Richard Jackson v. Eric Arnold

Filing 4

ORDER DISMISSING HABEAS PETITION 1 AS SUCCESSIVE by Judge R. Gary Klausner. IT IS THEREFORE ORDERED that this action is dismissed without prejudice as successive. SEE ORDER FOR FURTHER DETAILS. Case Terminated. Made JS-6. (ch)

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 9 CENTRAL DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 10 WESTERN DIVISION 11 12 RICHARD JACKSON, 13 Petitioner, 14 15 v. ERIC ARNOLD, Warden, 16 Respondent. 17 ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) No. CV 17-6524-RGK (PLA) ORDER DISMISSING HABEAS PETITION AS SUCCESSIVE 18 I. 19 BACKGROUND 20 Richard Jackson (“petitioner”) initiated this action on September 5, 2017, by filing a Petition 21 for Writ of Habeas Corpus by a Person in State Custody pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254 (“2d 2017 22 Petition” or “2d 2017 Pet.”). The 2d 2017 Petition challenges his October 27, 1997, conviction in the 23 Los Angeles County Superior Court, case number SA030662, for burglary with possession of a 24 firearm (Cal. Penal Code §§ 459, 12021). (2d 2017 Pet. at 3).1 Along with his 2d 2017 Petition, 25 petitioner filed a document captioned “Lower Court Ruling” (“Notice”) in which he states that he is 26 27 28 1 For ease of reference, the Court refers to the ECF-generated page numbers when referring to the 2d 2017 Petition. 1 letting the Court know that the California superior court made a ruling on petitioner’s habeas petition 2 in that court, “but everything else remains exactly the same.” (Notice at 1 (citing to pages 47 and 48 3 of the 2d 2017 Petition)). 4 The Court observes that on August 1, 2017, petitioner filed an earlier habeas petition in this 5 Court, in case number CV 17-5679-RGK (PLA) (“CV 17-5679”), also challenging his 1997 conviction 6 (“1st 2017 Petition”). The 1st 2017 Petition, which raises the same claim(s) raised by petitioner 7 herein (compare 2d 2017 Pet. at 5 with 1st 2017 Pet. at 5), was dismissed with prejudice as 8 successive, as petitioner had previously filed a habeas petition in this Court, in case number CV 00- 9 2642-ABC (CW) (“CV 00-2642”), also challenging his 1997 conviction (“2000 Petition”). (CV 17-5679, 10 ECF No. 3). The 2000 Petition was dismissed with prejudice on the merits, pursuant to the Judgment 11 entered on April 17, 2003. (Case No. CV 00-2642, ECF No. 30). Petitioner’s request for a certificate 12 of appealability was denied by the District Judge assigned to that case. (Case No. CV 00-2642, ECF 13 No. 34). His request for a certificate of appealability was denied by the Ninth Circuit on October 10, 14 2003. (Case No. CV 00-2642, ECF No. 39). As detailed in the Order dismissing case number CV 15 17-5679 as successive, petitioner also previously filed habeas petitions in this Court in case numbers 16 CV 03-9313-PA (CW) (“CV 03-9313”), and CV 07-8017-ABC (CW) (“CV 07-8017”), also challenging 17 his October 27, 1997, conviction. Both of those petitions were also dismissed as successive. (Case 18 Nos. CV 03-9313, ECF No. 5; CV 07-8017, ECF No. 6). 19 As was the case with the 1st 2017 Petition, the 2d 2017 Petition also references an application 20 to file a second or successive habeas corpus petition filed by petitioner on May 2, 2017, in the Ninth 21 Circuit Court of Appeals. (2d 2017 Pet. at 8). That application is still pending in the Ninth Circuit, in 22 case number 17-71266. (Id.; Ninth Circuit website for case number 17-71266). 23 24 II. 25 DISCUSSION 26 A federal habeas petition is successive if it raises claims that were or could have been 27 adjudicated on the merits in a previous petition. Cooper v. Calderon, 274 F.3d 1270, 1273 (9th Cir. 28 2001) (per curiam). The Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996 (“AEDPA”) provides 2 1 that a claim presented in a second or successive federal habeas petition that was not presented in 2 a prior petition shall be dismissed unless: 3 (A) the applicant shows that the claim relies on a new rule of constitutional law, made retroactive to cases on collateral review by the Supreme Court, that was previously unavailable; or 4 5 (B)(i) the factual predicate for the claim could not have been discovered previously through the exercise of due diligence; and 6 (ii) the facts underlying the claim, if proven and viewed in light of the evidence as a whole, would be sufficient to establish by clear and convincing evidence that, but for constitutional error, no reasonable factfinder would have found the applicant guilty of the underlying offense. 