Manuel Contreras v. CDN Logistics, Inc. et al

Filing 27

PROTECTIVE ORDER by Magistrate Judge Michael R. Wilner, re: Miscellaneous Document, 25 . (mz)

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 HEATHER M. VIGIL, SBN 254694 LITTLER MENDELSON, P.C. 2050 Main Street, Suite 900 Irvine, CA 92614 Telephone: 949.705.3000 Facsimile: 949.724.1201 LILIANA KIM, SBN 309086 LITTLER MENDELSON, P.C. 633 West 5th Street, 63rd Floor Los Angeles, CA 90071 Telephone: 213.443.4300 Facsimile: 213.443.4299 Attorneys for Defendants CDN LOGISTICS, INC. AND THE CUSTOM COMPANIES, INC. 11 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 12 CENTRAL DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 13 14 MANUEL CONTRERAS, Plaintiff, 15 16 v. 17 CDN LOGISTICS, INC., an Illinois Corporation; THE CUSTOM COMPANIES, INC., an Illinois Corporation, and DOES 1-50, inclusive, 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 LITTLER MENDELSON, P.C. 633 West 5th Street 63rd Floor Los Angeles, CA 90071 213.443.4300 Case No. 2:17-cv-05213-DMG-MRW HON. DOLLY GEE HON. MAGISTRATE MICHAEL R. WILNER STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER (MRW VERSION 2/17) Defendants. Original Complaint Filed: June 2, 2017 Trial Date: November 27, 2018 1 1. 2 Discovery in this action is likely to involve production of confidential, A. PURPOSES AND LIMITATIONS 3 proprietary, or private information for which special protection from public disclosure 4 and from use for any purpose other than prosecuting this litigation may be warranted. 5 Accordingly, the parties hereby stipulate to and petition the Court to enter the 6 following Stipulated Protective Order. The parties acknowledge that this Order does 7 not confer blanket protections on all disclosures or responses to discovery and that the 8 protection it affords from public disclosure and use extends only to the limited 9 information or items that are entitled to confidential treatment under the applicable 10 legal principles. The parties further acknowledge, as set forth in Section 12.3, below, 11 that this Stipulated Protective Order does not entitle them to file confidential 12 information under seal; Civil Local Rule 79-5 sets forth the procedures that must be 13 followed and the standards that will be applied when a party seeks permission from 14 the court to file material under seal. 15 16 B. GOOD CAUSE STATEMENT This action is likely to involve confidential information, trade secrets, customer 17 and pricing lists and other valuable research, development, commercial, financial, 18 medical, technical and/or proprietary information for which special protection from 19 public disclosure and from use for any purpose other than prosecution, defense, or 20 attempted settlement of this action is warranted. Such confidential and proprietary 21 materials and information consist of, among other things, employment records, 22 medical records, confidential business or financial information, information regarding 23 confidential business practices or other confidential research, development, or 24 commercial information otherwise generally unavailable to the public, or which may 25 be privileged or otherwise protected from disclosure under state or federal statutes, 26 court rules, case decisions, or common law. Accordingly, to expedite the flow of 27 information, to facilitate the prompt resolution of disputes over confidentiality of 28 discovery materials, to adequately protect information the parties are entitled to keep LITTLER MENDELSON, P.C. 633 West 5th Street 63rd Floor Los Angeles, CA 90071 213.443.4300 1 confidential, to ensure that the parties are permitted reasonable necessary uses of such 2 material in preparation for and in the conduct of trial, to address their handling at the 3 end of the litigation, and serve the ends of justice, a protective order for such 4 information is justified in this matter. It is the intent of the parties that information 5 will not be designated as confidential for tactical reasons and that nothing be so 6 designated without a good faith belief that it has been maintained in a confidential, 7 non-public manner, and there is good cause why it should not be part of the public 8 record of this case. 9 2. DEFINITIONS 10 2.1 Action: Manuel Contreras v. CDN Logistics Inc.; The Custom 11 12 13 14 Companies, Inc., Case No. 2:17-cv-05213-DMG-MRW. 2.2 Challenging Party: a Party or Non-Party that challenges the designation of information or items under this Order. 