Mark Brown v. 214 Films, Inc. et al
STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER by Magistrate Judge Gail J. Standish re Stipulation for Protective Order 60 . (ec)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
CENTRAL DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
13 MARK BROWN, an individual,
Judge: Hon. Percy Anderson
Magistrate Judge: Hon. Gail J. Standish
16 ZATELLA BEATTY, an individual;
214 FILMS, INC., a California
17 corporation, and DOES 1-20, inclusive,
CASE NO. 2:16-cv-07666-PA (GJSx)
A. PURPOSES AND LIMITATIONS
Discovery in this action is likely to involve production of confidential,
22 proprietary or private information for which special protection from public
23 disclosure and from use for any purpose other than prosecuting this litigation may
24 be warranted. Accordingly, the parties hereby stipulate to and petition the Court to
25 enter the following Stipulated Protective Order. The parties acknowledge that this
26 Order does not confer blanket protections on all disclosures or responses to
27 discovery and that the protection it affords from public disclosure and use extends
1 only to the limited information or items that are entitled to confidential treatment
2 under the applicable legal principles.
B. GOOD CAUSE STATEMENT
This action is likely to involve trade secrets, customer and pricing lists and
6 other valuable research, development, commercial, financial, technical and/or
7 proprietary information for which special protection from public disclosure and
8 from use for any purpose other than prosecution of this action is warranted. Such
9 confidential and proprietary materials and information consist of, among other
10 things, confidential business or financial information, information regarding
11 confidential business practices, or other confidential research, development, or
12 commercial information (including information implicating privacy rights of third
13 parties), information otherwise generally unavailable to the public, or which may be
14 privileged or otherwise protected from disclosure under state or federal statutes,
15 court rules, case decisions, or common law. Accordingly, to expedite the flow of
16 information, to facilitate the prompt resolution of disputes over confidentiality of
17 discovery materials, to adequately protect information the parties are entitled to keep
18 confidential, to ensure that the parties are permitted reasonable necessary uses of
19 such material in preparation for and in the conduct of trial, to address their handling
20 at the end of the litigation, and serve the ends of justice, a protective order for such
21 information is justified in this matter. It is the intent of the parties that information
22 will not be designated as confidential for tactical reasons and that nothing be so
23 designated without a good faith belief that it has been maintained in a confidential,
24 non-public manner, and there is good cause why it should not be part of the public
25 record of this case.
C. ACKNOWLEDGMENT OF PROCEDURE FOR FILING UNDER SEAL
The parties further acknowledge, as set forth in Section 12.3, below, that this
3 Stipulated Protective Order does not entitle them to file confidential information
4 under seal; Local Civil Rule 79-5 sets forth the procedures that must be followed
5 and the standards that will be applied when a party seeks permission from the court
6 to file material under seal.
There is a strong presumption that the public has a right of access to judicial
8 proceedings and records in civil cases. In connection with non-dispositive motions,
9 good cause must be shown to support a filing under seal. See Kamakana v. City and
10 County of Honolulu, 447 F.3d 1172, 1176 (9th Cir. 2006), Phillips v. Gen. Motors
11 Corp., 307 F.3d 1206, 1210-11 (9th Cir. 2002), Makar-Welbon v. Sony Electrics,
12 Inc., 187 F.R.D. 576, 577 (E.D. Wis. 1999) (even stipulated protective orders
13 require good cause showing), and a specific showing of good cause or compelling
14 reasons with proper evidentiary support and legal justification, must be made with
15 respect to Protected Material that a party seeks to file under seal. The parties’ mere
16 designation of Disclosure or Discovery Material as CONFIDENTIAL does not—
17 without the submission of competent evidence by declaration, establishing that the
18 material sought to be filed under seal qualifies as confidential, privileged, or
19 otherwise protectable—constitute good cause.
Further, if a party requests sealing related to a dispositive motion or trial, then
21 compelling reasons, not only good cause, for the sealing must be shown, and the
22 relief sought shall be narrowly tailored to serve the specific interest to be protected.
