McElroy v. Embery et al
FINDINGS and RECOMMENDATIONS Recommending Dismissal of Defendant Smith From Action, signed by Magistrate Judge Dennis L. Beck on 4/22/09: Motion referred to Judge O'Neill; Objections to F&R due by 5/26/2009.(Hellings, J)
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 Plaintiff Latwahn McElroy ("plaintiff") is a state prisoner proceeding pro se and in forma pauperis in this civil rights action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. This action is proceeding on Plaintiff's complaint, filed on October 25, 2007. (Doc. 1.) On December 4, 2008, the Court issued an order directing the United States Marshal to initiate service of process on two defendants. (Doc. 22.) The Marshal was unable to locate and serve Defendant Smith, and on February 24, 2009, the Marshal returned the USM-285 form to the Court. (Doc. 27.) On February 27, 2009, the court ordered plaintiff to show cause within thirty days why defendant Smith should not be dismissed from this action. (Doc. 28.) Plaintiff did not file a response to the order. Rule 4(m) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure provides, in relevant part: If a defendant is not served within 120 days after the complaint is filed, the court - on motion or on its own after notice to the plaintiff - must dismiss the action without prejudice against that defendant or order that service be made within a specified time. But if the plaintiff shows good cause for the failure, the court must extend the time for service for an appropriate period. 1 vs. EMBERY, et al., Defendants. / LATWAHN MCELROY, Plaintiff, CASE NO. 1:07-cv-01559 LJO DLB PC FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS RECOMMENDING DISMISSAL OF DEFENDANT SMITH FROM ACTION (Doc. 28) IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
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In cases involving a plaintiff proceeding in forma pauperis, a United States Marshal, upon order of the court, shall serve the summons and the complaint. Fed. R. Civ. P. 4(c)(2). "`[A]n incarcerated pro se plaintiff proceeding in forma pauperis is entitled to rely on the U.S. Marshal for service of the summons and complaint and ... should not be penalized by having his action dismissed for failure to effect service where the U.S. Marshal or the court clerk has failed to perform his duties.'" Walker v. Sumner, 14 F.3d 1415, 1422 (9th Cir. 1994) (quoting Puett v. Blandford, 912 F.2d 270, 275 (9th Cir. 1990)), abrogated on other grounds by Sandin v. Connor, 515 U.S. 472 (1995). "So long as the prisoner has furnished the information necessary to identify the defendant, the marshal's failure to effect service is `automatically good cause . . . .'" Walker, 14 F.3d at 1422 (quoting Sellers v. United States, 902 F.2d 598, 603 (7th Cir.1990)). However, where a pro se plaintiff fails to provide the Marshal with accurate and sufficient information to effect service of the summons and complaint, the court's sua sponte dismissal of the unserved defendants is appropriate. Walker, 14 F.3d at 1421-22. In this instance, the address provided by plaintiff for defendant Smith is no longer accurate, as it appears Defendant Smith is no longer employed at Kern Valley State Prison. (Doc. 27.) Plaintiff was provided with the opportunity to show cause why defendant Smith should not be dismissed from the action at this time, but failed to do so. Accordingly, pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 4(m), it is HEREBY RECOMMENDED that defendant Smith be dismissed from this action, without prejudice. These Findings and Recommendations will be submitted to the United States District Judge assigned to the case, pursuant to the provisions of Title 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(l). Within thirty (30) days after being served with these Findings and Recommendations, the parties may file written objections with the court. The document should be captioned "Objections to Magistrate Judge's Findings and Recommendations." The parties are advised that failure to file objections within the specified time may waive the right to appeal the District Court's order. Martinez v. Ylst, 951 F.2d 1153 (9th Cir. 1991). IT IS SO ORDERED. Dated:
April 22, 2009
/s/ Dennis L. Beck UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
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