2.3 "CONFIDENTIAL" Information or Items: information (regardless of 15 how it is generated, stored or maintained) or tangible things that qualify for protection 16 under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 26(c), and as specified above in the Good 17 Cause Statement. 18 2.4 19 20 Counsel: Outside Counsel of Record and House Counsel (as well as their support staff). 2.5 Designating Party: a Party or Non-Party that designates information or 21 items that it produces in disclosures or in responses to discovery as 22 "CONFIDENTIAL." 23 2.6 Disclosure or Discovery Material: all items or information, regardless of 24 the medium or manner in which it is generated, stored, or maintained (including, 25 among other things, testimony, transcripts, and tangible things), that are produced or 26 generated in disclosures or responses to discovery in this matter. 27 28 LITTLER MENDELSON, P.C. 633 West 5th Street 63rd Floor Los Angeles, CA 90071 213.443.4300 2.7 Expert: a person with specialized knowledge or experience in a matter pertinent to the litigation who has been retained by a Party or its counsel to serve as an 1 2 expert witness or as a consultant in this Action. 2.8 House Counsel: attorneys who are employees of a party to this Action. 3 House Counsel does not include Outside Counsel of Record or any other outside 4 counsel. 5 6 7 2.9 Non-Party: any natural person, partnership, corporation, association, or other legal entity not named as a Party to this action. 2.10 Outside Counsel of Record: attorneys who are not employees of a party 8 to this action but are retained to represent or advise a party to this Action and have 9 appeared in this Action on behalf of that party or are affiliated with a law firm which 10 11 has appeared on behalf of that party, and includes support staff. 2.11 Party: any party to this Action, including all of its officers, directors, 12 employees, consultants, retained experts, and Outside Counsel of Record (and their 13 support staffs). 14 15 16 2.12 Producing Party: a Party or Non-Party that produces Disclosure or Discovery Material in this Action. 2.13 Professional Vendors: persons or entities that provide litigation support 17 services (e.g., photocopying, videotaping, translating, preparing exhibits or 18 demonstrations, and organizing, storing, or retrieving data in any form or medium) 19 and their employees and subcontractors. 20 21 22 23 24 25 2.14 Protected Material: any Disclosure or Discovery Material that is designated as "CONFIDENTIAL." 2.15 Receiving Party: a Party that receives Disclosure or Discovery Material from a Producing Party. 3. SCOPE The protections conferred by this Stipulation and Order cover not only 26 Protected Material (as defined above), but also (1) any information copied or extracted 27 from Protected Material; (2) all copies, excerpts, summaries, or compilations of 28 Protected Material; and (3) any testimony, conversations, or presentations by Parties LITTLER MENDELSON, P.C. 633 West 5th Street 63rd Floor Los Angeles, CA 90071 213.443.4300 1 2 3 or their Counsel that might reveal Protected Material. Any use of Protected Material at trial will be governed by the orders of the trial judge. This Order does not govern the use of Protected Material at trial. 4 4. 5 Even after final disposition of this litigation, the confidentiality obligations DURATION 6 imposed by this Order will remain in effect until a Designating Party agrees otherwise 7 in writing or a court order otherwise directs. Final disposition will be deemed to be 8 the later of (1) dismissal of all claims and defenses in this Action, with or without 9 prejudice; and (2) final judgment herein after the completion and exhaustion of all 10 appeals, rehearings, remands, trials, or reviews of this Action, including the time 11 limits for filing any motions or applications for extension of time pursuant to 12 applicable law. 13 5. 14 DESIGNATING PROTECTED MATERIAL 5.1 Exercise of Restraint and Care in Designating Material for 15 Protection. Each Party or Non-Party that designates information or items for 16 protection under this Order must take care to limit any such designation to specific 17 material that qualifies under the appropriate standards. The Designating Party must 18 designate for protection only those parts of material, documents, items, or oral or 19 written communications that qualify so that other portions of the material, documents, 20 items, or communications for which protection is not warranted are not swept 21 unjustifiably within the ambit of this Order. 