David Ettedgui v. WB Studio Enterprises Inc. et al

Filing 58

PROTECTIVE ORDER by Magistrate Judge John D. Early re 57 . (mba)

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 9 10 11 12 CENTRAL DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA DAVID ETTEDGUI, an individual, on behalf of himself and on behalf of all persons similarly situated, 15 16 17 vs. WB STUDIO ENTERPRISES INC., a corporation; and DOES 1 through 50, inclusive, Defendants. 18 19 20 PROTECTIVE ORDER Plaintiff, 13 14 Case No. 2:20-cv-08053-MCS(JDEx) Based on the parties’ stipulation (Dkt. 57, 57-1), and for good cause shown, the Court finds and orders as follows. 21 1. 22 Discovery in this action is likely to involve production of confidential, 23 24 25 26 27 28 PURPOSES AND LIMITATIONS proprietary or private information for which special protection from public disclosure and from use for any purpose other than pursuing this litigation may be warranted. The parties acknowledge that this Order does not confer blanket protections on all disclosures or responses to discovery and that the protection it affords from public disclosure and use extends only to the limited information or PROTECTIVE ORDER 1 items that are entitled to confidential treatment under the applicable legal 2 principles. 3 2. 4 This action is likely to involve trade secrets, financial, technical and/or GOOD CAUSE STATEMENT 5 proprietary information for which special protection from public disclosure and 6 from use for any purpose other than prosecution of this action is warranted. Such 7 confidential and proprietary materials and information consist of, among other 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 things, confidential business or financial information, information regarding confidential business practices, or other confidential research, development, or commercial information (including information implicating privacy rights of third parties), information otherwise generally unavailable to the public, or which may be privileged or otherwise protected from disclosure under state or federal statutes, court rules, case decisions, or common law. Accordingly, to expedite the flow of information, to facilitate the prompt resolution of disputes over confidentiality of discovery materials, to adequately protect information the parties are entitled to keep confidential, to ensure that the parties are permitted reasonable necessary uses of such material in preparation for and in the conduct of trial, to address their handling at the end of the litigation, and serve the ends of justice, a protective order 20 for such information is justified in this matter. It is the intent of the parties that 21 information will not be designated as confidential for tactical reasons and that 22 nothing be so designated without a good faith belief that it has been maintained in 23 a confidential, non-public manner, and there is good cause why it should not be 24 part of the public record of this case. 25 3. ACKNOWLEDGMENT OF UNDER SEAL PROCEDURE 26 As set forth below, this Protective Order does not entitle parties to file 27 confidential information under seal; Local Civil Rule 79-5 sets forth the procedures 28 that must be followed and the standards that will be applied when a party seeks 2 PROTECTIVE ORDER 1 permission from the court to file material under seal. There is a strong presumption 2 that the public has a right of access to judicial proceedings and records in civil 3 cases. In connection with non-dispositive motions, good cause must be shown to 4 support a filing under seal. See Kamakana v. City and County of Honolulu, 447 5 F.3d 1172, 1176 (9th Cir. 2006), Phillips v. Gen. Motors Corp., 307 F.3d 1206, 6 1210-11 (9th Cir. 2002), Makar-Welbon v. Sony Electrics, Inc., 187 F.R.D. 576, 7 577 (E.D. Wis. 1999) (even stipulated protective orders require good cause 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 showing), and a specific showing of good cause or compelling reasons with proper evidentiary support and legal justification, must be made with respect to Protected Material that a party seeks to file under seal. The parties’ mere designation of Disclosure or Discovery Material as confidential does not— without the submission of competent evidence by declaration establishing that the material sought to be filed under seal qualifies as confidential, privileged, or otherwise protectable—constitute good cause. Further, if a party requests sealing related to a dispositive motion or trial, then compelling reasons, not only good cause, for the sealing must be shown, and the relief sought shall be narrowly tailored to serve the specific interest to be protected. See Pintos v. Pacific Creditors Ass’n., 605 F.3d 665, 677-79 (9th Cir. 20 2010). For each item or type of information, document, or thing sought to be filed 21 or introduced under seal, the party seeking protection must articulate compelling 22 reasons, supported by specific facts and legal justification, for the requested sealing 23 order. Again, competent evidence supporting the application to file documents 24 under seal must be provided by declaration. 