Michael DeLeon v. Jose Martinez et al

Filing 30

STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER by Magistrate Judge Margo A. Rocconi re Stipulation for Protective Order 27 . See document for details. (es)

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HYDEE FELDSTEIN SOTO, City Attorney 1 SCOTT MARCUS, Chief Assistant City Attorney –SBN 184980 CORY M. BRENTE, Senior Assistant City Attorney – SBN 115453 2 EMILY S. COHEN, Deputy City Attorney – SBN 285709 200 North Main Street, 6th Floor, City Hall East 3 Los Angeles, CA 90012 Phone No.: (213) 645-9926 4 Fax No.: (213) 978-8785 Email: emily.s.cohen@lacity.org 5 6 Attorneys for Defendant CITY OF LOS ANGELES 7 8 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 9 CENTRAL DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 10 11 MICHAEL DELEON; Hon. André Birotte Jr., Ctrm 7B Mag. Margo A. Rocconi, Ctrm 790, 7th Fl. Plaintiff, 12 13 CASE NO. CV22-06315-AB-MAR v. [PROPOSED] STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER 14 CITY OF LOS ANGELES, LOS ANGELES DETECTIVE JOSE 15 MARTINEZ, AND DOES 1-50, Defendants. 16 17 1. INTRODUCTION 18 1.1 19 Discovery in this action is likely to involve production of confidential, PURPOSES AND LIMITATIONS 20 proprietary, or private information for which special protection from public disclosure 21 and from use for any purpose other than prosecuting this litigation may be warranted. 22 Accordingly, the parties hereby stipulate to and petition the Court to enter the following 23 Stipulated Protective Order. The parties acknowledge that this Order does not confer 24 blanket protections on all disclosures or responses to discovery and that the protection it 25 affords from public disclosure and use extends only to the limited information or items 26 that are entitled to confidential treatment under the applicable legal principles. The 27 parties further acknowledge, as set forth in Section 12.3, below, that this Stipulated 28 Protective Order does not entitle them to 1 1 file confidential information under seal; Civil Local Rule 79-5 sets forth the 2 procedures that must be followed and the standards that will be applied when a party 3 seeks permission from the court to file material under seal. 4 1.2 GOOD CAUSE STATEMENT 5 This action is likely to involve sensitive information regarding a criminal 6 case, including information about juvenile criminal defendants and juvenile witnesses 7 for that criminal trial, sensitive information regarding a gang related murder 8 investigation, and personal information about the investigating officer for the gang 9 murder for which special protection from public disclosure and 10 from use for any purpose other than prosecution of this action is warranted. Such 11 confidential and proprietary materials and information may consist of, among other 12 things, confidential information about criminal investigative reports noting names of 13 potential juvenile witnesses, internal affairs materials and information and other 14 information contained in the personnel files of police officers which the City maintains 15 as strictly confidential information otherwise generally unavailable or which may be 16 privileged or otherwise protected from disclosure under state or federal statutes, 17 court rules, case decisions, or common law. Accordingly, to expedite the flow of 18 information, to facilitate the prompt resolution of disputes over confidentiality of 19 discovery materials, to adequately protect information the parties are entitled to keep 20 confidential, to ensure that the parties are permitted reasonable necessary uses of 21 such material in preparation for and in the conduct of trial, to address their handling 22 at the end of the litigation, and serve the ends of justice, a protective order for such 23 information is justified in this matter. It is the intent of the parties that information 24 will not be designated as confidential for tactical reasons and that nothing be so 25 designated without a good faith belief that it has been maintained in a confidential, non26 public manner, and there is good cause why it should not be part of the public 27 record of this case. 28 2 1 2. DEFINITIONS 2 2.1 Action: this pending federal lawsuit. 3 2.2 Challenging Party: a Party or Non-Party that challenges the 4 designation of information or items under this Order. 