Arlene Westwood et al v. County of San Bernardino et al

Filing 48

PROTECTIVE ORDER [NOTE CHANGES BY COURT] by Magistrate Judge Kenly Kiya Kato re Stipulation for Protective Order 47 . (see document for details) (hr)

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1 SHANNON L. GUSTAFSON (SBN 228856) 2 LYNBERG & WATKINS A Professional Corporation 3 1100 Town & Country Road, Suite #1450 Orange, California 92868 4 (714) 937-1010 Telephone (714) 937-1003 Facsimile 5 Attorneys for Defendant, County of San Bernardino, Alicia Morgan, 6 Ana Flores, Brad Shaver, Briana Young, Charleen Barbosa, Gnana Chakma, Christina Loy, Kyle Shepherd, Marcia Carr, Megan Gaines, 7 Michelle David, Angelica Ibarra, A. Encarnacion 8 THE SEHAT LAW FIRM, PLC 9 Cameron Sehat, Esq. (SBN: 256535) 10 Kelly Hatfield, Esq. (SBN: 336377) 11 19800 MacArthur Blvd., Suite 1000 12 Irvine, CA 92612 13 Telephone: (949) 825-5200 14 Attorneys for Arlene Westwood, 15 Michael Westwood and Destiny Sheri Sandoval 16 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 17 CENTRAL DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 18 ARLENE WESTWOOD, individually; DESTINY SHERI SANDOVAL, 19 individually and as Personal Representative of the Estate of JEFF 20 PAUL WESTWOOD, Deceased, Assigned for Discovery Matters to: Hon. Kenly Kiya Kato Plaintiff, 21 22 CASE NO. 5:21-CV-00117 JGB (KKx) STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER vs. [NOTE CHANGES BY COURT] 23 COUNTY OF SAN BERNARDINO, a Government Entity; Sergeant 24 SHAVER, individually; Deputy MENDOZA, individually; Deputy 25 MARTINEZ, individually; Deputy K. SHEPARD, individually; CHRISTINA 26 LOY, individually; BARBI RINCON, individually; E. SANTOY, 27 individually; MARCIA CARR, individually; ANA FLORES, 28 Trial Date: None set Complaint filed: March 22, 2021 1 STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER individually; C. BARBOSA, 1 individually; A. IBARRA, individually; B. YOUNG, individually; G. 2 CHAKMA, individually; A. ENCAMACION, individually; A. 3 MORGAN, individually; C. JIMENEZ, individually; M. GAINES, individually; 4 CLAUDIA ALVAREZ, individually; MICHELLE DAVID, individually; 5 DOES 1 through 10, inclusive, 6 Defendant. 7 8 9 1. 10 A. PURPOSES AND LIMITATIONS Discovery in this action is likely to involve production of confidential 11 proprietary, or private information for which special protection from public 12 disclosure and from use for any purpose other than prosecuting this litigation may 13 be warranted. Accordingly, the parties hereby stipulate to and petition the Court to 14 enter the following Stipulated Protective Order. The parties acknowledge that this 15 Order does not confer blanket protections on all disclosures or responses to 16 discovery and that the protection it affords from public disclosures or responses to 17 discovery and that the protection it affords from public disclosure and use extends 18 only to the limited information or items that are entitled to confidential treatment 19 under the applicable legal principles. The parties further acknowledge, as set forth 20 in Section 12.3, below, that this Stipulated Protective Order does not entitle them to 21 file confidential information under seal; Civil Local Rule 79-5 sets forth the 22 procedures that must be followed and the standards that will be applied when a party 23 seeks permission from the court to file material under seal. 24 B. 25 This action is likely to involve law enforcement sensitive information, jail and GOOD CAUSE STATEMENT 26 custody sensitive information, law enforcement personnel information, medical 27 information, third party contact information, and other information for which special 28 2 STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER 1 protection from public disclosure and from use for any purpose other than 2 prosecution of this action is warranted. Such confidential materials and information 3 consist of, among other things, law enforcement internal investigation reports, and 4 law enforcement personnel records, as well as confidential medical records, 5 (including information implicating privacy rights of third parties), information 6 otherwise generally unavailable to the public, or which may be privileged or 7 otherwise protected from disclosure under state or federal statutes, court rules, case 8 decisions, or common law. Accordingly, to expedite the flow of information, to 9 facilitate the prompt resolution of disputes over confidentiality. of discovery 10 materials, to adequately protect information the parties are entitled to keep 11 confidential, to ensure that the parties are permitted reasonable necessary uses of 12 such material in preparation for and in the conduct of trial, to address their handling 13 at the end of the litigation, and serve the ends of justice, a protective order for such 14 information is justified in this matter. It is the intent of the parties that information 15 will not be designated as confidential for tactical reasons and that nothing be so 16 designated without a good faith belief that it has been maintained in a confidential 17 non-public manner, and there is good cause why it should not be part of the public 18 record of this case. 19 2. DEFINITIONS 20 1. 