Jose Pelayo et al v. City of Pomona et al

Filing 35

STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER by Magistrate Judge Steve Kim. In re Stipulation for Protective Order 34 . (clee)

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 9 CENTRAL DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 10 11 Jose Pelayo, Jesus Pelayo, Victor 12 Pelayo Plaintiff, 13 14 v. 15 CITY OF POMONA, POMONA POLICE DEPARTMENT CHIEF 16 PAUL CAPRARO, individually and in his official capacity, AUSTIN DOSSEY 17 #42108, individually and as a peace officer, FRANK SACCA #41873, 18 individually and as a peace officer, TIM DORN #41974, individually and as a 19 peace officer, PRINCE HUTCHINSON #42642, individually and as a peace 20 officer, and DOES 1-10. 21 Case No. 2:17- CV-07292-PSG(SKx) STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER Defendant. 22 23 PURPOSES AND LIMITATIONS 24 A. Discovery in this action is likely to involve production of confidential, 25 proprietary, or private information for which special protection from public 26 disclosure and from use for any purpose other than prosecuting this litigation may 27 be warranted. Accordingly, the parties hereby stipulate to and petition the Court to 28 enter the following Stipulated Protective Order. The parties acknowledge that this Stipulated Protective Order 1 Order does not confer blanket protections on all disclosures or responses to 2 discovery and that the protection it affords from public disclosure and use extends 3 only to the limited information or items that are entitled to confidential treatment 4 under the applicable legal principles. The parties further acknowledge, as set forth in 5 Section 12.3, below, that this Stipulated Protective Order does not entitle them to 6 file confidential information under seal; Civil Local Rule 79-5 sets forth the 7 procedures that must be followed and the standards that will be applied when a party 8 seeks permission from the court to file material under seal. 9 10 B. GOOD CAUSE STATEMENT This action is likely to involve confidential official information, attorney 11 work product, private government information including deliberative processes of 12 government employees contained in the Los Angeles County District Attorney files 13 regarding the criminal case of People of the State of California v. Jose Pelayo, Jesus 14 Pelayo and Victor Pelayo 5PK04838. Such confidential and proprietary materials 15 and information consist of, among other things, information implicating privacy 16 rights of third parties, information otherwise generally unavailable to the public, or 17 which may be privileged or otherwise protected from disclosure under state or 18 federal statutes, court rules, case decisions, or common law. Accordingly, to 19 expedite the flow of information, to facilitate the prompt resolution of disputes over 20 confidentiality of discovery materials, to adequately protect information the parties 21 are entitled to keep confidential, to ensure that the parties are permitted reasonable 22 necessary uses of such material in preparation for and in the conduct of trial, to 23 address their handling at the end of the litigation, and serve the ends of justice, a 24 protective order for such information is justified in this matter. It is the intent of the 25 parties that information will not be designated as confidential for tactical reasons 26 and that nothing be so designated without a good faith belief that it has been 27 maintained in a confidential, non-public manner, and there is good cause why it 28 should not be part of the public record of this case. Stipulated Protective Order -2- 1 2. DEFINITIONS 2 2.1 Action: Jose Pelayo et al. v. City of Pomona et al. 3 2.2 Challenging Party: Los Angeles County Counsel that challenges the 4 designation of information or items under this Order. 5 2.3 “CONFIDENTIAL” Information or Items: information (regardless of how 6 it is generated, stored or maintained) or tangible things that qualify for protection 7 under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 26(c), and as specified above in the Good 8 Cause Statement. 9 2.4 Counsel: Outside Counsel of Record and House Counsel (as well as their 10 support staff). 11 2.5 Designating Party: a Party or Non-Party that designates information or 12 items that it produces in disclosures or in responses to discovery as 13 “CONFIDENTIAL.” 