22 Mass, indiscriminate, or routinized designations are prohibited. Designations 23 that are shown to be clearly unjustified or that have been made for an improper 24 purpose (e.g., to unnecessarily encumber the case development process or to impose 25 unnecessary expenses and burdens on other parties) may expose the Designating Party 26 to sanctions. 27 If it comes to a Designating Party's attention that information or items that it 28 designated for protection do not qualify for protection, that Designating Party must LITTLER MENDELSON, P.C. 633 West 5th Street 63rd Floor Los Angeles, CA 90071 213.443.4300 1 2 promptly notify all other Parties that it is withdrawing the inapplicable designation. 5.2 Manner and Timing of Designations. Except as otherwise provided in 3 this Order (see, e.g., second paragraph of section 5.2(a) below), or as otherwise 4 stipulated or ordered, Disclosure or Discovery Material that qualifies for protection 5 under this Order must be clearly so designated before the material is disclosed or 6 produced. 7 Designation in conformity with this Order requires: 8 9 (a) for information in documentary form (e.g., paper or electronic documents, but excluding transcripts of depositions or other pretrial or trial 10 proceedings), that the Producing Party affix at a minimum, the legend 11 "CONFIDENTIAL" (hereinafter "CONFIDENTIAL legend"), to each page that 12 contains protected material. If only a portion or portions of the material on a page 13 qualifies for protection, the Producing Party also must clearly identify the protected 14 portion(s) (e.g., by making appropriate markings in the margins). 15 A Party or Non-Party that makes original documents available for inspection 16 need not designate them for protection until after the inspecting Party has indicated 17 which documents it would like copied and produced. During the inspection and 18 before the designation, all of the material made available for inspection will be 19 deemed "CONFIDENTIAL." After the inspecting Party has identified the documents 20 it wants copied and produced, the Producing Party must determine which documents, 21 or portions thereof, qualify for protection under this Order. Then, before producing 22 the specified documents, the Producing Party must affix the "CONFIDENTIAL 23 legend" to each page that contains Protected Material. If only a portion or portions of 24 the material on a page qualifies for protection, the Producing Party also must clearly 25 identify the protected portion(s) (e.g., by making appropriate markings in the 26 margins). 27 28 LITTLER MENDELSON, P.C. 633 West 5th Street 63rd Floor Los Angeles, CA 90071 213.443.4300 (b) for testimony given in depositions that the Designating Party identify the Disclosure or Discovery Material on the record, before the close of the 1 deposition all protected testimony. 2 (c) for information produced in some form other than documentary 3 and for any other tangible items, that the Producing Party affix in a prominent place 4 on the exterior of the container or containers in which the information is stored the 5 legend "CONFIDENTIAL." If only a portion or portions of the information warrants 6 protection, the Producing Party, to the extent practicable, will identify the protected 7 portion(s). 8 9 5.3 Inadvertent Failures to Designate. If timely corrected, an inadvertent failure to designate qualified information or items does not, standing alone, waive the 10 Designating Party's right to secure protection under this Order for such material. 11 Upon timely correction of a designation, the Receiving Party must make reasonable 12 efforts to assure that the material is treated in accordance with the provisions of this 13 Order. 14 6. 15 CHALLENGING CONFIDENTIALITY DESIGNATIONS 6.1 Timing of Challenges. Any Party or Non-Party may challenge a 16 designation of confidentiality at any time that is consistent with the Court's 17 Scheduling Order. 18 6.2 Meet and Confer. The Challenging Party shall initiate the dispute 19 resolution process (and, if necessary, file a discovery motion) under Local Rule 37.1 20 et seq. 21 6.3. The burden of persuasion in any such challenge proceeding will be 22 on the Designating Party. Frivolous challenges, and those made for an improper 23 purpose (e.g., to harass or impose unnecessary expenses and burdens on other parties) 24 may expose the Challenging Party to sanctions. Unless the Designating Party has 25 waived or withdrawn the confidentiality designation, all parties will continue to afford 26 the material in question the level of protection to which it is entitled under the 27 Producing Party's designation until the Court rules on the challenge. 