King v. Emerald Energy, LLC et al
FINDINGS and RECOMMENDATIONS recommending Entry of Default Judgment Against Defendant Emerald Engergy 27 . Referred to Judge O'Neill; Objections to F&R due by 8/19/2010. signed by Magistrate Judge Sandra M. Snyder on 7/19/2010. (Herman, H)
King v. Emerald Energy, LLC et al
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 8 9 10 11 12 13 Defendants. 14 15 Plaintiff John King, by his attorneys Coleman & Horowitt, LLP, moved for Entry of 16 Default Judgment against Defendant Emerald Energy, LLC, contending that despite repeated 17 requests, the principal of Emerald Energy had failed and refused to secure counsel to represent 18 the corporation. See 28 U.S.C. § 1654; Local Rule 83-183. On July 1, 2010, this Court struck 19 Defendant Emerald Energy's prior "answer," and ordered Emerald Energy to retain counsel and 20 file its answer within fourteen days. The Court admonished Emerald Energy that, if it failed to 21 secure counsel and file an appearance, this Court would recommend that the District Judge enter 22 default judgment against it. Defendant Emerald Energy having failed to retain counsel and file 23 an answer in this matter or to otherwise respond to this Court's order, this Court recommends 24 that the District Court enter a default judgment against Defendant Emerald Energy. 25 II. 26 A. 27 Defendant Emerald Energy is required to retain counsel. A "corporation may appear in 28 the federal courts only through licensed counsel." Rowland v. California Men's Colony, 506 1
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
JOHN KING, an individual, Plaintiff, v. EMERALD ENERGY, LLC, a Delaware company, and RAY ALLEN, an individual, /
CASE NO. 1:09-cv-02128-LJO-SMS FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS RECOMMENDING ENTRY OF DEFAULT JUDGMENT AGAINST DEFENDANT EMERALD ENERGY (Doc. 27)
Legal and Factual Findings Failure to Retain Corporate Counsel
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U.S. 194, 202 (1993). See also D-Beam Limited Partnership v. Roller Derby Skates, Inc., 366 F.3d 972, 973-74 (9th Cir. 2004) ("It is a longstanding rule that [c]orporations and other unincorporated associations must appear in court through an attorney." (Internal citation and quotation marks omitted.)). Parties must plead and conduct their cases personally or through counsel as the rules of the courts provide. 28 U.S.C. § 1654. Local Rule 83-183, governing parties appearing in propria persona, provides, in pertinent part: Any individual representing himself or herself without an attorney is bound by the Federal Rules of Civil or Criminal Procedure and by these Local Rules. All obligations placed on "counsel" by these Local Rules apply to individuals appearing in propria persona. Failure to comply therewith may be ground for dismissal, judgment by default, or any other sanction appropriate under these rules. A corporation or other entity may appear only by an attorney. A president and sole shareholder may not represent a corporation in court but must retain
11 appropriate licensed counsel. United States v. High Country Broadcasting Co., Inc., 3 F.3d 12 13 represent Emerald Energy as its president and sole shareholder. 14 B. 15 A court has the discretion to enter a default judgment against one who is not an infant, 16 incompetent, or member of the armed services where 1) the defendant has been served with the 17 claim; 2) the defendant's default has been entered for failure to appear; 3) if the defendant has 18 appeared in the action, the defendant has been served with written notice of the application for 19 judgment at least three days before the hearing on the application; and 4) the court has 20 undertaken any necessary and proper investigation or hearing in order to enter judgment or carry 21 it into effect. Fed. R. Civ. P. 55(b); Alan Neuman Productions, Inc. v. Albright, 862 F.2d 1388, 22 23 in exercising discretion as to the entry or setting aside of a default judgment include (1) the 24 nature and extent of the delay; (2) the possibility of prejudice to the plaintiff; (3) the merits of the 25 plaintiff's substantive claim; (4) the sufficiency of the allegations to support judgment; (5) the 26 amount in controversy; (6) a dispute concerning material facts; (7) excusable neglect; and (8) the 27 strong policy favoring decisions on the merits. Alan Neuman Productions, 862 F.2d at 1392; 28 /// 2 1392 (9th Cir. 1988), cert. denied, 493 U.S. 858 (1989). Factors that may be considered by courts Default Judgment 1244, 1245 (9th Cir. 1993), cert. denied, 513 U.S. 826 (1994). Accordingly, Allen may not