14 2.6 Disclosure or Discovery Material: all items or information, regardless of 15 the medium or manner in which it is generated, stored, or maintained (including, 16 among other things, testimony, transcripts, and tangible things), that are produced or 17 generated in disclosures or responses to discovery in this matter. 18 2.7 Expert: a person with specialized knowledge or experience in a matter 19 pertinent to the litigation who has been retained by a Party or its counsel to serve as 20 an expert witness or as a consultant in this Action. 21 2.8 House Counsel: attorneys who are employees of a party to this Action. 22 House Counsel does not include Outside Counsel of Record or any other outside 23 counsel. 24 2.9 Non-Party: any natural person, partnership, corporation, association, or 25 other legal entity not named as a Party to this action. 26 2.10 Outside Counsel of Record: attorneys who are not employees of a party 27 to this Action but are retained to represent or advise a party to this Action and have 28 Stipulated Protective Order -3- 1 appeared in this Action on behalf of that party or are affiliated with a law firm which 2 has appeared on behalf of that party, and includes support staff. 3 2.11 Party: any party to this Action, including all of its officers, directors, 4 employees, consultants, retained experts, and Outside Counsel of Record (and their 5 support staffs). 6 2.12 Producing Party: a Party or Non-Party that produces Disclosure or 7 Discovery Material in this Action. 8 2.13 Professional Vendors: persons or entities that provide litigation support 9 services (e.g., photocopying, videotaping, translating, preparing exhibits or 10 demonstrations, and organizing, storing, or retrieving data in any form or medium) 11 and their employees and subcontractors. 12 2.14 Protected Material: any Disclosure or Discovery Material that is 13 designated as “CONFIDENTIAL.” 14 2.15 Receiving Party: a Party that receives Disclosure or Discovery Material 15 from a Producing Party. 16 3. SCOPE 17 The protections conferred by this Stipulation and Order cover not only 18 Protected Material (as defined above), but also (1) any information copied or 19 extracted from Protected Material; (2) all copies, excerpts, summaries, or 20 compilations of Protected Material; and (3) any testimony, conversations, or 21 presentations by Parties or their Counsel that might reveal Protected Material. 22 Any use of Protected Material at trial shall be governed by the orders of the 23 trial judge. This Order does not govern the use of Protected Material at trial. 24 4. DURATION 25 Once a case proceeds to trial, all of the information that was designated as 26 confidential or maintained pursuant to this protective order becomes public and will 27 be presumptively available to all members of the public, including the press, unless 28 compelling reasons supported by specific factual findings to proceed otherwise are Stipulated Protective Order -4- 1 made to the trial judge in advance of the trial. See Kamakana v. City and County of 2 Honolulu, 447 F.3d 1172, 1180-81 (9th Cir. 2006) (distinguishing “good cause” 3 showing for sealing documents produced in discovery from “compelling reasons” 4 standard when merits-related documents are part of court record). Accordingly, the 5 terms of this protective order do not extend beyond the commencement of the trial. 6 Even after final disposition of this litigation, the confidentiality obligations 7 imposed by this Order shall remain in effect until a Designating Party agrees 8 otherwise in writing or a court order otherwise directs. Final disposition shall be 9 deemed to be the later of (1) dismissal of all claims and defenses in this Action, with 10 or without prejudice; and (2) final judgment herein after the completion and 11 exhaustion of all appeals, rehearings, remands, trials, or reviews of this Action, 12 including the time limits for filing any motions or applications for extension of time 13 pursuant to applicable law. 14 5. DESIGNATING PROTECTED MATERIAL 15 5.1 Exercise of Restraint and Care in Designating Material for Protection. 16 Each Party or Non-Party that designates information or items for protection under 17 this Order must take care to limit any such designation to specific material that 18 qualifies under the appropriate standards. The Designating Party must designate for 19 protection only those parts of material, documents, items, or oral or written 20 communications that qualify so that other portions of the material, documents, 21 items, or communications for which protection is not warranted are not swept 22 unjustifiably within the ambit of this Order. 