Ace Duraflo Systems LLC et al v. Aquam USA Inc. et al

Filing 36

PROTECTIVE ORDER by Magistrate Judge Jay C. Gandhi re Stipulation for Protective Order 32 . (kh)

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 9 CENTRAL DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 10 11 ACE DURAFLO SYSTEMS, LLC., etc., Case No. 8:17-cv-675-DOC (JCGx) 12 et al., PROTECTIVE ORDER Plaintiffs, 13 vs. 14 15 AQUAM USA, INC., etc., et al., Defendants. 16 17 18 In light of the Stipulation of the parties filed herewith, and good cause 19 appearing therefore, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED as follows: 20 I. DEFINITIONS 21 A. 22 Any party to this action, including all of its officers, directors, employees, Party 23 consultants, retained experts, and outside counsel (and their support staff). 24 B. 25 All items or information, regardless of the medium or manner generated, Disclosure or Discovery Material 26 stored, or maintained (including, among other things, testimony, transcripts, or 27 tangible things) that are produced or generated in disclosures or responses to 28 2118/022688-0073 11058733 1 a08/28/17 -1- PROTECTIVE ORDER 1 discovery in this matter. 2 C. “Confidential” Information or Items 3 Information (regardless of how generated, stored or maintained) or tangible 4 things that qualify for protection under standards developed under F.R.Civ.P. 26(c). 5 D. “Highly Confidential -- Attorneys’ Eyes Only” Information or Items 6 Confidential Information or Items whose disclosure to another Party or 7 nonparty would create a substantial risk of serious injury that could not be avoided 8 by less restrictive means. For purposes of this case, “HIGHLY CONFIDENTIAL – 9 ATTORNEYS’ EYES ONLY” will include: (i) the Parties’ non-public financial 10 information, as it relates to costs, revenues and profits generally or for specific 11 products; (ii) information of a competitively or commercially sensitive or 12 proprietary nature or trade secrets regarding any products made by or for a Party; 13 (iii) non-public customer or distributor information, including non-public 14 arrangements and agreements with customers and distributors and the prices at 15 which products are sold to customer and distributors, but not including the names of 16 the customers or identification of the products sold to them; (iv) research and 17 development materials concerning unreleased products or services; (v) the 18 confidential terms of any licenses; and (vi) any other information whose disclosure 19 to another Party or non-party would create a substantial risk of harm to the 20 competitive position of the Producing Party if disclosed. 21 E. Receiving Party 22 A Party that receives Disclosure or Discovery Material from a Producing 23 Party. 24 F. Producing Party 25 A Party or non-party that produces Disclosure or Discovery Material in this 26 action. 27 G. 28 A Party or non-party that designates information or items that it produces in 2118/022688-0073 11058733 1 a08/28/17 Designating Party -2- PROTECTIVE ORDER 1 disclosures or in responses to discovery as “Confidential” or “Highly Confidential 2 — Attorneys’ Eyes Only.” 3 H. Protected Material 4 Any Disclosure or Discovery Material that is designated as “Confidential” or 5 as “Highly Confidential – Attorneys’ Eyes Only.” 6 I. Outside Counsel 7 Attorneys who are not employees of a Party but who are retained to represent 8 or advise a Party in this action. J. 9 Expert A person with specialized knowledge or experience in a matter pertinent to 10 11 the litigation who has been retained by a Party or its counsel to serve as an expert 12 witness or as a consultant in this action. This definition includes a professional jury 13 or trial consultant retained in connection with this litigation. 14 K. Professional Vendors 15 Persons or entities who provide litigation support services (e.g., 16 photocopying; videotaping; translating; preparing exhibits or demonstrations; 17 organizing, storing, retrieving data in any form or medium; etc.) and their 18 employees and subcontractors. 19 II. SCOPE 20 The protections conferred by this Order cover not only Protected Material (as 21 defined above), but also any information copied or extracted therefrom, as well as 22 all copies, excerpts, summaries, or compilations thereof, plus testimony, 23 conversations, or presentations by parties or counsel to or in other settings that 24 might reveal Protected Material. This Order does not apply to court hearings or 25 proceedings. The use of Confidential and Highly Confidential – Attorneys Eyes 26 Only information or items in court hearings or proceedings will be addressed with 27 the judicial officer conducting the proceeding at the appropriate time. 28 2118/022688-0073 11058733 1 a08/28/17 -3- PROTECTIVE ORDER 1 III. DURATION 2 Even after the termination of this litigation, the confidentiality obligations 3 imposed by this Order shall remain in effect until a Designating Party agrees 4 otherwise in writing or a Court Order otherwise directs. This Order shall be binding upon the Parties and their attorneys, successors, 5 6 executors, personal representatives, administrators, heirs, legal representatives, 7 assigns, subsidiaries, divisions, employees, agents, independent contractors, experts, 8 consultants, and all other persons or organizations over which the Parties have 9 control. 