Ron Hami v. Portfolio Recovery Associates LLC et al

Filing 45

PROTECTIVE ORDER by Magistrate Judge Frederick F. Mumm re Stipulation for Protective Order 38 (see attached) (jm)

Download PDF
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 8 CENTRAL DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 9 10 11 12 13 Case No.: 2:17-cv-03140-GW-FFM RON HAMI, Plaintiff, vs. 14 15 16 17 18 19 ORDER ON STIPULATION FOR PROTECTIVE ORDER BETWEEN PLAINTIFF RON HAMI AND DEFENDANT PORTFOLIO RECOVERY ASSOCIATES, LLC PORTFOLIO RECOVERY ASSOCIATES, LLC; TRANSUNION, LLC; EQUIFAX INFORMATION SERVICES, LLC; EXPERIAN INFORMATION SOLUTIONS, INC; and DOE 1 through 10 inclusive, 20 Defendants. 21 22 23 1. A. PURPOSES AND LIMITATIONS 24 25 26 27 28 Discovery in this action is likely to involve production of confidential, proprietary, or private information for which special protection from public disclosure and from use for any purpose other than prosecuting this litigation may be warranted. Accordingly, plaintiff Ron Hami and defendant Portfolio Recovery 1 Associates, LLC (“the parties”) hereby stipulate to and petition the Court to enter 2 the following Stipulated Protective Order. The parties acknowledge that this Order 3 does not confer blanket protections on all disclosures or responses to discovery and 4 that the protection it affords from public disclosure and use extends only to the 5 limited information or items that are entitled to confidential treatment under the 6 applicable legal principles. The parties further acknowledge, as set forth in Section 7 12.3, below, that this Stipulated Protective Order does not entitle them to file 8 confidential information under seal; Civil Local Rule 79-5 sets forth the procedures 9 that must be followed and the standards that will be applied when a party seeks 10 permission from the court to file material under seal. 11 12 B. GOOD CAUSE STATEMENT 13 This action is likely to involve trade secrets, customer and pricing lists and 14 other valuable research, development, commercial, financial, technical and/or 15 proprietary information for which special protection from public disclosure and 16 from use for any purpose other than prosecution of this action is warranted. Such 17 confidential and proprietary materials and information consist of, among other 18 things, confidential business or financial information, information regarding 19 confidential business practices, or other confidential research, development, or 20 commercial information (including information implicating privacy rights of third 21 parties), information otherwise generally unavailable to the public, or which may be 22 privileged or otherwise protected from disclosure under state or federal statutes, 23 court rules, case decisions, or common law. Accordingly, to expedite the flow of 24 information, to facilitate the prompt resolution of disputes over confidentiality of 25 discovery materials, to adequately protect information the parties are entitled to keep 26 confidential, to ensure that the parties are permitted reasonable necessary uses of 27 such material in preparation for and in the conduct of trial, to address their handling 28 at the end of the litigation, and serve the ends of justice, a protective order for such 2 1 information is justified in this matter. It is the intent of the parties that information 2 will not be designated as confidential for tactical reasons and that nothing be so 3 designated without a good faith belief that it has been maintained in a confidential, 4 non-public manner, and there is good cause why it should not be part of the public 5 record of this case. 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 2. DEFINITIONS 2.1 Action: Hami v. Portfolio Recovery Associates, LLC., et al., Case No: 2:17-cv-03140-GW-FFM. 2.2 Challenging Party: a Party or Non-Party that challenges the designation of information or items under this Order. 2.3 “CONFIDENTIAL” Information or Items: information (regardless of 13 how it is generated, stored or maintained) or tangible things that qualify for 14 protection under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 26(c), and as specified above in 15 the Good Cause Statement. 16 17 18 2.4 Counsel: Outside Counsel of Record and House Counsel (as well as their support staff). 2.5 Designating Party: a Party or Non-Party that designates information or 19 items that it produces in disclosures or in responses to discovery as 20 “CONFIDENTIAL.” 21 2.6 Disclosure or Discovery Material: all items or information, regardless 22 of the medium or manner in which it is generated, stored, or maintained (including, 23 among other things, testimony, transcripts, and tangible things), that are produced or 24 generated in disclosures or responses to discovery in this matter. 25 2.7 Expert: a person with specialized knowledge or experience in a matter 26 pertinent to the litigation who has been retained by a Party or its counsel to serve as 27 an expert witness or as a consultant in this Action. 28 2.8 House Counsel: attorneys who are employees of a party to this Action. 