responsive pleading is required. To the extent that a response is required, 20 Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in Paragraph 135. 21 136. Paragraph 136 characterizes Plaintiffs’ claims in the FAC and no 22 responsive pleading is required. To the extent that a response is required, 23 Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in Paragraph 136. Warner/Chappell further 24 denies that Plaintiffs can maintain this action as a class action or that any such class 25 can properly be certified. 26 137. Paragraph 137 characterizes Plaintiffs’ claims in the FAC and their 27 purported class and contains conclusions of law, and no responsive pleading is 28 required. To the extent that a response is required, Warner/Chappell denies the Ex. 2 -23- DEFENDANTS’ ANSWER TO 69 CLAIM ONE OF PLAINTIFFS’ FAC Case 2:13-cv-04460-GHK-MRW Document 99 Filed 05/06/14 Page 25 of 31 Page ID #:887 1 allegations in Paragraph 137. Warner/Chappell further denies that Plaintiffs can 2 maintain this action as a class action or that any such class can properly be certified. 3 138. The allegations in Paragraph 138 are conclusions of law to which no 4 responsive pleading is required. To the extent that a response is required, 5 Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in Paragraph 138. Warner/Chappell further 6 denies that Plaintiffs can maintain this action as a class action or that any such class 7 can properly be certified. 8 139. The allegations in Paragraph 139 are conclusions of law to which no 9 responsive pleading is required. To the extent that a response is required, 10 Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in Paragraph 139. Warner/Chappell further 11 denies that Plaintiffs can maintain this action as a class action or that any such class 12 can properly be certified. 13 140. The allegations in Paragraph 140 are conclusions of law to which no 14 responsive pleading is required. To the extent that a response is required, 15 Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in Paragraph 140. Warner/Chappell further 16 denies that Plaintiffs can maintain this action as a class action or that any such class 17 can properly be certified. 18 141. The allegations in Paragraph 141 are conclusions of law to which no 19 responsive pleading is required. To the extent that a response is required, 20 Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in Paragraph 141. Warner/Chappell further 21 denies that Plaintiffs can maintain this action as a class action or that any such class 22 can properly be certified. 23 142. The allegations in Paragraph 142 are conclusions of law to which no 24 responsive pleading is required. To the extent that a response is required, 25 Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in Paragraph 142. Warner/Chappell further 26 denies that Plaintiffs can maintain this action as a class action or that any such class 27 can properly be certified. Ex. 2 28 -24- DEFENDANTS’ ANSWER TO 70 CLAIM ONE OF PLAINTIFFS’ FAC Case 2:13-cv-04460-GHK-MRW Document 99 Filed 05/06/14 Page 26 of 31 Page ID #:888 1 143. The allegations in Paragraph 143 are conclusions of law to which no 2 responsive pleading is required. To the extent that a response is required, 3 Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in Paragraph 143. Warner/Chappell further 4 denies that Plaintiffs can maintain this action as a class action or that any such class 5 can properly be certified. 6 144. The allegations in Paragraph 144 are conclusions of law to which no 7 responsive pleading is required. To the extent that a response is required, 8 Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in Paragraph 144. Warner/Chappell further 9 denies that Plaintiffs can maintain this action as a class action or that any such class 10 can properly be certified. 11 145. Warner/Chappell is without knowledge or information sufficient to 12 form a belief as to the truth of the allegations in Paragraph 145 and on that basis 13 denies the allegations in Paragraph 145. Warner/Chappell further denies that 14 Plaintiffs can maintain this action as a class action or that any such class can 15 properly be certified. 