10 IV. DESIGNATING PROTECTED MATERIAL 11 A. 12 Each Party or non-party that designates information or items for protection Exercise of Restraint and Care in Designating Material for Protection. 13 under this Order must take care to limit any such designation to specific material 14 that qualifies under the appropriate standards. A Designating Party must take care to 15 designate for protection only those parts of material, documents, items, or oral or 16 written communications that qualify for such protection. 17 If it comes to a Party’s or a non-party’s attention that information or items 18 that it designated for protection do not qualify for protection at all, or do not qualify 19 for the level of protection initially asserted, that Party or non-party must promptly 20 notify all other parties that it is withdrawing the prior designation. 21 B. Manner and Timing of Designations. 22 Except as otherwise provided in this Order, or as otherwise stipulated or 23 ordered, material that qualifies for protection under this Order must be clearly so 24 designated before the material is disclosed or produced. 25 Designation in conformity with this Order requires: 26 (i) For information in documentary form (apart from transcripts of 27 depositions or other pretrial or trial proceedings), that the Producing Party affix the 28 legend “CONFIDENTIAL” or “HIGHLY CONFIDENTIAL —ATTORNEYS’ 2118/022688-0073 11058733 1 a08/28/17 -4- PROTECTIVE ORDER 1 EYES ONLY” at the top or bottom of each page that contains protected material. If 2 only a portion or portions of the material on a page qualifies for protection, the 3 Producing Party also must clearly identify the protected portion(s) (e.g., by making 4 appropriate markings in the margins) and must specify, for each portion, the level of 5 protection being asserted (either “CONFIDENTIAL” or “HIGHLY 6 CONFIDENTIAL — ATTORNEYS’ EYES ONLY”). 7 A Party or non-party that makes original documents or materials available for 8 inspection need not designate them for protection until after the inspecting Party has 9 indicated which material it would like copied and produced. During the inspection 10 and before the designation, all of the material made available for inspection shall be 11 deemed “HIGHLY CONFIDENTIAL — ATTORNEYS’ EYES ONLY.” After the 12 inspecting Party has identified the documents it wants copied and produced, the 13 Producing Party must determine which documents, or portions thereof, qualify for 14 protection under this Order, then, before producing the specified documents, the 15 Producing Party must affix the appropriate legend (“CONFIDENTIAL” or 16 “HIGHLY CONFIDENTIAL — ATTORNEYS’ EYES ONLY”) at the top or 17 bottom of each page that contains Protected Material. If only a portion or portions of 18 the material on a page qualifies for protection, the Producing Party also must clearly 19 identify the protected portion(s) (e.g., by making appropriate markings in the 20 margins) and must specify, for each portion, the level of protection being asserted 21 (either “CONFIDENTIAL” or “HIGHLY CONFIDENTIAL —ATTORNEYS’ 22 EYES ONLY”). 23 (ii) For testimony given in deposition, that the Party or non-party offering 24 or sponsoring the testimony identify on the record, before the close of the 25 deposition, all protected testimony, and further specify any portions of the testimony 26 that qualify as “HIGHLY CONFIDENTIAL — ATTORNEYS’ EYES ONLY.” 27 When it is impractical to identify separately each portion of testimony that is 28 entitled to protection, and when it appears that substantial portions of the testimony 2118/022688-0073 11058733 1 a08/28/17 -5- PROTECTIVE ORDER 1 may qualify for protection, the Party or non-party that sponsors, offers, or gives the 2 testimony may invoke on the record (before the deposition is concluded) a right to 3 have up to 15 days after receipt of the transcript to identify the specific portions of 4 the testimony as to which protection is sought and to specify the level of protection 5 being asserted (“CONFIDENTIAL” or “HIGHLY CONFIDENTIAL — 6 ATTORNEYS’ EYES ONLY”). Once this right to designate portions of the 7 transcript as Protected Material has been invoked, the entire transcript, and all 8 testimony given in the deposition, shall be treated as “HIGHLY CONFIDENTIAL – 9 ATTORNEYS’ EYES ONLY” until the 15 day period has lapsed; thereafter, only 10 those portions of the testimony that are appropriately designated for protection 11 within the 15 days shall be covered by the provisions of this Stipulated Protective 12 Order, unless a Designating party specifies that the entire transcript shall be treated 13 as “CONFIDENTIAL” or “HIGHLY CONFIDENTIAL – ATTORNEYS’ EYES 14 ONLY. 15 Transcript pages containing Protected Material must be separately bound by 16 the court reporter, who must affix to the top or bottom of each such page the legend 17 “CONFIDENTIAL” or “HIGHLY CONFIDENTIAL — ATTORNEYS’ EYES 18 ONLY,” as instructed by the Party or non-party offering or sponsoring the witness 19 or presenting the testimony. 