Martin v. Loadholt
ORDER denying 80 Motion for Reconsideration signed by District Judge Lawrence J. O'Neill on 4/16/2015. (Lundstrom, T)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
CLAUDELL EARL MARTIN,
Case No. 1:10-cv-00156-LJO-MJS (PC)
ORDER DENYING MOTION FOR
(ECF No. 80)
M.D. LOADHOLT, et al.,
Plaintiff is a state prisoner proceeding pro se and in forma pauperis in this civil
20 rights action brought pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1983. (ECF No. 31.) The matter was
21 referred to a United States Magistrate Judge pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(B) and
22 Local Rule 302 of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of California.
24 Recommendations to grant Defendants’ motion for summary judgment. (ECF No. 73.)
25 Plaintiff objected, (ECF No. 77), and the undersigned adopted the findings and
26 recommendations in full on March 30, 2015. (ECF No. 78.)
Before the Court is Plaintiff’s motion for reconsideration. (ECF No. 80.)
“A motion for reconsideration should not be granted, absent highly unusual
3 circumstances, unless the district court is presented with newly discovered evidence,
4 committed clear error, or if there is an intervening change in the controlling law.” Marlyn
5 Nutraceuticals, Inc. v. Mucos Pharma GmbH & Co., 571 F.3d 873, 880 (9th Cir. 2009).
6 “A motion for reconsideration may not be used to raise arguments or present evidence
7 for the first time when they could reasonably have been raised in earlier litigation.” Id.
8 Moreover, “recapitulation of the cases and arguments considered by the court before
9 rendering its original decision fails to carry the moving party's burden.” United States v.
10 Westlands Water Dist., 134 F. Supp. 2d 1111, 1131 (E.D. Cal. 2001) (quoting
11 Bermingham v. Sony Corp. of Am., Inc., 820 F. Supp. 834, 856-57 (D.N.J. 1992)).
12 Similarly, Local Rule 230(j) requires that a party seeking reconsideration show that “new
13 or different facts or circumstances are claimed to exist which did not exist or were not
14 shown upon such prior motion, or what other grounds exist for the motion . . . .”
The action proceeds against Defendant Loadholt on Plaintiff’s First Amendment
18 retaliation claim. (ECF No. 31.) Plaintiff’s claims may be summarized essentially as
Plaintiff alleges that Defendant, a nurse practitioner, signed an order requiring
21 Plaintiff to take his cholesterol medication by “directly observed therapy” (DOT) in
22 retaliation for Plaintiff’s grievance against her.
At an appointment with Loadholt on May 5, 2008, Plaintiff complained that he had
24 not been notified of a change in the brand of his cholesterol medication. Although the
25 parties characterize Plaintiff’s attitude at the appointment differently, and dispute
26 whether or not Plaintiff expressly refused to take the new medication, they agree that
27 Plaintiff walked out of the appointment before it ended.
That day, Loadholt signed an order requiring Plaintiff to take the medication by
2 “directly observed therapy” (DOT), that is, at the pill window, for three months. (ECF No.
3 61-5, at 17.) The next day, on May 6, Plaintiff filed a grievance against Loadholt for her
4 unprofessional bedside manner. He withdrew his grievance several weeks later, after
5 Dr. Ulit allegedly informed him that he would be allowed to keep his cholesterol
6 medication on his person (KOP). Plaintiff had one more appointment with Loadholt,
7 several weeks after the first appointment, during which she informed him verbally of the
8 DOT order.
Plaintiff did not, apparently, obtain his medication KOP until sometime in the fall.
10 Plaintiff grieved the issue, and the October 2008 decision granting the grievance
11 indicated that Plaintiff’s medication profile “stipulates that this medication is to be ‘KEPT
12 ON PERSON’ (KOP), and the inmate/patient will not be required to acquire this
13 medication through the medication line.” (ECF No. 61-5, at 60.) The decision did not
14 specify whether Plaintiff was being required to take his medication by DOT in
15 contravention of his medication profile, or whether the problem had already been
16 corrected by the time the decision issued. The decision also cited a California regulation
17 prohibiting reprisals against inmates for filing appeals, (Id., at 61), but did not find that
18 Plaintiff had suffered reprisals, suggest that the DOT order was a reprisal for Plaintiff’s
19 grievance against Loadholt, or otherwise link the regulation to Plaintiff’s situation.