5 2.3 “CONFIDENTIAL” Information or Items: information (regardless of 6 how it is generated, stored or maintained) or tangible things that qualify for protection 7 under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 26(c), and as specified above in the Good Cause 8 Statement. 9 2.4 Counsel: Outside Counsel of Record and House Counsel (as well as 10 their support staff). 11 2.5 Designating Party: a Party or Non-Party that designates information or 12 items that it produces in disclosures or in responses to discovery as 13 “CONFIDENTIAL.” 14 2.6 Disclosure or Discovery Material: all items or information, regardless 15 of the medium or manner in which it is generated, stored, or maintained (including, 16 among other things, testimony, transcripts, and tangible things), that are produced or 17 generated in disclosures or responses to discovery in this matter. 18 2.7 Expert: a person with specialized knowledge or experience in a matter 19 pertinent to the litigation who has been retained by a Party or its counsel to serve as 20 an expert witness or as a consultant in this Action. 21 2.8 House Counsel: attorneys who are employees of a party to this Action. 22 House Counsel does not include Outside Counsel of Record or any other outside 23 counsel. 24 2.9 Non-Party: any natural person, partnership, corporation, association, or 25 other legal entity not named as a Party to this action. 26 2.10 Outside Counsel of Record: attorneys who are not employees of a 27 party to this Action but are retained to represent or advise a party to this Action and 28 have appeared in this Action on behalf of that party or are affiliated with a law firm 3 1 which has appeared on behalf of that party, and includes support staff. 2.11 Party: any party to this Action, including all of its officers, directors, 2 3 employees, consultants, retained experts, and Outside Counsel of Record (and their 4 support staffs). 2.12 Producing Party: a Party or Non-Party that produces Disclosure or 5 6 Discovery Material in this Action. 2.13 Professional Vendors: persons or entities that provide litigation 7 8 support services (e.g., photocopying, videotaping, translating, preparing exhibits or 9 demonstrations, and organizing, storing, or retrieving data in any form or medium) 10 and their employees and subcontractors. 2.14 Protected Material: any Disclosure or Discovery Material that is 11 12 designated as “CONFIDENTIAL.” 2.15 Receiving Party: a Party that receives Disclosure or Discovery 13 14 Material from a Producing Party. 15 16 3. SCOPE 17 The protections conferred by this Stipulation and Order cover not only 18 Protected Material (as defined above), but also (1) any information copied or 19 extracted from Protected Material; (2) all copies, excerpts, summaries, or 20 compilations of Protected Material; and (3) any testimony, conversations, or 21 presentations by Parties or their Counsel that might reveal Protected Material. 22 Any use of Protected Material at trial will be governed by the orders of the 23 trial judge. This Order does not govern the use of Protected Material at trial. 24 25 4. 26 27 28 DURATION Even after final disposition of this litigation, the confidentiality obligations imposed by this Order will remain in effect until a Designating Party agrees otherwise in writing or a court order otherwise directs. Final disposition will be deemed to be the later of (1) 4 1 dismissal of all claims and defenses in this Action, with or without prejudice; and (2) 2 final judgment herein after the completion and exhaustion of all appeals, rehearings, 3 remands, trials, or reviews of this Action, including the time limits for filing any 4 motions or applications for extension of time pursuant to applicable law. 5 6 5. DESIGNATING PROTECTED MATERIAL 7 5.1 Exercise of Restraint and Care in Designating Material for Protection. 8 Each Party or Non-Party that designates information or items for protection under 9 this Order must take care to limit any such designation to specific material that 10 qualifies under the appropriate standards. The Designating Party must designate for 11 protection only those parts of material, documents, items, or oral or written 12 communications that qualify so that other portions of the material, documents, 13 items, or communications for which protection is not warranted are not swept 14 unjustifiably within the ambit of this Order. 