Sims v. Cabrera et al

Filing 86

NOTICE and ORDER Finding That Plaintiff Is Not Entitled to Proceed in Forma Pauperis on the Appeal Filed October 4, 2016; ORDER DIRECTING Clerk's Office to Serve Copy of Order on Ninth Circuit, signed by Chief Judge Lawrence J. O'Neill on 10/18/16. (Hellings, J)

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1 2 3 4 5 6 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 7 EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 8 9 QUINCY SIMS, 10 Case No. 1:12-cv-01904-LJO-SKO (PC) Appeal No. 16-16783 Plaintiff, 11 v. 12 CABRERA, et al., 13 Defendants. 14 15 NOTICE AND ORDER FINDING THAT PLAINTIFF IS NOT ENTITLED TO PROCEED IN FORMA PAUPERIS ON THE APPEAL FILED OCTOBER 4, 2016 ORDER DIRECTING CLERK=S OFFICE TO SERVE COPY OF ORDER ON NINTH CIRCUIT _____________________________________/ 16 This civil rights action was filed pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983 by Quincy Sims, a state 17 18 inmate proceeding pro se and in forma pauperis, on November 21, 2012. This action proceeded 19 on Plaintiff’s First Amended Complaint against Defendant M. Cabrera on Plaintiff’s claim that he 20 violated the Eighth Amendment by failing to protect Plaintiff from being attacked by his cellmate. 21 (Docs. 7, 8.) Defendant filed his Answer on May 1, 2014. (Doc. 16.) Discovery opened and, 1 22 more than a year later, Defendant filed a motion for summary judgment on the merits of 23 Plaintiff’s claims against him. (Doc. 66.) Defendant’s motion for summary judgment was granted 24 since Plaintiff failed to present any evidence to show that Defendant was deliberately indifferent to 25 a threat to Plaintiff’s safety. (Docs. 72, 74.) Not only did Plaintiff fail to show that Defendant 26 was deliberately indifferent to a threat to Plaintiff’s safety, his evidence actually showed that, at 27 28 1 Defendant also raised qualified immunity and Plaintiff’s failure to exhaust administrative remedies on his claims before filing suit, but neither of these arguments were reached as Defendant’s motion on the merits of Plaintiff’s claim was dispositive. (See Doc. 72, p. 6, n. 3.) 1 the time of the attack (when Plaintiff and his cellmate had been living together amicably for the 2 preceding eight months), Plaintiff did not subjectively fear his cellmate and no objective basis 3 existed upon which Defendant should have been aware that Plaintiff’s cellmate posed a threat to 4 his safety. (Doc. 72, pp. 8-9.) Plaintiff had absolutely no evidence to suggest that Defendant was 5 aware, or should have been aware of a risk to Plaintiff’s safety. (Id.) The case was dismissed on 6 June 3, 2016, and Judgment was entered that same date. Plaintiff filed a notice of appeal on July 7 21, 2016. 8 Pursuant to the Federal Rules of Appellate Procedure, 9 A party who was permitted to proceed in forma pauperis in the district-court action . . . may proceed on appeal in forma pauperis without further authorization, unless: (A) the district court - before or after the notice of appeal is filed - certifies that the appeal is not taken in good faith or finds that the party is not otherwise entitled to proceed in forma pauperis and states in writing its reasons for the certification or finding; or (B) a statute provides otherwise. 10 11 12 13 Fed. R. App. P. 24(a)(3). 14 15 16 17 The district clerk must immediately notify the parties and the court of appeals when the district court does any of the following: (A) denies a motion to proceed on appeal in forma pauperis; (B) certifies that the appeal is not taken in good faith; or (C) finds that the party is not otherwise entitled to proceed in forma pauperis. Fed. R. App. P. 24(a)(4). Further, "[a]n appeal may not be taken in forma pauperis if the trial 18 court certifies in writing that it is not taken in good faith." 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a)(3). 19 Because Plaintiff was proceeding in forma pauperis in this action in the district court, 20 Plaintiff is entitled to proceed in forma pauperis on appeal unless the Court makes a finding to the 21 contrary. For the reason that follows, the Court finds that Plaintiff is not entitled to proceed in 22 forma pauperis on his appeal filed July 21, 2016. 23 Plaintiff failed to present any evidence in opposition to Defendant’s motion for summary 24 judgment that showed he was subjectively aware, let alone any basis upon which Defendant was 25 26 aware or should have been aware, that Plaintiff’s cellmate presented a risk to his safety before he attacked Plaintiff. Given this, Plaintiff's appeal of dismissal, based on granting Defendant’s 27 motion for summary judgment, is frivolous and is not taken in good faith. See 28 U.S.C. 28 2 1 1913(a)(3); see also Hooker v. American Airlines, 302 F.3d 1091, 1092 (9th Cir. 2002). Thus, 2 Plaintiff is not entitled to proceed in forma pauperis on appeal. Fed. R. App. P. 24(a)(3)(A) & 3 (a)(4)(B). 4 Based on the foregoing, it is HEREBY ORDERED that: 5 1. 6 Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g), Plaintiff is not entitled to proceed in forma pauperis on the appeal filed on July 21, 2016; 7 2. Pursuant to Federal Rule of Appellate Procedure 24(a)(4)(C), this order serves as 8 notice to the parties and the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit 9 of the finding that Plaintiff is not entitled to proceed in forma pauperis for this 10 appeal; and 11 3. 12 The Clerk of the Court shall serve a copy of this order on Plaintiff and the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit. 13 14 15 IT IS SO ORDERED. Dated: /s/ Lawrence J. O’Neill _____ October 18, 2016 UNITED STATES CHIEF DISTRICT JUDGE 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 3

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