3 1 House Counsel does not include Outside Counsel of Record or any other outside 2 counsel. 2.9 3 4 Non-Party: any natural person, partnership, corporation, association, or other legal entity not named as a Party to this action. 5 2.10 Outside Counsel of Record: attorneys who are not employees of a 6 party to this Action but are retained to represent or advise a party to this Action and 7 have appeared in this Action on behalf of that party or are affiliated with a law firm 8 which has appeared on behalf of that party, and includes support staff. 9 2.11 Party: any party to this Action, including all of its officers, directors, 10 employees, consultants, retained experts, and Outside Counsel of Record (and their 11 support staffs). 2.12 Producing Party: a Party or Non-Party that produces Disclosure or 12 13 Discovery Material in this Action. 2.13 Professional Vendors: 14 persons or entities that provide litigation 15 support services (e.g., photocopying, videotaping, translating, preparing exhibits or 16 demonstrations, and organizing, storing, or retrieving data in any form or medium) 17 and their employees and subcontractors. 18 2.14 Protected Material: 19 designated as “CONFIDENTIAL.” 2.15 Receiving Party: 20 21 any Disclosure or Discovery Material that is a Party that receives Disclosure or Discovery Material from a Producing Party. 22 23 3. SCOPE 24 The protections conferred by this Stipulation and Order cover not only 25 Protected Material (as defined above), but also (1) any information copied or 26 extracted from Protected Material; (2) all copies, excerpts, summaries, or 27 compilations of Protected Material; and (3) any testimony, conversations, or 28 presentations by Parties or their Counsel that might reveal Protected Material. 4 Any use of Protected Material at trial shall be governed by the orders of the 1 2 trial judge. This Order does not govern the use of Protected Material at trial. 3 4. DURATION 4 Even after final disposition of this litigation, the confidentiality obligations 5 imposed by this Order shall remain in effect until a Designating Party agrees 6 otherwise in writing or a court order otherwise directs. Final disposition shall be 7 deemed to be the later of (1) dismissal of all claims and defenses in this Action, with 8 or without prejudice; and (2) final judgment herein after the completion and 9 exhaustion of all appeals, rehearings, remands, trials, or reviews of this Action, 10 including the time limits for filing any motions or applications for extension of time 11 pursuant to applicable law. 12 13 14 5. DESIGNATING PROTECTED MATERIAL 5.1 Exercise of Restraint and Care in Designating Material for Protection. 15 Each Party or Non-Party that designates information or items for protection under 16 this Order must take care to limit any such designation to specific material that 17 qualifies under the appropriate standards. The Designating Party must designate for 18 protection only those parts of material, documents, items, or oral or written 19 communications that qualify so that other portions of the material, documents, 20 items, or communications for which protection is not warranted are not swept 21 unjustifiably within the ambit of this Order. 22 Mass, indiscriminate, or routinized designations are prohibited. Designations 23 that are shown to be clearly unjustified or that have been made for an improper 24 purpose (e.g., to unnecessarily encumber the case development process or to impose 25 unnecessary expenses and burdens on other parties) may expose the Designating 26 Party to sanctions. 27 If it comes to a Designating Party’s attention that information or items that it 28 designated for protection do not qualify for protection, that Designating Party must 5 1 2 promptly notify all other Parties that it is withdrawing the inapplicable designation. 5.2 Manner and Timing of Designations. Except as otherwise provided in 3 this Order (see, e.g., second paragraph of section 5.2(a) below), or as otherwise 4 stipulated or ordered, Disclosure or Discovery Material that qualifies for protection 5 under this Order must be clearly so designated before the material is disclosed or 6 produced. 7 8 Designation in conformity with this Order requires: (a) for information in documentary form (e.g., paper or electronic 9 documents, but excluding transcripts of depositions or other pretrial or trial 10 proceedings), that the Producing Party affix at a minimum, the legend 11 “CONFIDENTIAL” (hereinafter “CONFIDENTIAL legend”), to each page that 12 contains protected material. If only a portion or portions of the material on a page 13 qualifies for protection, the Producing Party also must clearly identify the protected 14 portion(s) (e.g., by making appropriate markings in the margins). 