Omar Zanders v. United Parcel Service, Inc. et al

Filing 26

STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER by Magistrate Judge Paul L. Abrams 25 (ch)

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 PRESTON H. LIM (SB# 275249) LIM LAW GROUP, P.C. 3435 Wilshire Boulevard, Suite 2350 Los Angeles, California 90010 Telephone: (213) 900-3000 Facsimile: (213) 204-3000 Attorney for Plaintiff OMAR ZANDERS E. JEFFREY GRUBE (SB# 167324) ELIZABETH A. BROWN (SB# 235429) CLAIRE A. HOFFMANN (SB# 292584) GRUBE BROWN & GEIDT LLP 601 Montgomery Street, Suite 1150 San Francisco, CA 94111 Telephone: (415) 603-5000 Facsimile: (415) 840-7210 Attorneys for Defendant UNITED PARCEL SERVICE, INC. 15 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 16 CENTRAL DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 OMAR ZANDERS, an individual, Plaintiff, vs. Case No. 2:17-cv-04133-DSF-PLAx STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER UNITED PARCEL SERVICE, INC., a Delaware corporation; and DOES 1-20, Defendants. 24 25 26 27 28 Case No. 2:17-cv-04133-DSF-PLA [PROPOSED] STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER 1 2 1. A. PURPOSES AND LIMITATIONS Discovery in this action is likely to involve production of confidential, 3 proprietary, or private information for which special protection from public 4 disclosure and from use for any purpose other than prosecuting this litigation may 5 be warranted. Accordingly, the parties hereby stipulate to and petition the Court to 6 enter the following Stipulated Protective Order. The parties acknowledge that this 7 Order does not confer blanket protections on all disclosures or responses to 8 discovery and that the protection it affords from public disclosure and use extends 9 only to the limited information or items that are entitled to confidential treatment 10 under the applicable legal principles. The parties further acknowledge, as set forth 11 in Section 12.3, below, that this Stipulated Protective Order does not entitle them to 12 file confidential information under seal; Civil Local Rule 79-5 sets forth the 13 procedures that must be followed and the standards that will be applied when a 14 party seeks permission from the court to file material under seal. 15 16 B. GOOD CAUSE STATEMENT 17 This action is likely to involve trade secrets, development, commercial, 18 financial, technical and/or proprietary information for which special protection 19 from public disclosure and from use for any purpose other than prosecution of this 20 action is warranted. Such confidential and proprietary materials and information 21 consist of, among other things, confidential business or financial information, 22 information regarding confidential business practices, or other confidential 23 research, development, or commercial information (including information 24 implicating privacy rights of third parties), information otherwise generally 25 unavailable to the public, or which may be privileged or otherwise protected from 26 disclosure under state or federal statutes, court rules, case decisions, or common 27 law. Accordingly, to expedite the flow of information, to facilitate the prompt 28 Case No. 2:17-cv-04133-DSF-PLA -1- [PROPOSED] STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER 1 resolution of disputes over confidentiality of discovery materials, to adequately 2 protect information the parties are entitled to keep confidential, to ensure that the 3 parties are permitted reasonable necessary uses of such material in preparation for 4 and in the conduct of trial, to address their handling at the end of the litigation, and 5 serve the ends of justice, a protective order for such information is justified in this 6 matter. It is the intent of the parties that information will not be designated as 7 confidential for tactical reasons and that nothing be so designated without a good 8 faith belief that it has been maintained in a confidential, non-public manner, and 9 there is good cause why it should not be part of the public record of this case. 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 2. DEFINITIONS 2.1 Action: Omar Zanders V. United Parcel Service, Inc., A Delaware Corporation; and Does 1-20, Case No. 2:17-cv-04133-DSF-PLA. 2.2 Challenging Party: a Party or Non-Party that challenges the designation of information or items under this Order. 2.3 “CONFIDENTIAL” Information or Items: information (regardless of 17 how it is generated, stored or maintained) or tangible things that qualify for 18 protection under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 26(c), and as specified above in 19 the Good Cause Statement. 