25 Any document that is not confidential, privileged, or otherwise protectable 26 in its entirety will not be filed under seal if the confidential portions can be 27 redacted. If documents can be redacted, then a redacted version for public viewing, 28 omitting only the confidential, privileged, or otherwise protectable portions of the 3 PROTECTIVE ORDER 1 document, shall be filed. Any application that seeks to file documents under seal in 2 their entirety should include an explanation of why redaction is not feasible. 3 4. DEFINITIONS 4 4.1 Action: David Ettedgui v. WB Studio Enterprises Inc., pending before 5 the United States District Court for the Central District, Case Number 2:20-cv- 6 08053-MCS (JDEx). 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 4.2 Challenging Party: a Party or Non-Party that challenges the designation of information or items under this Order. 4.3 “CONFIDENTIAL” Information or Items: information (regardless of how it is generated, stored or maintained) or tangible things that qualify for protection under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 26(c), and as specified above in the Good Cause Statement. 4.4 Counsel: Outside Counsel of Record and House Counsel (as well as their support staff). 4.5 Designating Party: a Party or Non-Party that designates information or items that it produces in disclosures or in responses to discovery as “CONFIDENTIAL.” 4.6 Disclosure or Discovery Material: all items or information, regardless 20 of the medium or manner in which it is generated, stored, or maintained (including, 21 among other things, testimony, transcripts, and tangible things), that are produced 22 or generated in disclosures or responses to discovery. 23 4.7 Expert: a person with specialized knowledge or experience in a matter 24 pertinent to the litigation who has been retained by a Party or its counsel to serve 25 as an expert witness or as a consultant in this Action. 26 27 4.8 House Counsel: attorneys employed by a party to this Action. House Counsel does not include Outside Counsel of Record or any other outside counsel. 28 4 PROTECTIVE ORDER 1 2 4.9 Non-Party: any natural person, partnership, corporation, association or other legal entity not named as a Party to this action. 3 4.10 Outside Counsel of Record: attorneys who are not employees of a 4 party to this Action but are retained to represent a party to this Action and have 5 appeared in this Action on behalf of that party or are affiliated with a law firm that 6 has appeared on behalf of that party, and includes support staff. 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 4.11 Party: any party to this Action, including all of its officers, directors, employees, consultants, retained experts, and Outside Counsel of Record (and their support staffs). 4.12 Producing Party: a Party or Non-Party that produces Disclosure or Discovery Material in this Action. 4.13 Professional Vendors: persons or entities that provide litigation support services (e.g., photocopying, videotaping, translating, preparing exhibits or demonstrations, and organizing, storing, or retrieving data in any form or medium) and their employees and subcontractors. 4.14 Protected Material: any Disclosure or Discovery Material that is designated as “CONFIDENTIAL.” 4.15 Receiving Party: a Party that receives Disclosure or Discovery Material from a Producing Party. 21 5. SCOPE 22 The protections conferred by this Order cover not only Protected Material 23 (as defined above), but also (1) any information copied or extracted from Protected 24 Material; (2) all copies, excerpts, summaries, or compilations of Protected 25 Material; and (3) any testimony, conversations, or presentations by Parties or their 26 Counsel that might reveal Protected Material. 27 28 5 PROTECTIVE ORDER 1 Any use of Protected Material at trial shall be governed by the orders of the 2 trial judge and other applicable authorities. This Order does not govern the use of 3 Protected Material at trial. 4 6. 5 Once a case proceeds to trial, information that was designated as DURATION 6 CONFIDENTIAL or maintained pursuant to this protective order used or 7 introduced as an exhibit at trial becomes public and will be presumptively 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 available to all members of the public, including the press, unless compelling reasons supported by specific factual findings to proceed otherwise are made to the trial judge in advance of the trial. See Kamakana, 447 F.3d at 1180-81 (distinguishing “good cause” showing for sealing documents produced in discovery from “compelling reasons” standard when merits-related documents are part of court record). Accordingly, the terms of this protective order do not extend beyond the commencement of the trial. 7. DESIGNATING PROTECTED MATERIAL 7.1 Exercise of Restraint and Care in Designating Material for Protection. Each Party or Non-Party that designates information or items for protection under this Order must take care to limit any such designation 20 to specific material that qualifies under the appropriate standards. The Designating 21 Party must designate for protection only those parts of material, documents, items 22 or oral or written communications that qualify so that other portions of the 23 material, documents, items or communications for which protection is not 24 warranted are not swept unjustifiably within the ambit of this Order. 