Armando Villanueva v. State of California et al

Filing 21

ORDER RE: STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER 20 by Magistrate Judge Karen E. Scott. (es)

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 XAVIER BECERRA Attorney General of California JOEL A. DAVIS Supervising Deputy Attorney General DONNA M. DEAN Deputy Attorney General State Bar No. 187104 300 So. Spring Street, Suite 1702 Los Angeles, CA 90013 Telephone: (213) 897-9442 Facsimile: (213) 897-2810 E-mail: Attorneys for Defendant State of California 8 9 IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 10 FOR THE CENTRAL DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 11 12 13 14 15 16 ARMANDO VILLANUEVA AND HORTENCIA SAINZ, INDIVIDUALLY AND AS SUCCESSOR IN INTEREST TO PEDRO VILLANUEVA, DECEASED, AND FRANCISCO OROZCO, INDIVIDUALLY, 17 18 19 20 21 22 v. Case No. 8:17-cv-01302 JLS (KESx) ORDER RE: STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER Plaintiffs, [Removed from the Superior Court of California, County of Orange, Case No. 30-2017-00928320-CU-CR-CJC] Action Filed: June 26, 2017 STATE OF CALIFORNIA; JOHN CLEVELAND; RICH HENDERSON; AND DOES 1-10, INCLUSIVE, Defendants. 23 24 25 26 27 28 1 1 2 1. A. PURPOSES AND LIMITATIONS Discovery in this action is likely to involve production of confidential, 3 proprietary, or private information for which special protection from public 4 disclosure and from use for any purpose other than prosecuting this litigation may 5 be warranted. Accordingly, the parties hereby stipulate to and petition the Court to 6 enter the following Stipulated Protective Order. The parties acknowledge that this 7 Order does not confer blanket protections on all disclosures or responses to 8 discovery and that the protection it affords from public disclosure and use extends 9 only to the limited information or items that are entitled to confidential treatment 10 under the applicable legal principles. The parties further acknowledge, as set forth 11 in Section 12.3, below, that this Stipulated Protective Order does not entitle them to 12 file confidential information under seal; Civil Local Rule 79-5 sets forth the 13 procedures that must be followed and the standards that will be applied when a 14 party seeks permission from the court to file material under seal. 15 B. GOOD CAUSE STATEMENT 16 Defendants may be producing reports obtained from the California Law 17 Enforcement Telecommunications System (CLETS), which reports are generally 18 unavailable to the public. The disclosure of this information to the public may 19 jeopardize the security of CLETS, the effectiveness of law enforcement efforts that 20 rely on CLETS, and the safety of law enforcement officers using CLETS. In 21 addition, defendants may be producing documents concerning California Highway 22 Patrol confidential internal policies, which documents are generally unavailable to 23 the public. The disclosure of this information may jeopardize the security of the 24 California Highway Patrol’s operations, and jeopardize the safety of peace officers. 25 Defendants may also be producing documents that contain personal and 26 confidential information regarding individuals which information is generally 27 unavailable to the public. The disclosure of this information to the public may 28 violate those individuals’ privacy rights. Defendants may also be producing video, 2 1 audio and still photo images related to the traffic stop of Pedro Villanueva and the 2 related investigation which are generally unavailable to the public. In addition, 3 defendants may be producing investigation reports which are generally unavailable 4 to the public, the disclosure of which could violate individuals’ privacy rights and 5 jeopardize the safety of peace officers. 6 Accordingly, to expedite the flow of information, to facilitate the prompt 7 resolution of disputes over confidentiality of discovery materials, to adequately 8 protect information the parties are entitled to keep confidential, to ensure that the 9 parties are permitted reasonable necessary uses of such material in preparation for 10 and in the conduct of trial, to address their handling at the end of the litigation, and 11 serve the ends of justice, a protective order for such information is justified in this 12 matter. It is the intent of the parties that information will not be designated as 13 confidential for tactical reasons and that nothing be so designated without a good 14 faith belief that it has been maintained in a confidential, non-public manner, and 15 there is good cause why it should not be part of the public record of this case. 16 17 18 2. DEFINITIONS 2.1 Action: Armando Villanueva, et al., v. State of California, et al., United 19 States District Court for the Central District of California case number 8:17-cv- 20 01302 JLS (KESx). 