23 See Pintos v. Pacific Creditors Ass’n, 605 F.3d 665, 677-79 (9th Cir. 2010). For
24 each item or type of information, document, or thing sought to be filed or introduced
25 under seal in connection with a dispositive motion or trial, the party seeking
26 protection must articulate compelling reasons, supported by specific facts and legal
1 justification, for the requested sealing order. Again, competent evidence supporting
2 the application to file documents under seal must be provided by declaration.
Any document that is not confidential, privileged, or otherwise protectable in
4 its entirety will not be filed under seal if the confidential portions can be redacted.
5 If documents can be redacted, then a redacted version for public viewing, omitting
6 only the confidential, privileged, or otherwise protectable portions of the document,
7 shall be filed. Any application that seeks to file documents under seal in their
8 entirety should include an explanation of why redaction is not feasible.
Action: This pending federal lawsuit referenced in the caption.
Challenging Party: a Party or Non-Party that challenges the
13 designation of information or items under this Order.
“CONFIDENTIAL” Information or Items: information (regardless of
15 how it is generated, stored or maintained) or tangible things that qualify for
16 protection under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 26(c), and as specified above in
17 the Good Cause Statement.
Counsel: Outside Counsel of Record and House Counsel (as well as
19 their support staff).
Designating Party: a Party or Non-Party that designates information or
21 items that it produces in disclosures or in responses to discovery as
Disclosure or Discovery Material: all items or information, regardless
24 of the medium or manner in which it is generated, stored, or maintained (including,
25 among other things, testimony, transcripts, and tangible things), that are produced or
26 generated in disclosures or responses to discovery in this matter.
Expert: a person with specialized knowledge or experience in a matter
1 pertinent to the litigation who has been retained by a Party or its counsel to serve as
2 an expert witness or as a consultant in this Action.
House Counsel: attorneys who are employees of a party to this Action.
4 House Counsel does not include Outside Counsel of Record or any other outside
Non-Party: any natural person, partnership, corporation, association or
7 other legal entity not named as a Party to this action.
2.10 Outside Counsel of Record: attorneys who are not employees of a
9 party to this Action but are retained to represent or advise a party to this Action and
10 have appeared in this Action on behalf of that party or are affiliated with a law firm
11 that has appeared on behalf of that party, and includes support staff.
2.11 Party: any party to this Action, including all of its officers, directors,
13 employees, consultants, retained experts, and Outside Counsel of Record (and their
14 support staffs).
2.12 Producing Party: a Party or Non-Party that produces Disclosure or
16 Discovery Material in this Action.
2.13 Professional Vendors: persons or entities that provide litigation
18 support services (e.g., photocopying, videotaping, translating, preparing exhibits or
19 demonstrations, and organizing, storing, or retrieving data in any form or medium)
20 and their employees and subcontractors.
2.14 Protected Material: any Disclosure or Discovery Material that is
22 designated as “CONFIDENTIAL.”
2.15 Receiving Party: a Party that receives Disclosure or Discovery
24 Material from a Producing Party.
The protections conferred by this Stipulation and Order cover not only
3 Protected Material (as defined above), but also (1) any information copied or
4 extracted from Protected Material; (2) all copies, excerpts, summaries, or
5 compilations of Protected Material; and (3) any testimony, conversations, or
6 presentations by Parties or their Counsel that might reveal Protected Material.
Any use of Protected Material at trial shall be governed by the orders of the
8 trial judge. This Order does not govern the use of Protected Material at trial.
Once a case proceeds to trial, information that was designated as
12 CONFIDENTIAL or maintained pursuant to this protective order used or introduced
13 as an exhibit at trial becomes public and will be presumptively available to all
14 members of the public, including the press, unless compelling reasons supported by
15 specific factual findings to proceed otherwise are made to the trial judge in advance
16 of the trial. See Kamakana, 447 F.3d at 1180-81 (distinguishing “good cause”
17 showing for sealing documents produced in discovery from “compelling reasons”
18 standard when merits-related documents are part of court record). Accordingly, the
19 terms of this protective order do not extend beyond the commencement of the trial.