21 5:21-cv-00117-JGB-KKx. 22 2. 23 designation of information or items under this Order. 24 3. 25 (regardless of how it is generated, stored or maintained) or tangible 26 things that qualify for protection under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 27 26(c), and as specified above in the Good Cause Statement. Action: Westwood v. County of San Bernardino et al., Case No. Challenging Party: a Party or Non-Party that challenges the “CONFIDENTIAL” Information or Items: information 28 3 STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER 1 4. Counsel: Outside Counsel of Record and House Counsel (as 2 well as their support staff). 3 5. 4 information or items that it produces in disclosures or in responses to 5 discovery as “CONFIDENTIAL.” 6 6. 7 regardless of the medium or manner in which it is generated, stored, or 8 maintained (including, among other things, testimony, transcripts and 9 tangible things), that are produced or generated in disclosures or Designating Party: a Party or Non-Party that designates Disclosure or Discovery Material: all items or information, 10 responses to discovery in this matter. 11 7. 12 matter pertinent to the litigation who has been retained by a Party or its 13 counsel to serve as an expert witness or as a consultant in this action. 14 8. 15 Action. House Counsel does not include Outside Counsel of Record or 16 any other outside counsel. 17 9. 18 association, or other legal entity not named as a Party to this Action. 19 10. 20 a party to this Action but are retained to represent or advise a party to 21 this Action and have appeared in this Action on behalf of that party or 22 are affiliated with a law firm which has appeared on behalf of that 23 party, and includes support staff. 24 11. 25 employees, consultants, retained experts, and Outside Counsel of 26 Record (and their support staffs). 27 12. Expert: a person with specialized knowledge or experience in a House Counsel: attorneys who are employees or a party to this Non-Party: any natural person, partnership, corporation, Outside Counsel of Record: attorneys who are not employees of Party: any party to this Action, including all officers, directors, Producing Party: a Party or Non-Party that produces Disclosure 28 4 STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER 1 or Discovery Material in this Action. 2 13. 3 support services (e.g., photocopying, videotaping, translating, preparing 4 exhibits or demonstrations, and organizing, storing, or retrieving data in 5 any form or medium) and their employees and subcontractors. 6 14. 7 designated as “CONFIDENTIAL.” 8 15. 9 Material from a Producing Party. Professional Vendors: persons or entities that provide litigation Protected Material: any Disclosure or Discovery material that is Receiving Party: a Party that receives Disclosure or Discovery 10 3. SCOPE 11 The protections conferred by this Stipulation and Order cover not only 12 Protected Material (as defined above), but also (1) any information copied or 13 extracted from Protected Material; (2) all copies, excerpts, summaries, or 14 compilations of Protected Material; and (3) any testimony, conversations, or 15 presentations by Parties or their Counsel that might revel Protected Material. 16 Any use of Protected Material at trial shall be governed by the orders of the 17 trial judge. This Order does not govern the use of Protected Material at trial. 18 4. DURATION 19 Even after final disposition of this litigation, the confidentiality obligations 20 imposed by this Order shall remain in effect until a Designating Party agrees 21 otherwise in writing or a court order otherwise directs. Final disposition shall be 22 deemed to be the later of (1) dismissal of all claims and defenses in this Action, with 23 or without prejudice; and (2) final judgment herein after the completion and 24 exhaustion of all appeals, rehearings, remands, trials, or reviews of this Action, 25 including the time limits for filing any motions or applications for extension of time 26 pursuant to applicable law. 27 5. DESIGNATING PROTECTED MATERIAL 28 5 STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER 1 1. Exercise of Restraint and Care in Designating Material for Protection. 