20 21 22 2.4 Counsel: Outside Counsel of Record and House Counsel (as well as their support staff). 2.5 Designating Party: a Party or Non-Party that designates information or 23 items that it produces in disclosures or in responses to discovery as 24 “CONFIDENTIAL.” 25 2.6 Disclosure or Discovery Material: all items or information, regardless 26 of the medium or manner in which it is generated, stored, or maintained (including, 27 among other things, testimony, transcripts, and tangible things), that are produced 28 Case No. 2:17-cv-04133-DSF-PLA -2- [PROPOSED] STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER 1 or generated in disclosures or responses to discovery in this matter. 2 2.7 Expert: a person with specialized knowledge or experience in a matter 3 pertinent to the litigation who has been retained by a Party or its counsel to serve as 4 an expert witness or as a consultant in this Action. 5 2.8 House Counsel: attorneys who are employees of a party to this Action. 6 House Counsel does not include Outside Counsel of Record or any other outside 7 counsel. 8 9 2.9 Non-Party: any natural person, partnership, corporation, association, or other legal entity not named as a Party to this action. 10 2.10 Outside Counsel of Record: attorneys who are not employees of a 11 party to this Action but are retained to represent or advise a party to this Action and 12 have appeared in this Action on behalf of that party or are affiliated with a law firm 13 that has appeared on behalf of that party, including support staff. 14 2.11 Party: any party to this Action, including all of its officers, directors, 15 employees, consultants, retained experts, and Outside Counsel of Record (and their 16 support staffs). 17 18 2.12 Producing Party: a Party or Non-Party that produces Disclosure or Discovery Material in this Action. 19 2.13 Professional Vendors: persons or entities that provide litigation 20 support services (e.g., photocopying, videotaping, translating, preparing exhibits or 21 demonstrations, and organizing, storing, or retrieving data in any form or medium) 22 and their employees and subcontractors. 23 24 2.14 Protected Material: any Disclosure or Discovery Material that is designated as “CONFIDENTIAL.” 25 2.15 Receiving Party: a Party that receives Disclosure or Discovery 26 Material from a Producing Party. 27 // 28 Case No. 2:17-cv-04133-DSF-PLA -3- [PROPOSED] STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER 1 3. SCOPE 2 The protections conferred by this Stipulation and Order cover not only 3 Protected Material (as defined above), but also (1) any information copied or 4 extracted from Protected Material; (2) all copies, excerpts, summaries, or 5 compilations of Protected Material; and (3) any testimony, conversations, or 6 presentations by Parties or their Counsel that might reveal Protected Material. 7 8 4. DURATION Once a case proceeds to trial, all of the court-filed information to be 9 10 introduced that was previously designated as confidential or maintained pursuant to 11 this protective order becomes public and will be presumptively available to all 12 members of the public, including the press, unless compelling reasons supported by 13 specific factual findings to proceed otherwise are made to the trial judge in advance 14 of the trial. See Kamakana v. City and County of Honolulu, 447 F.3d 1172, 1180- 15 81 (9th Cir. 2006) (distinguishing “good cause” showing for sealing documents 16 produced in discovery from “compelling reasons” standard when merits-related 17 documents are part of court record). Accordingly, absent a contrary ruling of the 18 Court, the terms of this protective order do not extend beyond the commencement 19 of the trial. 20 21 5. DESIGNATING PROTECTED MATERIAL 22 5.1 Exercise of Restraint and Care in Designating Material for Protection. 23 Each Party or Non-Party that designates information or items for protection 24 under this Order must take care to limit any such designation to specific material 25 that qualifies under the appropriate standards. The Designating Party must 26 designate for protection only those parts of material, documents, items, or oral or 27 written communications that qualify so that other portions of the material, 28 Case No. 2:17-cv-04133-DSF-PLA -4- [PROPOSED] STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER 1 documents, items, or communications for which protection is not warranted are not 2 swept unjustifiably within the ambit of this Order. 