Chelsea Addison v. Monarch & Associates Inc et al
FINAL JUDGMENT by Judge George H. Wu, in favor of Chelsea Addison against defendants, jointly and severally, Monarch & Associates Inc, Tawni Coca, Tina Coca in the principal amount of $2,119,120.80 Related to: Order on Motion for Judgment, Motion Hearing, 200 . (See document for additional details) (MD JS-6, Case Terminated). (mrgo)
David C. Parisi (162248)
1 Suzanne Havens Beckman (188814)
PARISI & HAVENS LLP
2 212 Marine Street, Suite 100
Santa Monica, California 90405
3 (818) 990-1299 (telephone)
(818) 501-7852 (facsimile)
Ethan Preston (263295)
6 PRESTON LAW OFFICES
4054 McKinney Avenue, Suite 310
7 Dallas, Texas 75204
(972) 564-8340 (telephone)
8 (866) 509-1197 (facsimile)
Attorneys for Plaintiff Chelsea Addison, on her own
10 behalf, and behalf of all others similarly situated
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR
CENTRAL DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
13 CHELSEA ADDISON, an individual,
No. EDCV 14-358-GW(CWx)
on her own behalf and on behalf of all
14 others similarly situated,
Judge George H. Wu
Magistrate Judge John E. McDermott
17 MONARCH & ASSOCIATES, INC.,
a California corporation, and DOES
18 1-10, inclusive,
20 I. Background
Plaintiff Chelsea Addison (“Addison” or “Plaintiff’) alleges Tina Coca
22 (“Coca”) routinely violated the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act (“FDCPA”) (15
23 U.S.C. §§ 1692-1692p) while operating her solely-owned corporation, Monarch &
24 Associates, Inc. (“Monarch”), as a debt collector.
In the operative First Amended Class Complaint, it was alleged that:
Monarch (or one of its agents) calls consumers, alleging that the
consumers owe debts and falsely representing that these consumers
are being sued and/or served with legal papers. In response to any
inquiries by the consumer, Monarch directs the consumers to call a
On September 1, 2015, Addison filed her motion for class certification. See
2 Docket No. 70. The Court’s ruling on that motion was extended repeatedly to
3 resolve Addison’s request for discovery sanctions against Coca and Monarch.
4 On May 8, 2017, Magistrate John E. McDermott entered a report and
5 recommendation (“Report”) for terminating sanctions against Tina Coca (“Coca”)
6 and Monarch & Associates, Inc. (“Monarch”), for willful and extensive spoliation
7 of evidence. See Docket No. 189. The Report recommended the Court certify the
8 following class for the purposes of entering a default judgment against Coca and
individual persons who made payments to Monarch and who are
identified in the file named “transaction_records.csv” produced by
USAePay to Plaintiff’s counsel for the purpose of awarding sanctions,
actual and statutory damages and attorneys’ fees under 15 U.S.C.
1692k(a); excluding any person who is (a) any Judge or Magistrate
presiding over this action and members of their families; (b)
Defendants, their subsidiaries, parents, successors, predecessors, and
any entity in which the Defendants or their parents have a controlling
interest, and current or former employees, officers and directors of
Defendants; (c) persons who properly execute and file a timely
request for exclusion from the class; and (d) the legal representatives,
successors or assigns of any such excluded persons.
Id. at 9:16-22. The Report made several findings to support the recommendation
17 for certification of the foregoing class:
The USAePay records show Monarch had $2.1 million revenue in
card payments alone from roughly 1,500 to 3,000 consumers.
(Preston Decl. ¶16.) The class of consumers identified in these
USAePay records is ascertainable; is sufficiently numerous under
Rule 23(a); and satisfies the commonality and typicality requirements
under Rule 23(a). Moreover, Addison is an adequate class
representative, Ethan Preston of Preston Law Offices and David C.
Parisi of Parisi & Havens LLP are adequate class counsel. Finally,
the class can be certified under Rule 23(b)(1) because there is a
limited fund to which the class are entitled and (in the addition or the
alternative) the class can be certified under Rule 23(b)(3) because the
common material facts (especially Coca’s spoliation of evidence)
predominate over any individual issues.
When the consumers call that telephone number, Monarch
misrepresents itself as a creditor, falsely misrepresents the character,
amount, and/or legal status of the alleged debt, falsely misrepresents
that Monarch can and intends to take legal action, and then offers to
settle for a fraction of the amount. Monarch accepts payments by
credit card and/or debit card.
28 See Docket No. 45 at 2.
1 Id. at 8:25-9:8. The Court solicited another round of briefs from the parties on the
2 Report, which the parties completed. See Docket Nos. 191-193.
On June 5, 2017, the Court adopted the Report, and directed “Counsel for
4 Plaintiff [to] file a proposed class certification order and judgment by June 23,
5 2017.” See Docket No. 194. Plaintiff complied and the Court certified the Class
6 identified in the Report on June 23, 2017. See Docket No. 196. On July 13, 2017
7 the Court ordered Plaintiff to file a prove-up re class certification by July 28, 2017.
Plaintiff then filed an Application for Judgment (“Application”) filed on July
9 28, 2017 at the Court’s direction. See Docket No. 198. Defendant filed a
10 Response on August 11, 2017. See Docket No. 199. The Application requested a
11 Judgment against all Defendants, jointly and severally, for (1) $2,119,120.80 in
12 actual damages, (2) statutory damages of $1,000 for Addison individually, and (3)
13 class statutory damages of one percent of the Defendants’ respective net worth
14 under 15 U.S.C. § 1692k(a)(2)(B)(ii). See Memorandum of Points and Authority in
15 Support of Plaintiff’s Application For Final Judgment (“MPA”), Docket No. 198-1
16 at p. 4:9-14.
Actual Damages in the Amount of $2.1 Million
The FDCPA provides for recovery of “any actual damage sustained by such
19 person as a result of such failure[.]” 15 U.S.C. § 1692k(a)(1). The records of
20 transactions produced by USAePay reflect payments made by class members to
21 Defendant, which total $2,119,120.80. See Declaration of Ethan Preston (“Preston
22 Decl.”), Docket No. 198-2 ¶¶ 1-4. Plaintiff took steps to ensure only charges that
23 were approved were counted in the final calculation. Id. ¶¶ 3-4. Thus, the Court
24 awards actual damages in the amount of $2,119,120.80 to the Class, consistent
25 with and according to the USAePay records.
The Court Grants Statutory Damages
The FDCPA also provides for statutory damages “not to exceed the lesser of
28 $ 500,000 or 1 per centum of the net worth of the debt collector.”15 U.S.C. §
1 1692k(a)(2). Based on Defendant’s frequent and persistent spoliation of evidence
2 and refusal to comply with court orders, which was done in bad faith and with
3 malicious intent, the available evidence Defendants conduct was widespread, the
4 Court the awards the maximum statutory damages available: $1,000 requested for
5 the individual Plaintiff and the 1% of the net worth of Defendant requested for the
6 class. See Report at 8:3-25; 8:26-9:8; 19-25.
Costs and Attorneys’ Fees
The FDCPA also provides for “in the case of any successful action to
9 enforce the foregoing liability, the costs of the action, together with a reasonable
10 attorney’s fee as determined by the court.” 15 U.S.C. § 1692k(a)(3). The Court
11 orders that Plaintiffs’ counsel may submit an application for costs and attorneys’
12 fees within 90 days of this judgment. Cf. Fed. R. Civ. P. 54(d)(2)(B).
Date: September 12, 2017
GEORGE H. WU, U.S. District Judge
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