Hernandez v. Six Unknown Names Agents et al
ORDER DISMISSING Action For Failure To Obey Court Order (Doc. 2 ), signed by Chief Judge Anthony W. Ishii on 10/12/2011. CASE CLOSED. (Fahrney, E)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
ALEJANDRO VARGAS HERNANDEZ,
CASE NO. 1:11-CV-01373-AWI-DLB PC
ORDER DISMISSING ACTION FOR
FAILURE TO OBEY COURT ORDER
SIX UNKNOWN NAMES AGENTS, et al.,
Plaintiff Alejandro Vargas Hernandez (“Plaintiff”) is a federal prisoner proceeding pro se
in this civil rights action. On August 24, 2011, the Magistrate Judge assigned to this action
issued an order striking Plaintiff’s complaint as unsigned. Plaintiff was ordered to submit a
signed complaint within ten days. Plaintiff was warned that failure to comply would result in
dismissal of this action. As of the date of this order, Plaintiff has not responded or otherwise
Local Rule 110 provides that “failure of counsel or of a party to comply with these Local
Rules or with any order of the Court may be grounds for the imposition by the Court of any and
all sanctions . . . within the inherent power of the Court.” District courts have the inherent power
to control their dockets and “in the exercise of that power, they may impose sanctions including,
where appropriate . . . dismissal of a case.” Thompson v. Housing Auth., 782 F.2d 829, 831 (9th
Cir. 1986). A court may dismiss an action, with prejudice, based on a party’s failure to prosecute
an action, failure to obey a court order, or failure to comply with local rules. See, e.g.. Ghazali v.
Moran, 46 F.3d 52, 53-54 (9th Cir. 1995) (dismissal for noncompliance with local rule); Ferdik
v. Bonzelet, 963 F.2d 1258, 1260-61 (9th Cir. 1992) (dismissal for failure to comply with an
order requiring amendment of complaint); Carey v. King, 856 F.2d 1439, 1440-41 (9th Cir.
1988)(dismissal for failure to comply with local rule requiring pro se plaintiffs to keep court
apprised of address); Malone v. U.S. Postal Service, 833 F.2d 128, 130 (9th Cir. 1987)(dismissal
for failure to comply with court order); Henderson v. Duncan, 779 F.2d 1421, 1424 (9th Cir.
1986)(dismissal for failure to lack of prosecution and failure to comply with local rules).
In determining whether to dismiss an action for lack of prosecution, failure to obey a
court order, or failure to comply with local rules, the court must consider several factors: (1) the
public’s interest in expeditious resolution of litigation; (2) the court’s need to manage its docket;
(3) the risk of prejudice to the defendants; (4) the public policy favoring disposition of cases on
their merits; and (5) the availability of less drastic alternatives. Thompson, 782 F.2d at 831;
Henderson, 779 F.2d at 1423-24; Malone, 833 F.2d at 130; Ferdik, 963 F.2d at 1260-61;
Ghazali, 46 F.3d at 53.
In the instant case, the court finds that the public’s interest in expeditiously resolving this
litigation and the court’s interest in managing the docket weigh in favor of dismissal. On July 7,
2011, Plaintiff was ordered to file a signed complaint, but failed to do so. The third factor, risk
of prejudice to defendants, also weighs in favor of dismissal, since a presumption of injury arises
from the occurrence of unreasonable delay in prosecuting an action. Anderson v. Air West, 542
F.2d 522, 524 (9th Cir. 1976). The fourth factor -- public policy favoring disposition of cases on
their merits -- is greatly outweighed by the factors in favor of dismissal discussed herein. Finally,
a court’s warning to a party that his failure to obey the court’s order will result in dismissal
satisfies the “consideration of alternatives” requirement. Ferdik, 963 F.2d at 1262; Malone, 833
F.2d at 132-33; Henderson, 779 F.2d at 1424. The court’s order expressly stated: “Failure to
[file a signed complaint] in a timely manner will result in dismissal of this action.” Thus,
plaintiff had adequate warning that dismissal would result from his noncompliance with the
Accordingly, it is HEREBY ORDERED that this action is DISMISSED for failure to
obey a court order.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
October 12, 2011
CHIEF UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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