Continental Casualty Company v. The Kroger Company et al
ADDENDUM TO PROTECTIVE ORDER by Magistrate Judge Michael R. Wilner. (See Order for details) re Stipulation for Protective Order 37 (vm)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
CENTRAL DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA, WESTERN DIVISION
10 CONTINENTAL CASUALTY
Case No. 2:16-CV-04087-JAK (MRWx)
[PROPOSED] ADDENDUM TO
THE KROGER COMPANY, and
14 DOES 1 through 100, inclusive,
THE KROGER COMPANY,
ADDENDUM TO PROTECTIVE ORDER
On November 29, 2016, this Court entered a Stipulated Protective Order to be
3 applied to the production of medical and personal information in this litigation. See
4 Docket No. 27 (the “Protective Order”). The Protective Order states as follows with
5 respect to information produced by a “Non-Party” :
“The terms of this Order are applicable to information produced by a
Non-Party in this Action and designated as ‘CONFIDENTIAL.’ Such information
produced by Non-Parties in connection with this litigation is protected by the
remedies and relief provided by this Order. Nothing in these provisions should be
construed as prohibiting a Non-Party from seeking additional protections.”
11 Protective Order, Docket No. 27, Section 9 (a).
Shortly prior to the Court’s entry of the Protective Order, Continental Casualty
13 Company (“Continental Casualty”) issued a subpoena (the “Subpoena”) to Sedgwick
14 Claim Management Services (“Sedgwick”), which is a third party administrator The
15 Subpoena seeks production of workers’ compensation claim files of injured workers
16 employed by The Kroger Company (“Kroger”) that are not parties to this action. The
17 claim files contain sensitive medical and personal information (“Confidential
18 Information”) pertaining to Kroger’s injured employees.
Sedgwick, a Non-Party to this litigation, is concerned that, despite Section 9(a) of
20 the Protective Order, its production of documents containing Confidential Information
21 could constitute a violation of, among other things, California Labor Code Section 3762(c)
22 (which applies to third party administrators and limits disclosure of medical information
23 pertaining to injured workers to the diagnosis and treatment of the work injury).
24 Accordingly, Sedgwick requests “additional protections” (referenced in Section 9(a) of the
25 Protective Order) in the form of this Addendum to the Protective Order.
The Good Cause Statement of the Protective Order is incorporated by
GOOD CAUSE STATEMENT FOR THIS ADDENDUM
3 reference to the extent applicable. In addition to the case law cited in that Good
4 Cause Statement (pertaining to the need for the protection of Confidential
5 Information), California Labor Code Section 3762(c) is specific to workers’
6 compensation claim file information and applies to third party administrators, such
7 as Sedgwick. It states as follows:
An insurer, third-party administrator retained by a self-insured
employer pursuant to Section 3702.1 to administer the employer's
workers' compensation claims, and those employees and agents
specified by a self-insured employer to administer the employer's
workers' compensation claims, are prohibited from disclosing or
causing to be disclosed to an employer, any medical information, as
defined in Section 56.05 of the Civil Code, about an employee who
has filed a workers' compensation claim, except as follows:
(1) Medical information limited to the diagnosis of the mental or
physical condition for which workers' compensation is claimed and
the treatment provided for this condition.
(2) Medical information regarding the injury for which workers'
compensation is claimed that is necessary for the employer to have
in order for the employer to modify the employee's work duties.
17 Cal. Lab. Code § 3762(c).
It is undisputed that the claim files requested by the Subpoena contain
19 Confidential Information, including the medical information referenced in
20 California Labor Code section 3762. As a third party administrator subject to
21 California Labor Code section 3762, Sedgwick is accountable for maintaining the
22 Confidential Information of the injured workers contained in their claim files,
23 particularly when such information includes sensitive medical history, medical
24 conditions, diagnosis and treatment.
Subjecting the injured workers’ claim files containing Confidential
26 Information to public disclosure could violate statutory restrictions and expose the
27 injured workers to annoyance, embarrassment, harassment, oppression, or undue
28 burden or expense. See Fed. R. Civ. P. 26(c)(1). heightened concern regarding
1 confidentiality arises where, as here, the information sought belongs to third parties
2 - the injured workers - that have not placed their medical condition in issue in this
As a result, Sedgwick, as a Producing Party (as that term is used in the
5 Protective Order), could be accused of breaching a duty to protect the injured
6 workers’ private information from public disclosure . Thus, good cause exists for
7 allowing Sedgwick to produce materials responsive to the Subpoena in accordance
8 with the terms of the Protective Order and to benefit from all of the protections of
9 the Protective Order.
The purpose of this Addendum is to confirm that (i) Sedgwick’s production of
PURPOSE OF THIS ADDENDUM
12 materials marked “CONFIDENTIAL” pursuant to the terms of the Protective Order
13 is necessary in this action and shall not constitute a violation of California Labor
14 Code Section 3762(c) or any other statute or law protecting privacy; and (ii) a
15 blanket designation by Sedgwick of each of the requested worker’s claim files as
16 “CONFIDENTIAL” shall be acceptable to the parties and the Court given the
17 sensitive and pervasive nature of the Confidential Information contained therein,
18 despite any terms of the Protective Order to the contrary. All other terms of the
19 Protective Order shall remain applicable for purposes of Sedgwick’s production,
20 including but not limited to the obligation of the parties to maintain materials
21 designated as “CONFIDENTIAL” in a confidential, non-public manner in
22 compliance with the terms, conditions, provisions, and restrictions set forth in the
23 Court’s Protective Order. Continental Casualty and Kroger have been informed of
24 this Addendum to the Protective Order, and they do not object to it.
25 FOR GOOD CAUSE SHOWN, IT IS SO ORDERED.
27 DATED: May 9, 2017
HON. MICHAEL R. WILNER
United StatesMagistrate Judge
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