Defendant’s Motion for Summary Judgment
Defendants moved for summary judgment on two grounds: 1) the signing of the
22 DOT order before Plaintiff filed his grievance precluded a finding that the two events
23 were causally related; and 2) Plaintiff had failed to establish an absence of correctional
24 goals justifying the allegedly retaliatory DOT order.
Plaintiff responded that dates on various medical records, including the DOT
26 order, had been changed so that they appeared to have been signed prior to the date
27 Plaintiff filed his grievance. He also asserted that Loadholt’s mention of the DOT order
28 at the follow-up appointment, some weeks after he had filed his grievance, amounted to
1 retaliation. Finally, he asserted that the reference to reprisals in the administrative
2 appeal decision was evidence that retaliation had occurred.
Findings and Recommendations
The Magistrate Judge concluded that summary judgment was appropriate,
5 agreeing with Defendants’ arguments that the issuance of the DOT order prior to
6 Plaintiff’s grievance precluded a finding of retaliatory intent and that requiring Plaintiff to
7 take his medication by DOT advanced the correctional goal of ensuring that he did not
8 stop treating his high cholesterol.
The Magistrate Judge also suggested, in the
9 alternative, that Plaintiff had not presented sufficient evidence to indicate that taking
10 medicine by DOT was, in fact, an “adverse action” for retaliation purposes. (ECF No. 73,
11 at 9 n.3.)
The Magistrate Judge found that Plaintiff’s unsupported and conclusory
12 arguments that the dates on his medical records had been changed, and that Loadholt’s
13 mention of a preexisting order several weeks after Plaintiff had filed his grievance did
14 not create genuine issues of material fact.
Motion for Reconsideration
Plaintiff reiterates his arguments that his records were falsified, that Loadholt
17 retaliated against him at the follow-up appointment, and that the appeal response is
18 evidence of retaliation. He also claims that “the Magistrate Judge erred when it found:
19 1) There was no adverse action taken against Plaintiff; 2) That Plaintiff was not chilled;
20 and 3) That there was a penological interest in placing Plaintiff [sic] medication in the
21 ‘Dot-line’ [sic] window.” (ECF No. 80, at 5.)
Plaintiff’s motion provides no basis for granting a motion for reconsideration. He
24 merely recapitulates arguments the undersigned has already rejected. See Westlands
25 Water Dist., 134 F. Supp. 2d at 1131. He has not produced any additional factual
26 information supporting his allegations, nor are his claims of error valid. The decision to
27 grant summary judgment did not depend on a finding of no adverse action, so any error
1 on this point would not affect the court’s ruling.1 Similarly, the Magistrate Judge never
2 found that Plaintiff’s First Amendment rights were not chilled; instead, it found that
3 Plaintiff’s claim failed in other respects. Finally, Plaintiff has not challenged the validity
4 of the correctional goal the Magistrate Judge found to justify the DOT order: namely the
5 goal of having inmates continue to take their medications. Instead, he argues that the
6 invocation of this correctional goal depended on a finding that Plaintiff was incompetent.
7 (ECF No. 80, at 9). This is inaccurate: the Magistrate Judge made no conclusions
8 about Plaintiff’s competency, nor did it have to, in order to find the DOT order was
9 justified. (See ECF No. 73, at 10). Accordingly, Defendant’s motion for summary
10 judgment was properly granted.
CONCLUSION AND ORDER
Plaintiff’s arguments do not present a basis for granting reconsideration.
13 Accordingly, Plaintiff’s motion for reconsideration (ECF No. 80) is HEREBY DENIED.
IT IS SO ORDERED
15 Dated: April 16, 2015
/s/ Lawrence J. O’Neill
United States District Judge
Assuming the Court had found an absence of adverse action, the Court notes that Plaintiff has still failed
to provide any factual support for the proposition that taking medicine by DOT is a more-than-de minimis
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