23 Mass, indiscriminate, or routinized designations are prohibited. Designations 24 that are shown to be clearly unjustified or that have been made for an improper 25 purpose (e.g., to unnecessarily encumber the case development process or to impose 26 unnecessary expenses and burdens on other parties) may expose the Designating 27 Party to sanctions. 28 Stipulated Protective Order -5- 1 If it comes to a Designating Party’s attention that information or items that it 2 designated for protection do not qualify for protection, that Designating Party must 3 promptly notify all other Parties that it is withdrawing the inapplicable designation. 4 5.2 Manner and Timing of Designations. Except as otherwise provided in this 5 Order (see, e.g., second paragraph of section 5.2(a) below), or as otherwise 6 stipulated or ordered, Disclosure or Discovery Material that qualifies for protection 7 under this Order must be clearly so designated before the material is disclosed or 8 produced. 9 10 Designation in conformity with this Order requires: (a) for information in documentary form (e.g., paper or electronic documents, 11 but excluding transcripts of depositions or other pretrial or trial proceedings), that 12 the Producing Party affix at a minimum, the legend “CONFIDENTIAL” (hereinafter 13 “CONFIDENTIAL legend”), to each page that contains protected material. If only a 14 portion or portions of the material on a page qualifies for protection, the Producing 15 Party also must clearly identify the protected portion(s) (e.g., by making appropriate 16 markings in the margins). 17 A Party or Non-Party that makes original documents available for inspection 18 need not designate them for protection until after the inspecting Party has indicated 19 which documents it would like copied and produced. During the inspection and 20 before the designation, all of the material made available for inspection shall be 21 deemed “CONFIDENTIAL.” After the inspecting Party has identified the 22 documents it wants copied and produced, the Producing Party must determine which 23 documents, or portions thereof, qualify for protection under this Order. Then, before 24 producing the specified documents, the Producing Party must affix the 25 “CONFIDENTIAL legend” to each page that contains Protected Material. If only a 26 portion or portions of the material on a page qualifies for protection, the Producing 27 Party also must clearly identify the protected portion(s) (e.g., by making appropriate 28 markings in the margins). Stipulated Protective Order -6- 1 (b) for testimony given in depositions that the Designating Party identify 2 the Disclosure or Discovery Material on the record, before the close of the 3 deposition all protected testimony. 4 (c) for information produced in some form other than documentary and for 5 any other tangible items, that the Producing Party affix in a prominent place on the 6 exterior of the container or containers in which the information is stored the legend 7 “CONFIDENTIAL.” If only a portion or portions of the information warrants 8 protection, the Producing Party, to the extent practicable, shall identify the protected 9 portion(s). 10 5.3 Inadvertent Failures to Designate. If timely corrected, an inadvertent 11 failure to designate qualified information or items does not, standing alone, waive 12 the Designating Party’s right to secure protection under this Order for such material. 13 Upon timely correction of a designation, the Receiving Party must make reasonable 14 efforts to assure that the material is treated in accordance with the provisions of this 15 Order. 16 6. CHALLENGING CONFIDENTIALITY DESIGNATIONS 17 6.1 Timing of Challenges. Any Party or Non-Party may challenge a 18 designation of confidentiality at any time that is consistent with the Court’s 19 Scheduling Order. 