16 146. Answering the allegations in Paragraph 146, Warner/Chappell hereby 17 incorporates its responses in Paragraphs 1 through 145 by reference as if fully set 18 forth herein. To the extent that any further response is required, Warner/Chappell 19 denies the allegations in Paragraph 146. 20 147. Paragraph 147 characterizes Plaintiffs’ claims in the FAC and no 21 responsive pleading is required. To the extent that a response is required, 22 Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in Paragraph 147. 23 148. Paragraph 148 characterizes Plaintiffs’ claims in the FAC and contains 24 conclusions of law, and no responsive pleading is required. To the extent that a 25 response is required, Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in Paragraph 148. 26 149. Warner/Chappell admits that it holds a valid and enforceable copyright 27 in the composition Happy Birthday to You and that pursuant to 17 U.S.C. § 115, it is Ex. 28 entitled to royalties for the mechanical licensing of this composition in accordance 2 -25- DEFENDANTS’ ANSWER TO 71 CLAIM ONE OF PLAINTIFFS’ FAC Case 2:13-cv-04460-GHK-MRW Document 99 Filed 05/06/14 Page 27 of 31 Page ID #:889 1 with the legal requirements of that provision. Except as specifically admitted 2 herein, Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in Paragraph 149. 3 150. Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in Paragraph 150. 4 151. The allegations in Paragraph 151 are conclusions of law to which no 5 responsive pleading is required. To the extent that a response is required, 6 Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in Paragraph 151. 7 152. Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in Paragraph 152. 8 153. The allegations in Paragraph 153 are conclusions of law to which no 9 responsive pleading is required. To the extent that a response is required, 10 Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in Paragraph 153. 11 154. The allegations in Paragraph 154 are conclusions of law to which no 12 responsive pleading is required. To the extent that a response is required, 13 Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in Paragraph 154. 14 155. Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in Paragraph 155. 15 156. The allegations in Paragraph 156 are conclusions of law to which no 16 responsive pleading is required. To the extent that a response is required, 17 Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in Paragraph 156. 18 157. Paragraph 157 characterizes Plaintiffs’ claims in the FAC and contains 19 conclusions of law, and no responsive pleading is required. To the extent that a 20 response is required, Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in Paragraph 157. 21 158. The allegations in Paragraph 158 are conclusions of law to which no 22 responsive pleading is required. To the extent that a response is required, 23 Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in Paragraph 158. 24 159. On information and belief, Warner/Chappell admits that the 1893 and 25 1896 versions of Song Stories for the Kindergarten included the song Good 26 Morning to All. The remaining allegations in Paragraph 159 are conclusions of law 27 to which no responsive pleading is required. To the extent that a response is 28 required, Warner/Chappell denies such allegations. -26- Ex. 2 DEFENDANTS’ ANSWER TO 72 CLAIM ONE OF PLAINTIFFS’ FAC Case 2:13-cv-04460-GHK-MRW Document 99 Filed 05/06/14 Page 28 of 31 Page ID #:890 1 160. On information and belief, Warner/Chappell admits that the 1893 2 version of Song Stories for the Kindergarten and the 1899 version of Song Stories 3 for the Sunday School included the song Good Morning to All. The remaining 4 allegations in Paragraph 160 are conclusions of law to which no responsive pleading 5 is required. To the extent that a response is required, Warner/Chappell denies such 6 allegations. 7 161. The allegations in Paragraph 161 are conclusions of law to which no 8 responsive pleading is required. To the extent that a response is required, 9 Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in Paragraph 161. 