Delia Gomez v. Daniel Castles et al
ORDER REMANDING CASE TO STATE COURT by Judge Christina A. Snyder: The Court sua sponte REMANDS this action to the California Superior Court for the County of Los Angeles, Case Number 16F05341, for lack of subject matter jurisdiction. See document for further details. ( Case Terminated. Made JS-6 ) (gk)
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UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
CENTRAL DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
DANIEL CASTLES and AUDREY
ORDER REMANDING CASE TO
The Court sua s onte REMANDS this action to the California Superior Court for the
18 County of Los Angeles
for lack of subject matter jurisdiction, as set forth below.
"The right of removal is entirely a creature of statute and `a suit commenced in a state
2 court must remain there until cause is shown for its transfer under some act of Congress."'
Svn~enta Crop Protection, Inc. v. Henson,537 U.S. 28, 32(2002)(quoting Great Northern R. Co.
22 v. Alexander, 246 U.S. 276, 280 (1918)). Where Congress has acted to create a right of removal,
23 those statutes are strictly construed against removal jurisdiction. dI .• Nevada v. Bank of America
2 Cor . 672 F.3d 661,667 (9th Cir. 2012); Gaus v. Miles, Inc., 980 F.2d 564, 566(9th Cir. 1992).
Unless otherwise expressly provided by Congress, a defendant may remove "any civil
26 action brought in a State court of which the district courts of the United States have original
27 jurisdiction." 28 U.S.C. § 1441(a); Dennis v. Hart, 724 F.3d 1249, 1252 (9th Cir. 2013). The
28 removing defendant bears the burden of establishing federal jurisdiction. Abrego Abrego v.
ORDER REMANDING CASE TO STATE COURT
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Dow Chemical Co., 443 F.3d 676,682(9th Cir. 2006); Gaus,980 F.2d at 566-67. "Under the plain
terms of g 1441(a), in order properly to remove [an] action pursuant to that provision,[the
removing defendant] must demonstrate that original subject-matter jurisdiction lies in the federal
courts." Svn~enta Crop Protection, 537 U.S. at 33. Failure to do so requires that the case be
remanded, as "[s]ubject matter jurisdiction may not be waived, and ...the district court must
remand if it lacks jurisdiction." Kelton Arms Condo. Owners Assn v. Homestead Ins. Co., 346
F.3d 1190, 1192(9th Cir. 2003). "If at any time before final judgment it appears that the district
court lacks subject matter jurisdiction, the case shall be remanded." 28 U.S.C. g 1447(c). It is
elementary that the subject matter jurisdiction of the district court is not a waivable matter and
maybe raised at anytime by one of the parties, by motion or in the responsive pleadings, or sua
sponte by the trial or reviewing court." Emrich v. Touche Ross & Co.,846 F.2d 1190, 1194 n.2
9th Cir. 1988).
From a review of the Notice of Removal and the state court records provided, it is evident
that the Court lacks subject matter jurisdiction over the instant case, for the following reasons.
u No basis for federal question jurisdiction has been identified:
The Complaint does not include any claim "arising under the Constitution,laws,
or treaties of the United States." 28 U.S.C. g 1331.
~ Removing defendants) asserts that the affirmative defenses at issue give rise to
federal question jurisdiction, but "the existence offederal jurisdiction depends
solely on the plaintiffs claims for relief and not on anticipated defenses to those
claims." ARCO Envtl. Remediation, L.L.C. v. Deft. of Health and Envtl. QualitX,
213 F.3d 1108, 1113 (9th Cir. 2000). An "affirmative defense based on federal law"
does not "render an action brought in state court removable." Berk v. Leason, 32
F.3d 422,426 (9th Cir. 1994). A "case may not be removed to federal court on the
basis of a federal defense ...even if the defense is anticipated in the plaintiffs
complaint, and even if both parties admit that the defense is the only question truly
at issue in the case." Franchise Tax Bd. v. Construction Laborers Vacation Trust,
463 U.S. 1, 14(1983).
The underlying action is an unlawful detainer proceeding, arising under and
governed by the laws of the State of California.
ORDER REMANDING CASE "CO STATE COURT
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~✓ Diversity jurisdiction is lacking:
Every defendant is not alleged to be diverse from every plaintiff. 28 U.S.C. g
~ The Complaint does not allege damages in excess of $75,000, and removing
defendants) has not plausibly alleged that the amount in controversy requirement
has been met. dI see Dart Cherokee Basin Operating Co., LLC v. Owens,
U.S._, 135 S.Ct. 547, 554(2014).
The underlying unlawful detainer action is a limited civil action that does not
9 IT IS THEREFORE ORDERED that this matter be, and hereby is, REMANDED to the Superior
10 Court of California listed above, for lack of subject matter jurisdiction.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
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United States District Judge
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ORDER REMANDING CASE TO STATE COURT
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