Cori Hill v. Bluestem Brands, Inc

Filing 24

PROTECTIVE ORDER by Magistrate Judge Karen L. Stevenson re Stipulation for Protective Order 23 (See order for details) (rh)

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 11 CENTRAL DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 12 Case No. 2:16-cv-04140-CAS-KS 13 14 CORI HILL, Plaintiff, 15 STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER 16 v. 17 BLUESTEM BRANDS, INC. dba FINGERHUT, 18 Defendant. 19 Complaint Filed: June 10, 2016 Trial: December 12, 2017 20 21 22 1. INTRODUCTION 23 A. 24 Discovery in this action is likely to involve production of confidential, PURPOSES AND LIMITATIONS 25 proprietary, or private information for which special protection from public disclosure 26 and from use for any purpose other than prosecuting this litigation may be warranted. 27 Accordingly, the parties hereby stipulate to and petition the Court to enter the 28 following Stipulated Protective Order. The parties acknowledge that this Order does STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER 1 not confer blanket protections on all disclosures or responses to discovery and that the 2 protection it affords from public disclosure and use extends only to the limited 3 information or items that are entitled to confidential treatment under the applicable 4 legal principles. The patties further acknowledge, as set forth in Section 12.3, below, 5 that this Stipulated Protective Order does not entitle them to file confidential 6 information under seal; Civil Local Rule 79-5 sets forth the procedures that must be 7 followed and the standards that will be applied when a party seeks permission from 8 the court to file material under seal. 9 10 B. GOOD CAUSE STATEMENT This action is likely to involve defendant Bluestem Brands, Inc.’s commercial 11 and/or proprietary information, as well as Plaintiff Cori Hill’s personal identifying 12 information and use of a Bluestem Brands, Inc. credit account for which special 13 protection from public disclosure and from use for any purpose other than prosecution 14 of this action is warranted. Such confidential and proprietary materials and 15 information consist of, among other things, confidential financial information, 16 information regarding confidential business practices, or other confidential 17 commercial information (including information implicating privacy rights of third 18 parties), information otherwise generally unavailable to the public, or which may be 19 privileged or otherwise protected from disclosure under state or federal statutes, court 20 rules, case decisions, or common law. Accordingly, to expedite the flow of 21 information, to facilitate the prompt resolution of disputes over confidentiality of 22 discovery materials, to adequately protect information the parties are entitled to keep 23 confidential, to ensure that the parties are permitted reasonable necessary uses of such 24 material in preparation for and in the conduct of trial, to address their handling at the 25 end of the litigation, and serve the ends of justice, a protective order for such 26 information is justified in this matter. It is the intent of the parties that information 27 will not be designated as confidential for tactical reasons and that nothing be so 28 designated without a good faith belief that it has been maintained in a confidential, 2 STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER 1 non-public manner, and there is good cause why it should not be part of the public 2 record of this case. 3 2. DEFINITIONS 4 2.1 Action: this pending federal law suit. 5 2.2 Challenging Party: a Party or Non-Party that challenges the designation 6 of information or items under this Order. 7 2.3 “CONFIDENTIAL” Information or Items: information (regardless of 8 how it is generated, stored or maintained) or tangible things that qualify for protection 9 under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 26(c), and as specified above in the Good 10 Cause Statement. 11 2.4 Counsel: Outside Counsel of Record and House Counsel (as well as their 12 support staff). 13 2.5 Designating Party: a Party or Non-Party that designates information or 14 items that it produces in disclosures or in responses to discovery as 15 “CONFIDENTIAL.” 16 2.6 Disclosure or Discovery Material: all items or information, regardless of 17 the medium or manner in which it is generated, stored, or maintained (including, 18 among other things, testimony, transcripts, and tangible things), that are produced or 19 generated in disclosures or responses to discovery in this matter. 20 2.7 Expert: a person with specialized knowledge or experience in a matter 21 pertinent to the litigation who has been retained by a Party or its counsel to serve as an 22 expert witness or as a consultant in this Action. 23 2.8 House Counsel: attorneys who are employees of a party to this Action. 24 House Counsel does not include Outside Counsel of Record or any other outside 25 counsel. 26 2.9 Non-Party: any natural person, partnership, corporation, association, or 27 other legal entity not named as a Party to this action. 