10 162. The allegations in Paragraph 162 are conclusions of law to which no 11 responsive pleading is required. To the extent that a response is required, 12 Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in Paragraph 162. 13 163. The allegations in Paragraph 163 are conclusions of law to which no 14 responsive pleading is required. To the extent that a response is required, 15 Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in Paragraph 163. 16 164. The allegations in Paragraph 164 are conclusions of law to which no 17 responsive pleading is required. To the extent that a response is required, 18 Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in Paragraph 164. 19 165. The allegations in Paragraph 165 are conclusions of law to which no 20 responsive pleading is required. To the extent that a response is required, 21 Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in Paragraph 165. 22 166. The allegations in Paragraph 166 are conclusions of law to which no 23 responsive pleading is required. To the extent that a response is required, 24 Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in Paragraph 166. 25 167. Paragraph 167 characterizes Plaintiffs’ claims in the FAC and contains 26 conclusions of law, and no responsive pleading is required. To the extent that a 27 response is required, Warner/Chappell denies the allegations in Paragraph 167. Ex. 2 28 -27- DEFENDANTS’ ANSWER TO 73 CLAIM ONE OF PLAINTIFFS’ FAC Case 2:13-cv-04460-GHK-MRW Document 99 Filed 05/06/14 Page 29 of 31 Page ID #:891 1 2 RESPONSE TO PRAYER FOR RELIEF Warner/Chappell denies that Plaintiffs are entitled to any of the relief 3 requested in paragraphs A through I of the Prayer for Relief contained in the FAC or 4 to any relief whatsoever. 5 6 RESPONSE TO JURY DEMAND Plaintiffs’ request for a jury trial does not require a responsive pleading. To 7 the extent that a response is required, Warner/Chappell denies that Plaintiffs are 8 entitled to a jury. 9 10 AFFIRMATIVE DEFENSES Warner/Chappell asserts the following affirmative defenses and reserves the 11 right to raise additional defenses if and when appropriate, including if and when it 12 responds to other claims in the FAC (and/or if and when it responds to this and/or 13 other claims in subsequent amended complaints). In asserting these defenses, 14 Warner/Chappell does not assume the burden of proof for any issue with respect to 15 which the applicable law places the burden on Plaintiffs. 16 17 First Affirmative Defense Claim One, and every purported claim contained in Plaintiffs’ FAC, fails to 18 state a claim against Warner/Chappell upon which relief can be granted. Further, 19 Claim One of the FAC and Plaintiffs’ other claims are ambiguous, vague, and/or 20 unintelligible. Warner/Chappell avers that Plaintiffs’ claims, including Claim One, 21 do not describe the events or legal theories with sufficient particularity to permit 22 Warner/Chappell to ascertain all defenses that may exist. 23 Second Affirmative Defense 24 Claim One, and every purported claim contained in Plaintiffs’ FAC, is barred, 25 in whole or in part, by the applicable statute of limitations. 26 27 Ex. 2 28 -28- DEFENDANTS’ ANSWER TO 74 CLAIM ONE OF PLAINTIFFS’ FAC Case 2:13-cv-04460-GHK-MRW Document 99 Filed 05/06/14 Page 30 of 31 Page ID #:892 1 Third Affirmative Defense 2 Claim One, and every purported claim contained in Plaintiffs’ FAC, is barred, 3 in whole or in part, by the doctrines of laches, waiver, and/or one or more doctrines 4 of estoppel. 5 Fourth Affirmative Defense 6 Claim One, and every purported claim contained in Plaintiffs’ FAC, has been 7 waived by Plaintiffs in whole or in part and are, to that extent, barred. 8 Fifth Affirmative Defense 9 Claim One, and every purported claim contained in Plaintiffs’ FAC, is barred, 10 in whole or in part, because of Plaintiffs’ unclean hands. 