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Draper v. Coombs, 792 F.2d 915, 924-925 (9th Cir. 1986); Eitel v. McCool, 782 F.2d 1470, 1471-72 (9th Cir. 1986). Service. On December 7, 2009, Plaintiff filed a complaint against Defendants, alleging breach of contract arising from Defendants' failure to pay certain promissory notes (Doc. 2). On January 7, 2010, Emerald Energy was served by personal service on its agent for service of process, Defendant Ray Allen (Doc. 7). Allen answered individually and as president of Emerald Energy on January 28, 2010 (Doc. 9). Failure to Appear by Attorney and Notice. Because Emerald Energy failed to retain counsel, Plaintiff moved for default judgment against it on May 17, 2010 (Doc.18). Following Emerald Energy's failure to file a response to Plaintiff's motion, this Court vacated the hearing scheduled for June 25, 2010, and took the matter under submission on June 16, 2010 (Doc. 26). On July 1, 2010, this Court struck Defendant Emerald Energy's prior "answer," and ordered Emerald Energy to retain counsel and file its answer within fourteen days. The Court admonished Emerald Energy that, if it failed to secure counsel and file an appearance, this Court would recommend that the District Judge enter default judgment against it. Defendant Emerald Energy failed to retain counsel and to file an answer in this matter or to otherwise respond to this Court's order. Relief requested. Fed. R. Civ. P. 55(d) and 54(c) require that a judgment by default shall not be different in kind from or exceed in amount that prayed for in the demand for judgment. Here, Plaintiff sought to collect principal and interest on four notes: (1) $35,000.00 plus interest at the rate of twelve percent (12 %) from April 10, 2008; (2) $34,279.00 plus interest at the rate of twelve percent (12 %) from May 23, 2008; (3) $30,000.00 plus interest at the rate of twelve percent (12 %) from June 2, 2008; and (4) $15,000.00 plus interest at the rate of twelve percent (12 %) from July 2, 2008 (Doc. 2). A copy of each note was appended to the complaint. In addition, the complaint sought attorneys' fees and costs (Doc. 1). In his declaration in support of the motion for default judgment, Plaintiff declared that attorneys' fees and costs totaled $3,650.00 (Doc. 25). /// 3
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Recommendations Having fully considered applicable law, the record in this case, and Plaintiff's motion for
default judgment, this Court hereby RECOMMENDS that: 1. 2. Plaintiff's motion for default judgment be granted; Judgment be entered in favor of Plaintiff John King and against Defendant Emerald Energy, LLC, for damages including (a) principal and interest due on all four notes: principal and interest on four notes: (1) $35,000.00 plus interest at the rate of twelve percent (12 %) from April 10, 2008; (2) $34,279.00 plus interest at the rate of twelve percent (12 %) from May 23, 2008; (3) $30,000.00 plus interest at the rate of twelve percent (12 %) from June 2, 2008; and (4) $15,000.00 plus interest at the rate of twelve percent (12 %) from July 2, 2008 (Doc. 2); (b) attorneys' fees and costs totaled $3,650.00; (c) prejudgment interest from December 7, 2009, the date of filing of the complaint through the entry of judgment; and post-judgment interest at the federal rate calculated pursuant to the provisions of 28 U.S.C. § 1961; and 3. Plaintiff be directed to prepare the form of judgment, including calculation of the damages recommended in paragraph 2. These Findings and Recommendations will be submitted to the Honorable Lawrence J. O'Neill, United States District Judge, pursuant to the provisions of 28 U.S.C § 636(b)(1). Within thirty (30) days after being served with these Findings and Recommendations, any party may file written objections with the Court. The document should be captioned "Objections to Magistrate Judge's Findings and Recommendations." Defendant Emerald Energy, LLC, is advised that, by failing to file objections within the specified time, it may waive the right to appeal the District Court's order. Martinez v.Ylst, 951 F.2d 1153 (9th Cir. 1991).
26 IT IS SO ORDERED. 27 Dated: icido3 28 July 19, 2010 /s/ Sandra M. Snyder UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
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