Notwithstanding the foregoing, if a Party intends to use any Protected
21 Material designated by a Non-Party as an exhibit at trial, that Party shall promptly
22 notify the Non-Party before adding the Protected Material to any exhibit list, or
23 otherwise using the Protected Material at trial, so as to provide the Non-Party with a
24 meaningful opportunity to request that the material be sealed pursuant to the
25 standards set forth above.
DESIGNATING PROTECTED MATERIAL
Exercise of Restraint and Care in Designating Material for Protection.
3 Each Party or Non-Party that designates information or items for protection under
4 this Order must take care to limit any such designation to specific material that
5 qualifies under the appropriate standards. The Designating Party must designate for
6 protection only those parts of material, documents, items or oral or written
7 communications that qualify so that other portions of the material, documents, items
8 or communications for which protection is not warranted are not swept unjustifiably
9 within the ambit of this Order.
Mass, indiscriminate or routinized designations are prohibited. Designations
11 that are shown to be clearly unjustified or that have been made for an improper
12 purpose (e.g., to unnecessarily encumber the case development process or to impose
13 unnecessary expenses and burdens on other parties) may expose the Designating
14 Party to sanctions.
If it comes to a Designating Party’s attention that information or items that it
16 designated for protection do not qualify for protection, that Designating Party must
17 promptly notify all other Parties that it is withdrawing the inapplicable designation.
Manner and Timing of Designations. Except as otherwise provided in
19 this Order (see, e.g., second paragraph of section 5.2(a) below), or as otherwise
20 stipulated or ordered, Disclosure or Discovery Material that qualifies for protection
21 under this Order must be clearly so designated before the material is disclosed or
Designation in conformity with this Order requires:
(a) for information in documentary form (e.g., paper or electronic
25 documents, but excluding transcripts of depositions or other pretrial or trial
26 proceedings), that the Producing Party affix at a minimum, the legend
27 “CONFIDENTIAL” (hereinafter “CONFIDENTIAL legend”), to each page that
1 contains protected material. If only a portion of the material on a page qualifies for
2 protection, the Producing Party also must clearly identify the protected portion(s)
3 (e.g., by making appropriate markings in the margins).
A Party or Non-Party that makes original documents available for inspection
5 need not designate them for protection until after the inspecting Party has indicated
6 which documents it would like copied and produced. During the inspection and
7 before the designation, all of the material made available for inspection shall be
8 deemed “CONFIDENTIAL.” After the inspecting Party has identified the
9 documents it wants copied and produced, the Producing Party must determine which
10 documents, or portions thereof, qualify for protection under this Order. Then,
11 before producing the specified documents, the Producing Party must affix the
12 “CONFIDENTIAL legend” to each page that contains Protected Material. If only a
13 portion of the material on a page qualifies for protection, the Producing Party also
14 must clearly identify the protected portion(s) (e.g., by making appropriate markings
15 in the margins).
(b) for testimony given in depositions that the Designating Party identifies
17 the Disclosure or Discovery Material on the record, before the close of the
18 deposition all protected testimony.
(c) for information produced in some form other than documentary and
20 for any other tangible items, that the Producing Party affix in a prominent place on
21 the exterior of the container or containers in which the information is stored the
22 legend “CONFIDENTIAL.” If only a portion or portions of the information
23 warrants protection, the Producing Party, to the extent practicable, shall identify the
24 protected portion(s).
Inadvertent Failures to Designate. If timely corrected, an inadvertent
26 failure to designate qualified information or items does not, standing alone, waive
27 the Designating Party’s right to secure protection under this Order for such material.
1 Upon timely correction of a designation, the Receiving Party must make reasonable
2 efforts to assure that the material is treated in accordance with the provisions of this
CHALLENGING CONFIDENTIALITY DESIGNATIONS
Timing of Challenges. Any Party or Non-Party may challenge a
6 designation of confidentiality at any time that is consistent with the Court’s
7 Scheduling Order.
Meet and Confer. The Challenging Party shall initiate the dispute
9 resolution process under Local Rule 37.1 et seq.
