Henrietta Renteria v. Carolyn W. Colvin

Filing 22

MEMORANDUM AND OPINION by Magistrate Judge Karen L. Stevenson. Plaintiff Henrietta Renteria ("Plaintiff") filed a Complaint on July 25, 2016, seeking review of the denial of her application for a period of disability and disability ins urance benefits ("DIB"). (See Dkt. No. 1.) 1 For the reasons stated above, IT IS ORDERED that the decision of the Commissioner is REVERSED, and this case is REMANDED for further proceedings consistent with this Memorandum Opinion and Order. IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that the Clerk of the Court shall serve copies of this Memorandum Opinion and Order and the Judgment on counsel for plaintiff and for defendant. 3 (SEE ORDER FOR FURTHER INFORMATION) (gr)

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT CENTRAL DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 9 10 ) NO. EDCV 16-1612-KS ) ) ) MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER ) NANCY A. BERRYHILL,1 Acting ) Commissioner of Social Security, ) Defendant. ) ________________________________ ) HENRIETTA RENTERIA, Plaintiff, v. 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 INTRODUCTION 19 20 Plaintiff Henrietta Renteria (“Plaintiff”) filed a Complaint on July 25, 2016, seeking 21 review of the denial of her application for a period of disability and disability insurance 22 benefits (“DIB”). 23 Stipulation” (“Joint Stip.”) outlining the disputed issues in the case. (Dkt. No. 19.) Pursuant 24 to 28 U.S.C. § 636(c), all parties have consented to proceed before the undersigned United (See Dkt. No. 1.) On March 14, 2017, the parties filed a “Joint 25 26 27 28 1 The Court notes that Nancy A. Berryhill is now the Acting Commissioner of the Social Security Administration. Accordingly, pursuant to Rule 25(d) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, the Court orders that the caption be amended to substitute Nancy A. Berryhill for Carolyn Colvin as the defendant in this action. 1 1 States Magistrate Judge. (See Dkt. Nos. 11, 12, 13.) The Court has taken the matter under 2 submission without oral argument. 3 4 SUMMARY OF ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEEDINGS 5 6 On December 17, 2012, Plaintiff filed an application for Title II DIB benefits, alleging 7 a disability onset date of September 3, 2011. (Joint Stip. at 2; see also AR 76, 166-69.) 8 Plaintiff was born on November 16, 1962 and was 48 years old on the alleged onset date – 9 that is, a “younger individual” under the applicable regulations. (See AR 84, 166); see also 10 20 CFR § 404.1563. At the time of the administrative hearing, Plaintiff was 52 years old 11 and, therefore, considered a person “closely approaching advanced age.” (AR 43, 84.) After 12 the Commissioner denied Plaintiff’s application initially (AR 49) and on reconsideration 13 (AR 62), a hearing was held before Administrative Law Judge Mark B. Greenberg (“ALJ”). 14 (AR 26-48, 76.) Plaintiff, who was represented by counsel, and Luis Mas, a vocational 15 expert (“VE”), testified at the hearing. (See AR 26, 85.) On February 2, 2015, the ALJ 16 issued an unfavorable decision, denying Plaintiff’s application for DIB. (AR 76-86.) On 17 May 25, 2016, the Appeals Council denied Plaintiff’s request for review. (AR 2-7.) 18 19 SUMMARY OF ADMINISTRATIVE DECISION 20 21 Applying the five step evaluative process, the ALJ first found that plaintiff had not 22 engaged in substantial gainful activity since September 3, 2011, the alleged onset date. (AR 23 78.) The ALJ next determined that Plaintiff had the following severe impairments: (1) 24 degenerative disc disease of the cervical spine; (2) trigger thumb; (3) arthroscopy of the right 25 shoulder; (4) degenerative joint disease; (5) impingement of the left shoulder; and (6) history 26 of carpal tunnel syndrome. (AR 78.) However, at step three of the sequential evaluation, the 27 ALJ found that Plaintiff’s impairments did not meet or equal a listed impairment. (AR 78.) 