20 6.2 Meet and Confer. The Challenging Party shall initiate the dispute 21 resolution process under Local Rule 37.1 et seq. 22 6.3 The burden of persuasion in any such challenge proceeding shall be on the 23 Designating Party. Frivolous challenges, and those made for an improper purpose 24 (e.g., to harass or impose unnecessary expenses and burdens on other parties) may 25 expose the Challenging Party to sanctions. Unless the Designating Party has waived 26 or withdrawn the confidentiality designation, all parties shall continue to afford the 27 material in question the level of protection to which it is entitled under the 28 Producing Party’s designation until the Court rules on the challenge. Stipulated Protective Order -7- 1 7. ACCESS TO AND USE OF PROTECTED MATERIAL 2 7.1 Basic Principles. A Receiving Party may use Protected Material that is 3 disclosed or produced by another Party or by a Non-Party in connection with this 4 Action only for prosecuting, defending, or attempting to settle this Action. Such 5 Protected Material may be disclosed only to the categories of persons and under the 6 conditions described in this Order. When the Action has been terminated, a 7 Receiving Party must comply with the provisions of section 13 below (FINAL 8 DISPOSITION). 9 Protected Material must be stored and maintained by a Receiving Party at a 10 location and in a secure manner that ensures that access is limited to the persons 11 authorized under this Order. 12 7.2 Disclosure of “CONFIDENTIAL” Information or Items. Unless otherwise 13 ordered by the court or permitted in writing by the Designating Party, a Receiving 14 Party may disclose any information or item designated “CONFIDENTIAL” only to: 15 (a) the Receiving Party’s Outside Counsel of Record in this Action, as well as 16 employees of said Outside Counsel of Record to whom it is reasonably necessary to 17 disclose the information for this Action; 18 (b) the officers, directors, and employees (including House Counsel) of the 19 Receiving Party to whom disclosure is reasonably necessary for this Action; 20 (c) Experts (as defined in this Order) of the Receiving Party to whom 21 disclosure is reasonably necessary for this Action and who have signed the 22 “Acknowledgment and Agreement to Be Bound” (Exhibit A); 23 (d) the court and its personnel; 24 (e) court reporters and their staff; 25 (f) professional jury or trial consultants, mock jurors, and Professional 26 Vendors to whom disclosure is reasonably necessary for this Action and who have 27 signed the “Acknowledgment and Agreement to Be Bound” (Exhibit A); 28 Stipulated Protective Order -8- 1 (g) the author or recipient of a document containing the information or a 2 custodian or other person who otherwise possessed or knew the information; 3 (h) during their depositions, witnesses ,and attorneys for witnesses, in the 4 Action to whom disclosure is reasonably necessary provided: (1) the deposing party 5 requests that the witness sign the form attached as Exhibit 1 hereto; and (2) they will 6 not be permitted to keep any confidential information unless they sign the 7 “Acknowledgment and Agreement to Be Bound” (Exhibit A), unless otherwise 8 agreed by the Designating Party or ordered by the court. Pages of transcribed 9 deposition testimony or exhibits to depositions that reveal Protected Material may 10 be separately bound by the court reporter and may not be disclosed to anyone except 11 as permitted under this Stipulated Protective Order; and 12 (i) any mediator or settlement officer, and their supporting personnel, 13 mutually agreed upon by any of the parties engaged in settlement discussions. 14 8. PROTECTED MATERIAL SUBPOENAED OR ORDERED PRODUCED 15 IN OTHER LITIGATION 16 If a Party is served with a subpoena or a court order issued in other litigation 17 that compels disclosure of any information or items designated in this Action a 18 “CONFIDENTIAL,” that Party must: 19 (a) promptly notify in writing the Designating Party. Such notification 20 shall include a copy of the subpoena or court order; 21 (b) promptly notify in writing the party who caused the subpoena or order 22 to issue in the other litigation that some or all of the material covered by the 23 subpoena or order is subject to this Protective Order. Such notification shall include 24 a copy of this Stipulated Protective Order; and 25 (c) cooperate with respect to all reasonable procedures sought to be 26 pursued by the Designating Party whose Protected Material may be affected. 27 If the Designating Party timely seeks a protective order, the Party served with 28 the subpoena or court order shall not produce any information designated in this Stipulated Protective Order -9- 1 action as “CONFIDENTIAL” before a determination by the court from which the 2 subpoena or order issued, unless the Party has obtained the Designating Party’s 3 permission. The Designating Party shall bear the burden and expense of seeking 4 protection in that court of its confidential material and nothing in these provisions 5 should be construed as authorizing or encouraging a Receiving Party in this Action 6 to disobey a lawful directive from another court. 