28 3 STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER 1 2.10 Outside Counsel of Record: attorneys who are not employees of a party 2 to this Action but are retained to represent or advise a party to this Action and have 3 appeared in this Action on behalf of that party or are affiliated with a law firm which 4 has appeared on behalf of that party, and includes support staff. 5 2.11 Party: any party to this Action, including all of its officers, directors, 6 employees, consultants, retained experts, and Outside Counsel of Record (and their 7 support staffs). 8 2.12 Producing Party: a Party or Non-Party that produces Disclosure or 9 Discovery Material in this Action. 10 2.13 Professional Vendors: persons or entities that provide litigation support 11 services (e.g., photocopying, videotaping, translating, preparing exhibits or 12 demonstrations, and organizing, storing, or retrieving data in any form or medium) 13 and their employees and subcontractors. 14 2.14 Protected Material: any Disclosure or Discovery Material that is 15 designated as "CONFIDENTIAL." 16 2.15 Receiving Party: a Party that receives Disclosure or Discovery Material 17 from a Producing Party. 18 3. SCOPE 19 The protections conferred by this Stipulation and Order cover not only 20 Protected Material (as defined above), but also (1) any information copied or extracted 21 from Protected Material; (2) all copies, excerpts, summaries, or compilations of 22 Protected Material; and (3) any testimony, conversations, or presentations by Parties 23 or their Counsel that might reveal Protected Material. 24 Any use of Protected Material at trial shall be governed by the orders of the trial 25 judge. This Order does not govern the use of Protected Material at trial. 26 4. DURATION 27 Even after final disposition of this litigation, the confidentiality obligations 28 imposed by this Order shall remain in effect until a Designating Party agrees 4 STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER 1 otherwise in writing or a court order otherwise directs. Final disposition shall be 2 deemed to be the later of (1) dismissal of all claims and defenses in this Action, with 3 or without prejudice; and (2) final judgment herein after the completion and 4 exhaustion of all appeals, rehearings, remands, trials, or reviews of this Action, 5 including the time limits for filing any motions or applications for extension of time 6 pursuant to applicable law. 7 5. 8 DESIGNATING PROTECTED MATERIAL 5.1 Exercise of Restraint and Care in Designating Material for Protection. 9 Each Party or Non-Party that designates information or items for protection under this 10 Order must take care to limit any such designation to specific material that qualifies 11 under the appropriate standards. The Designating Party must designate for protection 12 only those parts of material, documents, items, or oral or written communications that 13 qualify so that other portions of the material, documents, items, or communications 14 for which protection is not warranted are not swept unjustifiably within the ambit of 15 this Order. 16 Mass, indiscriminate, or routinized designations are prohibited. Designations 17 that are shown to be clearly unjustified or that have been made for an improper 18 purpose (e.g., to unnecessarily encumber the case development process or to impose 19 unnecessary expenses and burdens on other parties) may expose the Designating Party 20 to sanctions. 21 If it comes to a Designating Party’s attention that information or items that it 22 designated for protection do not qualify for protection, that Designating Party must 23 promptly notify all other Parties that it is withdrawing the inapplicable designation. 24 5.2 Manner and Timing of Designations. Except as otherwise provided in 25 this Order (see, e.g., second paragraph of section 5.2(a) below), or as otherwise 26 stipulated or ordered, Disclosure or Discovery Material that qualifies for protection 27 under this Order must be clearly so designated before the material is disclosed or 28 produced. 5 STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER 1 Designation in conformity with this Order requires: 2 (a) for information in documentary form (e.g., paper or electronic 3 documents, but excluding transcripts of depositions or other pretrial or trial 4 proceedings), that the Producing Party affix at a minimum, the legend 5 "CONFIDENTIAL" (hereinafter "CONFIDENTIAL legend"), to each page that 6 contains protected material. If only a portion or portions of the material on a page 7 qualifies for protection, the Producing Party also must clearly identify the protected 8 portion(s) (e.g., by making appropriate markings in the margins). 9 A Party or Non-Party that makes original documents available for 10 inspection need not designate them for protection until after the inspecting Party has 11 indicated which documents it would like copied and produced. During the inspection 12 and before the designation, all of the material made available for inspection shall be 13 deemed “CONFIDENTIAL.” After the inspecting Party has identified the documents 14 it wants copied and produced, the Producing Party must determine which documents, 15 or portions thereof, qualify for protection under this Order. Then, before producing the 16 specified documents, the Producing Party must affix the “CONFIDENTIAL legend” 17 to each page that contains Protected Material. If only a portion or portions of the 18 material on a page qualifies for protection, the Producing Party also must clearly 19 identify the protected portion(s) (e.g., by making appropriate markings in the 20 margins). 