Bealer v. Warden of K.V.S.P. et al

Filing 243

AMENDED ORDER DENYING Motion for Extension of Time, for New Trial, for Reconsideration for Post-Trial Interview of Jurors, to Proceed In Forma Pauperis and Striking Non-Party Filing, 214 , 218 , 230 , 234 , 235 , signed by District Judge Dale A. Drozd on 03/06/17. (Martin-Gill, S)

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 8 FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 9 10 ANTWOINE BEALER, 11 Plaintiff, 12 13 14 No. 1:12-cv-01516-DAD-EPG-PC v. CORRECTIONAL OFFICER S. RIOS and SERGEANT R. BRANNUM, Defendants. 15 AMENDED1 ORDER DENYING MOTION FOR EXTENSION OF TIME, FOR NEW TRIAL, FOR RECONSIDERATION, FOR POST-TRIAL INTERVIEW OF JURORS, TO PROCEED IN FORMA PAUPERIS, AND STRIKING NON-PARTY FILING (Doc. Nos. 214, 218, 230, 234, 235.) 16 17 18 Antwoine Bealer (“plaintiff”) is a state prisoner proceeding pro se and in forma pauperis 19 with this civil rights action filed pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. The undersigned presided over a 20 jury trial in this case, which proceeded on plaintiff’s Fourth Amended Complaint in which he 21 alleged that the defendants had subjected him to the excessive use of force in violation of his 22 rights under the Eighth Amendment. (Doc. No. 21.) On August 11, 2016, the jury returned a 23 24 25 26 27 28 1 On February 2, 2017, the court issued an order denying these same motions filed by plaintiff. (Doc. No. 238.) However, in addressing plaintiff’s motion to reconsider the October 17, 2016 order denying his motion for preparation of a trial transcript at government expense (Doc. Nos. 231), the court erroneously applied the standard applicable to motions to reconsider its own orders as opposed to that applicable to motions seeking reconsideration of a magistrate judge’s order. Since the October 17, 2016 order was issued by the assigned magistrate judge, this amended order applies the correct standard to plaintiff’s motion for reconsideration of that order. In all other respects this amended order is the same as the original order issued on February 2, 2017. (See Doc. No. 238.) 1 1 unanimous verdict in favor of defendants, finding that defendants R. Brannum and S. Rios did not 2 use excessive force against plaintiff on November 1, 2010. (Doc. No. 206.) At the time of the 3 trial, defendants R. Brannum and S. Rios were the only remaining defendants in the case, and 4 plaintiff’s excessive use of force claim was the only remaining claim in the case. (Doc. No. 33.) 5 Following entry of judgment in favor of defendants, plaintiff filed a flurry of post-trial 6 motions. On September 6, 2016, plaintiff filed a motion for an extension of time to submit a post- 7 trial motion for a new trial, and a notice of appeal. (Doc. Nos. 214–15.) Plaintiff filed a motion 8 for a new trial on September 15, 2016, and amended his motion for a new trial on December 15, 9 2016. (Doc. Nos. 218, 235.) 10 On October 31, 2016, plaintiff filed a motion to proceed in forma pauperis on appeal and 11 for a new trial, and a motion for reconsideration of the court’s October 17, 2016 order denying his 12 motion for preparation of a trial transcript at government expense.2 (Doc. Nos. 230–31.) 13 On December 5, 2016, plaintiff filed a motion seeking authorization for the post-trial 14 interview of jurors. (Doc. No. 234.) On January 9, 2017, plaintiff filed a motion requesting that 15 the undersigned appear as a witness and requesting videotape evidence in support of his motion 16 for a new trial. (Doc. No. 234, 237.) 17 ANALYSIS 18 I. 19 Motions for Extension of Time and For a New Trial As noted above, plaintiff has filed a motion for an extension of time to submit a post-trial 20 motion for a new trial, a motion for a new trial, and an amended motion for a new trial. (Doc. 21 Nos. 214, 218, 235.) 22 ///// 23 24 25 26 27 28 2 On October 31, 2016, plaintiff’s mother, Mae C. Tucker, filed an affidavit supporting plaintiff’s motion for reconsideration. (Doc. No. 232.) As the court noted in its August 3, 2016 order, Ms. Tucker is not a party to this action and is not otherwise authorized to file documents on her son’s behalf. (Doc. No. 193.) Accordingly, the court strikes this document from the record, and reiterates that future filings by Ms. Tucker will not be docketed as part of the record in this case. See, e.g., Medlyn v. Barnes, No. 2:13-cv-0898 TLN DAD P, 2013 WL 2360926, at *14 (E.D. Cal. May 29, 2013) (striking from the record a letter filed by petitioner’s mother-in-law because the letter was filed by a non-party not authorized to file documents on behalf of petitioner). 