3 Mass, indiscriminate, or routinized designations are prohibited. Designations 4 that are shown to be clearly unjustified or that have been made for an improper 5 purpose (e.g., to unnecessarily encumber the case development process or to 6 impose unnecessary expenses and burdens on other parties) may expose the 7 Designating Party to sanctions. 8 If it comes to a Designating Party’s attention that information or items that it 9 designated for protection do not qualify for protection, that Designating Party must 10 promptly notify all other Parties that it is withdrawing the inapplicable designation. 11 5.2 Manner and Timing of Designations. Except as otherwise provided in 12 this Order (see, e.g., second paragraph of section 5.2(a) below), or as otherwise 13 stipulated or ordered, Disclosure or Discovery Material that qualifies for protection 14 under this Order must be clearly so designated before the material is disclosed or 15 produced. Designation in conformity with this Order requires: 16 (a) for information in documentary form (e.g., paper or electronic 17 documents, but excluding transcripts of depositions or other pretrial or trial 18 proceedings), that the Producing Party affix, at a minimum, the legend 19 “CONFIDENTIAL” (hereinafter “CONFIDENTIAL legend”), to each page that 20 contains protected material. If only a portion or portions of the material on a page 21 qualifies for protection, the Producing Party also must clearly identify the protected 22 portion(s) (e.g., by making appropriate markings in the margins). A Party or Non- 23 Party that makes original documents available for inspection need not designate 24 them for protection until after the inspecting Party has indicated which documents it 25 would like copied and produced. During the inspection and before the designation, 26 all of the material made available for inspection shall be deemed 27 “CONFIDENTIAL.” After the inspecting Party has identified the documents it 28 Case No. 2:17-cv-04133-DSF-PLA -5- [PROPOSED] STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER 1 wants copied and produced, the Producing Party must determine which documents, 2 or portions thereof, qualify for protection under this Order. Then, before producing 3 the specified documents, the Producing Party must affix the “CONFIDENTIAL 4 legend” to each page that contains Protected Material. If only a portion or portions 5 of the material on a page qualifies for protection, the Producing Party also must 6 clearly identify the protected portion(s) (e.g., by making appropriate markings in 7 the margins). 8 9 10 (b) for testimony given in depositions that the Designating Party identify the Disclosure or Discovery Material on the record, before the close of the deposition. 11 (c) for information produced in some form other than documentary 12 and for any other tangible items, that the Producing Party affix in a prominent place 13 on the exterior of the container or containers in which the information is stored the 14 legend “CONFIDENTIAL.” If only a portion or portions of the information 15 warrants protection, the Producing Party, to the extent practicable, shall identify the 16 protected portion(s). 17 5.3 Inadvertent Failures to Designate. If timely corrected, an inadvertent 18 failure to designate qualified information or items does not, standing alone, waive 19 the Designating Party’s right to secure protection under this Order for such 20 material. Upon timely correction of a designation, the Receiving Party must make 21 reasonable efforts to assure that the material is treated in accordance with the 22 provisions of this Order. 23 24 25 6. CHALLENGING CONFIDENTIALITY DESIGNATIONS 6.1 Timing of Challenges. Any Party or Non-Party may challenge a 26 designation of confidentiality at any time that is consistent with the Court’s 27 Scheduling Order. 28 Case No. 2:17-cv-04133-DSF-PLA -6- [PROPOSED] STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER 1 6.2 Meet and Confer. The Challenging Party shall initiate the dispute 2 resolution process under Local Rule 37.1, et seq. Any discovery motion must 3 strictly comply with the procedures set forth in Local Rules 37-1, 37-2, and 37-3. 4 6.3 Burden. The burden of persuasion in any such challenge proceeding 5 shall be on the Designating Party. Frivolous challenges, and those made for an 6 improper purpose (e.g., to harass or impose unnecessary expenses and burdens on 7 other parties) may expose the Challenging Party to sanctions. Unless the 8 Designating Party has waived or withdrawn the confidentiality designation, all 9 parties shall continue to afford the material in question the level of protection to 10 which it is entitled under the Producing Party’s designation until the Court rules on 11 the challenge. 