20 (iii) For information produced in some form other than documentary, and 21 for any other tangible items, that the Producing Party affix in a prominent place on 22 the exterior of the container or containers in which the information or item is stored 23 the legend “CONFIDENTIAL” or “HIGHLY CONFIDENTIAL — ATTORNEYS’ 24 EYES ONLY.” If only portions of the information or item warrant protection, the 25 Producing Party, to the extent practicable, shall identify the protected portions, 26 specifying whether they qualify as “Confidential” or as “Highly Confidential — 27 Attorneys’ Eyes Only.” 28 C. 2118/022688-0073 11058733 1 a08/28/17 Inadvertent Failures to Designate. -6- PROTECTIVE ORDER An inadvertent failure to designate qualified information or items as 1 2 “Confidential” or “Highly Confidential — Attorneys’ Eyes Only” does not, standing 3 alone, waive the Designating Party’s right to secure protection under this Order for 4 such material. Upon discovery of an inadvertent failure to designate, a Producing 5 Party may notify the Receiving Party in writing that the material is to be designated. 6 Upon receipt of such notice, the Receiving Party must make reasonable efforts to 7 assure that the material is thereafter treated in accordance with the provisions of this 8 Order. The Designating Party shall provide substitute copies of documents bearing 9 the confidentiality designation. Upon receiving substitute copies, the Receiving 10 Parties shall return or securely destroy, at the Designating Party’s option, all 11 material that was not designated properly. 12 V. CHALLENGING CONFIDENTIALITY DESIGNATIONS 13 A. 14 Any Party or Non-Party may challenge a designation of confidentiality at any Timing of Challenges. 15 time. Unless a prompt challenge to a Designating Party’s confidentiality 16 designation is necessary to avoid foreseeable substantial unfairness, unnecessary 17 economic burdens, or a later significant disruption or delay of the litigation, a Party 18 does not waive its right to challenge a confidentiality designation by electing not to 19 mount a challenge promptly after the original designation is disclosed. 20 B. Meet and Confer. 21 A Party that elects to initiate a challenge to a Designating Party’s 22 confidentiality designation must do so in good faith and must begin the process by 23 conferring directly (in voice to voice dialogue) with counsel for the Designating 24 Party. Once the counsel for the challenging party makes counsel for the Designating 25 Party aware of his desire to meet and confer, the counsel for the parties must begin 26 the process by conferring within 10 days. In conferring, the challenging Party must 27 explain the basis for its belief that the confidentiality designation was not proper and 28 must give the Designating Party an opportunity to review the designated material, to 2118/022688-0073 11058733 1 a08/28/17 -7- PROTECTIVE ORDER 1 reconsider the circumstances, and, if no change in designation is offered, to explain 2 the basis for the chosen designation. A challenging Party may proceed to the next 3 stage of the challenge process only if it has engaged in this meet and confer process 4 first or establishes that the Designating Party is unwilling to participate in the meet 5 and confer process in a timely manner. 6 C. Judicial Intervention. 7 A Party that elects to press a challenge to a confidentiality designation after 8 considering the justification offered by the Designating Party may file and serve a 9 motion that identifies the challenged material and sets forth in detail the basis for the 10 challenge. Each such motion shall set forth with specificity the justification for the 11 confidentiality designation that was given by the Designating Party in the meet and 12 confer dialogue required under Paragraph V(B), supra., or explain that no 13 justification was given, if that is the case. The burden of persuasion in any such challenge proceeding shall be on the 14 15 Designating Party. Until the Court rules on the challenge, all parties shall continue 16 to afford the material in question the level of protection to which it is entitled under 17 the Producing Party’s designation. Any motion brought pursuant to this Section shall be governed by Local 18 19 Rules 37-1 and 37-1 (including the Joint Stipulation Requirement). 20 VI. ACCESS TO AND USE OF PROTECTED MATERIAL 21 A. 22 A Receiving Party may use Protected Material that is disclosed or produced Basic Principles. 