2 1 Motions for a new trial are governed by Federal Civil Procedure Rule 59, which provides 2 that any such motions “must be filed no later than 28 days after the entry of judgment.” Fed. R. 3 Civ. P. 59. Motions to alter or amend a judgment brought under Rule 59(e) must also be “filed no 4 later than 28 days after the entry of judgment.” Id. Rule 6 of the Federal Civil Procedure Rules 5 prohibits extension of this twenty eight day period. See Fed. R. Civ. P. 6(b)(2) (“[a] court must 6 not extend the time to act under Rule[] . . . 59(b), (d), and (e)”); Adv. Comm. Notes to 2009 7 Amendments to Fed. R. Civ. P. 6 (“These time periods are particularly sensitive because 8 Appellate Rule 4 integrates the time to appeal with a timely motion under these rules.”); see 9 generally 4 C. Wright & A. Miller, Federal Practice & Procedure § 1168 (1969) (analyzing 10 interpretation of Rule 59 deadlines by federal courts.). 11 Here, judgment was entered in favor of defendants on August 12, 2016, and the twenty 12 eight day period for filing a motion for a new trial lapsed on September 9, 2016. (Doc. No. 209.) 13 Plaintiff did not file his motion for a new trial until several days after this deadline, on September 14 15, 2016. (Doc. Nos. 214, 218.) While plaintiff filed a motion on September 6, 2016 requesting 15 an extension of time to submit his motion for a new trial, the court does not have discretion to 16 extend the deadline for filing such a motion. See de la Fuente v. Central Elec. Co-op., Inc., 703 17 F.2d 63, 65 (3d Cir. 1983) (“The [Rule 59 deadline] is jurisdictional, and ‘cannot be extended in 18 the discretion of the district court.’”) (citing Gribble v. Harris, 625 F.2d 1173, 1174 (5th Cir. 19 1980)); see also Napier v. United States, No. 1:10–cv–00040 OWW GSA, 2011 WL 2493756, at 20 *1 (E.D. Cal. June 22, 2011) (denying plaintiff’s motion for new trial as untimely because it was 21 filed more than eight days after the entry of judgment, and stating that the motion would be 22 untimely “even if construed as a motion to alter or amend judgment under Rule 59(e)). 23 Accordingly, plaintiff’s motion for a new trial will be denied as untimely, and plaintiff’s 24 motion for an extension of time to file the motion for a new trial will likewise be denied.3 25 3 26 27 28 Apart from issues of timeliness, the court observes that plaintiff’s motion does not present proper grounds for the granting of a new trial. Plaintiff argues he is entitled to a new trial because (i) he did not have time to conduct adequate discovery prior to trial; (ii) the court erroneously dismissed the original defendants; (iii) he was placed in segregated housing prior to trial, and was denied access to resources necessary for trial preparation; (iv) jury misconduct and jury tampering occurred during trial, and (iv) the jury’s verdict is against the clear weight of the evidence. (Doc. 3 1 2 3 II. Motion for Reconsideration Plaintiff also moves for reconsideration of the court’s October 17, 2016 order denying his motion for preparation of a trial transcript at government expense. (Doc. Nos. 231.) 4 Courts review motions to reconsider a magistrate judge’s ruling under the “clearly 5 erroneous or contrary to law” standard. Fed. R. Civ. P. 72(a); 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(A); Miller v. 6 Akanno, No. 1:12–CV–01013–LJO–SKO (PC), 2015 WL 566304, at *1 (E.D. Cal. Jan. 16, 7 2015); see also Local Rule 303(f). “A finding is clearly erroneous when although there is 8 evidence to support it, the reviewing [body] on the entire evidence is left with the definite and 9 firm conviction that a mistake has been committed.” Concrete Pipe & Prods. of Cal., Inc. v. 10 Constr. Laborers Pension Trust for S. Cal., 508 U.S. 602, 622 (1993) (internal quotation marks 11 omitted) (alteration in original) (quoting United States v. United States Gypsum Co., 333 U.S. 12 364, 395 (1948)). “[R]eview under the ‘clearly erroneous’ standard is significantly deferential.” 13 Id. at 623. 14 “The ‘contrary to law’ standard allows independent, plenary review of purely legal 15 determinations by the magistrate judge.” Estate of Stephen E. Crawley v. Robinson, No. 1:13– 16 CV–02042–LJO–SAB, 2015 WL 3849107, at *2 (E.D. Cal. June 22, 2015). “An order is 17 contrary to law when it fails to apply or misapplies relevant statutes, case law, or rules of 18 procedure.” Id. (quoting Knutson v. Blue Cross & Blue Shield of Minn., 254 F.R.D. 553, 556 (D. 19 Minn. 2008)). 