21 22 23 2.2 Challenging Party: a Party or Non-Party that challenges the designation of information or items under this Order. 2.3 “CONFIDENTIAL” Information or Items: information (regardless of 24 how it is generated, stored or maintained) or tangible things that qualify for 25 protection under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 26(c), and as specified above in 26 the Good Cause Statement. 27 28 2.4 Counsel: Outside Counsel of Record and House Counsel (as well as their support staff) 3 1 2.5 Designating Party: a Party or Non-Party that designates information or 2 items that it produces in disclosures or in responses to discovery as 3 “CONFIDENTIAL.” 4 2.6 Disclosure or Discovery Material: all items or information, regardless of 5 the medium or manner in which it is generated, stored, or maintained (including, 6 among other things, testimony, transcripts, and tangible things), that are produced 7 or generated in disclosures or responses to discovery in this matter. 8 9 10 2.7 Expert: a person with specialized knowledge or experience in a matter pertinent to the litigation who has been consulted or retained by a Party or its counsel to serve as an expert witness or as a consultant in this Action. 11 2.8 House Counsel: attorneys who are employees of a party to this Action. 12 House Counsel does not include Outside Counsel of Record or any other outside 13 counsel. 14 15 2.9 Non-Party: any natural person, partnership, corporation, association, or other legal entity not named as a Party to this action. 16 2.10 Outside Counsel of Record: attorneys who are not employees of a party 17 to this Action but are retained to represent or advise a party to this Action and have 18 appeared in this Action on behalf of that party or are affiliated with a law firm 19 which has appeared on behalf of that party, and includes support staff. 20 2.11 Party: any party to this Action, including all of its officers, directors, 21 employees, consultants, retained experts, consultants and Outside Counsel of 22 Record (and their support staffs). 23 24 25 2.12 Producing Party: a Party or Non-Party that produces Disclosure or Discovery Material in this Action. 2.13 Professional Vendors: persons or entities that provide litigation support 26 services (e.g., photocopying, videotaping, translating, preparing exhibits or 27 demonstrations, and organizing, storing, or retrieving data in any form or medium) 28 and their employees and subcontractors. 4 1 2 3 4 2.14 Protected Material: any Disclosure or Discovery Material that is designated as “CONFIDENTIAL.” 2.15 Receiving Party: a Party that receives Disclosure or Discovery Material from a Producing Party. 5 6 3. SCOPE 7 The protections conferred by this Stipulation and Order cover not only 8 Protected Material (as defined above), but also (1) any information copied or 9 extracted from Protected Material; (2) all copies, excerpts, summaries, or 10 compilations of Protected Material; and (3) any testimony, conversations, or 11 presentations by Parties or their Counsel that might reveal Protected Material. 12 13 Any use of Protected Material at trial shall be governed by the orders of the trial judge. This Order does not govern the use of Protected Material at trial. 14 15 16 4. DURATION Even after final disposition of this litigation, the confidentiality obligations 17 imposed by this Order shall remain in effect until a Designating Party agrees 18 otherwise in writing or a court order otherwise directs. Final disposition shall be 19 deemed to be the later of (1) dismissal of all claims and defenses in this Action, 20 with or without prejudice; and (2) final judgment herein after the completion and 21 exhaustion of all appeals, rehearings, remands, trials, or reviews of this Action, 22 including the time limits for filing any motions or applications for extension of time 23 pursuant to applicable law. 24 25 5. DESIGNATING PROTECTED MATERIAL 26 5.1 Exercise of Restraint and Care in Designating Material for Protection. 