12 13 14 7. ACCESS TO AND USE OF PROTECTED MATERIAL 7.1 Basic Principles. A Receiving Party may use Protected Material that is 15 disclosed or produced by another Party or by a Non-Party in connection with this 16 Action only for prosecuting, defending, or attempting to settle this Action. Such 17 Protected Material may be disclosed only to the categories of persons and under the 18 conditions described in this Order. When the Action has been terminated, a 19 Receiving Party must comply with the provisions of section 13 below (FINAL 20 DISPOSITION). 21 Protected Material must be stored and maintained by a Receiving Party at a 22 location and in a secure manner that ensures that access is limited to the persons 23 authorized under this Order. 24 7.2 Disclosure of “CONFIDENTIAL” Information or Items. Unless 25 otherwise ordered by the Court or permitted in writing by the Designating Party, a 26 Receiving Party may disclose any information or item designated 27 “CONFIDENTIAL” only to: 28 Case No. 2:17-cv-04133-DSF-PLA -7- [PROPOSED] STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER 1 (a) the Receiving Party’s Outside Counsel of Record in this Action, 2 as well as employees of said Outside Counsel of Record to whom it is reasonably 3 necessary to disclose the information for this Action; 4 (b) the officers, directors, and employees (including House 5 Counsel) of the Receiving Party to whom disclosure is reasonably necessary for this 6 Action; 7 (c) Experts (as defined in this Order) of the Receiving Party to 8 whom disclosure is reasonably necessary for this Action and who have signed the 9 “Acknowledgment and Agreement to Be Bound” (Exhibit A); 10 (d) the Court and its personnel; 11 (e) court reporters and their staff; 12 (f) professional jury or trial consultants, mock jurors, and 13 Professional Vendors to whom disclosure is reasonably necessary for this Action 14 and who have signed the “Acknowledgment and Agreement to Be Bound” (Exhibit 15 A); 16 17 18 (g) the author or recipient of a document containing the information or a custodian or other person who otherwise possessed or knew the information; (h) during their depositions, witnesses, and attorneys for witnesses, 19 in the Action to whom disclosure is reasonably necessary provided: (1) the 20 deposing party requests that the witness sign the form attached as Exhibit 1 hereto; 21 and (2) they will not be permitted to keep any confidential information unless they 22 sign the “Acknowledgment and Agreement to Be Bound” (Exhibit A), unless 23 otherwise agreed by the Designating Party or ordered by the Court. Pages of 24 transcribed deposition testimony or exhibits to depositions that reveal Protected 25 Material may be separately bound by the court reporter and may not be disclosed to 26 anyone except as permitted under this Stipulated Protective Order; and 27 (i) any mediator or settlement officer, and their supporting 28 Case No. 2:17-cv-04133-DSF-PLA -8- [PROPOSED] STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER 1 personnel, mutually agreed upon by any of the parties engaged in settlement 2 discussions. 3 4 8. 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 PROTECTED MATERIAL SUBPOENAED OR ORDERED PRODUCED IN OTHER LITIGATION If a Party is served with a subpoena or a court order issued in other litigation that compels disclosure of any information or items designated in this Action as “CONFIDENTIAL,” that Party must: (a) promptly notify in writing the Designating Party. Such notification shall include a copy of the subpoena or court order; (b) promptly notify in writing the party who caused the subpoena or order to issue in the other litigation that some or all of the material covered by the subpoena or order is subject to this Protective Order. Such notification shall include a copy of this Stipulated Protective Order; and (c) cooperate with respect to all reasonable procedures sought to be pursued by the Designating Party whose Protected Material may be affected. If the Designating Party timely seeks a protective order, the Party served with the subpoena or court order shall not produce any information designated in this action as “CONFIDENTIAL” before a determination by the court from which the subpoena or order issued, unless the Party has obtained the Designating Party’s permission. The Designating Party shall bear the burden and expense of seeking protection in that court of its confidential material and nothing in these provisions should be construed as authorizing or encouraging a Receiving Party in this Action to disobey a lawful directive from another court. 