28 LITTLER MENDELSON, P.C. 633 West 5th Street 63rd Floor Los Angeles, CA 90071 213.443.4300 7. ACCESS TO AND USE OF PROTECTED MATERIAL 1 7.1 Basic Principles. A Receiving Party may use Protected Material 2 that is disclosed or produced by another Party or by a Non-Party in connection with 3 this Action only for prosecuting, defending, or attempting to settle this Action. Such 4 Protected Material may be disclosed only to the categories of persons and under the 5 conditions described in this Order. When the Action has been terminated, a Receiving 6 Party must comply with the provisions of section 13 below (FINAL DISPOSITION). 7 Protected Material must be stored and maintained by a Receiving Party at a 8 location and in a secure manner that ensures that access is limited to the persons 9 authorized under this Order. 10 7.2 Disclosure of "CONFIDENTIAL" Information or Items. Unless 11 otherwise ordered by the court or permitted in writing by the Designating Party, a 12 Receiving Party may disclose any information or item designated "CONFIDENTIAL" 13 only to: 14 (a) the Receiving Party's Outside Counsel of Record in this 15 Action, as well as employees of said Outside Counsel of Record to whom it is 16 reasonably necessary to disclose the information for this Action; 17 (b) the officers, directors, and employees (including House 18 Counsel) of the Receiving Party to whom disclosure is reasonably necessary for this 19 Action; 20 (c) Experts (as defined in this Order) of the Receiving Party to 21 whom disclosure is reasonably necessary for this Action and who have signed the 22 "Acknowledgment and Agreement to Be Bound" (Exhibit A); 23 (d) the Court and its personnel; 24 (e) court reporters and their staff; 25 (f) professional jury or trial consultants, mock jurors, and 26 Professional Vendors to whom disclosure is reasonably necessary for this Action and 27 who have signed the "Acknowledgment and Agreement to Be Bound" (Exhibit A); 28 LITTLER MENDELSON, P.C. 633 West 5th Street 63rd Floor Los Angeles, CA 90071 213.443.4300 (g) the author or recipient of a document containing the 1 information or a custodian or other person who otherwise possessed or knew the 2 information; 3 (h) during their depositions, witnesses, and attorneys for 4 witnesses, in the Action to whom disclosure is reasonably necessary provided: (1) the 5 deposing party requests that the witness sign the form attached as Exhibit A hereto; 6 and (2) they will not be permitted to keep any confidential information unless they 7 sign the "Acknowledgment and Agreement to Be Bound" (Exhibit A), unless 8 otherwise agreed by the Designating Party or ordered by the court. Pages of 9 transcribed deposition testimony or exhibits to depositions that reveal Protected 10 Material may be separately bound by the court reporter and may not be disclosed to 11 anyone except as permitted under this Stipulated Protective Order; and 12 (i) any mediator or settlement officer, and their supporting 13 personnel, mutually agreed upon by any of the parties engaged in settlement 14 discussions. 15 16 8. PROTECTED MATERIAL SUBPOENAED OR ORDERED PRODUCED IN OTHER LITIGATION 17 If a Party is served with a subpoena or a court order issued in other 18 litigation that compels disclosure of any information or items designated in this 19 Action as "CONFIDENTIAL," that Party must; 20 21 22 (a) promptly notify in writing the Designating Party. Such notification shall include a copy of the subpoena or court order; (b) promptly notify in writing the party who caused the subpoena or 23 order to issue in the other litigation that some or all of the material covered by the 24 subpoena or order is subject to this Protective Order. Such notifications shall include 25 a copy of this Stipulated Protective Order; and 26 27 28 LITTLER MENDELSON, P.C. 633 West 5th Street 63rd Floor Los Angeles, CA 90071 213.443.4300 (c) cooperate with respect to all reasonable procedures sought to be pursued by the Designating Party whose Protected Material may be affected. If the Designating Party timely seeks a protective order, the Party served with 1 the subpoena or court order will not produce any information designated in this action 2 as "CONFIDENTIAL" before a determination by the court from which the subpoena 3 or order issued, unless the Party has obtained the Designating Party's permission. The 4 Designating Party will bear the burden and expense of seeking protection in that court 5 of its confidential material and nothing in these provisions should be construed as 6 authorizing or encouraging a Receiving Party in this Action to disobey a lawful 7 directive from another court. 