15 Mass, indiscriminate, or routinized designations are prohibited. Designations 16 that are shown to be clearly unjustified or that have been made for an improper 17 purpose (e.g., to unnecessarily encumber the case development process or to impose 18 unnecessary expenses and burdens on other parties) may expose the Designating 19 Party to sanctions. 20 If it comes to a Designating Party’s attention that information or items that it 21 designated for protection do not qualify for protection, that Designating Party must 22 promptly notify all other Parties that it is withdrawing the inapplicable designation. 23 5.2 Manner and Timing of Designations. Except as otherwise provided in 24 this Order (see, e.g., second paragraph of section 5.2(a) below), or as otherwise 25 stipulated or ordered, Disclosure or Discovery Material that qualifies for protection 26 under this Order must be clearly so designated before the material is disclosed or 27 produced. 28 Designation in conformity with this Order requires: 5 1 (a) for information in documentary form (e.g., paper or electronic 2 documents, but excluding transcripts of depositions or other pretrial or trial 3 proceedings), that the Producing Party affix at a minimum, the legend 4 “CONFIDENTIAL” (hereinafter “CONFIDENTIAL legend”), to each page that 5 contains protected material. If only a portion or portions of the material on a page 6 qualifies for protection, the Producing Party also must clearly identify the protected 7 portion(s) (e.g., by making appropriate markings in the margins). 8 A Party or Non-Party that makes original documents available for inspection 9 need not designate them for protection until after the inspecting Party has indicated 10 which documents it would like copied and produced. During the inspection and 11 before the designation, all of the material made available for inspection will be 12 deemed “CONFIDENTIAL.” After the inspecting Party has identified the 13 documents it wants copied and produced, the Producing Party must determine which 14 documents, or portions thereof, qualify for protection under this Order. Then, 15 before producing the specified documents, the Producing Party must affix the 16 “CONFIDENTIAL legend” to each page that contains Protected Material. If only a 17 portion or portions of the material on a page qualifies for protection, the Producing 18 Party also must clearly identify the protected portion(s) (e.g., by making appropriate 19 markings in the margins). 20 (b) for testimony given in depositions that the Designating Party identify 21 the Disclosure or Discovery Material on the record, before the close of the 22 deposition all protected testimony. 23 (c) for information produced in some form other than documentary and 24 for any other tangible items, that the Producing Party affix in a prominent place on 25 the exterior of the container or containers in which the information is stored the 26 legend “CONFIDENTIAL.” If only a portion or portions of the information 27 warrants protection, the Producing Party, to the extent practicable, will identify the 28 protected portion(s). 6 1 5.3 Inadvertent Failures to Designate. If timely corrected, an inadvertent 2 failure to designate qualified information or items does not, standing alone, waive 3 the Designating Party’s right to secure protection under this Order for such material. 4 Upon timely correction of a designation, the Receiving Party must make reasonable 5 efforts to assure that the material is treated in accordance with the provisions of this 6 Order. 7 8 6. CHALLENGING CONFIDENTIALITY DESIGNATIONS 9 6.1 Timing of Challenges. Any Party or Non-Party may challenge a 10 designation of confidentiality at any time that is consistent with the Court’s 11 Scheduling Order. 12 13 6.2 Meet and Confer. The Challenging Party will initiate the dispute 14 resolution process under Local Rule 37.1 et seq. 15 6.3 The burden of persuasion in any such challenge proceeding will be on 16 the Designating Party. Frivolous challenges, and those made for an improper 17 purpose (e.g., to harass or impose unnecessary expenses and burdens on other 18 parties) may expose the Challenging Party to sanctions. Unless the Designating 19 Party has waived or withdrawn the confidentiality designation, all parties will 20 continue to afford the material in question the level of protection to which it is 21 entitled under the Producing Party’s designation until the Court rules on the 22 challenge. 