21 (b) for testimony given in depositions that the Designating Party 22 identify the Disclosure or Discovery Material on the record, before the close of the 23 deposition all protected testimony. 24 (c) for information produced in some form other than documentary 25 and for any other tangible items, that the Producing Party affix in a prominent place 26 on the exterior of the container or containers in which the information is stored the 27 legend “CONFIDENTIAL.” If only a portion or portions of the information warrants 28 6 STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER 1 protection, the Producing Party, to the extent practicable, shall identify the protected 2 portion(s). 3 5.3 Inadvertent Failures to Designate. If timely corrected, an inadvertent 4 failure to designate qualified information or items does not, standing alone, waive the 5 Designating Party's right to secure protection under this Order for such material. Upon 6 timely correction of a designation, the Receiving Party must make reasonable efforts 7 to assure that the material is treated in accordance with the provisions of this Order. 8 6. 9 CHALLENGING CONFIDENTIALITY DESIGNATIONS 6.1 Timing of Challenges. Any Party or Non-Party may challenge a 10 designation of confidentiality at any time that is consistent with the Court's 11 Scheduling Order. 12 6.2 Meet and Confer. The Challenging Party shall initiate the dispute 13 resolution process under Local Rule 37.1 et seq. 14 6.3 The burden of persuasion in any such challenge proceeding shall be on 15 the Designating Party. Frivolous challenges, and those made for an improper purpose 16 (e.g., to harass or impose unnecessary expenses and burdens on other parties) may 17 expose the Challenging Party to sanctions. Unless the Designating Party has waived or 18 withdrawn the confidentiality designation, all parties shall continue to afford the 19 material in question the level of protection to which it is entitled under the Producing 20 Party’s designation until the Court rules on the challenge. 21 7. 22 ACCESS TO AND USE OF PROTECTED MATERIAL 7.1 Basic Principles. A Receiving Party may use Protected Material that is 23 disclosed or produced by another Party or by a Non-Party in connection with this 24 Action only for prosecuting, defending, or attempting to settle this Action. Such 25 Protected Material may be disclosed only to the categories of persons and under the 26 conditions described in this Order. When the Action has been terminated, a Receiving 27 Party must comply with the provisions of section 13 below (FINAL DISPOSITION). 28 7 STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER 1 Protected Material must be stored and maintained by a Receiving Party at a 2 location and in a secure manner that ensures that access is limited to the persons 3 authorized under this Order. 4 7.2 Disclosure of “CONFIDENTIAL” Information or Items. Unless 5 otherwise ordered by the court or permitted in writing by the Designating Party, a 6 Receiving Party may disclose any information or item designated “CONFIDENTIAL” 7 only to: 8 (a) the Receiving Party's Outside Counsel of Record in this Action, as 9 well as employees of said Outside Counsel of Record to whom it is reasonably 10 necessary to disclose the information for this Action; 11 (b) the officers, directors, and employees (including House Counsel) 12 of the Receiving Party to whom disclosure is reasonably necessary for this Action; 13 (c) Experts (as defined in this Order) of the Receiving Party to whom 14 disclosure is reasonably necessary for this Action and who have signed the 15 "Acknowledgment and Agreement to Be Bound" (Exhibit A); 16 (d) the court and its personnel; 17 (e) court reporters and their staff; 18 (f) professional jury or trial consultants, mock jurors, and Professional 19 Vendors to whom disclosure is reasonably necessary for this Action and who have 20 signed the “Acknowledgment and Agreement to Be Bound” (Exhibit A); 21 (g) the author or recipient of a document containing the information or 22 a custodian or other person who otherwise possessed or knew the information; 23 (h) during their depositions, witnesses, and attorneys for witnesses, in 24 the Action to whom disclosure is reasonably necessary provided: (1) the deposing 25 party requests that the witness sign the form attached as Exhibit 1 hereto; and (2) they 26 will not be permitted to keep any confidential information unless they sign the 27 “Acknowledgment and Agreement to Be Bound” (Exhibit A), unless otherwise agreed 28 by the Designating Party or ordered by the court. Pages of transcribed deposition 8 STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER 1 testimony or exhibits to depositions that reveal Protected Material may be separately 2 bound by the court reporter and may not be disclosed to anyone except as permitted 3 under this Stipulated Protective Order; and (i) 4 any mediator or settlement officer, and their supporting personnel, 5 mutually agreed upon by any of the parties engaged in settlement discussions. 