28 2 1 The ALJ went on to find that Plaintiff had the residual functional capacity (“RFC”) to: 2 3 perform light work . . . except the [Plaintiff] can lift, carry, push, and/or pull 4 15 pounds; she can frequently perform postural activities; she can occasionally 5 climb ladders, ropes or scaffolds; she can occasionally overhead reach; she can 6 frequently reach at or above shoulder level; she must avoid concentrated 7 exposure to hazards; and she can frequently perform gross manipulation with 8 the right upper extremity. 9 10 (AR 79.) 11 12 The ALJ found at step four that Plaintiff was unable to perform any of her past 13 relevant work. (AR 79.) At step five, the ALJ found that Plaintiff could perform the other 14 work that exists in significant numbers in the national economy, including the following 15 representative occupations: (1) lens gauger (DOT 716.687-030); (2) table worker (DOT 16 739.687-182); (3) ticket taker (DOT 344.667-010); and (4) swatch clerk (DOT 222.587- 17 050). (AR 85.) Consequently, the ALJ found that Plaintiff had not been under a disability 18 from September 3, 2011, the alleged onset date, through the date of the ALJ’s decision on 19 February 2, 2015. (See AR 2, 85.) 20 21 DISPUTED ISSUE 22 23 The parties’ Joint Stipulation presents a single disputed issue: whether the ALJ 24 properly considered the opinion from Dr. Neil Halbridge, Plaintiff’s treating physician, that 25 Plaintiff was precluded from repetitive overhead work bilaterally and, inter alia, repetitive 26 work at or above shoulder level. (Joint Stip. at 4 and 7, citing AR 593 and 644.) 27 28 3 1 STANDARD OF REVIEW 2 3 Under 42 U.S.C. § 405(g), this Court reviews the Commissioner’s decision to 4 determine whether it is free from legal error and supported by substantial evidence in the 5 record as a whole. Orn v. Astrue, 495 F.3d 625, 630 (9th Cir. 2007). “Substantial evidence 6 is ‘more than a mere scintilla but less than a preponderance; it is such relevant evidence as a 7 reasonable mind might accept as adequate to support a conclusion.’” Gutierrez v. Comm'r of 8 Soc. Sec., 740 F.3d 519, 522-23 (9th Cir. 2014) (internal citations omitted). “Even when the 9 evidence is susceptible to more than one rational interpretation, we must uphold the ALJ's 10 findings if they are supported by inferences reasonably drawn from the record.” Molina v. 11 Astrue, 674 F.3d 1104, 1110 (9th Cir. 2012). 12 13 Although this Court cannot substitute its discretion for the Commissioner’s, the Court 14 nonetheless must review the record as a whole, “weighing both the evidence that supports 15 and the evidence that detracts from the [Commissioner’s] conclusion.” Lingenfelter v. 16 Astrue, 504 F.3d 1028, 1035 (9th Cir. 2007) (internal quotation marks and citation omitted); 17 Desrosiers v. Sec’y of Health and Hum. Servs., 846 F.2d 573, 576 (9th Cir. 1988). “The ALJ 18 is responsible for determining credibility, resolving conflicts in medical testimony, and for 19 resolving ambiguities.” Andrews v. Shalala, 53 F.3d 1035, 1039 (9th Cir. 1995). 20 21 The Court will uphold the Commissioner’s decision when the evidence is susceptible 22 to more than one rational interpretation. Burch v. Barnhart, 400 F.3d 676, 679 (9th Cir. 23 2005). However, the Court may review only the reasons stated by the ALJ in his decision 24 “and may not affirm the ALJ on a ground upon which he did not rely.” Orn, 495 F.3d at 25 630; see also Connett v. Barnhart, 340 F.3d 871, 874 (9th Cir. 2003). The Court will not 26 reverse the Commissioner’s decision if it is based on harmless error, which exists if the error 27 is “‘inconsequential to the ultimate nondisability determination,’ or if despite the legal error, 28 4 1 ‘the agency’s path may reasonably be discerned.’” Brown-Hunter v. Colvin, 806 F.3d 487, 2 492 (9th Cir. 2015) (internal citations omitted). 