Nicholas Patrick v. J. Lizarraga

Filing 4

ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE RE: DISMISSAL OF HABEAS PETITION AS UNEXHAUSTED by Magistrate Judge Paul L. Abrams. NO LATER THAN JULY 17, 2017, petitioner is ordered to show cause why the 2017 Petition should not be dismissed without prejudice for failure to exhaust state remedies. SEE ORDER FOR DETAILS. (Attachments: # 1 blank Notice of Dismissal) (ch)

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 9 CENTRAL DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 10 SOUTHERN DIVISION 11 12 NICHOLAS PATRICK, 13 14 15 16 17 Petitioner, v. J. LIZARRAGA, Warden, Respondent. ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) No. SA CV 17-1097-DMG (PLA) ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE RE: DISMISSAL OF HABEAS PETITION AS UNEXHAUSTED 18 Nicholas Patrick (“petitioner”) initiated this action on June 16, 2017, by filing a Petition for 19 Writ of Habeas Corpus by a Person in State Custody pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254 (“2017 20 Petition” or “2017 Pet.”). The 2017 Petition challenges petitioner’s April 28, 2015, conviction in 21 the Orange County Superior Court, case number 14WF2141, for possession of methamphetamine 22 with intent to sell (Cal. Health & Safety Code § 11378). (Pet. at 2). 23 The Court observes that on January 29, 2016, petitioner filed an earlier habeas petition in 24 this Court, in case number SA CV 16-149-DMG (PLA) (“SA CV 16-149”), also challenging his 2015 25 conviction for possession of methamphetamine with intent to sell (“2016 Petition”). On February 26 2, 2016, the Court issued an Order to Show Cause why the 2016 Petition should not be denied 27 28 1 as unexhausted,1 and/or as barred by the Younger2 abstention doctrine, and/or for failure to name 2 a proper respondent. (SA CV 16-149, ECF No. 4). On February 18, 2016, pursuant to petitioner’s 3 February 8, 2016, Notice of Voluntary Dismissal, the action was dismissed without prejudice. (SA 4 CV 16-149, ECF No. 9). 5 In the 2017 Petition, petitioner notes that the California Court of Appeal affirmed his 6 conviction on October 13, 2016, reversed his sentence, and remanded for resentencing “to either 7 strike prior prison term enhancements or issue a statement of reasons of why they didn’t.” (Pet. 8 at 2-3). He admits that he did not file a petition for review in the California Supreme Court, but 9 states that he has filed a habeas petition in the Orange County Superior Court in case number M- 10 16588. (Pet. at 3). He indicates that a decision in that case is still pending. (Pet. at 4). Petitioner 11 does not state that he has filed any habeas petitions in the California Supreme Court and, indeed, 12 does not demonstrate that any of the grounds for relief in the 2017 Petition have been raised to 13 the California Supreme Court, either on appeal or in a habeas petition. (See Pet. at 5, 6). It 14 appears, therefore, that petitioner’s claims have still not been exhausted in the California Supreme 15 Court and this action is subject to dismissal. 16 17 A. EXHAUSTION 18 As petitioner was previously advised in case number SA CV 16-149 (ECF No. 4), as a 19 matter of comity, a federal court will not entertain a habeas corpus petition unless the petitioner 20 has exhausted the available state judicial remedies on every ground presented in the petition. 21 Rose v. Lundy, 455 U.S. 509, 518-22, 102 S. Ct. 1198, 71 L. Ed. 2d 379 (1982). The habeas 22 statute explicitly provides that a habeas petition brought by a person in state custody “shall not be 23 24 1 25 26 27 28 In the February 2, 2016, Order to Show Cause, the Court noted that at the time petitioner filed the 2016 Petition, he still had an appeal pending in the California Court of Appeal, and the claims he raised in the 2016 Petition had not been raised to the California Supreme Court. (SA CV 16-149, ECF No. 4). 2 Younger v. Harris, 401 U.S. 37, 43-54, 91 S. Ct. 746, 27 L. Ed. 2d 669 (1971). 2 1 granted unless it appears that -- (A) the applicant has exhausted the remedies available in the 2 courts of the State; or (B)(i) there is an absence of available State corrective process; or (ii) 3 circumstances exist that render such process ineffective to protect the rights of the applicant.” 28 4 U.S.C. § 2254(b)(1). Moreover, if the exhaustion requirement is to be waived, it must be waived 5 expressly by the state, through counsel. See 28 U.S.C. § 2254(b)(3). 6 Exhaustion requires that petitioner’s contentions be fairly presented to the state supreme 7 court even if that court’s review is discretionary. O’Sullivan v. Boerckel, 526 U.S. 838, 845-47, 119 8 S. Ct. 1728, 144 L. Ed. 2d 1 (1999); James v. Giles, 221 F.3d 1074, 1077, n.3 (9th Cir. 2000). 