Juan Delgado v. Warden
ORDER SUMMARILY DISMISSING HABEAS PETITION by Judge Percy Anderson. (es)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
CENTRAL DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
) Case No. CV 20-8332-PA (JPR)
) ORDER SUMMARILY DISMISSING HABEAS
On September 10, 2020, Petitioner filed an untitled document
18 that appeared to challenge one or more criminal convictions from
19 a decade or so ago.
Because the “Petition” was not submitted on
20 either the national form appended to the Habeas Rules or the
21 habeas form approved and supplied by the Central District of
22 California, see R. 2(d), Rs. Governing § 2254 Cases in U.S. Dist.
23 Cts. (authorizing district court to require by local rule that
24 habeas petitions be filed in form prescribed by rule); see also
25 C.D. Cal. R. 83-16.1, the Magistrate Judge on September 17
26 dismissed the Petition with leave to amend.
27 Petitioner to file an amended petition on the required form,
28 which she directed the Clerk to provide to him, no later than
1 October 17 and warned him that if he did not his Petition could
2 be dismissed for failure to prosecute.
To date he has neither
3 filed an amended petition nor requested more time to do so.
Courts may dismiss lawsuits that are not diligently
Link v. Wabash R.R., 370 U.S. 626, 629-30 (1962);
6 Carey v. King, 856 F.2d 1439, 1441 (9th Cir. 1988) (per curiam).
7 In determining whether to dismiss a pro se petitioner’s action
8 for failure to prosecute, a court must consider (1) the public’s
9 interest in expeditious resolution of litigation, (2) the court’s
10 need to manage its docket, (3) the risk of prejudice to the
11 defendants, (4) the public policy favoring disposition of cases
12 on their merits, and (5) the availability of less drastic
Pagtalunan v. Galaza, 291 F.3d 639, 642 (9th Cir.
Unreasonable delay creates a rebuttable presumption of
15 prejudice to the opposing party that can be overcome only with an
16 affirmative showing of just cause by the petitioner.
17 Eisen, 31 F.3d 1447, 1452-53 (9th Cir. 1994).
Here, the first, second, third, and fifth factors militate
19 for dismissal.
The Court cannot leave hanging on its docket a
20 case without a viable initial pleading.
21 Petitioner did not use the required Central District form, the
22 Court cannot adequately screen the Petition to determine whether
23 its claims have been exhausted in state court or are timely.
24 It’s not even clear that he was convicted in this district and
25 thus that the Court has jurisdiction to consider the Petition; he
26 states that he is writing to “every federal court building,
27 District Court’s, Circuit Court’s, Supreme Court’s, and available
28 Department’s to look into [his] case.”
(Pet. at 2.)
1 Petitioner has not rebutted the presumption of prejudice to
2 Respondent caused by his unreasonable delay.
Finally, there does
3 not appear to be any less drastic sanction the Court can take, as
4 Petitioner has not amended the Petition even after being warned
5 that if he didn’t his case might be dismissed.
To the extent the
6 prior dismissal with leave to amend does not constitute a
7 “sanction,” see Pagtalunan, 291 F.3d at 643, the Court notes that
8 dismissal without prejudice is a less drastic sanction than with
9 prejudice, which is authorized when a party has failed to
10 diligently prosecute a lawsuit, see id. at 642-43 (affirming
11 dismissal of habeas petition with prejudice for failure to
Although the fourth factor weighs against dismissal
13 — as it always does — the other factors together outweigh the
14 public’s interest in disposing of the case on its merits.
Thus, this action is dismissed without prejudice for the
16 reasons stated in the Magistrate Judge’s September 17, 2020 Order
17 and under the Court’s inherent power to achieve the orderly and
18 expeditious disposition of cases by dismissing them for failure
19 to prosecute.1
LET JUDGMENT BE ENTERED ACCORDINGLY.
DATED: November 16, 2020
23 Presented by:
U.S. DISTRICT JUDGE
25 U.S. Magistrate Judge
The Court expresses no view on whether any subsequent habeas
28 petition would be timely or otherwise procedurally proper.
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