27 Each Party or Non-Party that designates information or items for protection 28 under this Order must take care to limit any such designation to specific material 5 1 that qualifies under the appropriate standards. The Designating Party must 2 designate for protection only those parts of material, documents, items, or oral or 3 written communications that qualify so that other portions of the material, 4 documents items, or communications for which protection is not warranted are not 5 swept unjustifiably within the ambit of this Order. 6 Mass, indiscriminate, or routinized designations are prohibited. Designations 7 that are shown to be clearly unjustified or that have been made for an improper 8 purpose (e.g., to unnecessarily encumber the case development process or to 9 impose unnecessary expenses and burdens on other parties) may expose the 10 Designating Party to sanctions. 11 If it comes to a Designating Party’s attention that information or items that it 12 designated for protection do not qualify for protection, that Designating Party must 13 promptly notify all other Parties that it is withdrawing the inapplicable designation. 14 5.2 Manner and Timing of Designations. Except as otherwise provided in this 15 Order (see, e.g., second paragraph of section 5.2(a) below), or as otherwise 16 stipulated or ordered, Disclosure or Discovery Material that qualifies for protection 17 under this Order must be clearly so designated before the material is disclosed or 18 produced. 19 Designation in conformity with this Order requires: 20 (a) for information in documentary form (e.g., paper or electronic documents, 21 but excluding transcripts of depositions or other pretrial or trial proceedings), that 22 the Producing Party affix at a minimum, the legend “CONFIDENTIAL” 23 (hereinafter “CONFIDENTIAL legend”), to each page that contains protected 24 material. If only a portion or portions of the material on a page qualifies for 25 protection, the Producing Party also must clearly identify the protected portion(s) 26 (e.g., by making appropriate markings in the margins). 27 A Party or Non-Party that makes original documents available for inspection 28 need not designate them for protection until after the inspecting Party has indicated 6 1 which documents it would like copied and produced. During the inspection and 2 before the designation, all of the material made available for inspection shall be 3 deemed “CONFIDENTIAL.” After the inspecting Party has identified the 4 documents it wants copied and produced, the Producing Party must determine 5 which documents, or portions thereof, qualify for protection under this Order. Then, 6 before producing the specified documents, the Producing Party must affix the 7 “CONFIDENTIAL legend” to each page that contains Protected Material. If only a 8 portion or portions of the material on a page qualifies for protection, the Producing 9 Party also must clearly identify the protected portion(s) (e.g., by making 10 appropriate markings in the margins). 11 (b) for testimony given in depositions, that the Designating Party identify the 12 Disclosure or Discovery Material on the record, before the close of the deposition 13 all protected testimony. 14 (c) for information produced in some form other than documentary and for 15 any other tangible items, that the Producing Party affix in a prominent place on the 16 exterior of the container or containers in which the information is stored the legend 17 “CONFIDENTIAL.” If only a portion or portions of the information warrants 18 protection, the Producing Party, to the extent practicable, shall identify the 19 protected portion(s). 20 5.3 Inadvertent Failures to Designate. If timely corrected, an inadvertent 21 failure to designate qualified information or items does not, standing alone, waive 22 the Designating Party’s right to secure protection under this Order for such 23 material. 24 Upon timely correction of a designation, the Receiving Party must make 25 reasonable efforts to assure that the material is treated in accordance with the 26 provisions of this Order. 27 /// 28 /// 7 1 2 6. CHALLENGING CONFIDENTIALITY DESIGNATIONS 6.1 Timing of Challenges. Any Party or Non-Party may challenge a 3 designation of confidentiality at any time that is consistent with the Court’s 4 Scheduling Order. 