3 DISCUSSION 4 5 6 I. Parties’ Arguments 7 8 The gravamen of the dispute is the difference between the term “frequent,” as used in 9 the Social Security disability context, and the term “repetitive,” as used by Plaintiff’s 10 treating physician, Dr. Halbridge, in the Workers’ Compensation context. (See, e.g., Joint 11 Stip. at 4-15.) Plaintiff argues that the January 9, 2014 and August 28, 2014 reports from 12 Dr. Halbridge precluded Plaintiff from repetitive overhead work bilaterally, repetitive work 13 at or above shoulder level, and repetitive gripping and grasping with the right hand. (Joint 14 Stip. at 7, citing AR 593 and 644.) Plaintiff further contends that “repetitive” is a “term of 15 art” in the Workers’ Compensation context, and “[a] limitation against repetitive use of the 16 arms and right hand implies a 50% loss of useful function.” (Joint Stip. at 7, citing Schedule 17 for Rating Permanent Disabilities, pages 1-13 and 2-14 (Dept. Industrial Relations 1977), 18 available at http://www.dir.ca.gov/dew/PDR1997.pdf.) Plaintiff argues that the ALJ did not 19 adequately “translate” the “repetitive” term of art, or resolve the conflict between 20 “repetitive,” which indicates a “50% function,” and the Social Security term “frequent,” 21 which contemplates performance for “1/3 to 2/3” of the time, or from roughly 33% to 67% 22 of the time. (See Joint Stip. at 7-8.) Thus, there is a potential gap of 17% function (i.e., the 23 difference between 50% and 67%) between actions that are performed “repetitively” in the 24 Workers’ Comp context and actions that are performed “frequently” in the Social Security 25 context. (Id.) Plaintiff complains that, since each of the four other jobs identified by the VE 26 and relied on by the ALJ require “frequent” reaching and handling, the ALJ did not 27 adequately explain how Plaintiff’s “50% repetitive” functioning would satisfy the “frequent” 28 requirements. (Joint Stip. at 8-9 14-15.) 5 1 In response, Defendant maintains that Dr. Halbridge’s January 9, 2014 and August 28, 2 2014 reports found Plaintiff capable of at least performing “modified work” and, therefore, 3 that “Dr. Halbridge opined that Plaintiff could go back to her work as a caregiver with 4 modified duties.” (Joint Stip. at 13, citing AR 644.) Defendant also argues that the ALJ’s 5 RFC for Plaintiff incorporates not only Dr. Halbridge’s opinion but also the opinions of a 6 consultative examiner and two State agency physicians who “determined that Plaintiff could 7 perform medium work.” (Joint Stip. at 12-13, citing AR 56-58, 68-69, 84, 371-72.) 8 9 II. Dr. Halbridge’s Reports and Opinions 10 11 Plaintiff began seeing Dr. Halbridge, an orthopedist, around November 10, 2011 in 12 connection with her Workers’ Compensation claim for her right shoulder injury. (See, e.g., 13 AR 584, 596.) Dr. Halbridge treated Plaintiff from November 10, 2011 through at least 14 August 28, 2014 and issued several reports and numerous treatment notes documenting 15 Plaintiff’s condition during that period. (See, e.g., AR 283-365, 584-96, 636-45.) The 16 reports at issue here are Dr. Halbridge’s reports dated January 9, 2014 and August 28, 2014. 17 (AR 584-96, 636-45.) 18 19 On January 9, 2014, Dr. Halbridge issued a report that stated, in pertinent part, that 20 Plaintiff’s work injury had reached “permanent and stationary status” as of the date of the 21 report. (AR 591; see also AR 82.) Dr. Halbridge noted that “[t]he patient has been treated 22 with physical therapy, Vicodin, Naprosyn, Flexeril and x-rays and an MRI study of the right 23 shoulder have been performed.” (AR 584.) Dr. Halbridge also noted “objective factors of 24 disability” regarding Plaintiff’s right and left shoulders: 25 26 Objective factors of disability with regard to the RIGHT shoulder include 27 limitation of motion and the MRI of the RIGHT shoulder on 8/24/11 showing a 28 type II acromion and severe degenerative joint disease acromioclavicular joint, 6 1 RIGHT shoulder. [¶] Objective factors of disability with regard to the LEFT 2 shoulder include limitation of motion and an MRI of the LEFT shoulder on 3 9/20/21 showing moderate supraspinatus insertion tendinosis and mild arthrosis 4 acromioclavicular joint, LEFT shoulder. 5 6 (AR 591; capitalization in original.) 7 8 Dr. Halbridge opined, under a heading “Future Medical Care,” that treatment for 9 Plaintiff’s right shoulder should include, among other things, NSAIDs, “H2 antagonists,” 10 analgesics and injections, but he noted that “no further surgical treatment [is] indicated.” 