The burden of persuasion in any such challenge proceeding shall be on
11 the Designating Party. Frivolous challenges, and those made for an improper
12 purpose (e.g., to harass or impose unnecessary expenses and burdens on other
13 parties) may expose the Challenging Party to sanctions. Unless the Designating
14 Party has waived or withdrawn the confidentiality designation, all parties shall
15 continue to afford the material in question the level of protection to which it is
16 entitled under the Producing Party’s designation until the Court rules on the
ACCESS TO AND USE OF PROTECTED MATERIAL
Basic Principles. A Receiving Party may use Protected Material that is
21 disclosed or produced by another Party or by a Non-Party in connection with this
22 Action only for prosecuting, defending or attempting to settle this Action. Such
23 Protected Material may be disclosed only to the categories of persons and under the
24 conditions described in this Order. When the Action has been terminated, a
25 Receiving Party must comply with the provisions of section 13 below (FINAL
Protected Material must be stored and maintained by a Receiving Party at a
1 location and in a secure manner that ensures that access is limited to the persons
2 authorized under this Order.
Disclosure of “CONFIDENTIAL” Information or Items. Unless
4 otherwise ordered by the court or permitted in writing by the Designating Party, a
5 Receiving Party may disclose any information or item designated
6 “CONFIDENTIAL” only to:
(a) the Receiving Party’s Outside Counsel of Record in this Action, as
8 well as employees of said Outside Counsel of Record to whom it is reasonably
9 necessary to disclose the information for this Action;
(b) the officers, directors, and employees (including House Counsel) of
11 the Receiving Party to whom disclosure is reasonably necessary for this Action;
(c) Experts (as defined in this Order) of the Receiving Party to whom
13 disclosure is reasonably necessary for this Action and who have signed the
14 “Acknowledgment and Agreement to Be Bound” (Exhibit A);
(d) the court and its personnel;
(e) court reporters and their staff;
(f) professional jury or trial consultants, mock jurors, and Professional
18 Vendors to whom disclosure is reasonably necessary for this Action and who have
19 signed the “Acknowledgment and Agreement to Be Bound” (Exhibit A);
(g) the author or recipient of a document containing the information or a
21 custodian or other person who otherwise possessed or knew the information;
(h) during their depositions, witnesses, and attorneys for witnesses, in the
23 Action to whom disclosure is reasonably necessary provided: (1) the deposing party
24 requests that the witness sign the form attached as Exhibit 1 hereto; and (2) they will
25 not be permitted to keep any confidential information unless they sign the
26 “Acknowledgment and Agreement to Be Bound” (Exhibit A), unless otherwise
27 agreed by the Designating Party or ordered by the court. Pages of transcribed
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1 deposition testimony or exhibits to depositions that reveal Protected Material may
2 be separately bound by the court reporter and may not be disclosed to anyone except
3 as permitted under this Stipulated Protective Order; and
(i) any mediator or settlement officer, and their supporting personnel,
5 mutually agreed upon by any of the parties engaged in settlement discussions.
PROTECTED MATERIAL SUBPOENAED OR ORDERED PRODUCED
IN OTHER LITIGATION
If a Party is served with a subpoena or a court order issued in other litigation
10 that compels disclosure of any information or items designated in this Action as
11 “CONFIDENTIAL,” that Party must:
(a) promptly notify in writing the Designating Party. Such notification
13 shall include a copy of the subpoena or court order;
(b) promptly notify in writing the party who caused the subpoena or order
15 to issue in the other litigation that some or all of the material covered by the
16 subpoena or order is subject to this Protective Order. Such notification shall include
17 a copy of this Stipulated Protective Order; and
(c) cooperate with respect to all reasonable procedures sought to be
19 pursued by the Designating Party whose Protected Material may be affected.
