Simmons v. Grounds

Filing 10

ORDER DISMISSING PETITION for Writ of Habeas Corpus as Successive; ORDER DIRECTING Clerk of Court to Enter Judgment; and ORDER DECLINING to Issue a Certificate of Appealability, signed by Magistrate Judge Michael J. Seng on 8/10/2011. CASE CLOSED. (Jessen, A)

Download PDF
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 10 EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 11 12 ERIC JUSTIN RENE SIMMONS, 13 14 15 16 17 ) ) Petitioner, ) ) v. ) ) ) RANDY GROUNDS, Warden, ) ) Respondent. ) ________________________________) 1:11-cv-00312 MJS HC ORDER DISMISSING SUCCESSIVE PETITION FOR WRIT OF HABEAS CORPUS PURSUANT TO 28 U.S.C. § 2244(b) 18 19 Petitioner is a state prisoner proceeding pro se with a petition for writ of habeas corpus 20 pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254. Petitioner has consented to Magistrate Judge jurisdiction under 21 28 U.S.C. § 636(c). 22 In the petition filed on January 20, 2011, Petitioner challenges his October 22, 1996 23 conviction in Kern County Superior Court for receiving stolen property. (Pet., ECF No. 1.) A 24 review of the Court’s dockets and files shows Petitioner has previously sought habeas relief 25 with respect to this conviction. In case number 1:01-cv-05541-SMS, Petitioner challenged the 26 same underlying conviction. On July 23, 2002, the petition was dismissed as untimely under 27 the one year statute of limitations created by the Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act 28 of 1996 (AEDPA). U .S. D istrict C ourt E. D . C alifornia -1- 1 I. DISCUSSION 2 A court must dismiss a second or successive petition that raises the same grounds as 3 a prior petition. 28 U.S.C. § 2244(b)(1). A court must also dismiss a second or successive 4 petition raising a new ground unless the petitioner can show that 1) the claim rests on a new 5 constitutional right, made retroactive by the United States Supreme Court or 2) the factual 6 basis of the claim was not previously discoverable through due diligence, and these new facts 7 establish by clear and convincing evidence that but for the constitutional error, no reasonable 8 factfinder would have found the applicant guilty of the underlying offense. 28 U.S.C. § 9 2244(b)(2)(A)-(B). However, it is not the district court that decides whether a second or 10 successive petition meets these requirements; the Petitioner must first file a motion with the 11 appropriate court of appeals to be authorized to file a second or successive petition with the 12 district court. 13 Section 2244 (b)(3)(A) provides: "Before a second or successive application permitted 14 by this section is filed in the district court, the applicant shall move in the appropriate court of 15 appeals for an order authorizing the district court to consider the application." In other words, 16 Petitioner must obtain leave from the Ninth Circuit before he can file a second or successive 17 petition in district court. See Felker v. Turpin, 518 U.S. 651, 656-657 (1996). This Court must 18 dismiss any second or successive petition unless the Court of Appeals has given Petitioner 19 leave to file the petition because a district court lacks subject-matter jurisdiction over a second 20 or successive petition. Greenawalt v. Stewart, 105 F.3d 1268, 1277 (9th Cir. 1997). 21 Because the current petition was filed after April 24, 1996, the provisions of the 22 Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996 apply to Petitioner's current petition. 23 Lindh v. Murphy, 521 U.S. 320, 327 (1997). Petitioner makes no showing that he has obtained 24 prior leave from the Ninth Circuit to file his successive petition attacking the conviction. That 25 being so, this Court has no jurisdiction to consider Petitioner's renewed application for relief 26 under Section 2254 and must dismiss the petition. See Greenawalt, 105 F.3d at 1277. If 27 Petitioner desires to proceed in bringing this petition for writ of habeas corpus, he must file for 28 leave to do so with the Ninth Circuit. See 28 U.S.C. § 2244(b)(3). U .S. D istrict C ourt E. D . C alifornia -2- 1 II. CERTIFICATE OF APPEALABILITY 2 A state prisoner seeking a writ of habeas corpus has no absolute entitlement to appeal 3 a district court's denial of his petition, and an appeal is only allowed in certain circumstances. 4 Miller-El v. Cockrell, 123 S.Ct. 1029, 1039 (2003). The controlling statute in determining 5 whether to issue a certificate of appealability is 28 U.S.C. § 2253, which provides as follows: 6 (a) In a habeas corpus proceeding or a proceeding under section 2255 before a district judge, the final order shall be subject to review, on appeal, by the court of appeals for the circuit in which the proceeding is held. 7 8 9 10 (b) There shall be no right of appeal from a final order in a proceeding to test the validity of a warrant to remove to another district or place for commitment or trial a person charged with a criminal offense against the United States, or to test the validity of such person's detention pending removal proceedings. 11 (c)(1) Unless a circuit justice or judge issues a certificate of appealability, an appeal may not be taken to the court of appeals from– 12 13 (A) the final order in a habeas corpus proceeding in which the detention complained of arises out of process issued by a State court; or 14 15 (B) the final order in a proceeding under section 16 2255. 17 (2) A certificate of appealability may issue under paragraph (1) only if the applicant has made a substantial showing of the denial of a constitutional right. 18 19 20 (3) The certificate of appealability under paragraph (1) shall indicate which specific issue or issues satisfy the showing required by paragraph (2). 21 If a court denies a petitioner's petition, the court may only issue a certificate of 22 appealability "if jurists of reason could disagree with the district court's resolution of his 23 constitutional claims or that jurists could conclude the issues presented are adequate to 24 deserve encouragement to proceed further." Miller-El, 123 S.Ct. at 1034; Slack v. McDaniel, 25 529 U.S. 473, 484 (2000). While the petitioner is not required to prove the merits of his case, 26 he must demonstrate "something more than the absence of frivolity or the existence of mere 27 good faith on his . . . part." Miller-El, 123 S.Ct. at 1040. 28 In the present case, the Court finds that reasonable jurists would not find the Court's U .S. D istrict C ourt E. D . C alifornia -3- 1 determination that Petitioner is not entitled to federal habeas corpus relief debatable, wrong, 2 or deserving of encouragement to proceed further. Petitioner has not made the required 3 substantial showing of the denial of a constitutional right. Accordingly, the Court hereby 4 DECLINES to issue a certificate of appealability. 5 III. ORDER 6 Accordingly, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that: 7 1. The Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus is DISMISSED as successive; 8 2. The Clerk of Court is DIRECTED to enter judgment; and 9 3. The Court DECLINES to issue a certificate of appealability. 10 11 12 13 IT IS SO ORDERED. 14 Dated: ci4d6 August 10, 2011 Michael J. Seng /s/ UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 U .S. D istrict C ourt E. D . C alifornia -4-

Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.

Why Is My Information Online?