11 (AR 592.) Dr. Halbridge further opined that treatment for the left shoulder should also 12 include NSAIDs and analgesics, but that surgical arthroscopy on the left shoulder should 13 also be included. (AR 592.) Under a heading for “Disability Status,” Dr. Halbridge wrote 14 “[m]odified work.” (AR 592.) 15 16 Under “work restrictions,” Dr. Halbridge’s January 9, 2014 report stated as follows: 17 18 1. With regard to the RIGHT shoulder, the patient should have work 19 restrictions of no repetitive overhead work. [¶] 2. With regard to the LEFT 20 shoulder, the patient should have work restrictions of no repetitive work at or 21 above shoulder level. [¶] 3. With regard to the cervical spine, the patient 22 should have work restrictions of no pushing, pulling or lifting of weights greater 23 than 15 pounds. [¶] [And] 4. With regard to the RIGHT thumb, the patient 24 should [have] work restrictions of no repetitive gripping or grasping with the 25 RIGHT hand. 26 27 (AR 593; capitalization in original; bracketed material added.) 28 7 1 A subsequent report from Dr. Halbridge dated August 28, 2014 reiterated much of the 2 same findings and opinions set forth in his January 9, 2014 report. (See AR 636-45.) That 3 later report included an “Interim History” that stated that Plaintiff “complains of unchanged 4 constant moderate to severe RIGHT shoulder pain causing swelling, clicking, locking, 5 tingling, burning, popping, grinding, stabbing, numbness and tenderness,” and noting that 6 Plaintiff “rates pain as an -10/10 on a pain scale.” (AR 637; capitalization in original.) The 7 August 28, 2014 report noted slightly decreased flexion in the right and left shoulders since 8 the January 9, 2014 report. (AR 640-41.) Under “Work restrictions,” Dr. Halbridge listed 9 three: “1. No pushing, pulling or lifting of weights greater than 15 pounds. 2. No repetitive 10 work at or above shoulder level. 3. Regarding RIGHT thumb no repetitive gripping or 11 grasping with the RIGHT hand.” (AR 644) (emphasis added) (capitalization in original). 12 Under a heading for “Disability Status,” Dr. Halbridge wrote: “Modified work. 8/28/14 13 (Patient currently not working).” (AR 644.) 14 15 III. ALJ’s Opinion 16 17 The ALJ stated that he gave “significant weight” to Dr. Halbridge’s two opinions from 18 2014. (AR 83.) The ALJ summarized Dr. Halbridge’s findings from the January 9, 2014 19 and August 28, 2014 reports by stating that Plaintiff “should avoid repetitive overhead work 20 bilaterally; she should avoid pushing, pulling, or lifting greater than 15 pounds; [] she should 21 avoid repetitive gripping or grasping with the right hand; . . . [and she] should not do 22 repetitive work at or above shoulder level.” (AR 83, citing AR 593, 644.) The ALJ noted 23 Dr. Halbridge’s opinion that Plaintiff was unable to work from November 10, 2011 through 24 April 11, 2013. (AR 83, citing parts of Ex. 3F [see AR 282-365].) The ALJ did not, 25 however, explicitly acknowledge or discuss the term “repetitive” as a “term of art” in the 26 Workers’ Compensation context. (See, e.g., AR 81-84.) 27 28 8 The ALJ went on to find that Dr. Halbridge’s opinions were not controlling in the 1 2 Social Security disability context, stating, in pertinent part, as follows: 3 4 Dr. Halbridge did not provide an explanation of this assessment of any specific 5 functional limitations that prevented the claimant from working. Moreover, he 6 failed to provide acceptable clinical or diagnostic findings to support his broad 7 opinion. It appears that Dr. Halbridge may have based his opinion on the 8 claimant’s subjective complaints or was considering only her past work. These 9 opinions concern a matter reserved to the Commissioner, The undersigned has 10 given little weight to this opinion because it is brief, conclusory, and 11 inadequately supported by medical findings. Similarly, throughout the record, 12 Dr. Halbridge also opined the claimant was temporarily totally disabled (Exs. 13 12F, pp. 5, 96, 105 & 15F, p. 2) for workers compensation purposes; the criteria 14 under the Social Security Act, however, are not the same; and again, disability 15 is a matter reserved for the Commissioner. 