7 9. A NON-PARTY’S PROTECTED MATERIAL SOUGHT TO BE 8 PRODUCED IN THIS LITIGATION 9 (a) The terms of this Order are applicable to information produced by a 10 Non-Party in this Action and designated as “CONFIDENTIAL.” Such information 11 produced by Non-Parties in connection with this litigation is protected by the 12 remedies and relief provided by this Order. Nothing in these provisions should be 13 construed as prohibiting a Non-Party from seeking additional protections. 14 (b) In the event that a Party is required, by a valid discovery request, to 15 produce a Non-Party’s confidential information in its possession, and the Party is 16 subject to an agreement with the Non-Party not to produce the Non-Party’s 17 confidential information, then the Party shall: 18 (1) promptly notify in writing the Requesting Party and the Non-Party that 19 some or all of the information requested is subject to a confidentiality agreement 20 with a Non-Party; 21 (2) promptly provide the Non-Party with a copy of the Stipulated 22 Protective Order in this Action, the relevant discovery request(s), and a reasonably 23 specific description of the information requested; and 24 (3) make the information requested available for inspection by the Non- 25 Party, if requested. 26 (c) If the Non-Party fails to seek a protective order from this court within 14 27 days of receiving the notice and accompanying information, the Receiving Party 28 may produce the Non-Party’s confidential information responsive to the discovery Stipulated Protective Order -10- 1 request. If the Non-Party timely seeks a protective order, the Receiving Party shall 2 not produce any information in its possession or control that is subject to the 3 confidentiality agreement with the Non-Party before a determination by the court. 4 Absent a court order to the contrary, the Non-Party shall bear the burden and 5 expense of seeking protection in this court of its Protected Material. 6 10. UNAUTHORIZED DISCLOSURE OF PROTECTED MATERIAL 7 If a Receiving Party learns that, by inadvertence or otherwise, it has disclosed 8 Protected Material to any person or in any circumstance not authorized under this 9 Stipulated Protective Order, the Receiving Party must immediately (a) notify in 10 writing the Designating Party of the unauthorized disclosures, (b) use its best efforts 11 to retrieve all unauthorized copies of the Protected Material, (c) inform the person or 12 persons to whom unauthorized disclosures were made of all the terms of this Order, 13 and (d) request such person or persons to execute the “Acknowledgment and 14 Agreement to Be Bound” that is attached hereto as Exhibit A. 15 11. INADVERTENT PRODUCTION OF PRIVILEGED OR 16 OTHERWISE PROTECTED MATERIAL 17 When a Producing Party gives notice to Receiving Parties that certain 18 inadvertently produced material is subject to a claim of privilege or other protection, 19 the obligations of the Receiving Parties are those set forth in Federal Rule of Civil 20 Procedure 26(b)(5)(B). This provision is not intended to modify whatever procedure 21 may be established in an e-discovery order that provides for production without 22 prior privilege review. Pursuant to Federal Rule of Evidence 502(d) and (e), insofar 23 as the parties reach an agreement on the effect of disclosure of a communication or 24 information covered by the attorney-client privilege or work product protection, the 25 parties may incorporate their agreement in the stipulated protective order submitted 26 to the court. 27 12. MISCELLANEOUS 28 Stipulated Protective Order -11- 1 12.1 Right to Further Relief. Nothing in this Order abridges the right of any 2 person to seek its modification by the Court in the future. 3 12.2 Right to Assert Other Objections. By stipulating to the entry of this 4 Protective Order no Party waives any right it otherwise would have to object to 5 disclosing or producing any information or item on any ground not addressed in this 6 Stipulated Protective Order. Similarly, no Party waives any right to object on any 7 ground to use in evidence of any of the material covered by this Protective Order. 8 12.3 Filing Protected Material. A Party that seeks to file under seal any 9 Protected Material must comply with Civil Local Rule 79-5. Protected Material may 10 only be filed under seal pursuant to a court order authorizing the sealing of the 11 specific Protected Material at issue. If a Party's request to file Protected Material 12 under seal is denied by the court, then the Receiving Party may file the information 13 in the public record unless otherwise instructed by the court. 