11 Sixth Affirmative Defense 12 Claim One, and every purported claim contained in Plaintiffs’ FAC, is barred, 13 in whole or in part, because Plaintiffs have suffered no injury or damages as a result 14 of the matters alleged in the FAC, or alternatively, because the alleged damages, if 15 any, are speculative and because of the impossibility of ascertaining and allocating 16 those alleged damages. 17 Seventh Affirmative Defense 18 Claim One, and every purported claim contained in Plaintiffs’ FAC, is barred, 19 in whole or in part, because Plaintiffs lack standing to sue for the injuries alleged in 20 the FAC. 21 Eighth Affirmative Defense 22 Claim One, and every purported claim contained in Plaintiffs’ FAC, is barred, 23 in whole or in part, because Plaintiffs are not entitled to restitution or disgorgement 24 of profits. 25 Ninth Affirmative Defense 26 Claim One, and every purported claim contained in Plaintiffs’ FAC, is barred, 27 in whole or in part, because Plaintiffs would be unjustly enriched if allowed to 28 recover any portion of the damages alleged in the FAC. -29- Ex. 2 DEFENDANTS’ ANSWER TO 75 CLAIM ONE OF PLAINTIFFS’ FAC Case 2:13-cv-04460-GHK-MRW Document 99 Filed 05/06/14 Page 31 of 31 Page ID #:893 1 Tenth Affirmative Defense 2 Claim One, and every purported claim contained in Plaintiffs’ FAC, is barred, 3 in whole or in part, because the remedies sought are unconstitutional, contrary to 4 public policy, or are otherwise unauthorized. 5 6 Reservation of Rights to Assert Additional Defenses Warner/Chappell has not knowingly or intentionally waived any applicable 7 defenses, and it reserves the right to assert and rely upon other applicable defenses 8 that may become available or apparent during discovery in this matter. 9 Warner/Chappell reserves the right to amend or seek to amend its answer and/or 10 affirmative defenses. 11 PRAYER FOR RELIEF 12 WHEREFORE, Warner/Chappell respectfully demands the entry of judgment 13 in its favor and against Plaintiffs as follows: 14 1. That Plaintiffs and the members of the purported plaintiff class take 15 nothing by the FAC; 16 2. That the FAC and each and every allegation and subpart contained therein 17 be dismissed with prejudice; 18 3. That Warner/Chappell recover its costs of suit incurred herein, including 19 reasonable attorneys’ fees; and 20 4. For such other and further relief as the Court may deem just and proper. 21 22 DATED: May 6, 2013 23 24 25 26 MUNGER, TOLLES & OLSON LLP By: /s/ Kelly M. Klaus KELLY M. KLAUS Attorneys for Defendants Warner/Chappell Music, Inc. and Summy Birchard, Inc. 27 Ex. 2 28 -30- DEFENDANTS’ ANSWER TO 76 CLAIM ONE OF PLAINTIFFS’ FAC EXHIBIT 3 Ex. 3 77 1 FRANCIS M. GREGOREK (144785) gregorek@whafh.com 2 BETSY C. MANIFOLD (182450) manifold@whafh.com 3 RACHELE R. RICKERT (190634) rickert@whafh.com 4 MARISA C. LIVESAY (223247) livesay@whafh.com 5 WOLF HALDENSTEIN ADLER FREEMAN & HERZ LLP 6 750 B Street, Suite 2770 San Diego, CA 92101 7 Telephone: 619/239-4599 Facsimile: 619/234-4599 8 9 Interim Lead Counsel for Plaintiffs and the [Proposed] Class 10 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 11 CENTRAL DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA - 12 WESTERN DIVISION 13 14 GOOD MORNING TO YOU 15 PRODUCTIONS CORP., et al., 16 Plaintiffs, 17 18 v. 19 WARNER/CHAPPELL MUSIC, 20 INC., et al., 21 22 23 24 25 Defendants. ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) Lead Case No. CV 13-04460-GHK (MRWx) DECLARATION OF MARK C. RIFKIN IN SUPPORT OF NOTICE OF MOTION AND CROSS-MOTION AND MOTION AND CROSS-MOTION FOR SUMMARY JUDGMENT Date: Time: Room: Judge: January 26, 2015 9:30 a.m. 650 Hon. George H. King, Chief Judge 26 27 28 Ex. 3 78 1 I, Mark C. Rifkin, hereby declare as follows: 2 1. I am an attorney duly licensed to practice law in the states of New York 3 and Pennsylvania and am admitted to the bar of this Court pro hac vice as interim 4 lead class counsel for plaintiffs in the above-captioned matter. I am a member of 5 the law firm of Wolf Haldenstein Adler Freeman & Herz LLP, Interim Lead Class 6 Counsel for the Plaintiffs in the above-captioned action. I have personal knowledge 7 of the facts stated herein and, if called as a witness, I could and would testify 8 competently thereto. 