Armstrong v. Spearman, et al.

Filing 59

FINDINGS and RECOMMENDATIONS to Dismiss Action for Failure to Comply With a Court Order, signed by Magistrate Judge Stanley A. Boone on 12/12/2014, referred to Judge Ishii. Objections to F&R Due Within Thirty Days. (Marrujo, C)

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 9 EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 10 11 BRADY K. ARMSTRONG, 12 13 14 15 Plaintiff, v. M.E. SPEARMAN, et al., Defendants. 16 17 18 ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) Case No.: 1:13-cv-00246-AWI-SAB (PC) FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATION TO DISMISS ACTION FOR FAILURE TO COMPLY WITH A COURT ORDER [ECF No. 52] Plaintiff Brady K. Armstrong is appearing pro se and in forma pauperis in this civil rights action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. 19 I. 20 BACKGROUND 21 22 23 On March 10, 2014, Defendants filed a motion to dismiss the original complaint. On April 7, 2014, Plaintiff filed a motion to amend his complaint. On June 9, 2014, the undersigned issued Findings and Recommendations recommending to 24 deny, without prejudice, Defendants’ Rule 12(b) motion to dismiss for failure to exhaust the 25 administrative remedies, deny Defendants’ Rule 12(b)(6) motion to dismiss for failure to state a 26 cognizable claim for relief, and grant in part and deny in part Plaintiff’s motion to amend the 27 complaint. The Findings and Recommendations were adopted in full on September 5, 2014. 28 1 1 On July 9, 2014, Defendants filed a motion to dismiss the first amended complaint, or in the 2 alternative, motion for a more definite statement. On July 29, 2014, the Court set the matter for oral 3 argument on September 3, 2014, at 10:00 a.m. before the undersigned. In that order, the Court advised 4 Plaintiff that his opposition to the motion to dismiss was due on or before August 20, 2014, and 5 Defendants reply was due on or before August 27, 2014. (ECF No. 48, at 2; Local Rule 230(b).) Plaintiff did not file an opposition to Defendants’ motion to dismiss. Therefore, on August 29, 6 7 2014, given Plaintiff’s noncompliance with the Court’s July 20, 2014, order, the Court vacated the 8 September 3, 2014, hearing date. On September 10, 2014, the Court issued an order to show cause why the action should not be 9 10 dismissed based on Plaintiff’s failure to prosecute the case. (ECF No. 52.) Despite having requested and received two extensions of time to, Plaintiff has failed to respond 11 12 to the Court’s September 10, 2014, order to show cause. In fact, the November 14, 2014, order 13 granting Plaintiff’s second request to extend the time to respond was returned to the Court as 14 undeliverable.1 15 II. 16 DISCUSSION In light of the fact that Plaintiff has repeatedly failed to comply with court orders and has not 17 18 been in communication with the Court, the instant action should be dismissed. “In determining 19 whether to dismiss an action for lack of prosecution, the district court is required to consider several 20 factors: (1) the public’s interest in expeditious resolution of litigation; (2) the court’s need to manage 21 its docket; (3) the risk of prejudice to the defendants; (4) the public policy favoring disposition of 22 cases on their merits; and (5) the availability of less drastic sanctions.” Carey v. King, 856 F.2d 1439, 23 1440 (9th Cir. 1988) (internal quotation marks and citation omitted); accord Omstead v. Dell, Inc., 24 594 F.3d 1081, 1084 (9th Cir. 2010); In re Phenylpropanolamine (PPA) Products Liability Litigation, 25 460 F.3d 1217, 1226 (9th Cir. 2006). These factors guide a court in deciding what to do, and are not 26 27 28 1 Service at a party’s address of record is fully effective. Local Rule 182(f). 2 1 conditions that must be met in order for a court to take action. In re PPA, 460 F.3d at 1226 (citation 2 omitted). 3 This case has been pending since 2013, and the expeditious resolution of litigation and the 4 Court’s need to manage its docket weigh in favor of dismissal. Id. at 1227. Further, the opposing 5 party is necessarily prejudiced when he is unaware of the plaintiff’s location during the discovery 6 phase of the litigation. Id. With respect to the fourth factor, “public policy favoring disposition of 7 cases on their merits strongly counsels against dismissal,” but “this factor lends little support to a 8 party whose responsibility it is to move a case toward disposition on the merits but whose conduct 9 impedes progress in that direction.” Id. at 1228. Finally, given the Court’s and Defendants’ inability 10 to communicate with Plaintiff, there are no other reasonable alternatives available to address 11 Plaintiff’s failure to prosecute. In re PPA, 460 F.3d at 1228-29; Carey, 856 F.2d at 1441. Plaintiff’s 12 inaction hinders the Court’s ability to move this case toward disposition and indicates that Plaintiff 13 does not intend to litigate this action diligently. Plaintiff has been warned previously that his failure to 14 comply with this order will result in dismissal of the action for failure to prosecute. (ECF No. 52.) 15 III. 16 RECOMMENDATION 17 Based on the foregoing, IT IS HEREBY RECOMMENDED that the instant action be 18 DISMISSED, without prejudice, based on Plaintiff’s failure to prosecute. Fed. R. Civ. P. 41. 19 This Findings and Recommendation will be submitted to the United States District Judge 20 assigned to the case, pursuant to the provisions of Title 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(l). Within thirty (30) days 21 after being served with this Findings and Recommendation, the parties may file written objections 22 with the Court. The document should be captioned “Objections to Magistrate Judge’s Findings and 23 Recommendation.” The parties are advised that failure to file objections within the 24 /// 25 /// 26 /// 27 /// 28 /// 3 1 specified time may result in the waiver of rights on appeal. Wilkerson v. Wheeler, __ F.3d __, __, No. 2 11-17911, 2014 WL 6435497, at *3 (9th Cir. Nov. 18, 2014) (citing Baxter v. Sullivan, 923 F.2d 1391, 3 1394 (9th Cir. 1991)). 4 5 6 7 IT IS SO ORDERED. Dated: December 12, 2014 UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 4

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