15 A Party or Non-Party that makes original documents available for inspection 16 need not designate them for protection until after the inspecting Party has indicated 17 which documents it would like copied and produced. During the inspection and 18 before the designation, all of the material made available for inspection shall be 19 deemed “CONFIDENTIAL.” After the inspecting Party has identified the 20 documents it wants copied and produced, the Producing Party must determine which 21 documents, or portions thereof, qualify for protection under this Order. Then, before 22 producing the specified documents, the Producing Party must affix the 23 “CONFIDENTIAL legend” to each page that contains Protected Material. If only a 24 portion or portions of the material on a page qualifies for protection, the Producing 25 Party also must clearly identify the protected portion(s) (e.g., by making appropriate 26 markings in the margins). 27 (b) for testimony given in depositions that the Designating Party identify 28 the Disclosure or Discovery Material on the record, before the close of the 6 1 deposition all protected testimony. 2 (c) for information produced in some form other than documentary and 3 for any other tangible items, that the Producing Party affix in a prominent place on 4 the exterior of the container or containers in which the information is stored the 5 legend “CONFIDENTIAL.” If only a portion or portions of the information 6 warrants protection, the Producing Party, to the extent practicable, shall identify the 7 protected portion(s). 5.3 8 Inadvertent Failures to Designate. If timely corrected, an inadvertent 9 failure to designate qualified information or items does not, standing alone, waive 10 the Designating Party’s right to secure protection under this Order for such material. 11 Upon timely correction of a designation, the Receiving Party must make reasonable 12 efforts to assure that the material is treated in accordance with the provisions of this 13 Order. 14 15 16 6. CHALLENGING CONFIDENTIALITY DESIGNATIONS 6.1 Timing of Challenges. Any Party or Non-Party may challenge a 17 designation of confidentiality at any time that is consistent with the Court’s 18 Scheduling Order. 19 20 21 6.2 Meet and Confer. The Challenging Party shall initiate the dispute resolution process under Local Rule 37.1 et seq. 6.3 The burden of persuasion in any such challenge proceeding shall be on 22 the Designating Party. Frivolous challenges, and those made for an improper 23 purpose (e.g., to harass or impose unnecessary expenses and burdens on other 24 parties) may expose the Challenging Party to sanctions. Unless the Designating 25 Party has waived or withdrawn the confidentiality designation, all parties shall 26 continue to afford the material in question the level of protection to which it is 27 entitled under the Producing Party’s designation until the Court rules on the 28 challenge. 7 1 2 3 7. ACCESS TO AND USE OF PROTECTED MATERIAL 7.1 Basic Principles. A Receiving Party may use Protected Material that is 4 disclosed or produced by another Party or by a Non-Party in connection with this 5 Action only for prosecuting, defending, or attempting to settle this Action. Such 6 Protected Material may be disclosed only to the categories of persons and under the 7 conditions described in this Order. When the Action has been terminated, a 8 Receiving Party must comply with the provisions of section 13 below (FINAL 9 DISPOSITION). 10 Protected Material must be stored and maintained by a Receiving Party at a 11 location and in a secure manner that ensures that access is limited to the persons 12 authorized under this Order. 13 7.2 Disclosure of “CONFIDENTIAL” Information or Items. Unless 14 otherwise ordered by the court or permitted in writing by the Designating Party, a 15 Receiving 16 “CONFIDENTIAL” only to: Party may disclose any information or item designated 17 (a) the Receiving Party’s Outside Counsel of Record in this Action, as 18 well as employees of said Outside Counsel of Record to whom it is reasonably 19 necessary to disclose the information for this Action; 20 21 (b) the officers, directors, and employees (including House Counsel) of the Receiving Party to whom disclosure is reasonably necessary for this Action; 22 (c) Experts (as defined in this Order) of the Receiving Party to whom 23 disclosure is reasonably necessary for this Action and who have signed the 24 “Acknowledgment and Agreement to Be Bound” (Exhibit A); 25 (d) the court and its personnel; 26 (e) court reporters and their staff; 27 (f) professional jury or trial consultants, mock jurors, and Professional 28 Vendors to whom disclosure is reasonably necessary for this Action and who have 8 1 signed the “Acknowledgment and Agreement to Be Bound” (Exhibit A); (g) the author or recipient of a document containing the information or a 2 3 custodian or other person who otherwise possessed or knew the information; 4 (h) during their depositions, witnesses, and attorneys for witnesses, in the 5 Action to whom disclosure is reasonably necessary provided: (1) the deposing party 6 requests that the witness sign the form attached as Exhibit 1 hereto; and (2) they will 7 not be permitted to keep any confidential information unless they sign the 8 “Acknowledgment and Agreement to Be Bound” (Exhibit A), unless otherwise 9 agreed by the Designating Party or ordered by the court. Pages of transcribed 10 deposition testimony or exhibits to depositions that reveal Protected Material may 11 be separately bound by the court reporter and may not be disclosed to anyone except 12 as permitted under this Stipulated Protective Order; and (i) any mediator or settlement officer, and their supporting personnel, 13 14 mutually agreed upon by any of the parties engaged in settlement discussions. 