23 24 7. ACCESS TO AND USE OF PROTECTED MATERIAL 25 7.1 Basic Principles. A Receiving Party may use Protected Material that is 26 disclosed or produced by another Party or by a Non-Party in connection with this 27 Action only for prosecuting, defending, or attempting to settle this Action. Such 28 Protected Material may be disclosed only to the categories of persons and under the 7 1 conditions described in this Order. When the Action has been terminated, a 2 Receiving Party must comply with the provisions of section 13 below (FINAL 3 DISPOSITION). 4 Protected Material must be stored and maintained by a Receiving Party at a 5 location and in a secure manner that ensures that access is limited to the persons 6 authorized under this Order. 7 7.2 Disclosure of “CONFIDENTIAL” Information or Items. Unless 8 otherwise ordered by the court or permitted in writing by the Designating Party, a 9 Receiving Party may disclose any information or item designated 10 “CONFIDENTIAL” only to: 11 (a) the Receiving Party’s Outside Counsel of Record in this Action, as 12 well as employees of said Outside Counsel of Record to whom it is reasonably 13 necessary to disclose the information for this Action; 14 (b) the officers, directors, and employees (including House Counsel) of 15 the Receiving Party to whom disclosure is reasonably necessary for this Action; 16 (c) Experts (as defined in this Order) of the Receiving Party to whom 17 disclosure is reasonably necessary for this Action and who have signed the 18 “Acknowledgment and Agreement to Be Bound” (Exhibit A); 19 (d) the Court and its personnel; 20 (e) court reporters and their staff; 21 (f) professional jury or trial consultants, mock jurors, and Professional 22 Vendors to whom disclosure is reasonably necessary for this Action and who have 23 signed the “Acknowledgment and Agreement to Be Bound” (Exhibit A); 24 (g) the author or recipient of a document containing the information or a 25 custodian or other person who otherwise possessed or knew the information; 26 (h) during their depositions, witnesses, and attorneys for witnesses, in the 27 Action to whom disclosure is reasonably necessary provided: (1) the deposing party 28 requests that the witness sign the form attached as Exhibit A hereto; and (2) they 8 1 will not be permitted to keep any confidential information unless they sign the 2 “Acknowledgment and Agreement to Be Bound” (Exhibit A), unless otherwise 3 agreed by the Designating Party or ordered by the court. Pages of transcribed 4 deposition testimony or exhibits to depositions that reveal Protected Material may 5 be separately bound by the court reporter and may not be disclosed to anyone except 6 as permitted under this Stipulated Protective Order; and 7 (i) any mediator or settlement officer, and their supporting personnel, 8 mutually agreed upon by any of the parties engaged in settlement discussions. 9 10 8. PROTECTED MATERIAL SUBPOENAED OR ORDERED PRODUCED 11 IN OTHER LITIGATION 12 If a Party is served with a subpoena or a court order issued in other litigation 13 that compels disclosure of any information or items designated in this Action as 14 “CONFIDENTIAL,” that Party must: 15 (a) promptly notify in writing the Designating Party. Such notification 16 will include a copy of the subpoena or court order; 17 (b) promptly notify in writing the party who caused the subpoena or order 18 to issue in the other litigation that some or all of the material covered by the 19 subpoena or order is subject to this Protective Order. Such notification will include 20 a copy of this Stipulated Protective Order; and 21 (c) cooperate with respect to all reasonable procedures sought to be 22 pursued by the Designating Party whose Protected Material may be affected. 23 If the Designating Party timely seeks a protective order, the Party served with 24 the subpoena or court order will not produce any information designated in this 25 action as “CONFIDENTIAL” before a determination by the court from which the 26 subpoena or order issued, unless the Party has obtained the Designating Party’s 27 permission. The Designating Party will bear the burden and expense of seeking 28 protection in that court of its confidential material and nothing in these provisions 9 1 should be construed as authorizing or encouraging a Receiving Party in this Action 2 to disobey a lawful directive from another court. 