20 In reviewing pretrial orders of a magistrate, the district court “may not simply substitute 21 its judgment for that of the deciding court.” Grimes v. City & County of San Francisco, 951 F.2d 22 236, 241 (9th Cir.1991). Accordingly, “[t]o succeed [on a motion for reconsideration], a party 23 24 25 26 27 28 No. 235.) However, for the most part plaintiff’s arguments are based entirely on speculation, and plaintiff fails to provide any non-conclusory allegations supporting his contentions of jury misconduct or mistake. To the extent plaintiff seeks to re-litigate issues the court ruled upon prior to trial, such arguments are also inappropriate at this stage of the proceedings. See Matthews v. City of Houston Fire Dep’t, No. H–07–1783, 2009 WL 1490834, at *1 (S.D. Tex. May 27, 2009) (“A [Rule 59] motion should not be used to relitigate prior matters that should have been urged earlier or that simply have been resolved to the movant’s dissatisfaction.”); see also Brown v. Wright, 588 F.2d 708, 710 (9th Cir. 1978) (A party’s “desire to introduce additional evidence after losing the case [does] not constitute a proper ground for granting a new trial.”). 4 1 must set forth facts or law of a strongly convincing nature to induce the court to reverse its prior 2 decision.” Enriquez v. City of Fresno, No. CV F 10–0581 AWI DLB, 2011 WL 1087149, at *1 3 (E.D. Cal. Mar. 23, 2011). Here, plaintiff asserts two reasons for reconsideration of the magistrate judge’s October 4 5 17, 2016 order, denying his motion for preparation of a trial transcript at government expense: 6 (i) plaintiff, as a pro se litigant, should not be required to identify issues he intends to raise on 7 appeal or to explain why those issues are meritorious in order to move for production of trial 8 transcripts at government expense; and that (ii) because the court previously granted plaintiff 9 leave to proceed in forma pauperis, he is entitled to receive a transcript of his trial. (Id.) 10 Upon review, the October 17, 2016 order appears supported by law and the facts before 11 the court. As noted by the magistrate judge in that order, “[f]ees for transcripts furnished in 12 [civil] proceedings to persons permitted to appeal in forma pauperis shall . . . be paid by the 13 United States if the trial judge or a circuit judge certifies that the appeal is not frivolous (but 14 presents a substantial question).” 28 U.S.C. § 753(f). Contrary to plaintiff’s arguments, this 15 requirement is applicable to pro se litigants. See Morris v. Long, No. 1:08–cv–01422–AWI–MJS, 16 2012 WL 5208503, at *1 (E.D. Cal. Oct. 22, 2012) (finding that the pro se litigant proceeding in 17 forma pauperis was required to “identify the issues he intends to raise on appeal and explain why 18 those issues are meritorious in order to meet the . . . standard [for production of trial transcripts at 19 government expense].”); Woods v. Carey, No. CIV S–04–1225 LKK GGH P, 2009 WL 2905788, 20 at *1 (E.D. Cal. Sept. 4, 2009) (same). That the court has previously granted plaintiff leave to 21 proceed in forma pauperis does not by itself entitle plaintiff to production of trial transcripts at 22 government expense. Accordingly, plaintiff’s motion for reconsideration will be denied. 23 III. Motion for Post-Trial Interview of Jurors 24 Plaintiff also moves for a post-trial interview of jurors. (Doc. No. 234.) 25 Federal courts disfavor post-trial inquisition of jurors “lest it operate to intimidate, beset 26 and harass them.” Sixberry v. Buster, 88 F.R.D. 561, 561–62 (E.D. Pa. 1980) (quoting Stein v. 27 New York, 346 U.S. 156, 178 (1953)); see also Smith v. Cupp, 457 F.2d 1098, 1100 (9th Cir. 28 1972) (“[N]either a trial court nor an appellate court has the authority to inquire into the jury's 5 1 decisional processes.”). Limiting post-verdict interviews protects the jury’s interest in privacy 2 and the public’s interest in “well-administered justice.” Haeberle v. Texas Int’l Airlines, 739 F.2d 3 1019, 1022 (5th Cir. 1984); see also Tanner v. United States, 483 U.S. 107, 120–21 (1987) 4 (“Allegations of juror misconduct, incompetency, or inattentiveness, raised for the first time days, 5 weeks, or months after the verdict, seriously disrupt the finality of the process.”). “There are 6 certain exceptional situations . . . where the interests of the litigant in a fair trial override society’s 7 interest in protecting jurors from questioning,” such as in the event of juror misconduct. United 8 States v. Boylan, 698 F. Supp. 376, 384 (D. Mass. 1988), aff’d, 898 F.2d 230 (1st Cir. 1990); see 9 also Smith, 457 F.2d at 1100 (concluding that in the absence of a specific claim of jury 10 misconduct, there is no constitutional right to interrogate jurors). However, at a minimum, a 11 party must make a preliminary showing of misconduct to establish good cause to conduct juror 12 interviews. See United States v. Stacey, 475 F.2d 1119, 1121 & n.1 (9th Cir. 1973); Smith, 457 13 F.2d at 1100. 