25 26 27 9. A NON-PARTY’S PROTECTED MATERIAL SOUGHT TO BE PRODUCED IN THIS LITIGATION (a) The terms of this Order are applicable to information produced by a 28 Case No. 2:17-cv-04133-DSF-PLA -9- [PROPOSED] STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER 1 Non-Party in this Action and designated as “CONFIDENTIAL.” Such information 2 produced by Non-Parties in connection with this litigation is protected by the 3 remedies and relief provided by this Order. Nothing in these provisions should be 4 construed as prohibiting a Non-Party from seeking additional protections. 5 (b) In the event that a Party is required, by a valid discovery request, to 6 produce a Non-Party’s confidential information in its possession, and the Party is 7 subject to an agreement with the Non-Party not to produce the Non-Party’s 8 confidential information, then the Party shall: 9 (1) promptly notify in writing the Requesting Party and the Non- 10 Party that some or all of the information requested is subject to a confidentiality 11 agreement with a Non-Party; 12 (2) promptly provide the Non-Party with a copy of the Stipulated 13 Protective Order in this Action, the relevant discovery request(s), and a reasonably 14 specific description of the information requested; and 15 16 (3) make the information requested available for inspection by the Non-Party, if requested. 17 (c) If the Non-Party fails to seek a protective order from this Court within 18 14 days of receiving the notice and accompanying information, the Receiving Party 19 may produce the Non-Party’s confidential information responsive to the discovery 20 request. If the Non-Party timely seeks a protective order, the Receiving Party shall 21 not produce any information in its possession or control that is subject to the 22 confidentiality agreement with the Non-Party before a determination by the Court. 23 Absent a court order to the contrary, the Non-Party shall bear the burden and 24 expense of seeking protection in this Court of its Protected Material. 25 26 27 10. UNAUTHORIZED DISCLOSURE OF PROTECTED MATERIAL If a Receiving Party learns that, by inadvertence or otherwise, it has disclosed 28 Case No. 2:17-cv-04133-DSF-PLA - 10 - [PROPOSED] STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER 1 Protected Material to any person or in any circumstance not authorized under this 2 Stipulated Protective Order, the Receiving Party must immediately (a) notify in 3 writing the Designating Party of the unauthorized disclosures, (b) use its best 4 efforts to retrieve all unauthorized copies of the Protected Material, (c) inform the 5 person or persons to whom unauthorized disclosures were made of all the terms of 6 this Order, and (d) request such person or persons to execute the “Acknowledgment 7 and Agreement to Be Bound” that is attached hereto as Exhibit A. 8 9 11. 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 INADVERTENT PRODUCTION OF PRIVILEGED OR OTHERWISE PROTECTED MATERIAL When a Producing Party gives notice to Receiving Parties that certain inadvertently produced material is subject to a claim of privilege or other protection, the obligations of the Receiving Parties are those set forth in Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 26(b)(5)(B). This provision is not intended to modify whatever procedure may be established in an e-discovery order that provides for production without prior privilege review. Pursuant to Federal Rule of Evidence 502(d) and (e), insofar as the parties reach an agreement on the effect of disclosure of a communication or information covered by the attorney-client privilege or work product protection, the parties may incorporate their agreement in the stipulated protective order submitted to the Court. 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 12. MISCELLANEOUS 12.1 Right to Further Relief. Nothing in this Order abridges the right of any person to seek its modification by the Court in the future. 12.2 Right to Assert Other Objections. By stipulating to the entry of this Protective Order, no Party waives any right it otherwise would have to object to disclosing or producing any information or item on any ground not addressed in this Stipulated Protective Order. Similarly, no Party waives any right to object on Case No. 2:17-cv-04133-DSF-PLA - 11 - [PROPOSED] STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER 1 any ground to use in evidence of any of the material covered by this Protective 2 Order. 