6 8. PROTECTED MATERIAL SUBPOENAED OR ORDERED 7 PRODUCED IN OTHER LITIGATION 8 If a Party is served with a subpoena or a court order issued in other litigation 9 that compels disclosure of any information or items designated in this Action as 10 “CONFIDENTIAL,” that Party must: 11 (a) promptly notify in writing the Designating Party. Such notification shall 12 include a copy of the subpoena or court order; 13 (b) promptly notify in writing the party who caused the subpoena or order to 14 issue in the other litigation that some or all of the material covered by the subpoena or 15 order is subject to this Protective Order. Such notification shall include a copy of this 16 Stipulated Protective Order; and 17 (c) cooperate with respect to all reasonable procedures sought to be pursued 18 by the Designating Party whose Protected Material may be affected. 19 If the Designating Party timely seeks a protective order, the Party served with 20 the subpoena or court order shall not produce any information designated in this 21 action as “CONFIDENTIAL” before a determination by the court from which the 22 subpoena or order issued, unless the Party has obtained the Designating Party’s 23 permission. The Designating Party shall bear the burden and expense of seeking 24 protection in that court of its confidential material and nothing in these provisions 25 should be construed as authorizing or encouraging a Receiving Party in this Action to 26 disobey a lawful directive from another court. 27 \\ 28 \\ 9 STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER 1 9. A NON-PARTY’S PROTECTED MATERIAL SOUGHT TO BE 2 PRODUCED IN THIS LITIGATION 3 (a) The terms of this Order are applicable to information produced by a Non- 4 Party in this Action and designated as “CONFIDENTIAL.” Such information 5 produced by Non-Parties in connection with this litigation is protected by the 6 remedies and relief provided by this Order. Nothing in these provisions should be 7 construed as prohibiting a Non-Party from seeking additional protections. 8 (b) In the event that a Party is required, by a valid discovery request, to 9 produce a Non-Party's confidential information in its possession, and the Party is 10 subject to an agreement with the Non-Party not to produce the Non-Party's 11 confidential information, then the Party shall: (1) 12 promptly notify in writing the Requesting Party and the Non-Party 13 that some or all of the information requested is subject to a confidentiality agreement 14 with a Non-Party; (2) 15 promptly provide the Non-Party with a copy of the Stipulated 16 Protective Order in this Action, the relevant discovery request(s), and a reasonably 17 specific description of the information requested; and (3) 18 make the information requested available for inspection by the 19 Non-Party, if requested. 20 (c) If the Non-Party fails to seek a protective order from this court within 14 21 days of receiving the notice and accompanying information, the Receiving Party may 22 produce the Non-Party's confidential information responsive to the discovery request. 23 If the Non-Party timely seeks a protective order, the Receiving Party shall not produce 24 any information in its possession or control that is subject to the confidentiality 25 agreement with the Non-Party before a determination by the court. Absent a court 26 order to the contrary, the Non-Party shall bear the burden and expense of seeking 27 protection in this court of its Protected Material. 28 \\ 10 STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER 1 10. 2 UNAUTHORIZED DISCLOSURE OF PROTECTED MATERIAL If a Receiving Party learns that, by inadvertence or otherwise, it has disclosed 3 Protected Material to any person or in any circumstance not authorized under this 4 Stipulated Protective Order, the Receiving Party must immediately (a) notify in 5 writing the Designating Party of the unauthorized disclosures, (b) use its best efforts 6 to retrieve all unauthorized copies of the Protected Material, (c) inform the person or 7 persons to whom unauthorized disclosures were made of all the terms of this Order, 8 and (d) request such person or persons to execute the “Acknowledgment and 9 Agreement to Be Bound” that is attached hereto as Exhibit A. 10 11. INADVERTENT PRODUCTION OF PRIVILEGED OR OTHERWISE 11 PROTECTED MATERIAL 12 When a Producing Party gives notice to Receiving Parties that certain 13 inadvertently produced material is subject to a claim of privilege or other protection, 14 the obligations of the Receiving Parties are those set forth in Federal Rule of Civil 15 Procedure 26(b)(5)(B). This provision is not intended to modify whatever procedure 16 may be established in an e-discovery order that provides for production without prior 17 privilege review. Pursuant to Federal Rule of Evidence 502(d) and (e), insofar as the 18 parties reach an agreement on the effect of disclosure of a communication or 19 information covered by the attorney-client privilege or work product protection, the 20 parties may incorporate their agreement in the stipulated protective order submitted to 21 the court. 