15 16 8. PROTECTED MATERIAL SUBPOENAED OR ORDERED PRODUCED 17 IN OTHER LITIGATION 18 If a Party is served with a subpoena or a court order issued in other litigation 19 that compels disclosure of any information or items designated in this Action as 20 “CONFIDENTIAL,” that Party must: 21 22 (a) promptly notify in writing the Designating Party. Such notification shall include a copy of the subpoena or court order; 23 (b) promptly notify in writing the party who caused the subpoena or order 24 to issue in the other litigation that some or all of the material covered by the 25 subpoena or order is subject to this Protective Order. Such notification shall include 26 a copy of this Stipulated Protective Order; and 27 28 (c) cooperate with respect to all reasonable procedures sought to be pursued by the Designating Party whose Protected Material may be affected. 9 1 If the Designating Party timely seeks a protective order, the Party served with 2 the subpoena or court order shall not produce any information designated in this 3 action as “CONFIDENTIAL” before a determination by the court from which the 4 subpoena or order issued, unless the Party has obtained the Designating Party’s 5 permission. The Designating Party shall bear the burden and expense of seeking 6 protection in that court of its confidential material and nothing in these provisions 7 should be construed as authorizing or encouraging a Receiving Party in this Action 8 to disobey a lawful directive from another court. 9 10 9. A NON-PARTY’S PROTECTED 11 MATERIAL SOUGHT TO BE PRODUCED IN THIS LITIGATION 12 (a) The terms of this Order are applicable to information produced by a 13 Non-Party in this Action and designated as “CONFIDENTIAL.” Such information 14 produced by Non-Parties in connection with this litigation is protected by the 15 remedies and relief provided by this Order. Nothing in these provisions should be 16 construed as prohibiting a Non-Party from seeking additional protections. 17 (b) In the event that a Party is required, by a valid discovery request, to 18 produce a Non-Party’s confidential information in its possession, and the Party is 19 subject to an agreement with the Non-Party not to produce the Non-Party’s 20 confidential information, then the Party shall: 21 (1) promptly notify in writing the Requesting Party and the Non-Party 22 that some or all of the information requested is subject to a confidentiality 23 agreement with a Non-Party; 24 (2) promptly provide the Non-Party with a copy of the Stipulated 25 Protective Order in this Action, the relevant discovery request(s), and a reasonably 26 specific description of the information requested; and 27 28 (3) make the information requested available for inspection by the Non-Party, if requested. 10 1 (c) If the Non-Party fails to seek a protective order from this court within 2 14 days of receiving the notice and accompanying information, the Receiving Party 3 may produce the Non-Party’s confidential information responsive to the discovery 4 request. If the Non-Party timely seeks a protective order, the Receiving Party shall 5 not produce any information in its possession or control that is subject to the 6 confidentiality agreement with the Non-Party before a determination by the court. 7 Absent a court order to the contrary, the Non-Party shall bear the burden and 8 expense of seeking protection in this court of its Protected Material. 9 10 10. UNAUTHORIZED DISCLOSURE OF PROTECTED MATERIAL 11 If a Receiving Party learns that, by inadvertence or otherwise, it has disclosed 12 Protected Material to any person or in any circumstance not authorized under this 13 Stipulated Protective Order, the Receiving Party must immediately (a) notify in 14 writing the Designating Party of the unauthorized disclosures, (b) use its best efforts 15 to retrieve all unauthorized copies of the Protected Material, (c) inform the person or 16 persons to whom unauthorized disclosures were made of all the terms of this Order, 17 and (d) request such person or persons to execute the “Acknowledgment and 18 Agreement to Be Bound” that is attached hereto as Exhibit A. 19 20 11. INADVERTENT PRODUCTION OF PRIVILEGED OR OTHERWISE 21 PROTECTED MATERIAL 22 When a Producing Party gives notice to Receiving Parties that certain 23 inadvertently produced material is subject to a claim of privilege or other protection, 24 the obligations of the Receiving Parties are those set forth in Federal Rule of Civil 25 Procedure 26(b)(5)(B). This provision is not intended to modify whatever procedure 26 may be established in an e-discovery order that provides for production without 27 prior privilege review. Pursuant to Federal Rule of Evidence 502(d) and (e), insofar 28 as the parties reach an agreement on the effect of disclosure of a communication or 11 1 information covered by the attorney-client privilege or work product protection, the 2 parties may incorporate their agreement in the stipulated protective order submitted 3 to the court. 