7 8 9 28 U.S.C. § 2244(b)(2)(A), (B). 10 Furthermore, “[b]efore a second or successive application permitted by this section is filed in 11 the district court, the applicant shall move in the appropriate court of appeals for an order authorizing 12 the district court to consider the application.” 28 U.S.C. § 2244(b)(3)(A). 13 In his 2000 Petition, petitioner claimed that he received ineffective assistance of counsel when 14 his trial counsel elicited self-incriminating admissions during petitioner’s trial testimony as to his prior 15 felony convictions. (CV 00-2642, ECF No. 23 at 8). As mentioned above, on April 17, 2003, that 16 action was dismissed on the merits and with prejudice. (Case No. CV 00-2642, ECF No. 30). 17 In the 2d 2017 Petition, petitioner again claims that he received ineffective assistance of 18 counsel, and brings clams of prosecutorial misconduct, due process violations, improper jury 19 instruction, and improper denial of his motion for new counsel pursuant to People v. Marsden, 2 Cal. 20 3d 118 (1970). (2d 2017 Pet. at 5). Petitioner does not contend that his claims rely on a new rule 21 of constitutional law, made retroactive to cases on collateral review by the Supreme Court, that was 22 previously unavailable; and, it appears to the Court that although petitioner appears to be seeking 23 to present new claims in the 2d 2017 Petition, the factual predicate for those claims could have 24 previously been discovered through the exercise of due diligence, or they involved issues that arose 25 during trial. Thus, the 2d 2017 Petition is successive.2 Moreover, even if the instant claims satisfied 26 27 28 2 The 2d 2017 Petition is subject to the AEDPA’s one-year statute of limitations period, as set forth under 28 U.S.C. § 2244(d). See Calderon v. U.S. Dist. Ct. (Beeler), 128 F.3d 1283, 1286 (continued...) 3 1 any of the exceptions found in 28 U.S.C. § 2244(b)(2)(A) or § 2244(b)(2)(B) that would allow for a 2 successive petition (and it does not appear that petitioner has satisfied any of those provisions), 3 petitioner nevertheless is required to seek and obtain authorization from the Ninth Circuit before 4 filing a successive petition. 28 U.S.C. § 2244(b)(3)(A); Burton v. Stewart, 549 U.S. 147, 152-53, 5 127 S. Ct. 793, 166 L. Ed. 2d 628 (2007) (AEDPA requires petitioner to receive authorization from 6 the Court of Appeals before filing a second habeas petition). Although he has filed an application 7 in the Ninth Circuit, petitioner has not obtained such permission from the Ninth Circuit. It therefore 8 appears, as was the case with the 1st 2017 Petition, that the Court is without jurisdiction to entertain 9 the 2d 2017 Petition under 28 U.S.C. § 2244(b). See Burton, 549 U.S. at 153; Cooper, 274 F.3d at 10 1274 (“‘When the AEDPA is in play, the district court may not, in the absence of proper authorization 11 from the court of appeals, consider a second or successive habeas application.’”). 12 13 III. 14 CONCLUSION 15 16 IT IS THEREFORE ORDERED that this action is dismissed without prejudice as successive.3 17 18 DATED: September 12, 2017 ___________________________________ HONORABLE R. GARY KLAUSNER UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 2 (...continued) (9th Cir. 1997). In most cases, the limitation period begins to run from “the date on which the judgment became final by conclusion of direct review or the expiration of the time for seeking such review.” 28 U.S.C. § 2244(d)(1)(A). Petitioner filed the 2d 2017 Petition on September 5, 2017. (ECF No. 1). On its face, therefore, the 2d 2017 Petition, filed almost twenty years after his conviction, is also barred by the statute of limitations. 3 If petitioner obtains permission from the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals to file a successive petition, he should file a new petition for writ of habeas corpus. He should not file an amended petition in this action or use the case number from this action because the instant action is being closed today. If petitioner files a new petition, the Court will give that petition a new case number. 4

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