25 Mass, indiscriminate or routinized designations are prohibited. Designations 26 that are shown to be clearly unjustified or that have been made for an improper 27 purpose (e.g., to unnecessarily encumber the case development process or to 28 6 PROTECTIVE ORDER 1 impose unnecessary expenses and burdens on other parties) may expose the 2 Designating Party to sanctions. 3 If it comes to a Designating Party’s attention that information or items that it 4 designated for protection do not qualify for protection, that Designating Party must 5 promptly notify all other Parties that it is withdrawing the inapplicable designation. 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 7.2 Manner and Timing of Designations. Except as otherwise provided in this Order, or as otherwise stipulated or ordered, Disclosure of Discovery Material that qualifies for protection under this Order must be clearly so designated before the material is disclosed or produced. Designation in conformity with this Order requires: (a) for information in documentary form (e.g., paper or electronic documents, but excluding transcripts of depositions or other pretrial or trial proceedings), that the Producing Party affix at a minimum, the legend “CONFIDENTIAL” (hereinafter “CONFIDENTIAL legend”), to each page that contains protected material. If only a portion of the material on a page qualifies for protection, the Producing Party also must clearly identify the protected portion(s) (e.g., by making appropriate markings in the margins). A Party or Non-Party that makes original documents available for 20 inspection need not designate them for protection until after the inspecting Party 21 has indicated which documents it would like copied and produced. During the 22 inspection and before the designation, all of the material made available for 23 inspection shall be deemed “CONFIDENTIAL.” After the inspecting Party has 24 identified the documents it wants copied and produced, the Producing Party must 25 determine which documents, or portions thereof, qualify for protection under this 26 Order. Then, before producing the specified documents, the Producing Party must 27 affix the “CONFIDENTIAL legend” to each page that contains Protected Material. 28 If only a portion of the material on a page qualifies for protection, the Producing 7 PROTECTIVE ORDER 1 Party also must clearly identify the protected portion(s) (e.g., by making 2 appropriate markings in the margins). 3 (b) for testimony given in depositions that the Designating Party 4 identifies the Disclosure or Discovery Material on the record, before the close of 5 the deposition all protected testimony. 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 (c) for information produced in some form other than documentary and for any other tangible items, that the Producing Party affix in a prominent place on the exterior of the container or containers in which the information is stored the legend “CONFIDENTIAL.” If only a portion or portions of the information warrants protection, the Producing Party, to the extent practicable, shall identify the protected portion(s). 7.3 Inadvertent Failures to Designate. If timely corrected, an inadvertent failure to designate qualified information or items does not, standing alone, waive the Designating Party’s right to secure protection under this Order for such material. Upon timely correction of a designation, the Receiving Party must make reasonable efforts to assure that the material is treated in accordance with the provisions of this Order. 8. CHALLENGING CONFIDENTIALITY DESIGNATIONS 8.1. Timing of Challenges. Any Party or Non-Party may challenge a 21 designation of confidentiality at any time that is consistent with the Court’s 22 Scheduling Order. 23 24 25 26 27 28 8.2 Meet and Confer. The Challenging Party shall initiate the dispute resolution process under Local Rule 37-1 et seq. 8.3 Joint Stipulation. Any challenge submitted to the Court shall be via a joint stipulation pursuant to Local Rule 37-2. 8.4 The burden of persuasion in any such challenge proceeding shall be on the Designating Party. Frivolous challenges, and those made for an improper 8 PROTECTIVE ORDER 1 purpose (e.g., to harass or impose unnecessary expenses and burdens on other 2 parties) may expose the Challenging Party to sanctions. Unless the Designating 3 Party has waived or withdrawn the confidentiality designation, all parties shall 4 continue to afford the material in question the level of protection to which it is 5 entitled under the Producing Party’s designation until the Court rules on the 6 challenge. 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 9. ACCESS TO AND USE OF PROTECTED MATERIAL 9.1 Basic Principles. A Receiving Party may use Protected Material that is disclosed or produced by another Party or by a Non-Party in connection with this Action only for prosecuting, defending or attempting to settle this Action. Such Protected Material may be disclosed only to the categories of persons and under the conditions described in this Order. When the Action has been terminated, a Receiving Party must comply with the provisions of section 15 below (FINAL DISPOSITION). Protected Material must be stored and maintained by a Receiving Party at a location and in a secure manner that ensures that access is limited to the persons authorized under this Order. 