2 Each Party or Non-Party that designates information or items for protection under 3 this Order must take care to limit any such designation to specific material that 4 qualifies under the appropriate standards. The Designating Party must designate for 5 protection only those parts of material, documents, items, or oral or written 6 communications that qualify so that other portions of the material, documents, 7 items, or communications for which protection is not warranted are not swept 8 unjustifiably within the ambit of this Order. 9 Mass, indiscriminate, or routinized designations are prohibited. Designations 10 that are shown to be clearly unjustified or that have been made for an improper 11 purpose (e.g., to unnecessarily encumber the case development process or to impose 12 unnecessary expenses and burdens on other parties) may expose the Designating 13 Party to sanctions. 14 If it comes to a Designating Party’s attention that information or items that it 15 designated for protection do not qualify for protection, that Designating Party must 16 promptly notify all other Parties that it is withdrawing the inapplicable designation. 17 2. Manner and Timing of Designations. Except as otherwise provided in 18 this Order (see, e.g., second paragraph of Section 5.2(a) below), or as otherwise 19 stipulated or ordered, Disclosure or Discovery Material that qualifies for protection 20 under this Order must be clearly so designated before the material is disclosed or 21 produced. 22 Designation in conformity with this Order requires: 23 (a) for information in documentary form (e.g., paper or electronic documents, 24 but excluding transcripts of depositions or other pretrial or trial proceedings), that 25 the Producing Party affix at a minimum, the legend “CONFIDENTIAL” (hereinafter 26 “CONFIDENTIAL legend”), to each page that contains protected material. If only a 27 portion or portions of the material on a page qualifies for protection, the Producing 28 6 STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER 1 Party also must clearly identify the protected portion(s) (e.g., by making appropriate 2 markings in the margins). 3 A Party or Non-Party that makes original documents available for inspection 4 need not designate them for protection until after the inspection Party has indicated 5 which documents it would like copied and produced. During the inspection and 6 before the designation, all of the material made available for inspection shall be 7 deemed “CONFIDENTIAL.” After the inspecting Party has identified the 8 documents it wants copied and produced, the Producing Party must determine which 9 documents, or portions thereof, qualify for protection under this Order. Then, 10 before producing the specified documents, the Producing Party must affix the 11 “CONFIDENTIAL legend” to each page that contains Protected Material. If only a 12 portion or portions of the material on a page qualifies for protection, the Producing 13 Party also must clearly identify the protected portion(s) (e.g., by making appropriate 14 markings in the margins). 15 (b) for testimony given in depositions that the Designating Party identify the 16 Disclosure or Discovery Material on the record, before the close of the deposition all 17 protected testimony. 18 (c) for information produced in some form other than documentary and for 19 any other tangible items, that the Producing Party affix in a prominent place on the 20 exterior of the container or containers in which the information is stored the legend 21 “CONFIDENTIAL.” If only a portion or portions of the information warrants 22 protection, the Producing Party, to the extent practicable, shall identify the protected 23 portion(s). 24 3. Inadvertent Failures to Designate. If timely corrected, an 25 inadvertent failure to designate qualified information or items does not, standing 26 alone, waive the Designating Party’s right to secure protection under this Order for 27 such material. Upon timely correction of a designation, the Receiving Party must 28 7 STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER 1 make reasonable efforts to assure that the material is treated in accordance with the 2 provisions of this Order. 3 6. CHALLENGING CONFIDENTIALITY DESIGNATIONS 4 1. 5 designation of confidentiality at any time that is consistent with the 6 Court’s Scheduling Order. 7 2. 