2. The evidentiary record in this matter does not contain a copy of the 9 10 February 1, 1893 assignment (the “1893 Assignment”) from Mildred J. Hill and 11 Patty S. Hill (the “Hill Sisters”) to Clayton F. Summy (“Summy”). 12 3. No copy of the 1893 Assignment is known to exist. 13 4. Consequently, it is impossible to know the terms of the 1893 14 Assignment between the Hill Sisters and Summy. 5. The record in this matter does not contain any evidence that Mildred Hill 15 16 or Patty Hill were every employed by Summy or any corporation owned by Summy. 17 To the contrary, the New Song Information Sheet (App’x, Ex. 27 [WC0001983-84]) 18 produced by Defendant Warner/Chappell Music, Inc. states that the Hill Sisters were 19 not employees-for-hire. 6. 20 By 1912, Cable Company Chicago had begun publishing sheet music 21 under the following title: 22 Good-Morning to You. 23 GOOD-BYE TO YOU - HAPPY BIRTHDAY TO YOU 24 App’x, Ex. 13 [P003423-3424]. 7. The evidentiary record in this matter does not contain any evidence that 25 26 Cable Company Chicago ever purported to own a copyright to Happy Birthday. 27 /// 28 /// Ex. 3 -1- 79 1 8. I have reviewed the evidentiary record in this matter as well as the 2 Catalogs of Copyright Entries prepared by the Copyright Office and there is no 3 evidence that copyright to Song Stories for the Kindergarten, Reg. No. 45997 (filed 4 on or about October 13, 1893) was renewed by Summy or the Clayton F. Summy 5 Company prior to the expiration of its original 28 year term. 6 9. The evidentiary record in this matter does not contain any evidence that 7 Happy Birthday was ever fixed in a tangible medium by Mildred Hill, Patty Hill, or 8 9 Jessica Hill at any time prior to December 6, 1935. I declare under penalty of perjury of the laws of the United States that the 10 · foregoing is true and correct. Executed this 25th day of November 2014, in the City 11 and County of New York, State of New York. 12 13 By:-+_ _ _ _-=-~_+.f----- 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 WARNERlCHAPPELL:21335.mcr.decl. -2- Ex. 3 80 EXHIBIT 4 Ex. 4 81 Ex. 4 82 82 1 I, Beth A. Landes, hereby declare as follows: 2 1. I am an associate attorney at Wolf Haldenstein Adler Freeman & Herz 3 LLP, interim lead class counsel for Plaintiffs in the above-entitled action. I have 4 personal knowledge of the facts stated herein and, if called as a witness, I could and 5 would testify competently thereto. 6 2. On April 24, 2014, I requested certified copies of various records from 7 the United States Copyright Office, including Certificate of Registrations for the 8 copyrights registered under Reg. Nos. E51988, E51990, R306185, and R306186. 3. On or about June 12, 2014, I received registration certificates for the 9 10 copyrights in question, certified by Maria A. Pallante, Register of Copyrights and 11 Associate Librarian for Copyright Services, as follows: 12 a. Additional Certificate of Registration of a Claim to Copyright for 13 E51988, the original certified copyright record will be lodged and 14 manually filed with this Court, and a true and correct copy of which is 15 attached at App’x, Ex. 44 at pp. 626-627; 16 b. Additional Certificate of Registration of a Claim to Copyright for 17 E51990, the original certified copyright record will be lodged and 18 manually filed with this Court, and a true and correct copy of which is 19 attached at App’x, Ex. 48 at pp. 653-654; 20 c. Additional Certificate of Registration of a Claim to Copyright for 21 R306185, the original certified copyright record will be lodged and 22 manually filed with this Court, and a true and correct copy of which is 23 attached at App’x, Ex. 67 at pp. 808-810; 24 d. Additional Certificate of Registration of a Claim to Copyright for 25 R306186, the original certified copyright record will be lodged and 26 manually filed with this Court, and a true and correct copy of which is 27 attached at App’x, Ex. 68 at pp. 812-814; 28 Ex. 4 -1- 83 83 ([   ([   EXHIBIT 5 Ex. 5 86 Ex. 5 87 87 Ex. 5 88 88 89 89 Ex. 5 90 90 Ex. 5 91 91 Ex. 5 92 92 Ex. 5

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