Isaias Miguel Mendoza v. Los Angeles County
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER DISMISSING ACTION by Judge James V. Selna. IT IS THEREFORE ORDERED that this action is dismissed and that the Clerk enter judgment accordingly. Case Terminated. Made JS-6. (dml)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
CENTRAL DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
ISAIAS MIGUEL MENDOZA,
Case No. CV 16-3504 JVS(JC)
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND
ORDER DISMISSING ACTION
LOS ANGELES COUNTY,
BACKGROUND AND SUMMARY
On May 20, 2016, Isaias Miguel Mendoza (“plaintiff”), who is currently at
liberty, is proceeding without a lawyer (i.e., “pro se”), and has been granted leave
to proceed in forma pauperis, filed what the Court construed to be a Complaint
(“Original Complaint”) pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983 (“Section 1983”) against Los
Angeles County (“County”) for alleged federal civil rights and state law violations
related to plaintiff’s detention at the Los Angeles County Jail. (Original Complaint
at 1-6). Plaintiff essentially alleged that County personnel improperly notified
federal immigration authorities of his assumed immigration status and improperly
retained him in custody at the Los Angeles County jail after the issuance of a
release order and without an immigration hold in order to permit immigration
1 authorities to determine whether he was subject to removal from the United States.
On January 3, 2017, this Court screened the Original Complaint, notified
3 plaintiff of multiple deficiencies therein, and dismissed the Original Complaint
4 with leave to amend (“Dismissal Order”). (Docket No. 15). The Court granted
5 plaintiff leave to file a First Amended Complaint within fourteen (14) days, i.e., by
6 January 17, 2017, to the extent plaintiff was able to cure the pleading defects set
7 forth in the Dismissal Order. (Docket No. 15 at 10). The Dismissal Order further
8 directed plaintiff, in the event he elected not to proceed with this action, to file a
9 Notice of Dismissal. (Docket No. 15 at 11). The Dismissal Order also provided
10 the following warning:
Plaintiff is cautioned that, absent further order of the
Court, plaintiff’s failure timely to file a First Amended Complaint
or Notice of Dismissal may result in the dismissal of this action
with or without prejudice on the grounds set forth [in the
Dismissal Order] and/or for failure diligently to prosecute, and/or
failure to comply with the Court’s [Dismissal] Order.
17 (Docket No. 15 at 11) (emphasis in original).
Plaintiff has not filed a First Amended Complaint or a Notice of Dismissal
19 and has not requested an extension of time to do so.
Based upon the record and the applicable law, and as further discussed
22 below, the Court dismisses this action due to plaintiff’s failure to state a claim
23 upon which relief can be granted, his failure to comply with the Dismissal Order,
24 and his failure diligently to prosecute.
First, as explained in detail in the Dismissal Order, the Original Complaint
26 failed to state a claim upon which relief may be granted. The Dismissal Order
27 explained in detail what plaintiff needed to do to cure the deficiencies in his
28 pleading, granted plaintiff ample leave to file an amended complaint to the extent
1 he was able to cure the multiple pleading deficiencies identified, and warned
2 plaintiff that the action would be dismissed if he failed timely to file such an
3 amendment. Since plaintiff did not file an amended complaint despite having been
4 given an opportunity to do so, the Court can only conclude that plaintiff is simply
5 unable or unwilling to draft a complaint that states viable claims for relief. See,
6 e.g., Knapp v. Hogan, 738 F.3d 1106, 1110 (9th Cir. 2013) (“When a litigant
7 knowingly and repeatedly refuses to conform his pleadings to the requirements of
8 the Federal Rules, it is reasonable to conclude that the litigant simply cannot state a
9 claim.”) (emphasis in original), cert. denied, 135 S. Ct. 57 (2014). Accordingly,
10 dismissal of the instant action based upon plaintiff’s failure to state a claim is
Second, dismissal is appropriate based upon plaintiff’s failure to comply
13 with the Dismissal Order and the failure diligently to prosecute. It is well14 established that a district court may sua sponte dismiss an action where a plaintiff
15 has failed to comply with a court order and/or unreasonably failed to prosecute.
16 See Link v. Wabash Railroad Co., 370 U.S. 626, 629-33 (1962); Ferdik v.
17 Bonzelet, 963 F.2d 1258, 1260 (9th Cir.) (as amended), cert. denied, 506 U.S. 915
18 (1992); see also McKeever v. Block, 932 F.2d 795, 797 (9th Cir. 1991) (district
19 court may sua sponte dismiss action “only for an unreasonable failure to
20 prosecute”) (citations omitted); see also Edwards v. Marin Park, Inc., 356 F.3d
21 1058, 1065 (9th Cir. 2004) (sua sponte dismissal pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 41(b)
22 proper sanction in cases where a plaintiff is notified of deficiencies in complaint
23 and is given “the opportunity to amend [the complaint] or be dismissed” but the
24 plaintiff “[does] nothing”) (citations omitted; emphasis in original).
In determining whether to dismiss an action for failure to prosecute or
26 failure to comply with court orders, a district court must consider several factors,
27 namely (1) the public’s interest in expeditious resolution of litigation; (2) the
28 court’s need to manage its docket; (3) the risk of prejudice to the defendant;
1 (4) the public policy favoring disposition of cases on their merits; and (5) the
2 availability of less drastic alternatives. See In re Eisen, 31 F.3d 1447, 1451 (9th
3 Cir. 1994) (failure to prosecute); Ferdik, 963 F.2d at 1260-61 (failure to comply
4 with court orders). Dismissal is appropriate “where at least four factors support
5 dismissal . . . or where at least three factors ‘strongly’ support dismissal.”
6 Hernandez v. City of El Monte, 138 F.3d 393, 399 (9th Cir. 1998) (citations
7 omitted).1 Here, as at least the first three factors strongly support dismissal, the
8 Court finds that plaintiff’s unreasonable failure to prosecute his case and failure to
9 comply with the Dismissal Order warrant dismissal.
IT IS THEREFORE ORDERED that this action is dismissed and that the
12 Clerk enter judgment accordingly.
13 DATED: February 6, 2017
HONORABLE JAMES V. SELNA
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
Where a plaintiff is proceeding pro se, a court must first notify the plaintiff of the
deficiencies in the complaint so that the plaintiff has an opportunity “to amend effectively.”
Ferdik, 963 F.2d at 1261 (citation omitted). A district judge may not dismiss an action for
failure to comply with a court order (e.g., the Dismissal Order) or for unreasonable failure to
prosecute if the initial decision to dismiss a complaint was erroneous. Yourish v. California
Amplifier, 191 F.3d 983, 992 (9th Cir. 1999) (citing id.). Here, as noted above, plaintiff has
been notified of the deficiencies in the Original Complaint and has been afforded the opportunity
to amend effectively. Further, the Court’s Dismissal Order was not erroneous.
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