8 dispute resolution process under Local Rule 37.1 et seq. 9 3. Timing of Challenges. Any Party or Non-Party may challenge a Meet and Confer. The Challenging Party shall initiate the The burden of persuasion in any such challenge proceeding shall 10 be on the Designating Party. Frivolous challenges, and those made for 11 an improper purpose (e.g., to harass or impose unnecessary expenses 12 and burdens on other parties) may expose the Challenging Party to 13 sanctions. Unless the Designating Party has waived or withdrawn the 14 confidentiality designation, all parties shall continue to afford the 15 material in question the level of protection to which it is entitled under 16 the Producing Party’s designation until the Court rules on the 17 challenge. 18 7. ACCESS TO AND USE OF PROTECTED MATERIAL 19 1. 20 that is disclosed or produced by another Party or by a Non-Party in 21 connection with this Action only for prosecuting, defending, or 22 attempting to settle this Action. Such Protected Material may be 23 disclosed only to the categories or persons and under the conditions 24 described in this Order. When the Action has been terminated, a 25 Receiving Party must comply with the provisions of section 13 below 26 (FINAL DISPOSITION). 27 Basic Principles. A Receiving Party may use Protected Material Protected Material must be stored and maintained by a Receiving Party at a 28 8 STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER 1 location in a secure manner that ensures that access is limited to the persons 2 authorized under this Order. 3 2. 4 otherwise ordered by the court or permitted in writing by the 5 Designating Party, a Receiving Party may disclose any information or 6 item designated “CONFIDENTIAL” only to: 7 (a) Disclosure of “CONFIDENTIAL” Information or Items. Unless The Receiving Party’s Outside Counsel of Record in this Action, as 8 well as employees of said Outside Counsel of Record to whom it is reasonably 9 necessary to disclose the information for this Action; 10 (b) The officers, directors, and employees (including House Counsel) of 11 the Receiving Party to whom disclosure is reasonably necessary for this Action; 12 (c) Experts (as defined in this Order) of the Receiving Party to whom 13 disclosure is reasonably necessary for this Action and who have signed the 14 “Acknowledgment and Agreement to Be Bound” (Exhibit A); 15 (d) The court and its personnel; 16 (e) Court reporters and their staff; 17 (f) Professional jury or trial consultants, mock jurors, and Professional 18 Vendors to whom disclosure is reasonably necessary for this Action and who have 19 signed the “Acknowledgment and Agreement to Be Bound” (Exhibit A); 20 (g) The author or recipient of document containing the information or a 21 custodian or other person who otherwise possessed or knew the information; 22 (h) During their depositions, witnesses, and attorneys for witnesses, in the 23 Action to whom disclosure is reasonably necessary provided: (1) the deposing party 24 requests that the witness and his or her attorney sign Exhibit A; “Acknowledgment 25 and Agreement to Be Bound” (Exhibit A), unless otherwise agreed by the 26 Designating Party or ordered by the court. Pages of transcribed deposition testimony 27 or exhibits to depositions that reveal Protected Material may be separately bound by 28 9 STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER 1 the court reporter and may not be disclosed to anyone except as permitted under this 2 Stipulated Protective Order; and 3 (i) Any mediator or settlement officer, and their supporting personnel, 4 mutually agreed upon by any of the parties engaged in settlement discussions. 5 8. PROTECTED MATERIAL SUBPOENAED OR ORDERED PRODUCED 6 IN OTHER LITIGATION 7 If a Party is served with a subpoena or a court order issued in other litigation 8 that compels disclosure of any information or items designated in this Action as 9 “CONFIDENTIAL,” that Party must: 10 (a) promptly notify in writing the Designating Party. Such notification shall 11 include a copy of the subpoena or court order; 12 (b) promptly notify in writing the party who caused the subpoena or order to 13 issue in the other litigation that some or all of the material covered by the subpoena 14 or order is subject to this Protective Order. Such notification shall include a copy of 15 this Stipulated Protective Order; and 16 (c) cooperate with respect to all reasonable procedures sought to be pursued 17 by the Designating Party whose Protected Material may be affected. 18 If the Designating Party timely seeks a protective Order, the Party served with 19 the subpoena or court order shall not produce any information designated in this 20 action as “CONFIDENTIAL” before a determination by the court from which the 21 subpoena or order issued, unless the Party has obtained the Designating Party’s 22 permission. The Designating Party shall bear the burden and expense of seeking 23 protection in that court of its confidential material and nothing in these provisions 24 should be construed as authorizing or encouraging a Receiving Party in this Action 25 to disobey a lawful directive from another court. 