5 6 7 6.2 Meet and Confer. The Challenging Party shall initiate the dispute resolution process under Local Rule 37.1 et seq. 6.3 The burden of persuasion in any such challenge proceeding shall be on 8 the Designating Party. Frivolous challenges, and those made for an improper 9 purpose (e.g., to harass or impose unnecessary expenses and burdens on other 10 parties) may expose the Challenging Party to sanctions. Unless the Designating 11 Party has waived or withdrawn the confidentiality designation, all parties shall 12 continue to afford the material in question the level of protection to which it is 13 entitled under the Producing Party’s designation until the Court rules on the 14 challenge. 15 16 7. ACCESS TO AND USE OF PROTECTED MATERIAL 17 7.1 Basic Principles. A Receiving Party may use Protected Material that is 18 disclosed or produced by another Party or by a Non-Party in connection with this 19 Action only for prosecuting, defending, or attempting to settle this Action. Such 20 Protected Material may be disclosed only to the categories of persons and under the 21 conditions described in this Order. When there has been a final disposition of this 22 Action as defined in paragraph 4, a Receiving Party must comply with the 23 provisions of section 13 below (FINAL DISPOSITION). 24 Protected Material must be stored and maintained by a Receiving Party at a 25 location and in a secure manner that ensures that access is limited to the persons 26 authorized under this Order. 27 7.2 Disclosure of “CONFIDENTIAL” Information or Items. Unless 28 otherwise ordered by the court or permitted in writing by the Designating Party, a 8 1 Receiving Party may disclose any information or item designated 2 “CONFIDENTIAL” only to: 3 (a) the Receiving Party’s Outside Counsel of Record in this Action, as well 4 as employees of said Outside Counsel of Record to whom it is reasonably necessary 5 to disclose the information for this Action; 6 (b) the officers, directors, and employees (including House Counsel) of the 7 Receiving Party to whom disclosure is reasonably necessary for this Action; 8 (c) Experts (as defined in this Order) of the Receiving Party to whom 9 10 disclosure is reasonably necessary for this Action and who have signed the “Acknowledgment and Agreement to Be Bound” (Exhibit A); 11 (d) the court and its personnel; 12 (e) court reporters and their staff; 13 (f) professional jury or trial consultants, mock jurors, and Professional 14 Vendors to whom disclosure is reasonably necessary for this Action and who have 15 signed the “Acknowledgment and Agreement to Be Bound” (Exhibit A); 16 17 18 (g) the author or recipient of a document containing the information or a custodian or other person who otherwise possessed or knew the information; (h) during their depositions, witnesses, and attorneys for witnesses, in the 19 Action to whom disclosure is reasonably necessary provided: (1) the deposing party 20 requests that the witness sign the form attached as Exhibit 1 hereto; and (2) they 21 will not be permitted to keep any confidential information unless they sign the 22 “Acknowledgment and Agreement to Be Bound” (Exhibit A), unless otherwise 23 agreed by the Designating Party or ordered by the court. Pages of transcribed 24 deposition testimony or exhibits to depositions that reveal Protected Material may 25 be separately bound by the court reporter and may not be disclosed to anyone 26 except as permitted under this Stipulated Protective Order; and 27 28 (i) any mediator or settlement officer, and their supporting personnel, mutually agreed upon by any of the parties engaged in settlement discussions. 9 1 8. PROTECTED MATERIAL SUBPOENAED OR ORDERED PRODUCED IN 2 OTHER LITIGATION 3 If a Receiving Party is served with a subpoena or a court order issued in other 4 litigation that compels disclosure of any information or items designated in this 5 Action as “CONFIDENTIAL,” that Receiving Party must: 6 7 (a) promptly notify in writing the Designating Party. Such notification shall include a copy of the subpoena or court order; 8 (b) promptly notify in writing the party who caused the subpoena or order to 9 issue in the other litigation that some or all of the material covered by the subpoena 10 or order is subject to this Protective Order. Such notification shall include a copy of 11 this Stipulated Protective Order; and 12 13 14 (c) cooperate with respect to all reasonable procedures sought to be pursued by the Designating Party whose Protected Material may be affected. If the Designating Party timely seeks a protective order, the Receiving Party 15 served with the subpoena or court order shall not produce any information 16 designated in this action as “CONFIDENTIAL” before a determination by the court 17 from which the subpoena or order issued, unless the Receiving Party has obtained 18 the Designating Party’s permission. The Designating Party shall bear the burden 19 and expense of seeking protection in that court of its confidential material and 20 nothing in these provisions should be construed as authorizing or encouraging a 21 Receiving Party in this Action to disobey a lawful directive from another court. 