4 5 12. 12.1 Right to Further Relief. Nothing in this Order abridges the right of any 6 7 MISCELLANEOUS person to seek its modification by the Court in the future. 8 12.2 Right to Assert Other Objections. By stipulating to the entry of this 9 Protective Order no Party waives any right it otherwise would have to object to 10 disclosing or producing any information or item on any ground not addressed in this 11 Stipulated Protective Order. Similarly, no Party waives any right to object on any 12 ground to use in evidence of any of the material covered by this Protective Order. 13 12.3 Filing Protected Material. A Party that seeks to file under seal any 14 Protected Material must comply with Civil Local Rule 79-5. Protected Material may 15 only be filed under seal pursuant to a court order authorizing the sealing of the 16 specific Protected Material at issue. If a Party’s request to file Protected Material 17 under seal is denied by the court, then the Receiving Party may file the information 18 in the public record unless otherwise instructed by the court. 19 20 13. FINAL DISPOSITION 21 After the final disposition of this Action, as defined in paragraph 4, within 60 22 days of a written request by the Designating Party, each Receiving Party must return 23 all Protected Material to the Producing Party or destroy such material. As used in 24 this subdivision, “all Protected Material” includes all copies, abstracts, compilations, 25 summaries, and any other format reproducing or capturing any of the Protected 26 Material. Whether the Protected Material is returned or destroyed, the Receiving 27 Party must submit a written certification to the Producing Party (and, if not the same 28 person or entity, to the Designating Party) by the 60 day deadline that (1) identifies 12 1 (by category, where appropriate) all the Protected Material that was returned or 2 destroyed and (2) affirms that the Receiving Party has not retained any copies, 3 abstracts, compilations, summaries or any other format reproducing or capturing any 4 of the Protected Material. Notwithstanding this provision, Counsel are entitled to 5 retain an archival copy of all pleadings, motion papers, trial, deposition, and hearing 6 transcripts, legal memoranda, correspondence, deposition and trial exhibits, expert 7 reports, attorney work product, and consultant and expert work product, even if such 8 materials contain Protected Material. Any such archival copies that contain or 9 constitute Protected Material remain subject to this Protective Order as set forth in 10 Section 4 (DURATION). 11 12 14. Any violation of this Order may be punished by any and all appropriate 13 measures including, without limitation, contempt proceedings and/or monetary 14 sanctions. 15 16 17 FOR GOOD CAUSE SHOWN, IT IS SO ORDERED. 18 19 20 21 Dated: December 06, 2017 /s/Frederick F. Mumm FREDERICK F. MUMM United States Magistrate Judge 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 13 1 EXHIBIT A 2 ACKNOWLEDGMENT AND AGREEMENT TO BE BOUND 3 4 I, _____________________________ [print or 5 _________________ [print or type full address], declare under penalty of perjury 6 that I have read in its entirety and understand the Stipulated Protective Order that 7 was issued by the United States District Court for the Central District of California 8 on [date] in the case of ___________ [insert formal name of the case and the 9 number and initials assigned to it by the court]. I agree to comply with and to be 10 bound by all the terms of this Stipulated Protective Order and I understand and 11 acknowledge that failure to so comply could expose me to sanctions and punishment 12 in the nature of contempt. I solemnly promise that I will not disclose in any manner 13 any information or item that is subject to this Stipulated Protective Order to any 14 person or entity except in strict compliance with the provisions of this Order. 15 I further agree to submit to the jurisdiction of the United States District Court for the 16 Central District of California for the purpose of enforcing the terms of this 17 Stipulated Protective Order, even if such enforcement proceedings occur after 18 termination of this action. I hereby appoint __________________________ [print 19 or type full name] of _______________________________________ [print or type 20 full address and telephone number] as my California agent for service of process in 21 connection with this action or any proceedings related to enforcement of this 22 Stipulated Protective Order. 23 Date: ______________________________________ 24 City and State where sworn and signed: _________________________________ 25 26 Printed name: _______________________________ 27 28 Signature: __________________________________ 14 type full name], of

Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.

Why Is My Information Online?