9 Petitioner must give the state courts “one full opportunity to resolve any constitutional issues by 10 invoking one complete round of the State’s established appellate review process” in order to 11 exhaust his claims. O’Sullivan, 526 U.S. at 845. A claim has not been fairly presented unless the 12 prisoner has described in the state court proceedings both the operative facts and the federal legal 13 theory on which his claim is based. See Duncan v. Henry, 513 U.S. 364, 365-66, 115 S. Ct. 887, 14 130 L. Ed. 2d 865 (1995); Picard v. Connor, 404 U.S. 270, 275-78, 92 S. Ct. 509, 30 L. Ed. 2d 438 15 (1971); Johnson v. Zenon, 88 F.3d 828, 830 (9th Cir. 1996); Bland v. Cal. Dep’t of Corr., 20 F.3d 16 1469, 1473 (9th Cir. 1994), overruled on other grounds by Schell v. Witek, 218 F.3d 1017 (9th Cir. 17 2000). 18 remedies. See, e.g., Brown v. Cuyler, 669 F.2d 155, 158 (3d Cir. 1982). Petitioner has the burden of demonstrating that he has exhausted available state 19 Here, petitioner admits that he has never filed either a petition for review or a habeas 20 petition raising any of his claims to the California Supreme Court. (Pet. at 3, 5, 6). In addition, 21 petitioner admits that the only habeas petition he filed in the state courts challenging his 2015 22 conviction for possession of methamphetamine with intent to sell was filed in the Orange County 23 Superior Court, and is still pending in that court. (Pet. at 3-4). Petitioner also clearly indicates in 24 the 2017 Petition that he did not raise his first, second, or third grounds for relief on direct appeal 25 to the California Court of Appeal, or in a petition for review or habeas petition to the California 26 Supreme Court; he did not answer these questions with respect to grounds 4 and 5. (See Pet. 27 28 3 1 at 5, 6). It appears, therefore, that none of petitioner’s claims has been exhausted in the California 2 Supreme Court. 3 4 As the 2017 Petition appears to be unexhausted, it is subject to being dismissed without prejudice. Greenawalt v. Stewart, 105 F.3d 1268, 1271, 1273-75 (9th Cir. 1997). 5 6 B. ORDER 7 Accordingly, no later than July 17, 2017, petitioner is ordered to show cause why the 2017 8 Petition should not be dismissed without prejudice for failure to exhaust state remedies. To avoid 9 dismissal, petitioner must file proof with this Court that all of his grounds for relief have previously 10 been presented to the California Supreme Court, by providing this Court with (a) a complete 11 copy of the petition for review and/or state habeas petition that petitioner filed in the 12 California Supreme Court raising those claims. Filing of these documents shall be deemed 13 compliance with this Order to Show Cause. 14 Alternatively, if petitioner agrees that the action should be dismissed without prejudice as 15 unexhausted, he may file a notice of voluntary dismissal pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil 16 Procedure 41(a)(1) (“Rule 41”), and return to the state courts to exhaust in the California Supreme 17 Court whatever claim(s) he may wish to later bring in this Court. Rule 41 allows for the voluntary 18 dismissal of an action by a petitioner without prejudice and without a court order before the 19 opposing party serves either an answer or a motion for summary judgment. Fed. R. Civ. P. 20 41(a)(1); Hamilton v. Shearson-Lehman Am. Express, Inc., 813 F.2d 1532, 1534 (9th Cir. 1987). 21 Respondent has not yet been served with the 2017 Petition and, therefore, has not filed either an 22 answer or any other pleading. The Court clerk is directed to send petitioner a copy of a blank 23 Central District form titled “Notice of Dismissal Pursuant to Federal Rules of Civil Procedure 41(a) 24 or (c)” along with this Order to Show Cause. If petitioner chooses this option, however, he must 25 be mindful of the one-year limitation period under the AEDPA, which imposes a one-year period 26 of limitation for state prisoners to file a federal petition for writ of habeas corpus. 28 U.S.C. § 27 2244(d)(1). 28 4 1 Petitioner is advised that his failure to timely file a response to this Order, as set forth 2 herein, will result in the 2017 Petition being dismissed as unexhausted, and/or for failure to 3 prosecute and follow Court orders. Petitioner is also advised that the filing of a petition for 4 federal habeas corpus relief does not toll the AEDPA’s one-year statute of limitations. 5 Duncan v. Walker, 533 U.S. 167, 172, 121 S. Ct. 2120, 150 L. Ed. 2d 251 (2001). 6 7 DATED: June 26, 2017 PAUL L. ABRAMS UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 5

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