26 9. A NON-PARTY’S PROTECTED MATERIAL SOUGHT TO BE 27 PRODUCED IN THIS LITIGATION 28 10 STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER 1 (a) The terms of this Order are applicable to information produced by a Non- 2 Party in this Action and designated as “CONFIDENTIAL.” Such information 3 produced by Non-Parties in connection with this litigation is protected by the 4 remedies and relief provided by this Order. Nothing in these provisions should be 5 construed as prohibiting a Non-Party from seeking additional protections. 6 (b) In the event that a Party is required, by a valid discovery request, to 7 produce a Non-Party’s confidential information in its possession, and the Party is 8 subject to an agreement with the Non-Party not to produce the Non-Party’s 9 confidential information, then the Party shall: 10 (1) promptly notify in writing the Requesting Party and the Non-Party 11 that some or all of the information requested is subject to a confidentiality 12 agreement with a Non-Party; 13 (2) promptly provide the Non-Party with a copy of the Stipulated 14 Protective Order in this Action, the relevant discovery request(s), and a reasonably 15 specific description of the information requested; and 16 (3) make the information requested available for inspection by the 17 Non-Party, if requested. 18 (c) If the Non-Party fails to seek a protective order from this court within 14 19 days of receiving the notice and accompanying information, the Receiving Party 20 may produce the Non-Party’s confidential information responsive to the discovery 21 request. If the Non-Party timely seeks a protective order, the Receiving Party shall 22 not produce any information in its possession or control that is subject to the 23 confidentiality agreement with the Non-Party before a determination by the court. 24 Absent a court order to the contrary, the Non-Party shall bear the burden and 25 expense of seeking protection in this court of its Protected Material. 26 10. UNAUTHORIZED DISCLOSURE OF PROTECTED MATERIAL 27 If a Receiving Party learns that, by inadvertence or otherwise, it has disclosed 28 11 STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER 1 Protected Material to any person or in any circumstance not authorized under this 2 Stipulated Protective Order, the Receiving Party must immediately (a) notify in 3 writing the Designating Party of the unauthorized disclosures, (b) use its best efforts 4 to retrieve all unauthorized copies of the Protected Material, (c) inform the person or 5 persons to whom unauthorized disclosures were made of all the terms of this Order, 6 and (d) request such person or persons to execute the “Acknowledgment and 7 Agreement to Be Bound” that is attached hereto as Exhibit A. 8 11. INADVERTENT PRODUCTION OF PRIVILEGED OR OTHERWISE 9 PROTECTED MATERIAL 10 When a Producing Party gives notice to Receiving Parties that certain 11 inadvertently produced material is subject to a claim of privilege or other protection, 12 the obligations of the Receiving Parties are those set forth in Federal Rule of Civil 13 Procedure 26(b)(b)(B). This provision is not intended to modify whatever 14 procedure may be established in an e-discovery order that provides for production 15 without prior privilege review. Pursuant to Federal Rule of Evidence 502(d) and 16 (e), insofar as the parties reach an agreement on the effect of disclosure of a 17 communication or information covered by the attorney-privilege or work product 18 protection, the parties may incorporate their agreement in the stipulated protective 19 order submitted to the court. 20 12. MISCELLANEOUS 21 1. 22 of any person to seek its modification by the Court in the future. 23 2. 24 this Protective Order no Party waives any right it otherwise would have 25 to object to disclosing or producing any information or item on any 26 ground not addressed in this Stipulated Protective Order. Similarly, no 27 Party waives any right to object on any ground to use in evidence of Right to Further Relief. Nothing in this Order abridges the right Right to Assert Other Objections. By stipulating to the entry of 28 12 STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER 1 any of the material covered by this Protective Order. 2 3. 3 any Protected Material must comply with Civil Local Rule 79-5. 4 Protected Material may only be filed under seal pursuant to a court 5 order authorizing the sealing of the specific Protected Material at issue. 6 If a Party's request to file Protected Material under seal is denied by the 7 court, then the Receiving Party may file the information in the public 8 record unless otherwise instructed by the court. 