8 9 10 9. A NON-PARTY'S PROTECTED MATERIAL SOUGHT TO BE PRODUCED IN THIS LITIGATION (a) The terms of this Order are applicable to information produced by 11 a Non-Party in this Action and designated as "CONFIDENTIAL." Such information 12 produced by Non-Parties in connection with this litigation is protected by the 13 remedies and relief provided by this Order. Nothing in these provisions should be 14 construed as prohibiting a Non-Party from seeking additional protections. 15 (b) In the event that a Party is required, by a valid discovery request, 16 to produce a Non-Party's confidential information in its possession, and the Party is 17 subject to an agreement with the Non-Party not to produce the Non-Party's 18 confidential information, then the Party will: 19 (1) promptly notify in writing the Requesting Party and the Non- 20 Party that some or all of the information requested is subject to a confidentiality 21 agreement with a Non-Party; 22 (2) promptly provide the Non-Party with a copy of the 23 Stipulated Protective Order in this Action, the relevant discovery request(s) , and a 24 reasonably specific description of the information requested; and 25 (3) make the information requested available for inspection by 26 the Non-Party, if requested. 27 (c) 28 LITTLER MENDELSON, P.C. 633 West 5th Street 63rd Floor Los Angeles, CA 90071 213.443.4300 If the Non-Party fails to seek a protective order from this court within 14 days of receiving the notice and accompanying information, the Receiving 1 Party may produce the Non-Party's confidential information responsive to the 2 discovery request. If the Non-Party timely seeks a protective order, the Receiving 3 Party will not produce any information in its possession or control that is subject to 4 the confidentiality agreement with the Non-Party before a determination by the court. 5 Absent a court order to the contrary, the Non-Party shall bear the burden and expense 6 of seeking protection in this court of its Protected Material. 7 10. UNAUTHORIZED DISCLOSURE OF PROTECTED MATERIAL 8 If a Receiving Party learns that, by inadvertence or otherwise, it has 9 disclosed Protected Material to any person or in any circumstance not authorized 10 under this Stipulated Protective Order, the Receiving Party must immediately (a) 11 notify in writing the Designating Party of the unauthorized disclosures, (b) use its best 12 efforts to retrieve all unauthorized copies of the Protected Material, (d) inform the 13 person or persons to whom unauthorized disclosures were made of all the terms of this 14 Order, and (d) request such person or persons to execute the "Acknowledgment and 15 Agreement to Be Bound" that is attached hereto as Exhibit A. 16 17 11. INADVERTENT PRODUCTION OF PRIVILEGED OR OTHERWISE PROTECTED MATERIAL 18 When a Producing Party gives notice to Receiving Parties that certain 19 inadvertently produced material is subject to a claim of privilege or other protection, 20 the obligations of the Receiving Parties are those set forth in Federal Rule of Civil 21 Procedure 26(b)(5)(B). This provision is not intended to modify whatever procedure 22 may be established in an e-discovery order that provides for production without prior 23 privilege review. Pursuant to Federal Rule of Evidence 502(d) and (e), insofar as the 24 parties reach an agreement on the effect of disclosure of a communication or 25 information covered by the attorney-client privilege or work product protection, the 26 parties may incorporate their agreement in the stipulated protective order submitted to 27 the Court. 28 12. LITTLER MENDELSON, P.C. 633 West 5th Street 63rd Floor Los Angeles, CA 90071 213.443.4300 MISCELLANEOUS 1 2 12.1 Right to Further Relief. Nothing in this Order abridges the right of any person to seek its modification by the Court in the future. 3 12.2 Right to Assert Other Objections. By stipulating to the entry of 4 this Protective Order no Party waives any right it otherwise would have to object to 5 disclosing or producing any information or item on any ground not addressed in this 6 Stipulated Protective Order. Similarly, no Party waives any right to object on any 7 ground to use in evidence of any of the material covered by this Protective Order. 