Cohea v. Carron et al
FINDINGS and RECOMMENDATIONS recommending that This Action be DISMISSED Based on Plaintiff's Failure to Obey a Court Order re 1 Prisoner Civil Rights Complaint, signed by Magistrate Judge Michael J. Seng on 8/16/2013. Referred to Judge O'Neill. Objections to F&R due within fourteen (14) days. (Jessen, A)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
DANNY JAMES COHEA,
Case No. 1:13 -cv-01061-LJO-MJS
FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
FOR DISMISSAL OF PLAINTIFF’S
COMPLAINT FOR FAILURE TO OBEY A
YOSSI CARRON, et al.
(ECF No. 5)
OBJECTIONS DUE WITHIN FOURTEEN
Plaintiff Danny James Cohea (“Plaintiff”) is a state prisoner proceeding pro se in
this civil rights actions pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983.
On July 31, 2013, the Court found that Plaintiff was not eligible to proceed in
forma pauperis status pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915 because he had had three prior
federal actions dismissed
for failure to state a claim and was not under imminent
danger of serious physical injury at the time the Complaint was filed. (ECF No. 5.)
Plaintiff was to pay the $400.00 filing fee in full by August 14, 2013. (Id.) In lieu of
submitting the filing fee, Plaintiff filed a thirty-six page document objecting to the Court’s
July 31, 2013, order. (ECF No. 6.) Plaintiff has failed to obey the Court’s July 31, 2013,
Local Rule 110 provides that “failure of counsel or of a party to comply with these
2 Rules or with any order of the Court may be grounds for imposition by the Court of any
3 and all sanctions . . . within the inherent power of the Court.” District courts have the
4 inherent power to control their dockets and “in the exercise of that power, they may
5 impose sanctions including, where appropriate . . . dismissal of a case.” Thompson v.
6 Housing Auth., 782 F.2d 829, 831 (9th Cir. 1986). A court may dismiss an action, with
7 prejudice, based on a party’s failure to prosecute an action, failure to obey a court order,
8 or failure to comply with local rules. See, e.g., Ghazali v. Moran, 46 F.3d 52, 53-54 (9th
9 Cir. 1995) (dismissal for noncompliance with local rule); Ferdik v. Bonzelet, 963 F.2d
10 1258, 1260-61 (9th Cir. 1992) (dismissal for failure to comply with an order requiring
11 amendment of a complaint); Carey v. King, 856 F.2d 1439, 1440-41 (9th Cir. 1988)
12 (dismissal for failure to comply with local rule requiring pro se plaintiffs to keep court
13 apprised of address); Malone v. U.S. Postal Service, 833 F.2d 128, 130 (9th Cir. 1987)
14 (dismissal for failure to comply with a court order); Henderson v. Duncan, 779 F.2d
15 1421, 1424 (9th Cir. 1986) (dismissal for lack of prosecution and failure to comply with
16 local rules).
In determining whether to dismiss an action for lack of prosecution, failure to
18 obey a court order, or failure to comply with local rules, the Court must consider several
19 factors: (1) the public’s interest in expeditious resolution of litigation; (2) the Court’s
20 need to manage its docket; (3) the risk of prejudice to the defendants; (4) the public
21 policy favoring disposition of cases on their merits; and (5) the availability of less drastic
22 alternatives. Thompson, 782 F.2d at 831; Henderson, 779 F.2d at 1423-24; Malone,
23 833 F.2d at 130; Ferdik, 963 F.2d at 1260-61; Ghazali, 46 F.3d at 53.
In the instant case, the Court finds that the public’s interest in expeditiously
25 resolving this litigation and the Court’s interest in managing its docket weigh in favor of
26 dismissal. The third factor, risk of prejudice to defendants, also weighs in favor of
27 dismissal, since a presumption of injury arises from the occurrence of unreasonable
28 delay in prosecuting an action. Anderson v. Air West, 542 F.2d 522, 524 (9th Cir.
1 1976). The fourth factor -- public policy favoring disposition of cases on their merits -- is
2 greatly outweighed by the factors in favor of dismissal discussed herein. Finally, a
3 court’s warning to a party that his failure to obey the court’s order will result in dismissal
4 satisfies the “consideration of alternatives” requirement. Ferdik v. Bonzelet, 963 F.2d at
5 1262; Malone, 833 at 132-33; Henderson, 779 F.2d at 1424.
The Court’s order
6 expressly stated: “If Plaintiff fails to pay the $400.00 filing fee in full within fourteen days,
7 this action shall be dismissed, without prejudice.” (ECF No. 6.) Thus, Plaintiff had
8 adequate warning that dismissal would result from his noncompliance with the Court’s
Based on the foregoing, the Court RECOMMENDS that this action be
11 DISMISSED based on Plaintiff’s failure to obey a court order.
These Findings and Recommendations are submitted to the United States
13 District Judge assigned to the case, pursuant to the provisions of Title 28 U.S.C. §
14 636(b)(1). Within fourteen (14) days after being served with these Findings and
15 Recommendations, any party may file written objections with the Court and serve a
16 copy on all parties. Such a document should be captioned "Objections to Magistrate
17 Judge's Findings and Recommendations." The parties are advised that failure to file
18 objections within the specified time may waive the right to appeal the District Court's
19 order. Martinez v. Y1 st, 951 F.2d 1153 (9th Cir. 1991).
IT IS SO ORDERED.
August 16, 2013
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
DEAC _Signature- END:
Michael J. Seng
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