If the Designating Party timely seeks a protective order, the Party served with
21 the subpoena or court order shall not produce any information designated in this
22 action as “CONFIDENTIAL” before a determination by the court from which the
23 subpoena or order issued, unless the Party has obtained the Designating Party’s
24 permission. The Designating Party shall bear the burden and expense of seeking
25 protection in that court of its confidential material and nothing in these provisions
26 should be construed as authorizing or encouraging a Receiving Party in this Action
27 to disobey a lawful directive from another court.
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A NON-PARTY’S PROTECTED MATERIAL SOUGHT TO BE
PRODUCED IN THIS LITIGATION
(a) The terms of this Order are applicable to information produced by a
4 Non-Party in this Action and designated as “CONFIDENTIAL.” Such information
5 produced by Non-Parties in connection with this litigation is protected by the
6 remedies and relief provided by this Order. Nothing in these provisions should be
7 construed as prohibiting a Non-Party from seeking additional protections.
(b) In the event that a Party is required, by a valid discovery request, to
9 produce a Non-Party’s confidential information in its possession, and the Party is
10 subject to an agreement with the Non-Party not to produce the Non-Party’s
11 confidential information, then the Party shall:
(1) promptly notify in writing the Requesting Party and the Non-Party
13 that some or all of the information requested is subject to a confidentiality
14 agreement with a Non-Party;
(2) promptly provide the Non-Party with a copy of the Stipulated
16 Protective Order in this Action, the relevant discovery request(s), and a reasonably
17 specific description of the information requested; and
(3) make the information requested available for inspection by the
19 Non-Party, if requested.
(c) If the Non-Party fails to seek a protective order from this court within
21 14 days of receiving the notice and accompanying information, the Receiving Party
22 may produce the Non-Party’s confidential information responsive to the discovery
23 request. If the Non-Party timely seeks a protective order, the Receiving Party shall
24 not produce any information in its possession or control that is subject to the
25 confidentiality agreement with the Non-Party before a determination by the court.
26 Absent a court order to the contrary, the Non-Party shall bear the burden and
27 expense of seeking protection in this court of its Protected Material.
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UNAUTHORIZED DISCLOSURE OF PROTECTED MATERIAL
If a Receiving Party learns that, by inadvertence or otherwise, it has disclosed
3 Protected Material to any person or in any circumstance not authorized under this
4 Stipulated Protective Order, the Receiving Party must immediately (a) notify in
5 writing the Designating Party of the unauthorized disclosures, (b) use its best efforts
6 to retrieve all unauthorized copies of the Protected Material, (c) inform the person or
7 persons to whom unauthorized disclosures were made of all the terms of this Order,
8 and (d) request such person or persons to execute the “Acknowledgment and
9 Agreement to Be Bound” that is attached hereto as Exhibit A.
INADVERTENT PRODUCTION OF PRIVILEGED OR OTHERWISE
When a Producing Party gives notice to Receiving Parties that certain
14 inadvertently produced material is subject to a claim of privilege or other protection,
15 the obligations of the Receiving Parties are those set forth in Federal Rule of Civil
16 Procedure 26(b)(5)(B). This provision is not intended to modify whatever
17 procedure may be established in an e-discovery order that provides for production
18 without prior privilege review. Pursuant to Federal Rule of Evidence 502(d) and
19 (e), insofar as the parties reach an agreement on the effect of disclosure of a
20 communication or information covered by the attorney-client privilege or work
21 product protection, the parties may incorporate their agreement in the stipulated
22 protective order submitted to the court.
12.1 Right to Further Relief. Nothing in this Order abridges the right of any
26 person to seek its modification by the Court in the future.
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12.2 Right to Assert Other Objections. By stipulating to the entry of this
2 Protective Order, no Party waives any right it otherwise would have to object to
3 disclosing or producing any information or item on any ground not addressed in this
4 Stipulated Protective Order. Similarly, no Party waives any right to object on any
5 ground to use in evidence of any of the material covered by this Protective Order.