14 13. FINAL DISPOSITION 15 After the final disposition of this Action, as defined in paragraph 4, within 60 16 days of a written request by the Designating Party, each Receiving Party must return 17 all Protected Material to the Producing Party or destroy such material. As used in 18 this subdivision, “all Protected Material” includes all copies, abstracts, compilations, 19 summaries, and any other format reproducing or capturing any of the Protected 20 Material. Whether the Protected Material is returned or destroyed, the Receiving 21 Party must submit a written certification to the Producing Party (and, if not the same 22 person or entity, to the Designating Party) by the 60 day deadline that (1) identifies 23 (by category, where appropriate) all the Protected Material that was returned or 24 destroyed and (2)affirms that the Receiving Party has not retained any copies, 25 abstracts, compilations, summaries or any other format reproducing or capturing any 26 of the Protected Material. Notwithstanding this provision, Counsel are entitled to 27 retain an archival copy of all pleadings, motion papers, trial, deposition, and hearing 28 transcripts, legal memoranda, correspondence, deposition and trial exhibits, expert Stipulated Protective Order -12- 1 reports, attorney work product, and consultant and expert work product, even if such 2 materials contain Protected Material. Any such archival copies that contain or 3 constitute Protected Material remain subject to this Protective Order as set forth in 4 Section 4 (DURATION). 5 \\ 6 \\ 7 \\ 8 14. Any violation of this Order may be punished by any and all appropriate 9 measures including, without limitation, contempt proceedings and/or monetary 10 sanctions. 11 IT IS SO STIPULATED, THROUGH COUNSEL OF RECORD. 12 13 DATED: February 12, 2018 MARY C. WICKHAM County Counsel 14 By 15 16 17 Attorneys for Los Angeles County District Attorney, Designating NonParty 18 19 20 /s/ Jonathan McCaverty JONATHAN McCAVERTY Principal Deputy County Counsel DATED: Febaruay 12, 2018 MKRTCHYAN LAW 21 22 By /s/ Narine Mkrtchyan 23 Attorney for PLAINTIFF 24 25 26 27 28 Stipulated Protective Order -13- Order 1 2 3 FOR GOOD CAUSE SHOWN, IT IS SO ORDERED. 4 5 Date: February 12, 2018 __________________________ Honorable Steve Kim United States Magistrate Judge 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 Stipulated Protective Order -14- 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 EXHIBIT A ACKNOWLEDGMENT AND AGREEMENT TO BE BOUND I, _____________________________ [print or type full name], of _________________ [print or type full address], declare under penalty of perjury that I have read in its entirety and understand the Stipulated Protective Order that was issued by the United States District Court for the Central District of California on [date] in the case of ___________ [insert formal name of the case and the number and initials assigned to it by the court]. I agree to comply with and to be bound by all the terms of this Stipulated Protective Order and I understand and acknowledge that failure to so comply could expose me to sanctions and punishment in the nature of contempt. I solemnly promise that I will not disclose in any manner any information or item that is subject to this Stipulated Protective Order to any person or entity except in strict compliance with the provisions of this Order. I further agree to submit to the jurisdiction of the United States District Court for the Central District of California for the purpose of enforcing the terms of this Stipulated Protective Order, even if such enforcement proceedings occur after termination of this action. I hereby appoint __________________________ [print or type full name] of _______________________________________ [print or type full address and telephone number] as my California agent for service of process in connection with this action or any proceedings related to enforcement of this Stipulated Protective Order. Date: ______________________________________ City and State where sworn and signed: _________________________________ Printed name: _______________________________ Signature: __________________________________ 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 Stipulated Protective Order -15-

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