16 diagnostic evidence used by the physician to come to these conclusions and 17 included in the physician’s reports has been considered . . . . [W]hile the 18 claimant may not be able to perform her past work, Dr. Halbridge’s clinical 19 findings are consistent with a conclusion that the claimant could do work with 20 the limitations noted herein. The objective clinical and 21 22 (AR 83.) 23 24 The ALJ found that Plaintiff could, inter alia, “frequently reach at or above shoulder 25 level” and, consequently, could perform jobs that exist in significant numbers in the national 26 economy, i.e., lens gauger, table worker, ticket taker, and swatch clerk. (AR 79, 85.) 27 \\ 28 \\ 9 1 IV. Applicable Law 2 3 The parties do not dispute that Dr. Halbridge is a “treating physician” for purposes of 4 Social Security law and regulations. The ALJ must articulate a “substantive basis” for 5 rejecting a medical opinion or crediting one medical opinion over another. Garrison v. 6 Colvin, 759 F.3d 995, 1012 (9th Cir. 2014); see also Marsh v. Colvin, 792 F.3d 1170, 1172- 7 73 (9th Cir. 2015) (“an ALJ cannot in its decision totally ignore a treating doctor and his or 8 her notes, without even mentioning them”). Generally, the medical opinion of a claimant’s 9 treating physician is given “controlling weight” so long as it “is well-supported by medically 10 acceptable clinical and laboratory diagnostic techniques and is not inconsistent with the 11 other substantial evidence in [the claimant’s] case record.” 20 C.F.R. § 404.1527(c)(2); 12 Trevizo v. Berryhill, 862 F.3d 987, 997 (9th Cir. 2017). When a treating physician’s opinion 13 is not controlling, it is weighted according to factors such as the length of the treatment 14 relationship and the frequency of examination, the nature and extent of the treatment 15 relationship, supportability, consistency with the record, and specialization of the physician. 16 20 C.F.R. § 404.1527(c)(2)-(6); Trevizo, 862 F.3d at 997. 17 18 Ultimately, “[t]o reject the uncontradicted opinion of a treating or examining doctor, 19 an ALJ must state clear and convincing reasons that are supported by substantial evidence.” 20 Trevizo, 862 F.3d at 997 (internal quotation marks and citation omitted); Ghanim v. Colvin, 21 763 F.3d 1154, 1160-61 (9th Cir. 2014). “If a treating or examining doctor’s opinion is 22 contradicted by another doctor’s opinion, an ALJ may only reject it by providing specific 23 and legitimate reasons that are supported by substantial evidence.” Trevizo, 862 F.3d at 997. 24 “The ALJ can meet this burden by setting out a detailed and thorough summary of the facts 25 and conflicting clinical evidence, stating his interpretation thereof, and making findings.” 26 Id. (quoting Magallanes v. Bowen, 881 F.2d 747, 751 (9th Cir. 1989)). 27 28 10 1 A treating physician’s opinion that a plaintiff is disabled is neither binding nor 2 entitled to “special significance” because it is an opinion on an issue reserved to the 3 Commissioner. See 20 C.F.R. § 404.1504 (“[A] determination made by another agency that 4 you are disabled or blind is not binding on us.”); 20 C.F.R. § 404.1527 (medical source 5 opinions that a claimant is disabled or unable to work are not entitled to “special 6 significance” because they are “opinions on issues reserved to the Commissioner”). 7 Nevertheless, an ALJ must consider all of the medical findings and evidence, see 20 C.F.R. 8 § 404.1527(c), and “may not disregard a physician’s opinion simply because it was initially 9 elicited in a state workers’ compensation proceeding, or because it is couched in the 10 terminology used in such proceedings.” Booth v. Barnhart, 181 F. Supp. 2d 1099, 1105 11 (C.D. Cal. 2002). 