3 4 9. A NON-PARTY’S PROTECTED MATERIAL SOUGHT TO BE 5 PRODUCED IN THIS LITIGATION 6 (a) The terms of this Order are applicable to information produced by a 7 Non-Party in this Action and designated as “CONFIDENTIAL.” Such information 8 produced by Non-Parties in connection with this litigation is protected by the 9 remedies and relief provided by this Order. Nothing in these provisions should be 10 construed as prohibiting a Non-Party from seeking additional protections. 11 (b) In the event that a Party is required, by a valid discovery request, to 12 produce a Non-Party’s confidential information in its possession, and the Party is 13 subject to an agreement with the Non-Party not to produce the Non-Party’s 14 confidential information, then the Party will: 15 (1) promptly notify in writing the Requesting Party and the Non-Party 16 that some or all of the information requested is subject to a confidentiality 17 agreement with a Non-Party; 18 (2) promptly provide the Non-Party with a copy of the Stipulated 19 Protective Order in this Action, the relevant discovery request(s), and a reasonably 20 specific description of the information requested; and 21 (3) make the information requested available for inspection by the 22 Non-Party, if requested. 23 (c) If the Non-Party fails to seek a protective order from this court within 24 14 days of receiving the notice and accompanying information, the Receiving Party 25 may produce the Non-Party’s confidential information responsive to the discovery 26 request. If the Non-Party timely seeks a protective order, the Receiving Party shall 27 not produce any information in its possession or control that is subject to the 28 confidentiality agreement with the Non-Party before a determination by the court. 10 1 Absent a court order to the contrary, the Non-Party shall bear the burden and 2 expense of seeking protection in this court of its Protected Material. 3 4 10. UNAUTHORIZED DISCLOSURE OF PROTECTED MATERIAL 5 If a Receiving Party learns that, by inadvertence or otherwise, it has disclosed 6 Protected Material to any person or in any circumstance not authorized under this 7 Stipulated Protective Order, the Receiving Party must immediately (a) notify in 8 writing the Designating Party of the unauthorized disclosures, (b) use its best efforts 9 to retrieve all unauthorized copies of the Protected Material, (c) inform the person or 10 persons to whom unauthorized disclosures were made of all the terms of this Order, 11 and (d) request such person or persons to execute the “Acknowledgment and 12 Agreement to Be Bound” that is attached hereto as Exhibit A. 13 14 11. INADVERTENT PRODUCTION OF PRIVILEGED OR OTHERWISE 15 PROTECTED MATERIAL 16 When a Producing Party gives notice to Receiving Parties that certain 17 inadvertently produced material is subject to a claim of privilege or other protection, 18 the obligations of the Receiving Parties are those set forth in Federal Rule of Civil 19 Procedure 26(b)(5)(B). This provision is not intended to modify whatever 20 procedure may be established in an e-discovery order that provides for production 21 without prior privilege review. Pursuant to Federal Rule of Evidence 502(d) 22 and (e), insofar as the parties reach an agreement on the effect of disclosure of a 23 communication or information covered by the attorney-client privilege or work 24 product protection, the parties may incorporate their agreement in the stipulated 25 protective order submitted to the court. 26 27 12. MISCELLANEOUS 28 12.1 Right to Further Relief. Nothing in this Order abridges the right of any 11 1 person to seek its modification by the Court in the future. 2 12.2 Right to Assert Other Objections. By stipulating to the entry of this 3 Protective Order no Party waives any right it otherwise would have to object to 4 disclosing or producing any information or item on any ground not addressed in this 5 Stipulated Protective Order. Similarly, no Party waives any right to object on any 6 ground to use in evidence of any of the material covered by this Protective Order. 7 12.3 Filing Protected Material. A Party that seeks to file under seal any 8 Protected Material must comply with Civil Local Rule 79-5. Protected Material 9 may only be filed under seal pursuant to a court order authorizing the sealing of the 10 specific Protected Material at issue. If a Party’s request to file Protected Material 11 under seal is denied by the court, then the Receiving Party may file the information 12 in the public record unless otherwise instructed by the court. 