Warsinger v. Marshall

Filing 15

ORDER to SHOW CAUSE Why the 1 Petition Should Not be Dismissed for Petitioner's Failure to Exhaust State Remedies signed by Magistrate Judge Michael J. Seng on 5/27/2010. Show Cause Response due by 6/30/2010.(Sant Agata, S)

Download PDF
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 U . S . D i s t r ic t C o u r t E. D . C a lifo r n ia UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT DONAL VANCE WARSINGER, ) ) Petitioner, ) ) ) v. ) ) ) JOHN MARSHALL, Warden, ) ) Respondent. ) ____________________________________) 1:09-cv-00565 AWI MJS HC ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE WHY THE PETITION SHOULD NOT BE DISMISSED FOR PETITIONER'S FAILURE TO EXHAUST STATE REMEDIES Petitioner is a state prisoner proceeding pro se with a petition for writ of habeas corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. 2254. BACKGROUND Petitioner was sentenced to thirty-eight years to life after being convicted of assault with a deadly weapon with great bodily injury in the Fresno County Superior Court. (Court Doc. 1, p. 1.) Petitioner appealed to the California Court of Appeal, Fifth Appellate District, claiming "6th and 14th amendment violations." (Id. at 2.) The conviction was affirmed on June 28, 2006. (Id.) Petitioner filed a petition for review with the California Supreme Court. It was was denied on December, 2008. (Id.) Petitioner filed a petition for writ of habeas corpus in the Fresno County Superior Court claiming ineffective assistance of counsel. (Id.) The petition was denied on January 3, 2008. (Id. at 3.) Petitioner filed a petition for writ of habeas corpus claiming ineffective assistance of counsel in the California Court of Appeal, Fifth Appellate District. (Id.) That petition was denied on March 6, 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 U . S . D i s t r ic t C o u r t E. D . C a lifo r n ia 2008. (Id.) Petitioner did not file a petition for writ of habeas corpus in the California Supreme Court. (Id.) On March 5, 2009, Petitioner filed the petition for writ of habeas corpus with this Court. (Court Doc. 1.) In his federal petition, Petitioner claims ineffective assistance of counsel (Id. at 7.) and insufficient evidence to sustain the conviction. (Id. at 17.) DISCUSSION Rule 4 of the Rules Governing 2254 Cases requires the Court to make a preliminary review of each petition for writ of habeas corpus. The Court must dismiss a petition "[i]f it plainly appears from the petition . . . that the petitioner is not entitled to relief." Rule 4 of the Rules Governing 2254 Cases; Hendricks v. Vasquez, 908 F.2d 490 (9th Cir.1990). Otherwise, the Court will order Respondent to respond to the petition. Rule 5 of the Rules Governing 2254 Cases. A petitioner who is in state custody and wishes to collaterally challenge his conviction by a petition for writ of habeas corpus must exhaust state judicial remedies. 28 U.S.C. 2254(b)(1). The exhaustion doctrine is based on comity to the state court and gives the state court the initial opportunity to correct the state's alleged constitutional deprivations. Coleman v. Thompson, 501 U.S. 722, 731 (1991); Rose v. Lundy, 455 U.S. 509, 518 (1982); Buffalo v. Sunn, 854 F.2d 1158, 1163 (9th Cir. 1988). A petitioner can satisfy the exhaustion requirement by providing the highest state court with a full and fair opportunity to consider each claim before presenting it to the federal court. Duncan v. Henry, 513 U.S. 364, 365 (1995); Picard v. Connor, 404 U.S. 270, 276 (1971); Johnson v. Zenon, 88 F.3d 828, 829 (9th Cir. 1996). A federal court will find that the highest state court was given a full and fair opportunity to hear a claim if the petitioner has presented the highest state court with the claim's factual and legal basis. Duncan, 513 U.S. at 365 (legal basis); Kenney v. Tamayo-Reyes, 504 U.S. 1, 9 (1992) (factual basis). Additionally, the petitioner must have specifically told the state court that he was raising a federal constitutional claim. Duncan, 513 U.S. at 365-66; Lyons v. Crawford, 232 F.3d 666, 669 (9th Cir.2000), amended, 247 F.3d 904 (2001); Hiivala v. Wood, 195 F.3d 1098, 1106 (9th Cir.1999); Keating v. Hood, 133 F.3d 1240, 1241 (9th Cir.1998). In Duncan, the United States 2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Supreme Court reiterated the rule as follows: In Picard v. Connor, 404 U.S. 270, 275 . . . (1971), we said that exhaustion of state remedies requires that petitioners "fairly present" federal claims to the state courts in order to give the State the "'opportunity to pass upon and correct' alleged violations of the prisoners' federal rights" (some internal quotation marks omitted). If state courts are to be given the opportunity to correct alleged violations of prisoners' federal rights, they must surely be alerted to the fact that the prisoners are asserting claims under the United States Constitution. If a habeas petitioner wishes to claim that an evidentiary ruling at a state court trial denied him the due process of law guaranteed by the Fourteenth Amendment, he must say so, not only in federal court, but in state court. Duncan, 513 U.S. at 365-366. The Ninth Circuit examined the rule further, stating: 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 Lyons v. Crawford, 232 F.3d 666, 668-669 (9th Cir. 2000) (italics added). 18 From review of the instant petition for writ of habeas corpus, it appears that Petitioner has not 19 presented his claims to the California Supreme Court. If Petitioner has not presented all of his 20 claims to the California Supreme Court, the Court cannot proceed to the merits of those claims. 28 21 U.S.C. 2254(b)(1). Petitioner states that he raised "6th and 14th amendment claims" on direct 22 appeal to the California Supreme Court. That description insufficiently describes what claims the 23 State Supreme Court reviewed. Petitioner specifies that he raised ineffective assistance of counsel 24 claims in petitions for writ of habeas corpus to the Fresno County Superior Court and California 25 Court of Appeal, Fifth Appellate District. However, Petitioner admits that he did not file a petition 26 with the California Supreme Court. 27 It is possible that Petitioner has presented his claims to the California Supreme Court and 28 U . S . D i s t r ic t C o u r t E. D . C a lifo r n ia Our rule is that a state prisoner has not "fairly presented" (and thus exhausted) his federal claims in state court unless he specifically indicated to that court that those claims were based on federal law. See Shumway v. Payne, 223 F.3d 982, 987-88 (9th Cir. 2000). Since the Supreme Court's decision in Duncan, this court has held that the petitioner must make the federal basis of the claim explicit either by citing federal law or the decisions of federal courts, even if the federal basis is "self-evident," Gatlin v. Madding, 189 F.3d 882, 889 (9th Cir. 1999) (citing Anderson v. Harless, 459 U.S. 4, 7 . . . (1982), or the underlying claim would be decided under state law on the same considerations that would control resolution of the claim on federal grounds. Hiivala v. Wood, 195 F3d 1098, 1106-07 (9th Cir. 1999); Johnson v. Zenon, 88 F.3d 828, 830-31 (9th Cir. 1996); . . . . In Johnson, we explained that the petitioner must alert the state court to the fact that the relevant claim is a federal one without regard to how similar the state and federal standards for reviewing the claim may be or how obvious the violation of federal law is. 3 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 U . S . D i s t r ic t C o u r t E. D . C a lifo r n ia simply neglected to inform this Court. Thus, Petitioner must inform the Court if his claims have been presented to the California Supreme Court, and if possible, provide the Court with a copy of the petition filed in the California Supreme Court, along with a copy of any ruling made by the California Supreme Court. Without knowing what claims have been presented to the California Supreme Court, the Court is unable to proceed to the merits of the petition. ORDER 1) Petitioner is hereby ORDERED TO SHOW CAUSE why the petition should not be dismissed for Petitioner's failure to exhaust state remedies. Within thirty (30) days of the date of service of this order, Petitioner must inform the Court what claims have been presented to the California Supreme Court. Petitioner is forewarned that failure to follow this order will result in dismissal of the petition pursuant to Local Rule 110. IT IS SO ORDERED. Dated: ci4d6 May 27, 2010 /s/ UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE Michael J. Seng 4

Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.


Why Is My Information Online?