Mark B McDonald v. Michael J Astrue
ORDER by Magistrate Judge Robert N. Block, Affirming Decision of Commissioner RE Joint Stipulation for Social Security Cases 20 . (twdb)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
CENTRAL DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
MARK B. McDONALD,
) Case No. EDCV 12-1700 RNB
) ORDER AFFIRMING DECISION OF
CAROLYN W. COLVIN, Acting )
Commissioner of Social
The sole disputed issue listed in the Joint Stipulation (“Jt Stip”) is whether the
20 Administrative Law Judge (“ALJ”) properly determined at step five of the
21 Commissioner’s sequential evaluation process that plaintiff could perform work
22 existing in significant numbers in the national economy. (See Jt Stip at 4.) The Court
The Acting Commissioner is hereby substituted as the defendant
pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 25(d). No further action is needed to continue this case
28 by reason of the last sentence of 42 U.S.C. § 405(g).
1 now rules as follows with respect to that issue.2
Where, as here, the testimony of a vocational expert (“VE”) is used at step five
3 of the sequential evaluation process, the VE must identify a specific job or jobs in the
4 national economy having requirements that the claimant’s physical and mental
5 abilities and vocational qualifications would satisfy. See Osenbrock v. Apfel, 240
6 F.3d 1157, 1162-63 (9th Cir. 2001); Burkhart v. Bowen, 856 F.2d 1335, 1340 n.3 (9th
7 Cir. 1988); 20 C.F.R. §§ 404.1566(b), 416.966(b). However, the Dictionary of
8 Occupational Titles (“DOT”) is the Commissioner’s “primary source of reliable job
9 information” and creates a rebuttal presumption as to a job classification. See
10 Johnson v. Shalala, 60 F.3d. 1428, 1434 n.6, 1435 (9th Cir. 1995); see also
11 Tommasetti v. Astrue, 533 F.3d 1035, 1042 (9th Cir. 2008). Accordingly, an ALJ
12 may rely on VE testimony that contradicts the DOT only insofar as the record
13 contains persuasive evidence to support the deviation. See Johnson, 60 F.3d at 1435;
14 see also Tommasetti, 533 F.3d at 1042; Light v. Social Sec. Admin., 119 F.3d 789,
15 793 (9th Cir. 1997).
Here, the ALJ determined that plaintiff had a residual functional capacity
17 (“RFC”) to perform medium work but with the following limitations: plaintiff can
18 perform “simple, repetitive tasks with only superficial contact with co-workers,
19 supervisors, and the public; [plaintiff] cannot be responsible for the safety of others;
20 and, [plaintiff] cannot perform tasks that involve hypervigilance.” (See AR 36.)
21 After taking the testimony of a VE, the ALJ determined that plaintiff could perform
22 other work in the national economy, specifically the jobs of hospital cleaner and food
23 service worker. (See AR 43; see also AR 78-79.) The ALJ found that the VE’s
As the Court advised the parties in its Case Management Order, the
26 decision in this case is being made on the basis of the pleadings, the administrative
record (“AR”), and the Joint Stipulation filed by the parties. In accordance with Rule
12(c) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, the Court has determined which party
28 is entitled to judgment under the standards set forth in 42 U.S.C. § 405(g).
1 testimony was consistent with information contained in the DOT, based on the VE’s
2 affirmation of the consistency. (See AR 43; see also AR 79.)
With respect to the job of food service worker, plaintiff contends that the VE’s
Food service worker
7 testimony contradicted the DOT because this job requires Reasoning Level 3,3 which
8 plaintiff contends exceeds his limitation to simple, repetitive tasks. (See Jt Stip at 69 8.) There is a split among some Circuit courts over the issue of whether a job
10 requirement of Reasoning Level 3 conflicts with a limitation to simple, repetitive
11 tasks. Compare Hackett v. Barnhart, 395 F.3d 1168, 1176 (10th Cir. 2005) (finding
12 apparent conflict between job requiring Reasoning Level 3 and claimant’s limitation
13 to simple and routine work tasks); with Terry v. Astrue, 580 F.3d 471, 478 (7th Cir.
14 2009) (finding no conflict between job requiring reasoning level of three and
15 claimant’s limitation to simple work), and Renfrow v. Astrue, 496 F.3d 918, 921 (8th
16 Cir. 2007) (finding no apparent conflict between job requiring reasoning level three
17 and claimant’s inability to do complex technical work).