12 13 V. Analysis 14 15 The ALJ stated that he assigned significant weight to Dr. Halbridge’s opinion, but he 16 discounted, without addressing, Dr. Dr. Halbridge’s opinion that Plaintiff should not do 17 repetitive work at or above shoulder level or repetitive overhead work bilaterally. Instead, 18 the ALJ determined that Plaintiff is capable of “frequently reach[ing] at or above shoulder 19 level,” with “frequently” defined as occurring “from 1/3 to 2/3 of the time.” “[A]n ALJ errs 20 when he rejects a medical opinion or assigns it little weight while doing nothing more than 21 ignoring it . . . or criticizing it with boilerplate language that fails to offer a substantive basis 22 for his conclusion.” Garrison, 759 F.3d at 1012-13; see also Echaury v. Astrue, No. CV 12- 23 1245 FMO, 2013 WL 436007, at *4-5 (C.D. Cal. Feb. 4, 2013) (ALJ’s failure to include all 24 functional limitations found by treating workers’ comp physician constitutes “implicit” 25 rejection of treating physician’s opinion). Because the ALJ ignored Dr. Halbridge’s opinion 26 that Plaintiff should not do repetitive work at or above shoulder level or repetitive overhead 27 work bilaterally, the ALJ erred. 28 11 1 Numerous cases from within the Ninth Circuit have found that the term “repetitive” is 2 a “term of art” in the California Workers’ Compensation scheme indicating a 50% loss of 3 function and held that the ALJ must address and incorporate the meaning of the term 4 “repetitive” in a Social Security disability opinion. See, e.g., Haro v. Colvin, No. CV 13- 5 09319-JEM, 2014 WL 4929032, at *6 (C.D. Cal. Sept. 30, 2014) (California Worker’s 6 Comp Schedule establishes that “repetitive” means “50% or more loss of the ability to reach, 7 push, or pull); see also Booth, 181 F. Supp. 2d at 1103-06 (discussing analysis of workers’ 8 comp doctor’s use of term “repetitive”); see also Vasquez-Pamplona v. Colvin, No. CV 14- 9 7284 JC, 2015 WL 5796994, at *4 (C.D. Cal. Sept. 30, 2015) (“repetitive” is “term of art” 10 used in California Worker’s Comp scheme); Valero v. Colvin, No. 1:13-CV-01815-SKO, 11 2015 WL 1201874, at *10 (E.D. Cal. Mar. 16, 2015) (same); Harvey v. Colvin, No. CV 13- 12 5376-PLA, 2014 WL 3845088, at *6 (C.D. Cal. Aug. 5, 2014) (same). “While the ALJ’s 13 decision need not contain an explicit ‘translation,’ it should at least indicate that the ALJ 14 recognized the differences between the relevant state workers’ compensation terminology, 15 on the one hand, and the relevant Social Security disability terminology, on the other hand, 16 and took those differences into account in evaluating the medical evidence.” Booth, 181 F. 17 Supp. 2d at 1106. As stated above, the ALJ did not do so here but, rather, either ignored Dr. 18 Halbridge’s use of the term “repetitive”. 19 20 The ALJ’s error is not harmless. According to the DOT, all four of the jobs that the 21 ALJ found Plaintiff could perform involve “frequent” reaching, handling, and fingering, 22 with “frequent” defined as occurring “from 1/3 to 2/3 of the time.” See DOT 716.687-030 23 (lens gauger), 739.687-182 (table worker), 344.667-010 (ticket taker), 222.587-050 (swatch 24 clerk). Further, the ALJ did not posit a hypothetical to the VE for reaching or overhead 25 function with a limit of “up to 50% of the time.” Accordingly, the ALJ’s error in evaluating 26 Dr. Halbridge’s opinion is not necessarily inconsequential to the ultimate nondisability 27 determination and the matter must be remanded. 28 12 1 VI. Remand For Further Proceedings Is Warranted 2 3 This matter is not appropriate for a remand for an award of benefits because it is not 4 clear from the record that, if the ALJ credited Dr. Halbridge’s opinion in full, he would be 5 required to find Plaintiff disabled on remand. See Garrison, 759 F.3d at 1020; see also id. 6 n.26. 7 appropriate and proper consideration of Dr. Halbridge’s opinion. Accordingly, the Court remands for further development of the record where 8 CONCLUSION 9 10 11 For the reasons stated above, IT IS ORDERED that the decision of the Commissioner 12 is REVERSED, and this case is REMANDED for further proceedings consistent with this 13 Memorandum Opinion and Order. 14 15 IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that the Clerk of the Court shall serve copies of this 16 Memorandum Opinion and Order and the Judgment on counsel for plaintiff and for 17 defendant. 18 19 LET JUDGMENT BE ENTERED ACCORDINGLY. 20 21 DATE: September 7, 2017 22 23 _________________________________ KAREN L. STEVENSON UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE 24 25 26 27 28 13

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