13 14 13. FINAL DISPOSITION 15 After the final disposition of this Action, as defined in paragraph 4, within 60 16 days of a written request by the Designating Party, each Receiving Party must return 17 all Protected Material to the Producing Party or destroy such material. As used in 18 this subdivision, “all Protected Material” includes all copies, abstracts, compilations, 19 summaries, and any other format reproducing or capturing any of the Protected 20 Material. Whether the Protected Material is returned or destroyed, the Receiving 21 Party must submit a written certification to the Producing Party (and, if not the same 22 person or entity, to the Designating Party) by the 60 day deadline that (1) identifies 23 (by category, where appropriate) all the Protected Material that was returned or 24 destroyed and (2) affirms that the Receiving Party has not retained any copies, 25 abstracts, compilations, summaries or any other format reproducing or capturing any 26 of the Protected Material. Notwithstanding this provision, Counsel are entitled to 27 retain an archival copy of all pleadings, motion papers, trial, deposition, and hearing 28 transcripts, legal memoranda, correspondence, deposition and trial exhibits, expert 12 1 reports, attorney work product, and consultant and expert work product, even if such 2 materials contain Protected Material. Any such archival copies that contain or 3 constitute Protected Material remain subject to this Protective Order as set forth in 4 Section 4 (DURATION). 5 6 14. Any willful violation of this Order may be punished by civil or criminal 7 contempt proceedings, financial or evidentiary sanctions, reference to disciplinary 8 authorities, or other appropriate action at the discretion of the Court. 9 10 IT IS SO STIPULATED, THROUGH COUNSEL OF RECORD 11 12 DATED: ___________ 13 LAW OFFICES OF STANLEY GOFF /s/ Stanley Goff__________________________ 14 STANLEY GOFF, ESQ. 15 Attorneys for Plaintiff MICHAEL DE LEON 16 17 Dated: January 12, 2023 18 19 20 21 HYDEE FELDSTEIN SOTO, City Attorney SCOTT MARCUS, Chief Assistant City Attorney CORY M. BRENTE, Senior Assistant City Attorney EMILY S. COHEN, Deputy City Attorney /s/ Emily S. Cohen EMILY S. COHEN, Deputy City Attorney Attorneys for Defendant CITY OF LOS ANGELES By: 22 23 24 FOR GOOD CAUSE SHOWN, IT IS SO ORDERED. 25 26 January 18, 2023 _______ DATED:_______________ __________________________________ _______________ 27 HON. MARGO A. HON A ROCCONI ROCC United States Magistrate Judge 28 13 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 14 1 EXHIBIT A 2 ACKNOWLEDGMENT AND AGREEMENT TO BE BOUND 3 I, _____________________________ [print or type full name], of 4 _________________ [print or type full address], declare under penalty of perjury 5 that I have read in its entirety and understand the Stipulated Protective Order that 6 was issued by the United States District Court for the Central District of California 7 on _________ [date] in the case of ___________ [insert formal case name and the 8 numbers and initials assigned to it by the court]. I agree to comply with and to 9 be bound by all the terms of this Stipulated Protective Order and I understand and 10 acknowledge that failure to so comply could expose me to sanctions and punishment 11 in the nature of contempt. I solemnly promise that I will not disclose in any manner 12 any information or item that is subject to this Stipulated Protective Order to any 13 person or entity except in strict compliance with the provisions of this Order. 14 I further agree to submit to the jurisdiction of the United States District Court 15 for the Central District of California for the purpose of enforcing the terms of this 16 Stipulated Protective Order, even if such enforcement proceedings occur after 17 termination of this action. I hereby appoint __________________________ [print 18 or type full name] of _______________________________________ [print or type 19 full address and telephone number] as my California agent for service of process in 20 connection with this action or any proceedings related to enforcement of this 21 Stipulated Protective Order. 22 Date: ______________________________________ 23 City and State where signed: _________________________________ 24 Printed name: _______________________________ 25 Signature: __________________________________ 26 27 28 15

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