Although the Ninth Circuit has not yet addressed the issue, the weight of
19 authority in this Circuit appears to be consistent with Hackett rather than Terry and
20 Renfrow. See, e.g., Espinoza v. Astrue, 2013 WL 327889, at *3 (C.D. Cal. Jan. 29,
21 2013); Adams v. Astrue, 2011 WL 1833015, at *4 and n.4 (N.D. Cal. May 13, 2011)
22 (listing several courts in Ninth Circuit that have held there is an apparent conflict
23 when an ALJ determines that a person limited to simple, repetitive tasks can perform
According to the DOT, Reasoning Level 3 requires the ability to apply
26 commonsense understanding to carry out instructions furnished in written, oral, or
diagrammatic form and deal with problems involving several concrete variables in or
from standardized situations. See, e.g., DOT No. 319.677-014 (food-service worker,
1 a job with Reasoning Level 3); Grimes v. Astrue, 2011 WL 164537, at *4 (C.D. Cal.
2 Jan. 18, 2011); Torrez v. Astrue, 2010 WL 2555847, at *8-*9 (E.D. Cal. June 21,
3 2010). Accordingly, the Court concurs with plaintiff that there was an apparent
4 conflict between the VE’s testimony that a person with plaintiff’s limitations could
5 perform the job of food service worker and the DOT’s requirement of Reasoning
6 Level 3. Moreover, the record does not contain any evidence, much less persuasive
7 evidence, to support the deviation. See Johnson, 60 F.3d at 1435.
With respect to the job of hospital cleaner, plaintiff contends that the VE’s
11 testimony contradicted the DOT because this job requires hypervigilance and
12 responsibility for the safety of others. (See Jt Stip at 8-9.) Specifically, plaintiff
13 contends, “Obviously, hypervigilance is required where an individual is charged with
14 cleaning those infectious substances that common sense instructs are prevalent in a
15 hospital, e.g., blood, other bodily fluids, and general infectious agents. Consequently,
16 a hospital cleaner must remain hypervigilant in order to ensure the safety of others,
17 both patients and staff.” (See Jt Stip at 9.)
The Court disagrees. Plaintiff has cited no legal authority in support of his
19 contention that the job of hospital cleaner requires a worker to exercise
20 hypervigilance or responsibility for the safety of others. Nor is plaintiff’s contention
21 supported by the DOT description of the hospital cleaner job. See DOT No. 323.68722 010 (cleaner, hospital). In fact, that DOT description indicates that conditions that
23 possibly would require a worker to exercise hypervigilance do not exist, such as toxic
24 caustic chemicals, electric shock, moving mechanical parts, explosives, and radiation.
25 The DOT description also indicates that activities consistent with exercising
26 responsibility for the safety of others do not exist, such as talking and hearing; the
27 DOT description also indicates that dealing with people is “not significant” to the job.
28 See generally Vandover v. Astrue, 2010 WL 883838, at *6 (C.D. Cal. Mar. 5, 2010)
1 (“There is no indication the hospital cleaner position involves dangerous equipment,
2 heights, or complicated interpersonal relationships.”). Accordingly, the Court
3 concurs with the Commissioner that there was no apparent conflict between the VE’s
4 testimony that a person with plaintiff’s limitations could perform the job of hospital
5 cleaner and the applicable description in the DOT.
Although the Court cannot find that ALJ’s determination that plaintiff could
9 perform the job of food service worker was supported by substantial evidence, the
10 Court finds that the error was harmless because the ALJ’s determination that plaintiff
11 could perform the job of hospital cleaner was supported by substantial evidence. See
12 Stout v. Commissioner of Social Security, 454 F.3d 1050, 1055 (9th Cir. 2006) (an
13 ALJ’s error is harmless when such error is inconsequential to the ultimate
14 non-disability determination); see also Lara v. Astrue, 305 Fed. Appx. 324, 326 (9th
15 Cir. 2008) (“To the extent the VE was overly broad and included jobs that [plaintiff]
16 could both perform and not perform, any error is harmless so long as the jobs that
17 could be done are enough to support the ALJ’s decision.”). Moreover, based on the
18 VE’s testimony that there were 1,000 hospital cleaner jobs regionally and 20,000
19 nationally (see AR 43, 79), the Court finds that the Commissioner has satisfied her
20 burden at step five of demonstrating that work exists in significant numbers in the
21 national economy that plaintiff could do despite his limitations. See Barker v.
22 Secretary of Health and Human Services, 882 F.2d 1474, 1478-79 (9th Cir. 1989)
23 (finding 1,266 regional jobs to constitute a significant number and citing with
24 approval decisions finding several hundred jobs to be significant); Yelovich v.
25 Colvin, - Fed. Appx.-, 2013 WL 3216042, at *1 (9th Cir. June 27, 2013) (finding 900
26 regional jobs to be significant).
IT THEREFORE IS ORDERED that Judgment be entered affirming the
3 decision of the Commissioner and dismissing this action with prejudice.
5 DATED: September 30, 2013
ROBERT N. BLOCK
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
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