Hoffman v. Tonnemaker, et al
ORDER signed by Chief Judge Anthony W. Ishii on 8/12/2010 overruling 242 Objections to pre-trial order filed by Donna Hoffman. (Lundstrom, T)
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 This case was tried before a jury in 2006. The only cause of action that was tried was an 19 EMTALA claim against Memorial Medical Center ("Defendant"). Prior to the trial, the Court 20 denied Plaintiff's request to amend the pre-trial order to include a medical negligence claim 21 against the Defendant. At trial, the jury was unable to reach a decision on either the issue of 22 liability or causation. A mistrial was then declared. See Court's Docket Doc. No. 161. After the 23 mistrial, the Court modified the scheduling order to allow the Defendant to designate an 24 infectious diseases expert. See id. at Doc. Nos. 174, 183. The Court then allowed a subsequent 25 summary judgment motion on the issue of causation, and granted summary judgment in favor of 26 the Defendant. See id. at Doc. No. 208. Plaintiff appealed. 27 28 ) ) Plaintiff, ) v. ) ) KENT TONNEMACHER, M.D.; ) UNKNOWN PHYSICIANS; ) MEMORIAL MEDICAL CENTER, ) ) Defendants. ) ____________________________________) DONNA HOFFMAN, 1:04-CV-5714 AWI DLB ORDER ON PLAINTIFF'S OBJECTIONS TO PRE-TRIAL ORDER IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
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As part of the appeal, Plaintiff appears to have challenged the propriety of a second summary judgment motion, the summary judgment ruling, the modification of the pre-trial order to allow the hospital to designate an expert, and two evidentiary rulings. The Ninth Circuit affirmed the propriety of the second summary judgment motion, affirmed the amendment of the pre-trial order, and affirmed one evidentiary ruling. See id. at Doc. No. 232; Hoffman v. Tonnemacher, 593 F.3d 908 (9th Cir. 2010). The Ninth Circuit reversed the summary judgment ruling and reversed one evidentiary ruling, and remanded the case. See Court's Docket Doc. No. 232. A pre-trial conference was held on August 6, 2010. An issue in the joint pretrial statement was whether a negligence claim would be part of the retrial. See id. at Doc. No. 239. In Footnote 1 of the pretrial order,1 the Court stated that no negligence claim would be included. See id. at Doc. No. 241. The footnote indicated that the scheduling order (which was in the form of a minute order docket entry) did not mention negligence, it did not appear that the issue had been raised on appeal, the Ninth Circuit did not address negligence, and no motion to amend had been filed. See id. The Court stated that its prior ruling would remain in effect. See id. Plaintiff filed objections to the pretrial order with regards to the absence of a negligence claim. See id. at Doc. No. 242. Plaintiff takes issue with the Court's observations regarding the current scheduling order, the appeal (including the mandate rule),2 and the absence of a motion to amend. See id. Plaintiff points out that the first amended complaint included a medical
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F o o tn o te 1 of the current pretrial order reads:
P la in tiff also contends that there is a medical negligence claim against Defendant. However, in the prior pre-trial o r d e r , no such cause of action was listed. In pre-trial proceedings in the prior trial, Plaintiff moved to amend the pretr ia l order to include a negligence cause of action against Defendant. The Court denied the motion to amend. The c a s e then proceeded to trial solely on an EMTALA claim. W h e n Plaintiff appealed the Court's summary judgment o r d e r , it does not appear that Plaintiff challenged the Court's prior ruling with respect to a medical negligence claim a g a in s t Defendant, and the Ninth Circuit opinion did not address the issue. Furthermore, once the case was r e m a n d e d to this Court from the Ninth Circuit, the Court referred the matter to the Magistrate Judge to set a new s c h e d u lin g order. The minute order from the Magistrate Judge set the pre-trial and trial dates, but made no mention o f Plaintiff's medical negligence contention. Furthermore, from the time the Ninth Circuit remanded this case in J a n u a r y 2010 to the present, Plaintiff has made no motion to amend her complaint to include a medical negligence c la im (given the late date, a motion to amend would not be well received). Under these circumstances, the Court's p r io r ruling will remain in effect, and thus, no medical negligence claim against Defendant will be permitted.
P la in tiff contends that the Footnote 1 is contrary to Allen v. Kumagai, 1:06-CV-1469 AW I SMS.
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negligence claim against the Defendant, and the Court has never stated that Plaintiff's negligence claim was dismissed. See id. On May 18, 2006, the Court denied Plaintiff's motion to modify the then existing pretrial order to include a medical negligence claim against the Defendant. See id. at Doc. No. 229 at 15:10-13. As represented to the Court, the basis for the medical negligence claim was vicarious liability. See id. at Doc. Nos. 299 at 6:25-7:3 ("[The Defendant] retained an expert who rendered an opinion as to the negligence cause of action, precisely on the same theory that we would be asserting at trial, that [the Defendant] would be vicariously liable for the actions of Dr. Tonnemacher under state law."). Specifically, Plaintiff contended that Dr. Tonnemacher was the ostensible agent of the Defendant. See id. at 10:4-19. Plaintiff expressly cited Mejia v. Community Hospital of San Bernardino, 99 Cal.App.4th 1448 (2002) at oral argument when she discussed ostensible agency. See id. In opposition, both in writing and at oral argument, the Defendant contended inter alia that neither vicarious liability nor ostensible agency was included in the first amended complaint. See id. at 8:17-20; Doc. No. 103 at 1:25-2:3. The Court did not issue a written order on Plaintiff's motion. See id. at Doc. No. 229. However, the Court denied the motion to amend the pretrial order. See id. The Court specifically held that the first amended complaint did not put the Defendant on notice of any vicarious liability/ostensible agency theory and to add the claim would prejudice the Defendant and complicate the trial. See id. at 12:715:13. The Court noted, "I have reviewed the complaint, the complaint does talk about negligence of each of the individuals. There's no reference or indication, statements, none that really I was aware of until the motion, hearing on motions in limine, regarding vicarious liability or vicarious liability theories. The word or phrase vicarious liability, respondeat superior, ostensible or actual authority has never really been raised." Id. at 12:7-14. The Court later stated, "The complaint contained no vicarious liability theories. It is not fair to say the defendant was placed on notice that plaintiff was pursuing a vicarious liability claim based upon Dr. Tonnemacher's negligence." Id. at 14:8-12. From May 18, 2006, to the present, the Court is unaware of anything, including the current scheduling order or the happenings at the Ninth Circuit, that would cause it to reverse its 3
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May 18, 2006, oral order on Plaintiff's motion to amend the pretrial order. The current pre-trial order's Footnote 1 perhaps could have been more clear. Nevertheless, the issue of trying Plaintiff's medical negligence claim against the Defendant, which was based on vicarious liability/ostensible agency, has already been decided. Like the first trial, that claim will not be tried in the second trial. Plaintiff's objections to the pre-trial order are overruled.
IT IS SO ORDERED. Dated: 0m8i78 August 12, 2010 CHIEF UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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