23 by another Party or by a non-party in connection with this case only for prosecuting, 24 defending, or attempting to settle this litigation. Such Protected Material may be 25 disclosed only to the categories of persons and under the conditions described in this 26 Order. When the litigation has been terminated, a Receiving Party must comply with 27 the provisions of section X below. 28 Protected Material must be stored and maintained by a Receiving Party at a 2118/022688-0073 11058733 1 a08/28/17 -8- PROTECTIVE ORDER 1 location and in a secure manner that ensures that access is limited to the persons 2 authorized under this Order. 3 B. Disclosure of “CONFIDENTIAL” Information or Items. 4 Unless otherwise ordered by the Court or permitted in writing by the 5 Designating Party, a Receiving Party may disclose any information or item 6 designated CONFIDENTIAL only to: 7 (i) the Receiving Party’s Outside Counsel of record in this action, as well 8 as employees of said Counsel to whom it is reasonably necessary to disclose the 9 information for this litigation; 10 (ii) the officers, directors, and employees of the Receiving Party to whom 11 disclosure is reasonably necessary for this litigation; 12 (iii) experts (as defined in this Order) of the Receiving Party to whom 13 disclosure is reasonably necessary for this litigation and who have signed the 14 “Acknowledgment and Agreement to Be Bound” (Exhibit A); 15 (iv) the Court and its personnel; 16 (v) court reporters, their staffs, and professional vendors to whom 17 disclosure is reasonably necessary for this litigation; 18 (vi) during their depositions, witnesses in the action to whom disclosure is 19 reasonably necessary for this litigation and who have signed the “Acknowledgment 20 and Agreement to Be Bound” (Exhibit A), unless otherwise agreed by the 21 Designating Party or ordered by the court. Pages of transcribed deposition 22 testimony or exhibits to depositions that reveal Protected Material must be 23 separately bound by the court reporter and may not be disclosed to anyone except as 24 permitted under this Stipulated Protective Order; 25 (vii) the author of the document or the original source of the information. 26 C. ONLY” Information or Items. 27 28 Disclosure of “HIGHLY CONFIDENTIAL — ATTORNEYS’ EYES Unless otherwise ordered by the Court or permitted in writing by the 2118/022688-0073 11058733 1 a08/28/17 -9- PROTECTIVE ORDER 1 Designating Party, a Receiving Party may disclose any information or item 2 designated “HIGHLY CONFIDENTIAL — ATTORNEYS’ EYES ONLY” only to: 3 (i) the Receiving Party’s Outside Counsel of record in this action, as well 4 as employees of said Outside Counsel to whom it is reasonably necessary to disclose 5 the information for this litigation; 6 (ii) Experts (as defined in this Order) (1) to whom disclosure is reasonably 7 necessary for this litigation, and (2) who have signed the “Agreement to Be Bound 8 by Protective Order” (Exhibit A); 9 (iii) the Court and its personnel; 10 (iv) court reporters, their staffs, and professional vendors to whom 11 disclosure is reasonably necessary for this litigation; and 12 (v) the author of the document or the original source of the information. 13 VII. PROTECTED MATERIAL SUBPOENAED OR ORDERED 14 PRODUCED IN OTHER LITIGATION. 15 If a Receiving Party is served with a subpoena or an order issued in other 16 litigation that would compel disclosure of any information or items designated in 17 this action as “CONFIDENTIAL” or “HIGHLY CONFIDENTIAL — 18 ATTORNEYS’ EYES ONLY,” the Receiving Party must so notify the Designating 19 Party, in writing (by email or fax, if possible) immediately and in no event more 20 than three court days after receiving the subpoena or order. Such notification must 21 include a copy of the subpoena or court order. 22 The Receiving Party also must immediately inform in writing the Party who 23 caused the subpoena or order to issue in the other litigation that some or all the 24 material covered by the subpoena or order is the subject of this Protective Order. In 25 addition, the Receiving Party must deliver a copy of this Stipulated Protective Order 26 promptly to the Party in the other action that caused the subpoena or order to issue. 27 The purpose of imposing these duties is to alert the interested parties to the 28 existence of this Protective Order and to afford the Designating Party in this case an 2118/022688-0073 11058733 1 a08/28/17 -10- PROTECTIVE ORDER 1 opportunity to try to protect its confidentiality interests in the Court from which the 2 subpoena or order issued. The Designating Party shall bear the burdens and the 3 expenses of seeking protection in that Court of its confidential material — and 4 nothing in these provisions should be construed as authorizing or encouraging a 5 Receiving Party in this action to disobey a lawful subpoena issued in another action. 