9.2 Disclosure of “CONFIDENTIAL” Information or Items. Unless 20 otherwise ordered by the court or permitted in writing by the Designating Party, a 21 Receiving Party may disclose any information or item designated 22 “CONFIDENTIAL” only to: 23 (a) the Receiving Party’s Outside Counsel of Record in this Action, as 24 well as employees of said Outside Counsel of Record to whom it is reasonably 25 necessary to disclose the information for this Action; 26 (b) the officers, directors, and employees (including House Counsel) 27 of the Receiving Party to whom disclosure is reasonably necessary for this Action; 28 (c) Experts (as defined in this Order) of the Receiving Party to whom 9 PROTECTIVE ORDER 1 disclosure is reasonably necessary for this Action and who have signed an 2 Acknowledgment and Agreement to Be Bound. 3 (d) the court and its personnel; 4 (e) court reporters and their staff; 5 (f) professional jury or trial consultants, mock jurors, and Professional 6 Vendors to whom disclosure is reasonably necessary for this Action and who have 7 signed an Acknowledgment and Agreement to Be Bound; 8 9 (g) the author or recipient of a document containing the information or a custodian or other person who otherwise possessed or knew the information; 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 (h) during their depositions, witnesses, and attorneys for witnesses, in the Action to whom disclosure is reasonably necessary provided: (1) the deposing party requests that the witness sign an Acknowledgment and Agreement to be Bound; and (2) they will not be permitted to keep any confidential information unless they sign the Acknowledgment and Agreement to Be Bound, unless otherwise agreed by the Designating Party or ordered by the court. Pages of transcribed deposition testimony or exhibits to depositions that reveal Protected Material may be separately bound by the court reporter and may not be disclosed to anyone except as permitted under this Protective Order; and (i) any mediators or settlement officers and their supporting personnel, 20 21 22 23 mutually agreed upon by any of the parties engaged in settlement discussions. 10. PROTECTED MATERIAL SUBPOENAED OR ORDERED PRODUCED IN OTHER LITIGATION If a Party is served with a subpoena or a court order issued in other litigation 24 that compels disclosure of any information or items designated in this Action as 25 “CONFIDENTIAL,” that Party must: 26 27 (a) promptly notify in writing the Designating Party. Such notification shall include a copy of the subpoena or court order; 28 10 PROTECTIVE ORDER 1 (b) promptly notify in writing the party who caused the subpoena or 2 order to issue in the other litigation that some or all of the material covered by the 3 subpoena or order is subject to this Protective Order. Such notification shall 4 include a copy of this Protective Order; and 5 (c) cooperate with respect to all reasonable procedures sought to be 6 pursued by the Designating Party whose Protected Material may be affected. If the 7 Designating Party timely seeks a protective order, the Party served with the 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 subpoena or court order shall not produce any information designated in this action as “CONFIDENTIAL” before a determination by the court from which the subpoena or order issued, unless the Party has obtained the Designating Party’s permission. The Designating Party shall bear the burden and expense of seeking protection in that court of its confidential material and nothing in these provisions should be construed as authorizing or encouraging a Receiving Party in this Action to disobey a lawful directive from another court. 11. A NON-PARTY’S PROTECTED MATERIAL SOUGHT TO BE PRODUCED IN THIS LITIGATION 17 (a) The terms of this Order are applicable to information produced by 18 19 a Non-Party in this Action and designated as “CONFIDENTIAL.” Such 20 information produced by Non-Parties in connection with this litigation is protected 21 by the remedies and relief provided by this Order. Nothing in these provisions 22 should be construed as prohibiting a Non-Party from seeking additional 23 protections. 24 (b) In the event that a Party is required, by a valid discovery request, 25 to produce a Non-Party’s confidential information in its possession, and the Party 26 is subject to an agreement with the Non-Party not to produce the Non-Party’s 27 confidential information, then the Party shall: 28 11 PROTECTIVE ORDER 1 (1) promptly notify in writing the Requesting Party and the 2 Non-Party that some or all of the information requested is subject to a 3 confidentiality agreement with a Non-Party; 4 (2) promptly provide the Non-Party with a copy of the 5 Protective Order in this Action, the relevant discovery request(s), and a reasonably 6 specific description of the information requested; and 7 8 (3) make the information requested available for inspection by the Non-Party, if requested. 