22 23 9. A NON-PARTY’S PROTECTED MATERIAL SOUGHT TO BE PRODUCED 24 IN THIS LITIGATION 25 (a) The terms of this Order are applicable to information produced by a Non- 26 Party in this Action and designated as “CONFIDENTIAL.” Such information 27 produced by Non-Parties in connection with this litigation is protected by the 28 remedies and relief provided by this Order. Nothing in these provisions should be 10 1 2 construed as prohibiting a Non-Party from seeking additional protections. (b) In the event that a Party is required, by a valid discovery request, to 3 produce a Non-Party’s confidential information in its possession, and the Party is 4 subject to an agreement with the Non-Party not to produce the Non-Party’s 5 confidential information, then the Party shall: 6 (1) promptly notify in writing the Requesting Party and the Non-Party 7 that some or all of the information requested is subject to a confidentiality 8 agreement with a Non-Party; 9 (2) promptly provide the Non-Party with a copy of the Stipulated 10 Protective Order in this Action, the relevant discovery request(s), and a reasonably 11 specific description of the information requested; and 12 13 14 (3) make the information requested available for inspection by the Non-Party, if requested. (c) If the Non-Party fails to seek a protective order from this court within 14 15 days of receiving the notice and accompanying information, the Receiving Party 16 may produce the Non-Party’s confidential information responsive to the discovery 17 request. If the Non-Party timely seeks a protective order, the Receiving Party shall 18 not produce any information in its possession or control that is subject to the 19 confidentiality agreement with the Non-Party before a determination by the court. 20 Absent a court order to the contrary, the Non-Party shall bear the burden and 21 expense of seeking protection in this court of its Protected Material. 22 23 24 10. UNAUTHORIZED DISCLOSURE OF PROTECTED MATERIAL If a Receiving Party learns that, by inadvertence or otherwise, it has disclosed 25 Protected Material to any person or in any circumstance not authorized under this 26 Stipulated Protective Order, the Receiving Party must immediately (a) notify in 27 writing the Designating Party of the unauthorized disclosures, (b) use its best 28 efforts to retrieve all unauthorized copies of the Protected Material, (c) inform the 11 1 person or persons to whom unauthorized disclosures were made of all the terms of 2 this Order, and (d) request such person or persons to execute the “Acknowledgment 3 and Agreement to Be Bound” that is attached hereto as Exhibit A. 4 5 11. INADVERTENT PRODUCTION OF PRIVILEGED OR OTHERWISE 6 PROTECTED MATERIAL 7 When a Producing Party gives notice to Receiving Parties that certain 8 inadvertently produced material is subject to a claim of privilege or other 9 protection, the obligations of the Receiving Parties are those set forth in Federal 10 Rule of Civil Procedure 26(b)(5)(B). This provision is not intended to modify 11 whatever procedure may be established in an e-discovery order that provides for 12 production without prior privilege review. 13 14 15 16 12. MISCELLANEOUS 12.1 Right to Further Relief. Nothing in this Order abridges the right of any person to seek its modification by the Court in the future. 17 12.2 Right to Assert Other Objections. By stipulating to the entry of this 18 Protective Order no Party waives any right it otherwise would have to object to 19 disclosing or producing any information or item on any ground not addressed in 20 this Stipulated Protective Order. Similarly, no Party waives any right to object on 21 any ground to use in evidence of any of the material covered by this Protective 22 Order. 23 12.3 Filing Protected Material. A Party that seeks to file under seal any 24 Protected Material must comply with Civil Local Rule 79-5. Protected Material 25 may only be filed under seal pursuant to a court order authorizing the sealing of the 26 specific Protected Material at issue. If a Party's request to file Protected Material 27 under seal is denied by the court, then the Receiving Party may file the information 28 in the public record unless otherwise instructed by the court. 