8 9 12.3 Filing Protected Material. A Party that seeks to file under seal any Protected Material must comply with Civil Local Rule 79-5. Protected Material may 10 only be filed under seal pursuant to a court order authorizing the sealing of the 11 specific Protected Material at issue. If a Party's request to file Protected Material 12 under seal is denied by the Court, then the Receiving Party may file the information in 13 the public record unless otherwise instructed by the Court. 14 15 13. FINAL DISPOSITION After the final disposition of this Action, as defined in paragraph 4, 16 within 60 days of a written request by the Designating Party, each Receiving Party 17 must return all Protected Material to the Producing Party or destroy such material. As 18 used in this subdivision, "all Protected Material" includes all copies, abstracts, 19 compilations, summaries, and any other format reproducing or capturing any of the 20 Protected Material. Whether the Protected Material is returned or destroyed, the 21 Receiving Party must submit a written certification to the Producing Party (and, if not 22 the same person or entity, to the Designating Party) by the 60 day deadline that (1) 23 identifies (by category, where appropriate) all the Protected Material that was returned 24 or destroyed and (2) affirms that the Receiving Party has not retained any copies, 25 abstracts, compilations, summaries or any other format reproducing or capturing any 26 of the Protected Material. Notwithstanding this provision, Counsel are entitled to 27 retain an archival copy of all pleadings, motion papers, trial, deposition, and hearing 28 transcripts, legal memoranda, correspondence, deposition and trial exhibits, expert LITTLER MENDELSON, P.C. 633 West 5th Street 63rd Floor Los Angeles, CA 90071 213.443.4300 1 reports, attorney work product, and consultant and expert work product, even if such 2 materials contain Protected Material. Any such archival copies that contain or 3 constitute Protected Material remain subject to this Protective Order as set forth in 4 Section 4 (DURATION). 5 14. Any willful violation of this Order may be punished by civil or criminal 6 contempt proceedings, financial or evidentiary sanctions, reference to disciplinary 7 authorities, or other appropriate action at the discretion of the Court. 8 9 IT IS SO STIPULATED, THROUGH COUNSEL OF RECORD. 10 11 12 DATED: January 10, 2018 WILLIAM O. KAMPF JOSEPH R. BECERRA Attorneys for Plaintiff DATED: January 10, 2018 HEATHER M. VIGIL LILIANA KIM Attorneys for Defendants 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 LITTLER MENDELSON, P.C. 633 West 5th Street 63rd Floor Los Angeles, CA 90071 213.443.4300 FOR GOOD CAUSE SHOWN, IT IS SO ORDERED. DATED: _January 11, 2018_ HON. MICHAEL R. WILNER United States Magistrate Judge 1 2 EXHIBIT A 3 ACKNOWLEDGMENT AND AGREEMENT TO BE BOUND 4 5 I, ______________________________ [full name], of ___________________ 6 [full address], declare under penalty of perjury that I have read in its entirety and 7 understand the Stipulated Protective Order that was issued by the United States 8 District Court for the Central District of California on [date] in the case of Manuel 9 Contreras v. CDN Logistics Inc.; The Custom Companies, Inc., Case No. 2:17-cv- 10 05213-DMG-MRW. I agree to comply with and to be bound by all the terms of this 11 Stipulated Protective Order and I understand and acknowledge that failure to so 12 comply could expose me to sanctions and punishment in the nature of contempt. I 13 solemnly promise that I will not disclose in any manner any information or item that is 14 subject to this Stipulated Protective Order to any person or entity except in strict 15 compliance with the provisions of this Order. 16 I further agree to submit to the jurisdiction of the United States District Court 17 for the Central District of California for the purpose of enforcing the terms of this 18 Stipulated Protective Order, even if such enforcement proceedings occur after 19 termination of this action. I hereby appoint ___________________________ [full 20 name] of __________________________________ [full address and telephone 21 number] as my California agent for service of process in connection with this action 22 or any proceedings related to enforcement of this Stipulated Protective Order. 23 24 Date: ___________________ 25 City and State where sworn and signed: ___________________________________ 26 27 28 Printed name: Signature: Firmwide:152198624.1 090334.1003 LITTLER MENDELSON, P.C. 633 West 5th Street 63rd Floor Los Angeles, CA 90071 213.443.4300

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