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 (c) If the Non-Party fails to seek a protective order from this court within 14 days of receiving the notice and accompanying information, the Receiving Party may produce the Non-Party’s confidential information responsive to the discovery request. If the Non-Party timely seeks a protective order, the Receiving Party shall not produce any information in its possession or control that is subject to the confidentiality agreement with the Non-Party before a determination by the court. Absent a court order to the contrary, the Non-Party shall bear the burden and expense of seeking protection in this court of its Protected Material. 12. UNAUTHORIZED DISCLOSURE OF PROTECTED MATERIAL 20 If a Receiving Party learns that, by inadvertence or otherwise, it has 21 disclosed Protected Material to any person or in any circumstance not authorized 22 under this Protective Order, the Receiving Party must immediately (a) notify in 23 writing the Designating Party of the unauthorized disclosures, (b) use its best 24 efforts to retrieve all unauthorized copies of the Protected Material, (c) inform the 25 person or persons to whom unauthorized disclosures were made of all the terms of 26 this Order, and (d) request such person or persons to execute an Acknowledgment 27 an Agreement to Be Bound. 28 12 PROTECTIVE ORDER 1 13. 2 INADVERTENT PRODUCTION OF PRIVILEGED OR OTHERWISE PROTECTED MATERIAL 3 When a Producing Party gives notice to Receiving Parties that certain 4 inadvertently produced material is subject to a claim of privilege or other 5 protection, the obligations of the Receiving Parties are those set forth in Federal 6 Rule of Civil\ Procedure 26(b)(5)(B). This provision is not intended to modify 7 whatever procedure may be established in an e-discovery order that provides for 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 production without prior privilege review. Pursuant to Federal Rule of Evidence 502(d) and (e), insofar as the parties reach an agreement on the effect of disclosure of a communication or information covered by the attorney-client privilege or work product protection, the parties may incorporate their agreement in the stipulated protective order submitted to the court. 14. MISCELLANEOUS 14.1 Right to Further Relief. Nothing in this Order abridges the right of any person to seek its modification by the Court in the future. 14.2 Right to Assert Other Objections. By stipulating to the entry of this Protective Order, no Party waives any right it otherwise would have to object to disclosing or producing any information or item on any ground not addressed in 20 this Protective Order. Similarly, no Party waives any right to object on any ground 21 to use in evidence of any of the material covered by this Protective Order. 22 14.3 Filing Protected Material. A Party that seeks to file under seal any 23 Protected Material must comply with Local Civil Rule 79-5. Protected Material 24 may only be filed under seal pursuant to a court order authorizing the sealing of the 25 specific Protected Material. If a Party’s request to file Protected Material under 26 seal is denied by the court, then the Receiving Party may file the information in the 27 public record unless otherwise instructed by the court. 28 13 PROTECTIVE ORDER 1 15. 2 After the final disposition of this Action, as defined in paragraph 6, within 3 60 days of a written request by the Designating Party, each Receiving Party must 4 return all Protected Material to the Producing Party or destroy such material. As 5 used in this subdivision, “all Protected Material” includes all copies, abstracts, 6 compilations, summaries, and any other format reproducing or capturing any of the 7 Protected Material. Whether the Protected Material is returned or destroyed, the 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 FINAL DISPOSITION Receiving Party must submit a written certification to the Producing Party (and, if not the same person or entity, to the Designating Party) by the 60-day deadline that (1) identifies (by category, where appropriate) all the Protected Material that was returned or destroyed and (2) affirms that the Receiving Party has not retained any copies, abstracts, compilations, summaries or any other format reproducing or capturing any of the Protected Material. Notwithstanding this provision, Counsel are entitled to retain an archival copy of all pleadings, motion papers, trial, deposition, and hearing transcripts, legal memoranda, correspondence, deposition and trial exhibits, expert reports, attorney work product, and consultant and expert work product, even if such materials contain Protected Material. Any such archival copies that contain or constitute Protected Material remain subject to this Protective Order as set forth in Section 6 (DURATION). 21 16. 22 Any violation of this Order may be punished by appropriate measures 23 24 VIOLATION including, without limitation, contempt proceedings and/or monetary sanctions. FOR GOOD CAUSE SHOWN, IT IS SO ORDERED. 25 26 27 DATED: April 27, 2021 _________________________ JOHN D. EARLY United States Magistrate Judge 28 14 PROTECTIVE ORDER

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