3 12.3 Filing Protected Material. A Party that seeks to file under seal any 4 Protected Material must comply with Civil Local Rule 79-5. Protected Material 5 may only be filed under seal pursuant to a court order authorizing the sealing of the 6 specific Protected Material at issue; good cause must be shown in the request to file 7 under seal. If a Party’s request to file Protected Material under seal is denied by the 8 Court, then the Receiving Party may file the information in the public record unless 9 otherwise instructed by the Court. 10 11 12 13. FINAL DISPOSITION After the final disposition of this Action, within 60 days of a written request 13 by the Designating Party, each Receiving Party must return all Protected Material to 14 the Producing Party or destroy such material. As used in this subdivision, “all 15 Protected Material” includes all copies, abstracts, compilations, summaries, and any 16 other format reproducing or capturing any of the Protected Material. Whether the 17 Protected Material is returned or destroyed, the Receiving Party must submit a 18 written certification to the Producing Party (and, if not the same person or entity, to 19 the Designating Party) by the 60 day deadline that (1) identifies (by category, where 20 appropriate) all the Protected Material that was returned or destroyed and (2) 21 affirms that the Receiving Party has not retained any copies, abstracts, 22 compilations, summaries or any other format reproducing or capturing any of the 23 Protected Material. Notwithstanding this provision, counsel are entitled to retain an 24 archival copy of all pleadings, motion papers, trial, deposition, and hearing 25 transcripts, legal memoranda, correspondence, deposition and trial exhibits, expert 26 reports, attorney work product, and consultant and expert work product, even if 27 such materials contain Protected Material. Any such archival copies that contain or 28 Case No. 2:17-cv-04133-DSF-PLA - 12 - [PROPOSED] STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER 1 constitute Protected Material remain subject to this Protective Order as set forth in 2 Section 4 (DURATION). 3 4 14. 5 measures including, without limitation, contempt proceedings and/or monetary 6 sanctions. Any violation of this Order may be punished by any and all appropriate 7 8 IT IS SO STIPULATED, THROUGH COUNSEL OF RECORD. 9 DATED: August 4, 2017 LIM LAW GROUP, P.C. 10 BY: /s/ Preston H. Lim PRESTON H. LIM 11 12 Attorneys for Plaintiff OMAR ZANDERS 13 14 15 DATED: August 4, 2017 16 GRUBE BROWN & GEIDT LLP BY: /s/ Elizabeth A. Brown ELIZABETH A. BROWN 17 18 Attorneys for Defendant UNITED PARCEL SERVICE, INC. 19 20 FOR GOOD CAUSE SHOWN, IT IS SO ORDERED. 21 DATED: August 7, 2017 22 23 24 _____________________________________ Paul L. Abrams United States Magistrate Judge 25 26 27 28 Case No. 2:17-cv-04133-DSF-PLA - 13 - [PROPOSED] STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER 1 EXHIBIT A 2 ACKNOWLEDGMENT AND AGREEMENT TO BE BOUND 3 I, _____________________________ [print or type full name], of 4 _________________ [print or type full address], declare under penalty of perjury 5 that I have read in its entirety and understand the Stipulated Protective Order that 6 was issued by the United States District Court for the Central District of California 7 on [date] in the case of : Omar Zanders V. United Parcel Service, Inc., A Delaware 8 Corporation; and Does 1-20, Case No. 2:17-cv-04133-DSF-PLA. I agree to 9 comply with and to be bound by all the terms of this Stipulated Protective Order 10 and I understand and acknowledge that failure to so comply could expose me to 11 sanctions and punishment in the nature of contempt. I solemnly promise that I will 12 not disclose in any manner any information or item that is subject to this Stipulated 13 Protective Order to any person or entity except in strict compliance with the 14 provisions of this Order. 15 I further agree to submit to the jurisdiction of the United States District Court for 16 the Central District of California for the purpose of enforcing the terms of this 17 Stipulated Protective Order, even if such enforcement proceedings occur after 18 termination of this action. I hereby appoint ________________________ [print or 19 type full name] of _______________________________________ [print or type 20 full address and telephone number] as my California agent for service of process in 21 connection with this action or any proceedings related to enforcement of this 22 Stipulated Protective Order. 23 Date: ___________________________ 24 City and State where sworn and signed: ___________________________ 25 Printed name: ___________________________ 26 Signature: ___________________________ 27 28 Case No. 2:17-cv-04133-DSF-PLA - 14 - [PROPOSED] STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER

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