9 13. 10 Filing Protected Material. A Party that seeks to file under seal FINAL DISPOSITION After the final disposition of this Action, as defined in Paragraph 4, within 60 11 days of a written request by the Designating Party, each Receiving Party must return 12 all Protected Material to the Producing Party or destroy such material. As used in 13 this subdivision, “all Protected Material” includes all copies, abstracts, compilations, 14 summaries, and any other format reproducing or capturing any of the Protected 15 Material. Whether the Protected Material is returned or destroyed, the Receiving 16 Party must submit a written certification to the Producing Party (and, if not the same 17 person or entity, to the Designating Party) by the 60 day deadline that (1) identifies 18 (by category, where appropriate) all the Protected Material that was returned or 19 destroyed and (2) affirms that the Receiving Party has not retained any copies, 20 abstracts, compilations, summaries or any other format reproducing or capturing any 21 of the Protected Material. Notwithstanding this provision, Counsel are entitled to 22 retain an archival copy of all pleadings, motion papers, trial, deposition, and hearing 23 transcripts, legal memoranda, correspondence, deposition and trial exhibits, expert 24 reports, attorney work product, and consultant and expert work product, even if such 25 materials contain Protected Material. Any such archival copies that contain or 26 constitute Protected Material. Any such archival copies that contain or constitute 27 28 13 STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER 1 Protected Material remain subject to this Protective Order as set forth in Section 4 2 (DURATION). 3 14. Any violation of this Order may be punished by any and all appropriate 4 measures including, without limitation, contempt proceedings and/or monetary 5 sanctions 6 7 IT IS SO STIPULATED, THROUGH COUNSEL OF RECORD 8 9 DATED: July 15, 2021 10 /s/ Kelly Hatfield 11 KELLY HATFIELD CAMERON SEHAT 12 THE SEHAT LAW FIRM, P.L.C. 13 Attorneys for Plaintiffs, Arlene Westwood, Michael Westwood and Destiny Sheri Sandoval 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 DATED: July 15, 2021 /s/ Shannon L. Gustafson SHANNON L. GUSTAFSON LYNBERG & WATKINS Attorneys for Defendants, County of San Bernardino, Alicia Morgan, Ana Flores, Brad Shaver, Briana Young, Charleen Barbosa, Gnana Chakma, Christina Loy, Kyle Shepherd, Marcia Carr, Megan Gaines, Michelle David, Angelica Ibarra, and A. Encarnacion 24 25 I certify that all other signatories listed, and on whose behalf the filing is 26 submitted, concur in the filing’s content and have authorized the filing. 27 28 /s/ Shannon L. Gustafson 14 STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER SHANNON L. GUSTAFSON 1 2 3 FOR GOOD CAUSE SHOWN, IT IS SO ORDERED. 4 DATED: July 16, 2021 5 6 7 Hon. Kenly Kiya Kato 8 United States Magistrate Judge 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 15 STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER 1 2 3 EXHIBIT A 4 ACKNOWLEDGMENT AND AGREEMENT TO BE BOUNND 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 I, [print or type full name], of [type or print full address] declare under penalty of perjury that I have read in its entirety and understand the Stipulated Protective Order that was issued by the United States Court for the Central District of California on , 2021 in the case of Westwood vs. County of San Bernardino, Case No. 5:21-cv-00117-JGBKKx. I agree to comply with and to be bound by all the terms of this Stipulated Protective Order and I understand and acknowledge that failure to so comply could l expose me to sanctions and punishment in the nature of contempt. I solemnly promise that I will not disclose in any manner any information or item that is subject to this Stipulated Protective Order to any person or entity except in strict compliance with the provisions of this Order. I further agree to submit to the jurisdiction of the United States District Court for the Central District of California for the purpose of enforcing the terms of this Stipulated Protective Order, even if such enforcement proceedings occur after termination of this action. I hereby appoint full name] of [print or type [print or type full address and telephone number] as my California agent for service of process in connection with this action or any proceedings related to enforcement of this Stipulated Protective Order. Date: , 2021 City and State where sworn and signed: Printed name: Signature: 16 STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER

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