12 1 13. FINAL DISPOSITION 2 After the final disposition of this Action, as defined in paragraph 4, within 60 3 days of a written request by the Designating Party, each Receiving Party must 4 return all Protected Material to the Producing Party or destroy such material. As 5 used in this subdivision, “all Protected Material” includes all copies, abstracts, 6 compilations, summaries, and any other format reproducing or capturing any of the 7 Protected Material. Whether the Protected Material is returned or destroyed, the 8 Receiving Party must submit a written certification to the Producing Party (and, if 9 not the same person or entity, to the Designating Party) by the 60 day deadline that 10 (1) identifies (by category, where appropriate) all the Protected Material that was 11 returned or destroyed and (2) affirms that the Receiving Party has not retained any 12 copies, abstracts, compilations, summaries or any other format reproducing or 13 capturing any of the Protected Material. Notwithstanding this provision, Counsel 14 are entitled to retain an archival copy of all pleadings, motion papers, trial, 15 deposition, and hearing transcripts, legal memoranda, correspondence, deposition 16 and trial exhibits, expert reports, attorney work product, and consultant and expert 17 work product, even if such materials contain Protected Material. Any such archival 18 copies that contain or constitute Protected Material remain subject to this Protective 19 Order as set forth in Section 4 (DURATION). 20 // 21 // 22 // 23 // 24 // 25 // 26 // 27 // 28 // 13 1 2 14. VIOLATION OF ORDER Any violation of this Order may be punished by any and all appropriate 3 measures including, without limitation, contempt proceedings and/or monetary 4 sanctions. 5 IT IS SO STIPULATED, THROUGH COUNSEL OF RECORD. 6 7 Dated: September 19, 2017 KIESEL LAW LLP 8 9 /s/ D. Bryan Garcia PAUL R. KIESEL D. BRYAN GARCIA Attorneys for Plaintiffs 10 11 12 13 Dated: September 19, 2017 LAW OFFICES OF DALE K. GALIPO 14 /s/ Renee V. Masongsong DALE K. GALIPO RENEE V. MASONGSONG Attorneys for Plaintiffs 15 16 17 18 Dated: September 19, 2017 XAVIER BECERRA Attorney General of California JOEL A. DAVIS Supervising Deputy Attorney General 19 20 21 /S/ Donna M. Dean DONNA M. DEAN Deputy Attorney General Attorneys for Defendant State of California 22 23 24 25 26 27 FOR GOOD CAUSE SHOWN, IT IS SO ORDERED. Dated: September 21, 2017 __________________________ Hon. Karen E. Scott United States Magistrate Judge 28 14 1 EXHIBIT A 2 ACKNOWLEDGMENT AND AGREEMENT TO BE BOUND 3 I, _____________________________ [print or type full name], of 4 ____________________________________________ [print or type full address], 5 declare under penalty of perjury that I have read in its entirety and understand the 6 Stipulated Protective Order that was issued by the United States District Court for 7 the Central District of California on ____________[date] in the case of Armando 8 Villanueva, et al., v. State of California, et al., United States District Court for the 9 Central District of California case number 8:17-cv-01302 JLS (KESx). I agree to 10 comply with and to be bound by all the terms of this Stipulated Protective Order 11 and I understand and acknowledge that failure to so comply could expose me to 12 sanctions and punishment in the nature of contempt. I solemnly promise that I will 13 not disclose in any manner any information or item that is subject to this Stipulated 14 Protective Order to any person or entity except in strict compliance with the 15 provisions of this Order. 16 I further agree to submit to the jurisdiction of the United States District Court 17 for the Central District of California for the purpose of enforcing the terms of this 18 Stipulated Protective Order, even if such enforcement proceedings occur after 19 termination of this action. I hereby appoint __________________________ [print 20 or type full name] of _______________________________________ [print or type 21 full address and telephone number] as my California agent for service of process in 22 connection with this action or any proceedings related to enforcement of this 23 Stipulated Protective Order. 24 Date: _________________ 25 26 ___________________________________ [City and State where sworn] 27 28 ___________________________________ [signature] LA2017506261 62486360 15

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