22 12. 23 MISCELLANEOUS 12.1 Right to Further Relief. Nothing in this Order abridges the right of any 24 person to seek its modification by the Court in the future. 25 12.2 Right to Assert Other Objections. By stipulating to the entry of this 26 Protective Order no Party waives any right it otherwise would have to object to 27 disclosing or producing any information or item on any ground not addressed in this 28 Stipulated Protective Order. Similarly, no Party waives any right to object on any 11 STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER 1 ground to use in evidence of any of the material covered by this Protective Order. 2 12.3 Filing Protected Material. A Party that seeks to file under seal any 3 Protected Material must comply with Civil Local Rule 79-5. Protected Material may 4 only be filed under seal pursuant to a court order authorizing the sealing of the 5 specific Protected Material at issue. If a Party’s request to file Protected Material 6 under seal is denied by the court, then the Receiving Party may file the information in 7 the public record unless otherwise instructed by the court. 8 13. FINAL DISPOSITION 9 After the final disposition of this Action, as defined in paragraph 4, within 60 days of 10 a written request by the Designating Party, each Receiving Party must return all 11 Protected Material to the Producing Party or destroy such material. As used in this 12 subdivision, "all Protected Material" includes all copies, abstracts, compilations, 13 summaries, and any other format reproducing or capturing any of the Protected 14 Material. Whether the Protected Material is returned or destroyed, the Receiving Party 15 must submit a written certification to the Producing Party (and, if not the same person 16 or entity, to the Designating Party) by the 60 day deadline that (1) identifies (by 17 category, where appropriate) all the Protected Material that was returned or destroyed 18 and (2)affirms that the Receiving Party has not retained any copies, abstracts, 19 compilations, summaries or any other format reproducing or capturing any of the 20 Protected Material. Notwithstanding this provision, Counsel are entitled to retain an 21 archival copy of all pleadings, motion papers, trial, deposition, and hearing transcripts, 22 legal memoranda, correspondence, deposition and trial exhibits, expert reports, 23 attorney work product, and consultant and expert work product, even if such materials 24 contain Protected Material. Any such archival copies that contain or constitute 25 Protected Material remain subject to this Protective Order as set forth in Section 4 26 (DURATION). 27 14. ENFORCEMENT 28 Any violation of this order may be punished by any and all appropriate 12 STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER 1 measures including, without limitation, contempt proceedings and/or monetary 2 sanctions. 3 4 FOR GOOD CAUSE SHOWN, IT IS SO ORDERED. 5 6 DATED: April 17, 2017 7 _____________________________________ KAREN L. STEVENSON UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 13 STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER 1 EXHIBIT A 2 ACKNOWLEDGMENT AND AGREEMENT TO BE BOUND 3 I, _____________________________ [print or type full name], of 4 _________________ [print or type full address], declare under penalty of perjury that 5 I have read in its entirety and understand the Stipulated Protective Order that was 6 issued by the United States District Court for the Central District of California on 7 ________ in the case of Cori Hill v. Bluestem Brands, Inc., Case No. 2:16-cv-041408 CAS-KS. I agree to comply with and to be bound by all the terms of this Stipulated 9 Protective Order and I understand and acknowledge that failure to so comply could 10 expose me to sanctions and punishment in the nature of contempt. I solemnly promise 11 that I will not disclose in any manner any information or item that is subject to this 12 Stipulated Protective Order to any person or entity except in strict compliance with the 13 provisions of this Order. 14 I further agree to submit to the jurisdiction of the United States District Court 15 for the Central District of California for the purpose of enforcing the terms of this 16 Stipulated Protective Order, even if such enforcement proceedings occur after 17 termination of this action. I hereby appoint __________________________ [print or 18 type full name] of _______________________________________ [print or type full 19 address and telephone number] as my California agent for service of process in 20 connection with this action or any proceedings related to enforcement of this 21 Stipulated Protective Order. 22 23 Date: ______________________________________ 24 City and State where sworn and signed: _________________________________ 25 Printed name: _______________________________ 26 Signature: __________________________________ 27 28 STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER

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