6 VIII. UNAUTHORIZED DISCLOSURE OF PROTECTED MATERIAL. If a Receiving Party learns that, by inadvertence or otherwise, it has disclosed 7 8 Protected Material to any person or in any circumstance not authorized under this 9 Stipulated Protective Order, the Receiving Party must immediately (a) notify in 10 writing the Designating Party of the unauthorized disclosures, (b) use its best efforts 11 to retrieve all copies of the Protected Material, (c) inform the person or persons to 12 whom unauthorized disclosures were made of all the terms of this Order, and (d) 13 request such person or persons to execute the “Acknowledgment and Agreement to 14 Be Bound” that is attached hereto as Exhibit A. 15 IX. FILING OF PROTECTED MATERIAL. 16 In Accordance with Local Rule 79-5.1, if any papers to be filed with the 17 Court contain information and/or documents that have been designated as 18 “Confidential” or “Highly Confidential – Attorneys’ Eyes Only,” the proposed filing 19 shall be accompanied by an application to file the papers or the portion thereof 20 containing the designated information or documents (if such portion is segregable) 21 under seal; and the application shall be directed to the judge to whom the papers are 22 directed. For motions, the parties shall publicly file a redacted version of the motion 23 and supporting papers. 24 X. FINAL DISPOSITION. 25 Unless otherwise ordered or agreed in writing by the Producing Party, within 26 sixty days after the final termination of this action including appeals, each Receiving 27 Party must: (a) return all Protected Material to the Producing Party; or (b) destroy 28 the Protected Material. As used in this subdivision, “all Protected Material” 2118/022688-0073 11058733 1 a08/28/17 -11- PROTECTIVE ORDER 1 includes all copies, abstracts, compilations, summaries or any other form of 2 reproducing or capturing any of the Protected Material. Whether the Protected 3 Material is returned or destroyed, the Receiving Party must submit a written 4 certification to the Producing Party (and, if not the same person or entity, to the 5 Designating Party) by the sixty day deadline that identifies (by category, where 6 appropriate) all the Protected Material that was returned or destroyed and that 7 affirms that the Receiving Party has not retained any copies, abstracts, compilations, 8 summaries or other forms of reproducing or capturing any of the Protected Material. 9 Notwithstanding this provision, counsel are entitled to retain archival copies of all 10 pleadings, motion papers, transcripts, legal memoranda, correspondence or attorney 11 work product, even if such materials contain Protected Material. Any such archival 12 copies that contain or constitute Protected Material remain subject to this Protective 13 Order as set forth in Section III (DURATION) above. 14 XI. MISCELLANEOUS 15 A. 16 Nothing in this Order abridges the right of any person to seek its modification Right to Further Relief. 17 by the Court in the future. 18 B. Right to Assert Other Objections. 19 By stipulating to the entry of this Protective Order no Party waives any right 20 it otherwise would have to object to disclosing or producing any information or item 21 on any ground not addressed in this Stipulated Protective Order. Similarly, no Party 22 waives any right to object on any ground to use in evidence of any of the material 23 covered by this Protective Order. 24 IT IS SO ORDERED. 25 26 Dated: September 7, 2017 27 ___________________________________ Jay C. Gandhi United States Magistrate Judge 28 2118/022688-0073 11058733 1 a08/28/17 -12- PROTECTIVE ORDER EXHIBIT A 1 2 I, ________________________________, declare as follows: 3 1. My present address is: ___________________________. 4 2. My present occupation or job description is: _____________________. 5 3. My present employer is: ______________________. 6 4. I have received a copy of the Stipulated Protective Order (“Order”) 7 entered in ACE DuraFlo Systems, LLC, etc., et al. v. Aquam USA, Inc., etc., et. al., 8 Case No. 8:17-cv-675-DOC (JCGx) pending in the United States District Court for 9 the Central District of California. I have carefully read and understand the 10 provisions of the Order. 11 5. I will comply with all of the provisions of the Order. I will hold in 12 confidence, will not disclose to anyone other than those persons specifically 13 authorized by the Order, and will not copy or use except for the purposes of this 14 action, any Protected Material that I receive in this action. 15 6. I submit to the jurisdiction of this Court for the purposes of 16 enforcement of this Order. 17 Executed this ____ day of _______________ 20__, in the County of 18 ____________________, State of ___________________. 19 I declare under penalty of perjury under the laws of the United States that the 20 foregoing is true and correct. 21 SIGNATURE OF DECLARANT 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 2118/022688-0073 11058733 1 a08/28/17 -13- PROTECTIVE ORDER

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