12.3 Filing Protected Material. A Party that seeks to file under seal any
7 Protected Material must comply with Local Civil Rule 79-5. Protected Material
8 may only be filed under seal pursuant to a court order authorizing the sealing of the
9 specific Protected Material at issue. If a Party’s request to file Protected Material
10 under seal is denied by the court, then the Receiving Party may file the information
11 in the public record unless otherwise instructed by the court.
After the final disposition of this Action, as defined in paragraph 4, within 60
15 days of a written request by the Designating Party, each Receiving Party must return
16 all Protected Material to the Producing Party or destroy such material. As used in
17 this subdivision, “all Protected Material” includes all copies, abstracts, compilations,
18 summaries, and any other format reproducing or capturing any of the Protected
19 Material. Whether the Protected Material is returned or destroyed, the Receiving
20 Party must submit a written certification to the Producing Party (and, if not the same
21 person or entity, to the Designating Party) by the 60 day deadline that (1) identifies
22 (by category, where appropriate) all the Protected Material that was returned or
23 destroyed and (2) affirms that the Receiving Party has not retained any copies,
24 abstracts, compilations, summaries or any other format reproducing or capturing any
25 of the Protected Material. Notwithstanding this provision, Counsel are entitled to
26 retain an archival copy of all pleadings, motion papers, trial, deposition, and hearing
27 transcripts, legal memoranda, correspondence, deposition and trial exhibits, expert
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1 reports, attorney work product, and consultant and expert work product, even if such
2 materials contain Protected Material. Any such archival copies that contain or
3 constitute Protected Material remain subject to this Protective Order as set forth in
4 Section 4 (DURATION).
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Any violation of this Order may be punished by appropriate measures
3 including, without limitation, contempt proceedings and/or monetary sanctions.
4 IT IS SO STIPULATED, THROUGH COUNSEL OF RECORD.
DATED: November 2, 2017
ULWELLING | SIDDIQUI LLP
DATED: November 9, 2017
/s/ James K. Ulwelling
James K. Ulwelling,
Attorneys for Plaintiff MARK BROWN
LEOPOLD PETRICH & SMITH
/s/ Louis P. Petrich
Louis P. Petrich,
Attorneys for Defendants ZATELLA
BEATTY and 214 FILMS
ENTERTAINMENT GROUP, INC., a
Pursuant to Local Rule 5-4.3.4(a)(2)(i), I, James K. Ulwelling, attest that all
18 signatories listed, and on whose behalf this filing is submitted, concur in the filing’s
19 content and have authorized the filing.
/s/ James K. Ulwelling
FOR GOOD CAUSE SHOWN, IT IS SO ORDERED.
24 DATED: November 9, 2017
GAIL J. STANDISH
27 UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
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ACKNOWLEDGMENT AND AGREEMENT TO BE BOUND
4 I, _____________________________ [print or type full name], of
5 _________________ [print or type full address], declare under penalty of perjury
6 that I have read in its entirety and understand the Stipulated Protective Order that
7 was issued by the United States District Court for the Central District of California
8 on __________ in the case of MARK BROWN vs. ZATELLA BEATTY, et al.,
9 U.S.D.C. Case No. 2:16-cv-07666-PA (GJSx). I agree to comply with and to be
10 bound by all the terms of this Stipulated Protective Order and I understand and
11 acknowledge that failure to so comply could expose me to sanctions and punishment
12 in the nature of contempt. I solemnly promise that I will not disclose in any manner
13 any information or item that is subject to this Stipulated Protective Order to any
14 person or entity except in strict compliance with the provisions of this Order.
15 I further agree to submit to the jurisdiction of the United States District Court for the
16 Central District of California for enforcing the terms of this Stipulated Protective
17 Order, even if such enforcement proceedings occur after termination of this action.
18 I hereby appoint __________________________ [print or type full name] of
19 _______________________________________ [print or type full address and
20 telephone number] as my California agent for service of process in connection with
21 this action or any proceedings related to enforcement of this Stipulated Protective
23 Date: ______________________________________
24 City and State where sworn and signed: _________________________________
25 Printed name: _______________________________
27 Signature: __________________________________
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