14 Here, plaintiff seeks authorization to interview jurors to determine whether any 15 misconduct occurred during trial. (Doc. No. 234.) Plaintiff asserts that when the jury was polled 16 as to verdicts at the close of trial, the judge asked one juror for their verdict multiple times. (Doc. 17 No. 234 at 6, 13–14.) Plaintiff speculates that this juror’s verdict was not given voluntarily. (Id.) 18 However, plaintiff makes no allegations supporting this claim, and does not otherwise make a 19 showing of good cause to conduct post-trial interviews. Accordingly, plaintiff’s motion for post- 20 trial interviews of jurors will be denied. 21 22 23 24 25 IV. Motion for the Trial Judge to Appear as Witness and for A Video of Trial Proceedings Plaintiff moves for the undersigned to appear as a witness, and for the production of any video recordings of trial proceedings held August 11, 2016. (Doc. No. 237.) “Courts have refused to issue subpoenas for oral testimony of the decision-makers as to 26 the basis for their opinions absent extreme and extraordinary circumstances.” United States v. 27 Dowdy, 440 F. Supp. 894, 896 (W. Va. Sept. 26, 1977) (and cases cited therein). Thus, if the 28 record reflects appropriate grounds for a judge’s actions, an examination into the judge’s mental 6 1 processes will not be allowed. See SEC v. Bartlett, 422 F.2d 475 (8th Cir. 1974). 2 Here, plaintiff requests that the judge appear as a witness to testify as to his polling of 3 jurors regarding their verdicts at the end of trial. (Doc. No. 237.) Because plaintiff makes no 4 allegations of bad faith or improper behavior, plaintiff clearly has not demonstrated the “extreme 5 or extraordinary circumstances” required to permit such examination. See also Citizens to 6 Preserve Overton Park v. Volpe, 401 U.S. 402, 402 (1971) (“[T]here must be a strong showing of 7 bad faith or improper behavior before such inquiry [into the mental processes of decision-makers] 8 may be made.”), abrogated on other grounds by Califano v. Sanders, 430 U.S. 99 (1977). 9 Plaintiff’s motion will therefore be denied. 10 Plaintiff also requests production of video recordings of the August 11, 2016 trial 11 proceedings, arguing that such recordings are necessary to refresh the trial judge’s memory as to 12 his polling of the jurors, and provide evidence of jury tampering. (Doc. No. 237.) However, 13 beyond his conclusory, speculative, and fanciful allegations of misconduct and jury tampering, 14 plaintiff makes no arguments supporting his request. In addition, of course, trial proceedings are 15 not video recorded. Therefore, plaintiff’s motion for production of a video recording of the 16 August 11, 2016 trial proceedings will also be denied. 17 V. Motion to Proceed In Forma Pauperis 18 Plaintiff moves proceed in forma pauperis on appeal. (Doc. No. 230.) 19 A party who was permitted to proceed in forma pauperis in the district court “may proceed 20 on appeal in forma pauperis without further authorization” unless the court certifies that the 21 appeal is not taken in good faith. Fed. R. App. P. 24(a)(3); see also 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a)(3) (“An 22 appeal may not be taken in forma pauperis if the trial court certifies in writing that it is not taken 23 in good faith”); Simas v. Martel, No. 1:08–cv–00625 DLB (HC), 2008 WL 4861252, at *1 (E.D. 24 Cal. Nov. 7, 2008). Because the court has previously granted plaintiff’s motion to proceed in 25 forma pauperis (Doc. No. 9), he is entitled to proceed on appeal in this capacity absent a 26 certification by the trial court that his appeal is not taken in good faith. This court has issued no 27 such certification. Accordingly, plaintiff’s motion to proceed in forma pauperis on appeal will be 28 denied as moot. 7 1 CONCLUSION 2 Accordingly, for the reasons set forth above: 3 1. Plaintiff’s motion for an extension of time to submit a post-trial motion for a new trial, 4 and his motions for a new trial (Doc. Nos. 214, 218, 235), are denied; 5 2. The filing by non-party Mae C. Tucker (Doc. No. 232) is stricken from the docket; 6 3. Plaintiff’s motion for reconsideration of the court’s order on October 17, 2016 (Doc. 7 No. 231) is denied; 8 4. Plaintiff’s motion for a post-trial interview of jurors (Doc. No. 234) is denied; 9 5. Plaintiff’s motion to proceed in forma pauperis on appeal (Doc. No. 230) is denied as 10 moot. 11 12 13 IT IS SO ORDERED. Dated: March 6, 2017 UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 8

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