Deviatyn v. Gonzales et al

Filing 9

ORDER DISMISSING PETITION FOR WRIT OF HABEAS CORPUS, without prejudice, signed by Judge Oliver W. Wanger on 07/25/2007. CASE CLOSED. (Esteves, C)

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(DLB) (HC) Deviatyn v. Gonzales et al Doc. 9 Case 1:07-cv-00993-OWW-NEW Document 9 Filed 07/26/2007 Page 1 of 4 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 1 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA VLADIMIR DEVIATYN, ) 1:07-CV-00993 OWW NEW (DLB) HC ) Petitioner, ) ) ORDER DISMISSING PETITION FOR WRIT v. ) OF HABEAS CORPUS ) ) ) ALBERTO GONZALES, et al., ) ) Respondents. ) ____________________________________) Petitioner, currently in the custody of the Bureau of Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) and proceeding pro se, has filed a petition for writ of habeas corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. 2241. The petition alleges that the continued detention of Petitioner violates Petitioner's substantive and procedural due process rights under the Due Process Clause of the Fifth Amendment to the Constitution and is a violation of Respondent's statutory authority. FACTUAL SUMMARY1 Petitioner is a native and citizen of Kyrgyzstan. Petitioner is currently being detained at the Kern County Jail in Bakersfield, California. T h i s information is derived from Petitioner's petition for writ of habeas corpus. 1 Dockets.Justia.com Case 1:07-cv-00993-OWW-NEW Document 9 Filed 07/26/2007 Page 2 of 4 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 In March 7, 2007, an Immigration Judge ordered Petitioner deported/excluded/removed from the United States. Petitioner did not appeal the order and he is therefore now subject to a final order of removal. Petitioner entered the custody of ICE on March 7, 2007, and has been detained continuously by ICE since then. DISCUSSION A federal court may only grant a petition for writ of habeas corpus if the petitioner can show that "he is in custody in violation of the Constitution . . . ." 28 U.S.C. 2241(c)(3). A habeas corpus petition is the correct method for a prisoner to challenge the "legality or duration" of his confinement. Badea v. Cox, 931 F.2d 573, 574 (9th Cir.1991), quoting, Preiser v. Rodriguez, 411 U.S. 475, 485 (1973); Advisory Committee Notes to Rule 1 of the Rules Governing Section 2254 Cases. However, the petition must "allege facts concerning the applicant's commitment or detention," 28 U.S.C. 2242, and the Petitioner must make specific factual allegations that would entitle him to habeas corpus relief if they are true. O'Bremski v. Maass, 915 F.2d 418, 420 (9th Cir.1990); United States v. Poopola, 881 F.2d 811, 812 (9th Cir.1989). Pursuant to Rule 4 of the Rules Governing Section 2254 Cases, the Court is required to make a preliminary review of each petition for writ of habeas corpus.2 "If it plainly appears from the petition and any attached exhibits that the petitioner is not entitled to relief in the district court, the judge must dismiss the petition and direct the clerk to notify the petitioner." Rule 4 of the Rules Governing 2254 Cases; see, also, Hendricks v. Vasquez, 908 F.2d 490 (9th Cir.1990). In the instant case, Petitioner states that he is being mandatorily and indefinitely detained by ICE in violation of the Fifth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution and in violation of Respondent's statutory authority and Petitioner's substantive and procedural due process rights under the Fifth Amendment. This issue was addressed by the Supreme Court in Zadvydas v. Davis, 533 U.S. 678 (2001). T h e Rules Governing 2254 Cases can be applied to petitions other than those brought under 2254 at the C o u r t 's discretion. See, Rule 1(b) of the Rules Governing 2254 Cases. 2 2 Case 1:07-cv-00993-OWW-NEW Document 9 Filed 07/26/2007 Page 3 of 4 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 In Zadvydas, the U.S. Supreme Court found that the habeas corpus statute grants federal courts the authority to determine whether post-removal-period detention is pursuant to statutory authority.3 Id. In addition, the Court held that the Immigration and Nationality Act's (INA) postremoval-period detention statute does not permit indefinite detention but "implicitly limits an alien's detention to a period reasonably necessary to bring about that alien's removal from the United States." Id at 689. When faced with making such a determination, the Court must consider "the basic purpose of the statute, namely, assuring the alien's presence at the moment of removal." Id. at 699. In addition, the Court must take appropriate account of the Executive Branch's "greater immigration related expertise," the Bureau's "administrative needs and concerns," and the "Nation's need to speak with one voice on immigration." Id. The Supreme Court attempted to limit those occasions when the federal court would need to make such "difficult judgments" by setting a "presumptively reasonable period of detention" of six months. Id. at 701 (italics added). The burden is on the alien to show that there is no reasonable likelihood of repatriation. Id. ("This 6-month presumption, of course, does not mean that every alien not removed must be released after six months. To the contrary, an alien may be held in confinement until it has been determined that there is no significant likelihood of removal in the reasonably foreseeable future."). After six months and once an alien makes a showing that there is no "significant likelihood of removal in the reasonably foreseeable future, the Government must respond with evidence sufficient to rebut that showing." Id. However, where an alien seeks release prior to the expiration of the presumptive six-month period, his claims are unripe for federal review. See Abbott Laboratories, Inc. v. Gardner, 387 U.S. 136, 148- 49, 87 S.Ct. 1507 (1967) ("[The ripeness doctrine's] basic rationale is to prevent the courts, through avoidance of premature adjudication, from entangling themselves in abstract disagreements over administrative policies, and also to protect the agencies from judicial interference until an administrative decision has been formalized and its effects felt in a concrete way by the challenging parties."). T h e Supreme Court analyzed the constitutionality of the period of post-removal-detention, not the period o f post-removal. See Zadvydas, 533 U.S. at 699. 3 3 Case 1:07-cv-00993-OWW-NEW Document 9 Filed 07/26/2007 Page 4 of 4 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 In this case, Petitioner has remained in the custody of the BICE following an order of removal since March 7, 2007. Petitioner's current detention is still within the six month "presumptively reasonable period of detention." Zadvydas, 533 U.S. at 701. Moreover, the court notes that with respect to Kyrgyzstan nationals, repatriation is generally successful. Petitioner's allegation alone is, therefore, insufficient to overcome the presumption of reasonableness of the six month period and his claims of constitutional violations are not ripe for review. Should Petitioner's detention continue past the six month presumptive period, he may re-file the instant federal action and obtain review. At that time, however, Petitioner must provide "good reason to believe that there is no significant likelihood of removal in the reasonably foreseeable future." Id. ORDER Accordingly, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that the Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus is DISMISSED WITHOUT PREJUDICE as the claims raised are not ripe for federal review. IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that the Clerk of Court ENTER judgment and terminate this action. IT IS SO ORDERED. Dated: July 25, 2007 emm0d6 /s/ Oliver W. Wanger UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE 4

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